Provision of clean drinking water for Kiboga, Mukono & Wakiso districts for poor communities in rural countryside , homesteads, schools, orphanages, people living with hiv/aids and elderly poorest population
1.0 WATER PROBLEMS & OPPROTUNITY – A GLOBAL BACK DROP
Of the more than six billion people in the World – according to the United Nations study (Source: UNDP Website, UN Department of Public Information, “Framework for Action on Water and Sanitation: prepared for World Summit on Sustainable Development), at least 1.2 billion do not have access to safe drinking water. More than 2.4 billion people do not have proper sanitation facilities.
(i) Dirty Water is deadly. Yet more than 2.2 million people, primarily in developing countries, die each year from diseases by polluted water and filthy sanitary conditions.
(ii) Everyday, diahorreal diseases cause some 6,000 deaths, mostly among children under 5 years.
(iii) More than 200 tines of human waste are dumped daily into the world’s rivers.
(iv) While water covers 70% of the earth’s surface, 97.5 is salt water.
(v) Although the remaining water is fresh water, three-quarters of that is frozen in ice caps.
(vi) By 2025, nearly two-thirds of the world’s population will live in water stressed regions.
(vii) In the next two decades, water use by humans will increase by 40% and 17% more water will be needed to feed increasing population in developing countries.
(viii) Over the last 30 years, the share of rural families with access to safe water rose from 10% to 60%.
(ix) Presently, 70% of all available fresh water is used for agriculture, but because of inefficient irrigation system, 60% of this water is lost.
2.0 UGANDA WATER INDUSTRY CONCERNS
Urban water system, like possibly exists in many urban centers of third world, is under tremendous pressure for meeting the explosive consumer demand. Consequently, many people, recognizing the poor utilities management and inadequacy in Uganda, have resorted to taking water that is unclean or getting their supply of water illegally because they have no choice in the matter. Of the Kampala City’s Low – income population, for instance, more than 70% of the water supply is got through informal ways, such as by paying the linemen and local officials to get connections, construct lines, maintain and operate systems for water supply. Uganda’s water supply system currently favour most in bulk consumers like industrial users than retail users. The proposed venture is to bring key stakeholders together each time and discuss essential issues to meet the vested interests of various groups. As a local
partner this will involve participatory decision-making at all phases of project development, implementation and monitoring.
3.0 STRATEGIC PERSONNELS IN PLACE
3.1 Mr. Sserunjogi…………. (retired water Engineer; worked with the National Water and Sewerage Corporation, a parastatal Organisation for 30 years)
3.2 Mrs. …Kafuko…………………. (has 20 years as Plumbing Technician and Contractor)
3.3 Mr. Egwang P.….Has 20 years of plumbing Experience) throughout Uganda.
3.4 Mr. Kinto M.……………. Technical coordinator has 10 years experience in Construction Industry.
3.5 Mrs. …Kenneth Wasswa……………. Has eight years experience in Store-Keeping
3.6 Mrs. ……Lwanga……. Treasurer, has 10 years experience in Accounting and 3 years experience in cleaning and forwarding.
3.7 Miss. ….a rural economist, has ten years in the field World Bank funded social research.
3.8 Mrs. ………KABUGO Joyce……. Home improvement coordinator has 7 years experience as elected women counselor.
3.9 Mr. …KIGOZI Eliphaz………….. electrician, has 9 years in Industrial repairs.
3.10 Mr. …Mivule james…………… Heating, refrigeration and ventilation Technician has 15 years in the fishing industry.
3.11 Okullu-Ayor-International development Consultant (20 years experience)
4.0 PROPOSED PUMPING STATIONS TECHNICAL DATA FOR THE WATER SUPPLY PROJECT.
(i) Hydrological Survey & Geological Data collection
(ii) Bore hole drilling Activities
(iii) Submersible Pump Installations
(iv) Water storage PVC tank (10,000 Litres capacity)
(v) PVC pipes Fitting Connections
(vi) Power Extension (Phase?.....with procedure
(vii) Testing (Pumping Test)
(viii) Operation Synchronizing
(ix) Maintenance, routine services and protection of the Installation facilities.
5.0 PRODUCTION PROCESS DESCRIPTION
In short, safe drinking water shall be pumped from the ground using the installation, directed to the tank from where it will be distributed to residents from one or two water kiosks within or near the pumping station each 20 litres jerrycan to be charged Uganda shillings Fifty (UGX 50) to help defray cost of pumping as well as electricity bills including breakages repair; currently local water sellers are charging (UGX 300 per 20litres/jerricans tanks) the project will be supported by community.
GETTING AN OPPORTUNITY TO DRILL WATER ON COMPOUND OR PIECE OF LAND USING MWATF’s KNOWLEDGE, EXPERIENCE AND TECHNOLOGIES UN-MATCH
• ORPHANAGES CENTERS and Childrens homes.
• Farms (Irrigation schemes)
• Institutional settlements
• Small Towns
• Trading centres
• Market places
DEEP WELL WATER SYSTEM CONSTRUCTION INVOLVES THE FOLLOWING
1. Hydrogical survey: Finding is with a good Water Table and the Depth of the Water Table
2. Excavation of over burdened ground
3. Excavation of hard rock
4. Gravel and slate installation
5. well development (Walling)
6. 100mm Concrete Slab cover
7. Test Pumping
8. Supply and fitting Submersible Water Pump
9. Installation of Pressure Pipes
10. Supply and fitting Plumbing fitting
11. Supply and fixing of crest Water Tank
12. Supply and fitting of Tank Stand support
13. Supply and fitting of the Extension Pipes UPVC pipes, etc
FERRO-CEMENT TANKS will be constructed and Promoted as Viable Durable Facilities for Rainwater Harvesting in Homesteads, Institutions and Industries whenever they are, cost each UGANDA SHILLINGS 950,000($US 550)
Location, , Uganda
Primary Focus: Drinking Water - Community
Secondary Focus: Drinking Water - Households
People Getting Safe Drinking Water: 6,000
Six Hundred Communities in 3 Districts in Central Uganda, each comprise 300-500 Homesteads, average household comprize 7 and above.family members
School Children Getting Water: 5,000
Currently,Water obtained from contaminated wells and swamps, shared by livestock, kids spend long time collecting water instead of schooling, many get Water-borne Diseases then die.Project offers safe Rain Water Harvest alternatives.
People Getting Sanitation: 8,000
these are in landing sites of Katosi, Kiyindi, Kome, Rakai, Lyantonde, Masaka, and others.
People Getting Other Benefits: 200
education,construction,other services including contract works.
Start Date: 2009-01-10
Completion Date: 2010-01-10
Setting Aid and Technical Cooperation Partnership to Poor Communities in Uganda
PROJECT : SAFE WATER DEVELOPMENT FUNDING SUBMISSION
LOCATION : 1-KIBOGA, 2-MUKONO, 3-WAKISO (DISTRICTS)
ASSORTED PROJECT OVERVIEW
FIRST PHASE : TOTAL PROJECT COST : UGX 961,780,000
Water Project: DESIGNS:- MUKONO District, Central Uganda
Village - …………
People: 805 Residents in 160 Residences (Homesteads)
• Design will accommodate growth to 2415 residents
• 32 residences are grouped in 2 sectors
• There will be individual residential water stands
• 160 latrines will be required
• Watershed will be (10 acres)
• There will be 4 springs delivering 4 x Water needed
• There will be 4 storage Tanks, one for each sector
• Both conduction line and distribution network exceed 7 kms, 14kms total!!! Huge!
• Terrain is rugged & varying air pressure vents will be required
• 6 underground ravine crossings, and two 34m bridges
• Spring and surrounding Land have been secured Legally
• Villagers have made necessary commitments
Project: WAKISO District –central Uganda
People: 152 residents in 34 residences
• Access beyond main road is by development village path on foot for 15km (9miles)
• No social services in the village. Some children go to school in nearby community, 5 – 7 kilometers away.
• Village is without electricity
• 200-600 meters between residences
• Conduction line: Main Sector; 1373 meters; 132 meters;
• Distribution network: Main Sector; 7997 meters; Ortega Sector; 928 meters
• Residential outlets: Main Sector, 29; 5
• Latrine: 29 new double thickness latrines installed & 4 Latrines to be built with double thickness
Project: KIBOGA District
Village: KIBOGA District
• Spring flow rate comfortably exceeds requirements for residential outlets
• Transmission line = 400 meters
• Population & residences very dispersed
• Very long distribution network = 8.6km due to dispersal of residences
• New road provides year round access
• Village has school serving it & surrounding villages
• Village has Protestant chapel
Project Wakiso District
Village Wakiso District
• Spring flow are comfortably exceeds requirements for residential outlets
• Transmission line = >1km
• Village residences very scattered
• Long distribution network for number of residences due to dispersal = >4km
• Village has school serving 107 students & Christian chapel
Project: Wakiso District
Village: Wakiso District
• ~8km conduction pipe
• ~8km distribution network
• Latrines provided at each property
• Spring provides 2.171/Sec. good for 1220 persons
• 116 outlets installed
• Tank = 28 cubic meters
• Community very poor and 70% are illiterate
BACKGROUND / INTRODUCTION
MUKONO WOMEN’S AIDS TASK FORCE (MWATF) is a women –based development organization based in maternity village in Mukono Town Council in Mukono District in central Uganda, its offices are at Mothers Union Buildings, Mukono Town Council, plot 19 Albert Cook Road.
The organization was established in 27th October 1997 MWATF helps in empowering the following :
(a) People Living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHAS) , especially women
(b) Women who are single mothers
(c) Orphans and Vulnerable Children
(d) Elderly People and needy Women
(e) Promoting Environment protection
The major aim is to improve and develop the standards of living spiritually, socially, economically and culturally.
To achieve the above , the women meet regularly to share ideas and life experiences advise, strengthen and counsel each other contribute and meet financial needs, utilize the technical knowledge skills and talents they have to start and run projects so far embarked on.
MWATF stated as a voluntary group of few people with the same view to help the needy and educate the masses about the dangers of HIV/AIDS and environment protection. It originated when the outcry when Namulondo Sarah, the Founder , got inspired to impact the community lives , with the hearts to ministers to call upon all people to voluntarily come and sensitize HIV/AIDS and Gender issue programmes both in rural and urban areas of Mukono District. It first worked with religious leaders to distribute basics to orphans, PLWHAS single mothers and fathers, vulnerable children and women, and people with disability PWD.
FOUNDER OF MWATF
1. Namulondo Sarah Asumini
NAMES OF LEADERS
1. Namusisi Praxeda - Treasurer
2. Ndagire Esther - General Secretary
3. Namulondo Aisha Sarah - Chairperson
4. Dr. Akol Angela - Media Advisor
5. Mullira James - Legal Advisor
6. Namulondo Sarah Asumini - Founder
7. Nantumbwe Kevin - Mobilizer
8. Ntambi Sarah - Vice Chairperson
9. Nabwami Catherine - Environmentalist
STAFF MEMBERS OF MWATF
1. Namulondo Sarah Asumini - Executive Director
2. Okullu-Ayor -Coordinator
3. Namulwanyi Eva - Secretary Office
4. Katongole Christopher - Accountant
5. Mulondo Bashir - Field Supervisor
MWATF seeks to strengthen the capacity of women at the grassroot and national levels to influence the shape of economic policy for women.
MWATF works towards combating HIV/AIDS,STDS, Malaria, Cancer and other diseases that are the man causes of poverty and hunger and then to ensure environmental sustainability
• Be a Forum for analysis, discussion and dissemination of information about existing HIV/AIDS, gender issues, Malaria, STDs and other diseases, environmental sustainability and other related economic policies.
• Strengthen through training and research, the capacity of women to lobby and influence policies.
• Develop women’s lobbying and advocacy and analytical skills and to ensure that women’s needs and concerns are heard.
• To link up groups network and the individual to share experience on the dangers of HIV/AIDS, gender issues, hunger and poverty.
• To prevent the spread of HIV?AIDS
• To improve adult literacy education
• To establish a basis over which widows, People Living With HIV/AIDS(PLWHAS), single mothers, orphans,People With Disabilities (PWDs) & Youth can attain a higher degree of reliance
• To counsel and help those already diagnosed HIV/AIDS and cancer.
• Lobbying and advocacy
• Guidance and Counseling
• Training women and youth in group formation
• Sustainable agriculture
• Community mobilization for development programmes
• Clean water and sanitation facilities development
• Capacity building training workshops
• Condom distribution and education
• Research and information dissemination
• Sensitization seminar through drama and film shows
• Out reaches to special groups like adolescents, sex workers and needy women.
• Gender issues programmes
• Reproductive health programmes
• Home visiting
• Tree planting and nursery gardens
• Construction of energy saving stoves (Rorena)
• Economical and social empowerment.
ACHIEVEMENTS OF MWATF
.We have managed to sensitize communities about Clean water and sanitation Programmes, established Protected Water-Wells, cleaning water Sources, and advocated for and drilling of more than 20 Boreholes in Mukono District.
• We managed to train 80 women groups and 20 youth groups in group formation in Mukono District.
• We organized 12 training workshops and 15 seminars
• We distributed 200 blankets 200 mattresses to orphans and PLWHAS.
• We have managed to give counseling services to about 800 people and 300 were children since we started.
• We planted a 10 acre forest in Kyampisi Sub-county.
• We have constructed 300 saving Energy Stoves and trained 120 women how to make them in 14 sub-counties of Mukono.
• We managed to participate in different conferences and workshops with support from Global fund for Women (GFW)
CHALLENGES FACING MWATFs PROGRAMMES
• Stigmatization and discrimination of women by society.
• Death of members, which put stress on executives and members.
• Inadequate funding that leaves many vulnerable MWATF personnel to quit workforce for greener pastures
• Communication barriers and low literacy levels of the people which make them resistant to change new ideas.
• Lack of transport facilities.
• Lack of reliable economic base that should generate incomes to finance MWATFs community activities.
• Poverty among community members
• Corruption in government and Donor agencies in Uganda
• Weakness of Donor Communities whose Members come into the country while Neutral, once they are established they become Politically Controlled.
MWATF’s FUTURE PLANS
1. Construction of a Health Centre IV and Counseling Centre establishment in Wakiso District targeting, 5000 users monthly
2. Vocational Training cCnter construction
3. Garbage collection and recycling
IMPORTANCE OF HEALTH CENTRE
(a) MWATF is under taking to build this centre so as to take high degree of operation within its own facilities which allows efficient resources utilization with strict management then currently possible if using partner’s facilities often denied access to vital information on accountability and performances.
(b) Women have been known to be uneasy to respond to counseling being done at MWATF’s offices often crowded with people, thus no privacy; the cater will double as women’s social activities center whereby they meet other women, youth, PWD, PLWHAs share experiences, seeking guidance and counseling on important life issues and development opportunities and the MWATF centre will create jobs.
Three Phases. First Phase 2009 January -2010, Second Phase 2010 February -2011 February, Third Phase 2011 March-2015 and After.
Every participating community has Water Committee, stakeholders workshops to be conducted regularily, community/women leaders/water officers/health officials/youth and groups as CBOS/NGOs involved.
Proposal involves integration of different Water Delivery Mechanisms and Methods/Facilities in the Second and Third Phases including Own Water Kiosks Point Of Use sale of Water and related items, WATER SUPPLY TRUCKS/TANKERS,for mobile delivery and Sales, plus VALLEY DAMS/VALLEY TANKS Construction/RESERVIOURS, PACKED WATER FOR READY USE in POLYTHENE BAGS, PET BOTTLES/JARS, as well as IMPROVED SANITATION FACILITIES in Domestic and Institutional/Business Settings, Including Establishment of Own Water Pumping and Supply Facilities in Small Towns/Trading Centers at costs affordable in Partnership with interested Investors/Collaborators.REFORRESTATION OF DEPLETED WATERSHEDS in the CATCHMENT AREAS through Treeplanting, Nursery Beds Development, Tree Seedlings Production and Distribution , liaison with local and International Environmental organizations and Institutions, among others.Already MWATF has available their planted 10 Acres Forest for Community, in the crusade to save rampant tree felling in countryside along with other organizations,.RECYCLING SOLID WASTE including collection and disposal of notorious Polythene Bags in Uganda that has become a nuisance of polluting Uganda Wetland and Water Sources.Capacity Building of natives in the area is intended to raise awareness and equip them with required knowledges and approaches to address such challenges in their neighbourhood.
Population in the project areas are basically rural, poor, not so much educated in Matters of Health, Water and Sanitation, among others. The project will take this into account including empowering them in income generation and Gender Balance/equity.There is generally cultural resistance to change, MWATF undertakes to negotiate and sensitize the best of how these conflicting cultures can be used to projects benefits.
Prior art before metrics
Exchange Rate Variable: $US 1 = UGANDA Shillings 1,750
(a) Three Districts for Water Projects are:
1. Kiboga District with 100 Ferro -Cement Tanks target
2. Wakiso District with 200 Ferro -Cement Tanks
3. Mukono District with 300 Ferro -Cement Tanks
Totaling 600 Ferro- Cement Tanks
Each Ferro- Cement Tank (FCT) costs UGX 950,000
X 600 = UGX 570,000,000 ( $US 325,714)
(b) Administrative costs for 7 (Seven) Persons namely (for 12 months)
Executive Director salary UGX 1,500,000 x 12 - 18,000,000
Project Coordinator 1,200,000 x 12 - 14,000,000
Accountant 800,000 x 12 - 9,600,000
Field Coordinators 1,000,000 x 12 - 12,000,000
Secretary 500,000 x 12 - 6,000,000
Security Guard 200,000 x 12 - 2,400,000
Driver 300,000 x 12 - 3,600,000
TOTAL SALARY UGX 66,000,000
(c) MACHINERY, EQUIPMENT & SUPPLY COSTS
Stationery Stock - UGX 4,000,000
Computer sets 2 sets @ 2,500,000 x2 - 5,000,000
Photocopier - 5,000,000
Project Vehicle Procurement (Double Cabin
Pick-up Toyota Hilux Truck 4x4) - 85,000,000
Project Motor Cycles @ UGX 6,000,000x2 = 12,000,000
Bicycles (1 unit) - 6,000,000
Fuel cost @ 3000 per litre x 50ltrs x30
Days x 12 Months - 54,000,000
External Auditors & Consultant Fees - 6,000,000
Sub-totaling : UGX 165,800,000
TOTAL PROJECT COSTS : UGX 961,780,000
SERVICES BILLING INFORMATION AGGREGATE
Water Assets Installation Costs
The Budgeting Framework for Quality Services Provision
STANDARD PROJECT COST PER BENEFICIARY/CUSTOMER CATEGORY
Type -i- Homesteads Uganda Shs. 8-10 millions
$US ($4,571 - $5,714)
Type –ii- Schools Uganda Shs. 12 – 20 millions
$US ($ 6,857 - $ 11,429)
Type –iii- Farms (Irrigation System) Uganda Shs. 15 – 25 millions
$US ($8,571 - $14,286)
Type –iv- Institutional Uganda Shs. 100 – 150 millions
$US ($14,857 - $20,000)
Type –v- Small Town Uganda Shs. 100 – 150 millions
$US ($57,143 - $ 85,714)
Type –vi- Trading Centre Uganda Shs. 50-70 millions
$US ($28,571 - $40,000)
Type –vii- Market Places Uganda Shs. 15 – 20 millions
$US ($8,571 - $ 11,429)
SERVICE TERMS AND COMMISSION
Work commences upon payment of ¼ - ½ the contract project price in order to facilitate effective resources mobilization for the work, as well as cover the costs of to and from site travel; average duration of project is 4 weeks (one month).
Name Tasks Qualification Exp.
1. Technical Director & Advisor Water Engineering Degree 10 years
2. Engineer Technical Supervisor Higher Diploma Engineer 7 years
3. Quality Surveyor Diploma (Geodesy) 5 years
4. Civil Engineer Diploma 7 years
5. Senior Plumber Diploma Water Engineer 5 years
CLEAN WATER FACILITIES DEVELOPMENT
No. Item Particulars Unit Cost $US Quantity Amount US$ Comment
1. Hydrological survey 500 1 One day
2. Drillers contracting
3. Drilling overburden 12” bit
4. Drilling Hard Rock (6”) bit
5. UPVC screen “8” casings
6. UPVC screen “8” casings
7. Grave park Installation
8. Cement Grouting
9. Well Development
10. Test Pumping
11. Installation & Pump removal
12. Pumping and monitoring Drew down
13. Monitoring and Recovery
14. Water quality analysis
15. Drilling supervision
16. SUB TOTAL US$9,000 US$9,000 Borehole
17. Tank purchase (10,000) $ 3,000 2 $ 6,000
Piped water Unit
18. Water pump (Sub-mersible) $ 3,000 1 $ 3,000
19. Extension Pipes $ 300 Assorted $ 300
20. Pump Maitenance $ 900 Assorted $ 900
21. Power Generator & 800 1 $ 800
Tables @ UGX 500,000x10 units 5,500,000
Chairs @ UGX 15,000x500 750,000
Tents @ UGX 3,000,000x3 9,000,000
Public Address System @ 7,500,000 7,500,000
Generator @ 4,500,000x1 4,500,000
Projector @ UGX 5,000,000 5,000,000
Video Camera @ UGX 2,5000,000 2,500,000
Digital Camera@ 900,000x1 900,000
CAPACITY BUILDING COSTS:
Training Workshops for Water and Sanitation stakeholders for one year (1 year) – NGOs, CBOs, Health Inspectors, Water Officers, Agriculture Officers, Opinion Leaders, Policy Makers in the 3 Districts.
Number each cost of 100 participants.
Viz: 100 participants x 3 days x 3districts
UGX US $
Meals @ 5000 x 100 x3 1,500,000
Transport Refund @ 20,000x100x3 6,000,000
Breakfast @ 2500x100x3
Venue Hire @ 150,000x3 450,000
Communication @ 1,500,000 1,500,000
Mobilization facilitators allows @ 200,000x2x3 1,200,000
Reporter 40,000 x3x3 360,000
Media exposure / coverage
TV 50,000 x 3 150,000
Radio 20,000 x 3 60,000
News paper 20,000 x 3 60,000
4 volunteers in each district @ 50,000 x12 x 12 7,200,000
1 District @ 12,780,000 x 3 38,340,000
Training Sub-total 38,340,000
TOTAL : UGX 79,990,000
: US$ 45,709
COST ESTIMATES CLEAN WATER FOR FACILITIES PROCUREMENT & INSTALLATION IN UGANDA
(i) Borehole Drilling Operations: @UGX (Uganda Currency)
Per Borehole that yields clean water 19,000,000 (US$9,600)
(ii) Shallow Well Construction @ UGX (Uganda shillings) 10,000,000 (US$5,500)
(iii) Deep well Construction @ UGX (Uganda shillings) 13,000,000 (US$6,500)
(iv) Small Water Treatment Plant @ UGX (Uganda shillings) 600,000,000 (US$40,000