Kampong Chhnang Province will be the site of the first East Meets West Clean Water and Sanitation Project in Cambodia. Located 90 kilometers east of Phnom Penh, with a population of just under 600,000 people, Kampong Chhnang is one of the poorest province
In Cambodia, the lack of access to safe drinking water poses a serious threat to the lives of millions. Civil war has left water distribution systems damaged, unmaintained, and dried up. With a rapidly growing population and the increasing impact of climate change the water shortage crisis is worsening by the year. According to a recent health report, unsafe water has become one of the main causes of under-five mortality in Cambodia. In some places, the situation is extremely dire, with remote areas generally having less access to clean water than urban areas and their surroundings..
Roughly 40 percent of secondary schools in Cambodia do not have drinking water facilities , and the vast majority of schools in remote areas struggle every day to find safe drinking water for consumption. The government cannot afford to build water systems for the schools. Given their substantially positive impact on selected schools performance indicators and their contribution to the establishment of good health, hygiene and sanitation practices at this formative stage of life, increased investment in these essential facilities will yield multiple dividends.
The Saramrith School was built by the government in 1963, with more rooms added in subsequent years. The school accommodates up to 4,440 students and 180 teachers, but has no. safe water system and no funds to build one. The goal of the EMW project is to set up a UV (ultraviolet) system to provide clean water to the school, protecting students from the water-borne diseases present in untreated water.
Consumption of unsafe water is one of the major factors contributing to high infant mortality rates, disease, and short life expectancy; our proposed project will help solve the problem by implementing in Cambodia the type of UV water system that has been successful in Vietnam. Once completed, this project will change the lives of thousands student in school.
Location, Kampong Chhnang, Cambodia
Primary Focus: Drinking Water - Schools
Secondary Focus: Hygiene Education
People Getting Safe Drinking Water: 4,580
When this project is completed: 4,580 people will be provided with safe drinking water (4,440 students and 180 teachers at the school).
School Children Getting Water: 4,400
People Getting Sanitation: 4,580
All of the students and teachers (4,580 total) who receive safe drinking water will also receive sanitation benefits.
People Getting Other Benefits:
Other benefits: hygiene education, capacity building and employment (EMW provides training for local water managers in operations and maintenance, financial management and community environmental hygiene and sanitation. Partnerships are formed with local authorities and international agencies to share experiences about design, management, operations, maintenance and financing to constantly improve the quality and efficiency of the program).
Start Date: 2010-03-01
Completion Date: 2010-07-01
This project will be the first Clean Water and Sanitation project to be implemented in Cambodia by EMW, which has successfully completed more than 100 water systems in Vietnam. The goal of the project is to provide access to sanitary drinking water at the school site in order to decrease the incidence of water-borne diseases. Improved access to, and use of, safe water at school will improve students’ lives considerably. Clean and safe drinking water helps prevent illness and loss of life and leads to better health and improved economic and education opportunities. EMW provides a long-term solution by bringing sustainable safe drinking water sources to the school. Water for Schools seeks to provide better opportunities for children in Cambodia by supporting and improving School Water Supply and Sanitation, and promoting education on the benefits of clean water and good hygiene practices. These activities are critical to the wellbeing and functioning of all schoolchildren.
The most sustainable solution is to install a water filtration system at the location of the existing Saramrith School reserve tank, making it easy to feed the filtered water into the school’s existing piping. A water tower will be constructed near the existing reserve tank, and a new 1000 liter plastic water tank will be mounted on top. A small water pump will be installed to pump the water to this header tank. Because the power supplyat the Saramrith School is intermittent and unreliable, a generator will be installed to provide the necessary electricity to operate the water pump. Water from the header tank will then gravity feed through the UV filter and into a new 1000 liter water distribution tank that will be mounted on top of the existing concrete reserve water tank. This system will provide the school with a greater supply of clean water and increase the pressure at which the water is delivered.
Brand Name: CL-Purify
Type: Reverse Osmosis (Water Purifier)
Classification: Water Purifier
Place of Origin: Singapore
100 T/D Domestic Water Treatment devices
This device removes suspended matter, organic matter, abnormal smell or color. Treated water meets national drinking water health standards.
b. Raw Water
Underground Water; River Purify, Top water purify
Coated-sand filter+ activated carbon filter + Na-ion Softener + Guard Filter + Bacteria Killing device
d. Capacity 300 liters/hour
Project implementation will begin as soon as funding is received. The project will be divided amongst 10 major activities or “project tasks.”
The success of this project will be determined by the Water School Committee members based on the number of students able to use the safe water system, and the improvements made in their health conditions. One of the indicators is the comparison of the number of fatalities and illnesses caused by water consumption occurring before and after the installation of the new water infrastructure. The safe water system reports provided by the school will be the critical source of data to be used in evaluating the success of the project. The engineers will conduct a scientific study that will look at the overall improvement students’ quality of life using the safe water system in school for one year after project is finish. The data from the school survey will used to produce an annual report by the end of the project. The peer educators play a key role in increasing public awareness of safe drinking water.
Teachers and students will help to maintain the water system in the school – a very important way to control the quality of the water supply in the school. The Water School Committee will train the staff in the installation, operation and maintenance of the water filtration unit in the school on a day-by-day basis.
The sustainability of the project activities is under the school WSC which will manage and maintain the school water system on a day-by- day basis after the EMW Foundation hands it over it to WSC and the students in the school help to support the program and use the water in the school. The process to maintain the water system and monitor it are very important in terms of long-term safe water and hygiene in the school.
Prior art before metrics