84 families (71 homes) have no latrines; eleven others have facilities in decent condition.The 84 families without latrines use other families' latrines so as to avoid open defecation.
El Guanacaste is a semi-rural community about 3 miles from the town of El Sauce. There is a big need for sanitation implementation in this area. Of the 97 homes there, only 11 have adequate sanitation. Many are borrowing neighbors latrines or practicing open defecation.
The people of El Guanacaste are mainly government workers like teachers or health workers in the town of El Sauce.
El Guanacaste has not previously received assistance from El Porvenir. The community has home connections to a local water system managed by ENACAL (the national water company).
The community has offered to contribute their labor to build the latrines, and also to contribute the bricks and the sand for the construction.
LocationEl Sauce, León, Nicaragua
Primary Focus: Sanitation - Households
Secondary Focus: Hygiene Education
People Getting Safe Drinking Water: 0
School Children Getting Water: 0
People Getting Sanitation: 313
There are also 11 homes with decent latrines facilities and 15 homes that are vacant, their inhabitants have migrated, mostly to Costa Rica, seeking work.
People Getting Other Benefits: 357
Hygiene and sanitary education workshops to ensure improved health in the community as well as proper use and maintenance of latrines. This is carried out through our train-the-trainer program. In each community, at least 2 volunteers are trained to reproduce the workshops in their communities. Through the construction of the project, masonry skills are acquired that will help with the long term maintenance. Special emphasis in the community education will be given to the rotation of the pits. Several families already have latrines, but they will still be invited to participate in the educational process.
Start Date: 2012-11-01
Completion Date: 2013-05-03
El Porvenir has over 22 years of experience helping rural Nicaraguan communities build appropriate technology (wells with rope pumps, latrines, community washing stations, and fuel efficient stoves) as well as providing communities with the tools they need to manage their water, sanitation and watershed resources.
The methodology of El Porvenir is based on three key principles: (a) community empowerment through active participation and ownership in all aspects of the project, (b) creation of sustainable organizations in the community to manage resources in the long term, and (c) focus on appropriate technology made from low-cost locally available materials that can be maintained by the community.
El Porvenir projects are demand driven, i.e. the local office of all Nicaraguan staff responds to requests from the community. Once staff verifies the need and feasibility of the project. Funds are sought. The municipal authorities and the local community also contribute towards project materials usually by purchasing or collecting local materials. When the remaining funds are available, the construction phase can begin.
The community learns how to build and maintain water and sanitation infrastructure themselves.
-Construction materials are purchased and transported to the community by truck and animals
-El Porvenir provides training and technical assistance to the community in construction, maintenance and repair of latrines
-The community builds latrines (hand dig two pits per latrine to depth of 6 feet/2 meters, line with blocks, bricks or stones, install precast concrete slab and box seat, create walls and roof from zinc panels, install ventilation tube with flyscreen).
The superstructure shells are made of zinc and metal, so as to be easily reused (and moved) when the first pit fills. The pits are alternated.
El Porvenir offers their technical expertise throughout the process and trains the community members how to repair and maintain the infrastructure.
The beneficiaries have met with the El Porvenir Promoter and agreed to carry out, use, and maintain the double pit latrines as per the 10 norms on the use of latrines. This includes keeping them in good condition, preventing contamination of the surrounding area, and understanding how this will improve their overall health.
The community will be trained in community organizing techniques and committee functioning.
Community Committee (temporary, a permanent one will be created upon project completion):
Sereno del Socorro Calderón Altamirano, Overall Coordinator
Rigoberto Ruiz, Tools and construction materials coordinator
Gertrudis Victoria Santana Aguilar, Health coordinator
Latrines are built on the property of each family, so each family owns their own latrine through their labor of building it. Community ownership is felt by the community through its identification of its problem and their involvement in the sweat equity of the project.
El Porvenir has signed MOUs with our municipal governments. In the case of El Sauce, the government supports the project materials cost at 10%.
Health and hygiene education:
-Community learns how to reduce water and sanitation related illnesses through good hygiene practices.
-Identify and train local hygiene and health promoters from the community to reinforce hygiene trainings on an ongoing basis
-Carry out household visits and community workshops to help the community to identify risky behaviors and learn good hygiene practices. Topics covered include: Definition of hygiene, 10 rules for using latrines, Why sanitation is important, Water and sanitation related diseases, The cycle of contamination, Why hand-washing is important, How to maintain and dispose of garbage, How to use and maintain wells and community washing stations, How to treat and use water, Sources of water contamination, Role and responsibilities of Community Water and Sanitation Committee members.
-Create and air health and hygiene announcements on local radio stations to reinforce community health learning and to reach a larger audience.
-Organize community clean up days to reinforce training about environmental sanitation and waste management
-Collect data from local clinics and health centers on incidence of water and sanitation related diseases (diarrhea, skin infections etc.)
The health and hygiene education program is described in more detail above.
We encourage the community to start a maintenance fund. They decide on an amount and collect it from benefiting families each month. When repairs need to be made to the well, they can dip into this fund.
In addition, our health and hygiene promoters do surprise home visits to see if the families' latrines are well kept and that they are practicing good hygiene habits.
Maintenance Cost: $300
Health statistics from local health post (# cases of diarrhea per semester/per year - although we have not seen reliable data from the govt lately, so looking into new metrics)
# latrines with handwashing station/soap between home and latrine
# latrines maintained clean and following 10 norms
Co Funding Amount: $10,135
See spreadsheet. This amount does not include the community contribution, just one additional donor and the municipality.
Community Contribution Amount: $6,308
The community contribution is in-kind for digging the double pits, lining the pits, and installing the exterior structure.
The total time worked by the community in carrying out this project will be approximately 710 person-days with a value of approximately US$3.40 per day (wages generally paid in rural area for manual labor).
Additionally the community will contribute the bricks and the sand for the construction.