To facilitate access to safe water and sanitation services, environmental education and risk prevention to the families that inhabit the vulnerable areas around the Tungurahua volcano, in order to contribute to improve their life quality.
The Tungurahua volcano started a new eruptive process on 1999. Since then, several events affected the population located around this volcano, mainly on 2001 and beginning of 2006.
This event directly damaged several towns of the Tungurahua and Chimborazo Provinces. On small villages located around this volcano, the effect was more harmful because of the partial or total destruction of houses and the productive substructure of this zone.
Additionally, damages to agriculture and cattle, main source of income of most families affected, had a very negative impact, due to hundreds of planted acres were lost and the pastures, that are the main source of food for the livestock of the zone, are contaminated with volcanic ash. The water supply system, used for the human consumption as well as for irrigation and animal consumption, is also contaminated.
Damages to peopleÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s health are also critical. So far, the death of four people and hundred of injured, needing urgent medial attention, was reported. Additionally, the ash fall caused respiratory problems, eye and skin irritation and also gastro-intestinal diseases.
Several public and private organizations are helping in different action fields such us: water and sanitation, security, food, shelters management, agriculture and livestock assistant, road access rehabilitation, etc.
According to the technical-scientific organism in charge of monitoring this volcano (The Geophysical Institute of the Escuela PolitÃƒÂ©cnica Nacional), the actual eruptive process can continue with similar events to those registered on August 17th 2006, and will be necessary to take measures to decrease the risks for the future of the population.Related to water and sanitation
In order to get a closer look to the real consequences of the volcanic eruption on human consumption water supply systems and the conditions of sanitation services on the region, several institutions like Central Red Cross, Chimborazo Red Cross, Tungurahua Red Cross, Red Cross International Federation, CARE Ecuador, Housing and Urban Development Ministry (MIDUVI), have sent professionals for evaluation visits.
The results of the evaluation process of 21 water systems of Tungurahua and Chimborazo, allowed us to identify the following aspects:
1. -Status and operation of human consumption water supply systems, facing the impact of Tungurahua eruption:
Ã¢Ë†â€™ People from towns visited, are receiving water service, in spite of water systems have exceeded the useful life period. The units are deteriorated and have limited operations.
Ã¢Ë†â€™ The water systems structure (filters, impounding and others) are vulnerable to ash contamination during eruption and after it, because of rain and wind effects.
Ã¢Ë†â€™ A high percentage of pipe damaging was identified.
LocationTungurahua, Sierra, Ecuador
Primary Focus: Drinking Water - Community
Secondary Focus: Sanitation - Community
People Getting Safe Drinking Water: 1,200
persons from rural communities located in the surrounding areas of the Tungurahua volcano (Tungurahua and Chimborazo provinces)
School Children Getting Water:
People Getting Sanitation: 1,200
People Getting Other Benefits:
Start Date: 2006-10-01
Completion Date: 2007-03-30
Ã¢Ë†â€™ Two refugeeÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s shelters sanitation infrastructure restored at Tungurahua and Chimborazo Provinces.
Ã¢Ë†â€™ To protect at least ten water systems form contamination of volcanic materials, by the construction of the necessary infrastructure.
Ã¢Ë†â€™ At least two communities will improve the access to safe water and sanitation services through the reconstruction of their water systems.
Ã¢â‚¬Â¢ Start Date: Due to the emergency situation of the families located in the surrounding area of the Tungurahua volcano the project will launched in October 2006.
Ã¢â‚¬Â¢ Milestones (what are they and what are the dates):
Ã¢Ë†â€™ Technical studie
Ã¢Ë†â€™ Built Capacities on water management in the communities water boards
Ã¢Ë†â€™ Raise awareness and achieve community empowerment of water sources preservation practices in 70% of the target population
This project is part of the Corporate Social Responsibility policies and activities supported by the Ecuadorian Coca-Cola System. ItÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s important to mention that with this project Coca-Cola has established a close relationship with the local governments, strengthening our commitment with local initiatives and government authorities.
Ã¢Ë†â€™ Those responsible for the managing and maintenance of the systems are completely identifiable.
Ã¢Ë†â€™ The communitarian organization, based on commitment and good will, have an important roll in carrying this emergency, in spite of not counting with all needed training elements.
Ã¢Ë†â€™ Is notorious that any Managing Board was prepared to face this emergency, because they do not count with basic material for corrective restoring in their warehouses.
Ã¢Ë†â€™ Weak training levels on members of the Managing Boards were identified, on aspects related to system operation, maintenance and managing.
Ã¢Ë†â€™ Most of the Water Managing Boards do not have budget for repairing and emergency actions on their accounts.
Ã¢Ë†â€™ The sanitary systems are also affected by the eruption; there are some sanitary units at
homes and schools that are deteriorated because of this emergency.
Ã¢Ë†â€™ Some emergency sanitary solutions were implemented at the shelters, but they are insufficient.
Prior art before metrics
The partners of this project are: CARE Ã¢â‚¬â€œ Ecuador, Tungurahua and Chimborazo Municipalities and Local Communities.
CARE Ã¢â‚¬â€œ Ecuador is responsible of the supervision of the project and the technical, social and environmental advisor.
The Municipality will contribute with some technical studies and social support as well. They will also supply part of the raw materials needed.
Co Funding Amount: $50,300
CARE Ecuador - US$ 50.300, 00
Community Contribution Amount: $50,000
Local Municipalities and Communities - US$ 50.000,00. The local communities will contribute with the raw materials and non qualified manpower for the reconstruction of the water systems. They will also be responsible of the water system management.