The proposed project will be implemented in Udaipur dist. of Rajasthan in 4 tribal hamlets in Gogunda block. The villages chosen for implementation are remote, backward and are inhabited by an overwhelming majority of poor tribal (Bhil and Gameti) people.
All the selected villages being in the remote areas, very few government programs have been implemented. These villages are primarily rain dependent, degraded and given the nature of the monsoons are highly vulnerable. As such all the villages and the inhabitants are in urgent need of stabilization, rehabilitation and empowerment. Around 86% (Cultivators - 74.95 and Agricultural labourers - 11.51) of the total working population is agriculture dependent, which is insufficient to support their families. Therefore, 75% families migrate in nearby areas in search of work as wage laborers. Because of the remoteness it is neglected by the Govt. departments for development.
These villages settled within the Aravali mountain ranges are scattered into small hamlets of around 30-60 households each, which is a typical situation. Therefore, implementation of any development initiative is a challenge. The villages are Modwa (Hamlet Chowda Fala – 45 families), Morwal village (60 families); Village Malariya – (100 families) and village Chhali (Hamlet Thoriya Bhilwara – 60 families) where we intend to implement the community managed solar operated drinking water system.
Since the area come under the drought prone area and receive low and erratic rainfall. Therefore the people from this area face acute drinking water problem especially in summer.
The major source of drinking water in this area is hand bore pumps and open wells. However, in all identified four hamlets, the borewell handpumps are not functional due to break down of the hand pumps or poor water yielding especially in the summer months. Therefore, at present the women fetch the drinking water from either open wells or handpumps from far distance. As women are linked with this activity, they have to spend more time travelling long distances from their houses to source of drinking water. The situation gets even worse during summer season when the water is less and there are long queues for collecting drinking water from one available source.
A few families who do not have access to a nearby bore well have to drink water from the well water, which is also shared by animals making the water source contaminated. These wells run dry in summer and people have to fetch drinking water at the distance of one to two km. from the common hand pump located in the main village. Each year women and young girls have to struggle for 3-4 hours each day just to fetch drinking water for household consumption. In order to solve the drinking water problem of these hamlet and villages, the drinking water supply scheme is proposed so that water is available near to their settlement.
The assured water source will be identified through hydrological investigation and new borewell will be drilled and the solar operated pump will be installed for lifting of the water, Generally in this area the existing borewells are around 250 ft deep or more.
The communities from these hamlets have decided to solve the drinking water problem through their initiative. They have approached WOTR to support the drinking water project.
The project's village latitude and longitude details are as follows :
i. Morval : Lat (N) - 24 deg 37.134' ; Long (E) - 73 deg 27.844'
ii. Modwa: Lat (N) - 24 deg 39.237' ; Long (E) - 73 deg 28.634'
iii. Malariya : Lat (N) - 24 deg 37.507' ; Long (E) - 73 deg 30.685'
iv. Thoriya Bhilwada : Lat (N) - 24 deg 37.963' ; Long (E) - 73 deg 30.641'
LocationDist. Udaipur, Block Gogunda, Rajasthan, India
Primary Focus: Drinking Water - Community
Secondary Focus: Capacity Building
People Getting Safe Drinking Water: 1,325
After completion of the drinking water project 265 households and 1325 individuals would have access to the safe drinking water.
School Children Getting Water: 390
The hamlet has a primary school upto 4th standard. In the proposed project villages the total no.of students are 390; boys 234 and girls 156.
People Getting Sanitation: 800
In this region the state government had constructed individual toilets on a large scale, especially in the tribal area in 2008-09. However, due to the shortage of water and low quality of construction most of these toilets are not in use. Therefore, the efforts will be made to motivate the people to renovate and make use of the toilets which are constructed.
People Getting Other Benefits: 1,325
The literacy levels in these villages are well below the state average (around 35%). Therefore there is very little awareness regarding government schemes available for the tribals. Those few schemes which people mostly benefit from are the MGNREGS, (Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme) Indira Awas Yojana (housing scheme), etc.
Start Date: 2013-09-02
Completion Date: 2014-03-31
It is planned to promote and implement the cost effective and community managed drinking water project which would benefit the deprived and vulnerable tribal community from the selected hamlets/villages as per the village situation and their demand. It is planned to drill a new bore well as the drinking water source. A submersible pump of 2-3 H.P. will be installed on the bore well, operated on the solar system will be installed. Due to the power cut and irregular electric supply problem in the tribal belt area, It is propose to install the solar pumps. The weather in this area is generally very hot and dry through out the year.The solar operated pump would be the appropriate technology for lifting of water from the bore wells for the drinking water purpose. This would save the electric consumption and contribute to the green energy. Since there is almost zero maintenance cost to run the solar pump, hence we have planned to install the same for the bore wells. The water will be transported through the rising main pipe line of 40 ft in length and stored in the newly constructed storage tank of 8000 liters capacity. The location of the water storage tank will be near to the water source. The water taps will be installed to the water storage tank to collect the water.
The drinking water project would be implemented through the Water Committee. The water committee will be formed involving women members. The Water Committee will be responsible for implementation, supervision, quality control and monitoring of activities with the support of gram panchayat and WOTR staff. The funds would be released directly to this Water Committee bank account. The committee would handle the transaction and would be responsible for maintenance of accounts. The technical and social mobilization support would be provided by WOTR staff. The Water Committee and the target group's capacity building would be done by the implementation team of WOTR. After the successful completion of the project the water committee and the gram panchayat would be responsible for the distribution of water, collection of water tax and also repairs and maintenance of the project.
The project would be completed in one phase. After the monitoring of the project, the next installment funds would be released. The monitoring would be conducted by WOTR’s Regional Resource Centre situated at Udaipur.
Since the tribal people are neglected by the Panchayat Raj Institutions (Zilla Parishad and Panchayat Samiti) for the developmental activities, WOTR conducted several meetings in the hamlets and villages to organize the community for the common cause like drinking water, to get the benefits/facilities of BPL schemes under Government programs. WOTR is in touch with the community and the gram panchayat since last 3-4 years. Most of the families have been migrated for the labour work in nearby towns and cities. Therefore, it was difficult to organize all households to get the consensus for future plans. Now all families are ready and have agreed to co-operate with each other to achieve the common objectives like drinking water and access to different Govt. schemes. There are already few self help groups existing in these villages which are very active and have uphold the idea of having their own drinking water system.
In the initial stage, the participatory PRA was conducted in the village to understand the local situation and to collect the basic data of the village such as no. of households, population, their locations, infra structure and facilities available in the village with a view to plan and design the of the drinking water project. The women in the SHGs have decided to solve the drinking water problem and they have taken the initiative for the same. The initial planning of the project is being done through the PRA by the village community and the technical plan and estimates are prepared by WOTR staff. As the people are very poor the village community has to agree to contribute minimum 15 % of the total cost either in cash or in kind. All the legalities of obtaining NOC from the concerned government department will be taken care by the gram panchayat along with the Water Committee.
After the proposal is sanctioned, two specialized trainings would be conducted by WOTR for the water committee and village community. The topics on management of drinking water and sanitation project, health and hygiene issues and post drinking water project management would be covered followed by one exposure visit to other successful drinking water project of tribal community.
After the completion of the project the water committee would be responsible for the repairs and maintenance and post management of the project.
The drinking water project will be implemented with the support of local Gram Panchayat. (local governance body).
Except in village Morwal, there is a mixed population of upper caste, OBC, SC & ST, families from all other villages/hamlets belong to the Bhil tribal community and are living below the poverty line. The average land holding per family is less than an acre. Most of the agriculture land is rainfed. Therefore, farmers cultivate mainly maize as their staple food. A few farmers those who have some resources and are near the stream or well cultivate wheat during the rabbi season. Water borne diseases are also one of the most critical health issues prevailing in this region. Besides this due to lack of food security beyond four to five months, anemic conditions in women and children are high.
Please refer the attachment excel sheet i.e. revenue generation model.
Maintenance Cost: $191
Regular monitoring on a quaterly basis will be done to assess the progress of the project and work by the regional resource centre.
For the Budget details please see the attachment of word doc ; budget-BPR 13-14.xlsm
Co Funding Amount:
Community Contribution Amount: $4,084
The unit cost of 1 project is 8376.10 US$. out of which the local contribution equivalent to 15 % of the total cost is 1021.15 US$. The grant required for 1 unit is 7354.95 US$. Thus the cost of 4 project is 33504.41 US$. out of which the people's contribution is 4084.60 US$ and the total grant required is 29419.81 US$.
Fund Requested: $29,419
Implementing Organization: Watershed Organisation Trust- RRC Udaipur, Rajasthan, India
WOTR has its its Regional Resource Centre (RRC) based in Rajasthan and has been working in the State since 2008. It has been implementing projects in the southern part of Rajasthan on natural resource management. The total area covered is more than 12 thousand hectares, in 35 villages, benefitting a population of more then 20,000. It has formed around 75 SHGs in the project villages which are active and have benefitted more then 800 women members in starting up of income generation activities, agriculture improvement, education of children, marriages, health etc. More then 20 SHGs have been interlinked with banks and have received loans. WOTR has also supported more then 10 partner NGOs in implementing NRM projects through financial, technical, managerial support or through its consultancy.
WOTR has also undertaken a few CSR supported projects in implementation as well as evaluation of projects. The team comprises of technical, social, gender, agriculture and livestock experts.
So far we have successfully implemented 25 decentralized drinking water projects through BPR benefitting 2151 households and 13374 individuals. Besides this we have implemented successfully the drinking water and sanitation projects in 11 villages in different 4 districts of Maharashtra benefitting 609 households and 3750 individuals. During last financial year 2010-11 we have completed drinking water and sanitation units in 64 primary/secondary schools/ Kindergarten in Ahmednagar district. Our experience is in all drinking water and sanitation projects we involve women since they are the most sufferers of the drinking water and sanitation problems and since they take the initiative to solve the same problem organizing the village community and approaching the local gram Panchayat. Therefore the implementation of the project is being done excellent as per the plan involving the entire village community.