This project would rehabilitate an unused water system infrastructure, add an electric pump and strengthen the CBO to become self-reliant through technical and business training.
Lupang Pangako is a resettlement area of the Aeta tribe (approx 170 households) displaced by the eruption of Mt Pinatubo in 1991. In 1997 World Vision bought the land and donated it to Aeta’s. In 2004 an elevated storage tank was built with distribution pipe work for a level II system, next to a hand pump. This system has never been used as there is no method for pumping water from the well to the elevated tank.
The History of Pinatubo Aeta
The Pinatubo Aeta refers to the small-statured, semi-nomadic Negrito tribes who occupied the forest areas of Mt. Pinatubo. Social scientists consider the Pinatubo Aeta an important ethnic group, as they have maintained their cultural identity through centuries, and are the largest group of indigenous people in the Philippines.
Of 100,000 people evacuated, 56,721 were Aeta. The Aeta came from the village of Belbel, which was situated closest to the volcano. The Belbel Aeta were the last group to be evacuated from the mountain.
The tribes were under the protection of the government’s relocation program, but had endured transfer from one rehabilitation center to another across five years. Many Aeta died during their stays in the relocation sites, especially women and children. Death was caused by poor health conditions, poor sanitation and insufficient food.
After five years of living in rehabilitation centers, without the ability to farm, no sponsoring group had taken responsibility to help the Belbel Aeta relocate. The 185 Belbel Aeta families were found by World Vision at the Paitan Elementary School, an evacuation center in Botolan, Zambales. World Vision adopted the whole community on the recommendation of the Department of Social Welfare Development.
The Rehabilitation Phase
World Vision rented 13 hectares of agricultural land for the Belbel Aeta. Of that land, only 4.5 hectares was purchased. After enduring the Loobbunga Resettlement area, where the Aeta stayed while they started to build a village, the Aeta told World Vision that the land area was too small to accommodate 185 families and allow them to live normal lives.
Because the community was well organized, it committed to a development plan, and proposed to World Vision that it broaden the settlement area. Through the initiative of its leaders the community became intensely involved in fund-raising efforts. A plan, Plan Famine, was conceived by World Vision to secure more land for the Belbel Aeta.
In 1997, 235 hectares of agricultural land was donated on which to continue to build a new community. The village was named Lupang Pangako, Promised Land. Each family was provided a hectare of land to cultivate and 900 square meters to build a residence. To the Aeta, owning their own land fulfilled a dream: they would never be evacuated again.
A Single Drop for Safe Water was introduced to this community by Hiyas Foundation. After a site inspection both ASD and Hiyas realized that the water situation could be easily remedied using the existing assets within the community, most importantly the local residents.
A preliminary project plan was agreed upon and presented to the Aeta community by Hiyas. This community meeting is documented in the attached letter where representatives acknowledged that they had many of the assets required and the project should rehabilitate these assets and increase the capability of those involved.
LocationZambales, Luzon, Philippines
Primary Focus: Water - Community
Secondary Focus: Capacity Building
People Getting Safe Drinking Water: 749
Lupang Pangako is a resettlement area of the Aeta tribe (approx 170 households) displaced by the eruption of Mt Pinatubo in 1991. This is the number of people who will have access to water.
School Children Getting Water:
People Getting Sanitation: 0
This is not a sanitation program. This program focuses on water access and capacity building.
People Getting Other Benefits:
50 members of Co-op will help implement water project and manage the fees
749 people receive WASH education
3 people employed to maintain system
20-25 people with business training
50 people learning to take care of water system, build it
749 people improved quality of life
Start Date: 2007-03-03
Completion Date: 2007-10-30
Main objective in this project is to improve the water supply in a sustainable manner so that current residents and future generations can enjoy an improved quality of life with respect to water access.
This will be done by:
• Complete construction of Level II water system, piped water to
community tap stands to an existing tank for 173 households
• Pipe installation for distribution system
• Refurbishment and cleaning of existing tank
• Installation of an electric pump
Phase I: Technical Training, Organizational Development and Implementation (5 weeks)
Phase II: Monitoring and Evaluation (6 months)
There are 749 residents who's only access to water is thru a hand pump and the river which has been recently dammed significantly reducing the available flow during dry season. This is a community of subsistence farmers and hunters living on household incomes less than 3000P per month. This project would be working with the local multipurpose cooperative to increase local capacity so that they can maintain, operate and administer a level II (piped water to tap stands) water system.
Multipurpose Cooperative agrees to:
o Maintain and operate pump and water distribution system.
o Receive and manage fees from community so that they can pay electricity bills and maintain water system in sustainable manner.
To ensure community ownership, community members have agreed to:
o pay small water access fees to cover maintenance and electricity for the pump.
o counterpart or provide in-kind services, food for training participants, accommodation for trainers and materials totaling approx $2700US
o install their own water system with the training and guidance from ASDSW
Please see attached letter from the community for full description of their commitment with signatures from community members.
This is combination infrastructure development and good governance project, consisting of rehabilitation and enhancement of existing infrastructure, water system, while providing capacity building thru technical trainings and strengthening an existing peoples organization to maintain and operate their own water system. Hygeine education will enhance water and the connection to community health. Business planning workshops will support financial sustainability. Resource mapping and visioning helps to envision the improvement of their community and plan for future projects after this one is complete. Guiding organization and community members to build their own water system not only ensures project ownership, but empowers the community with the confidence to claim responsibility for their own growth and expansion.
The project uses an asset based approach where the community looks at the resources it has and then uses those as a basis for this project. The largest asset is not the unused tank and hand pump, but the people within the community. The organization and local community members will install the water system while being supervised and trained so that they can maintain and operate the system in the future. Also the organization will receive capacity building training so that they are
strong enough and have the skills and community support to keep the system operating. Also with this enhanced capacity the community can work on other projects with only technical help from outside.
This capacity building within the organization and the community is the key to long term sustainability. Long term sustainability requires input from the whole community and consists of ongoing administration, operation and maintenance of the system. This means that the users of the system contribute fees to the organization who then use these fees to pay for electricity, preventative maintenance and break down maintenance. Design of the project concentrates on this capacity building with a very significant training and workshop component allowing the community to develop the features required for sustainability. This utilizes an existing cooperative and the more efficient elements of a cooperative structure to provide an efficient community service.
The project will bring enough revenue to pay staff to maintain the system and cover costs of any repairs and cleaning.
Each family in the community agrees to pay 5peso service fee month (865peso/week = approx $22/wk)
$800 annual maintenance fees
$250 cleaning, replacement parts, repairs/year
Maintenance Cost: $1,050
Prior art before metrics
Please see attached budget.
Co Funding Amount: $9,500
$2500 - Provincial Governer contribution
$7000 - Peace Corp Partners
Community Contribution Amount: $2,690
$1468 - In-kind labor
$185 - frieght delivery
$450 - accommodation for trainers
$187 - meals for workers 5 weeks
$400 - household water use levy (cash)
Fund Requested: $3,000
Implementing Organization: Kevin Lee
Trainer and Project Manager for LPWSRP
Executive Director of A Single Drop for SafeWater, Philippines office. September 2006-Present
- In partnership with Gemma Bulos, formed ASDSW in the Philippines.
- Manages all projects and staff
- Designs programs and project implementation
- Lead trainer for staff and projects
Feb 2004 to April 2006: United States Peace Corps
Ambaguio, Nueva Vizcaya,
Philippines, Water and sanitation volunteer
Assigned to local government unit in a remote rural community.
- Primary job assignment was the design and installation of a potable water system for approximately 120 households from a spring 5500m from center of distribution area. Included in this development was the training of engineers, maintenance staff
and setting up of an administration system with the local government unit.
- Other projects;
- Development of tourism livelihood, including organizing peoples organizations, training and marketing
- Gender and Development programs focussing on reproductive health and environmental awareness.
Sep 2001 to Jan 2003: Amerex Industries
Kennesaw Ga. USA
Amerex designed, fabricates and installs baghouses (industrial emission control equipment) for large industries, (steel, power generation, pulp & paper, and cement are some examples). Job responsibilites include:
- Customer Liason
- Directing in-house and consulting engineering
- Budgets and Scheduling
- Bidding fabrication and other services
- Fabrication supervision.
- Projects ranged from $US200,000 to $US1,400,000
Jan 1999 to Sep 2001:
Birmingham Steel Southeast, Cartersville Ga. USA
Operations Management and Engineering
Birmingham Steel was a medium section rolling mill (100 tons/hr), construction was finished in March 1999. My job responsibilities included:
- Construction Supervisor for completion of hot end rolling section
- Roller. Shift foreman in charge of operation crew for entire mill during startup and commissioning phase. Supervise 15 operators, responsible for all adjustments and
operation/maintenance requirements during shift operation.
- Foreman Setup Crew. Supervise 12 operators to setup mill for operations, include
scheduling people and equipment.
- Mill Engineer. Design and review of pass design for making products. Capital project, design, management and construction supervision.
Dec 1995 to Dec 1998:
Atlantic Steel, Atlanta Ga. USA
Operations Management and Engineering
Atlantic Steel was a small section rolling mill (35 tons/hr) built in 1954. Heavily involved in modifying equipment and working methods to increase production by 20%.
- Finishing Mill Engineer with Operational Responsibility. Supervise 3 crews of 18.
- Responsible for day to day operation, scheduling and input into strategic planning.
- Interfacing with material suppiers as well as sales staff etc. - Also included design and implementation of equipment changes.
- Project Engineer. Design, project manager for capital projects. Assitance to maintenance department.
Dec 1990 to Oct 1995:
Dobbie Engineers, Rotorua, New Zealand
Mechanical Project Engineer
Dobbie Engineers is a mechanical engineering consulting company that deals mostly with industrial companies, Pulp & Paper, steel.
- 2 yrs subconded to engineering department of large Pulp and Paper company.
- Project design and management in multilple projects in different areas. Piping design was a major part of the work.
- Research project for steel mill, making iron from ironsand.
- Building services.