BioSand Filter and WASH Outreach for Mukono, Jinja and Kampala Communities

Applicant A Single Drop Plan ID: 238
Status: approved_declined Review Cycle end date: 2010-08-26

ASD partners with Mukono Women's AIDS Task Force (MWATF), Masese Women' Association (MWA), Katosi Women's Development Trust (KWDT) and Uganda Community Based Association for Child Welfare (UCOBAC) creating BSF projects in Central Uganda


At least 160 households and 10 schools will have Biosand Filters for clean water


There are 10 schools with a total of approximately 5000 students


0 people will be receiving toilets, but all people will be receiving WASH Education


5 implementers per organization (MWATF, MWA, KWDT, UCOBAC) will begin to build a micro-business offering the BSF in their communities

Drinking Water - Schools
Capacity Building


Kampala, Katosi, Mukono, Jinja

Project Narrative

The basic problem in most rural and peri-urban areas in Uganda can be long distances traveled by women and children to access water and also the poor distribution of the wells and springs within villages. Many homes are very far from these water sources making especially the elderly members of communities totally unable to access water. Also, because of the AIDS crisis, a generation of working class has been decreased and many older people, widows and orphaned youth ultimately become the primary caregivers and responsible for the surviving children. Provision of training and financial assistance to women-led households has proven to be a viable way to contribute to improved welfare of families in the Ugandan context.

The BioSand Filter is a household point-of-use water treatment that provides up to 200liters of clean water per day, removing 90-100% of biological contaminants. Everyday an average family will have enough clean water for drinking, cooking and cleaning, reducing the risk of water related diseases. In schools, it provides enough drinking and hand-washing water for up to 100 children per filter. It is simple and easy to maintain, even for the children! It is also an entry point into the community to introduce good hygiene and sanitation practices as well as water resource protection and management. The BSF can be made locally by trained citizens using local resources.

The leaders spearheading these 4 projects in 4 different parts of Central Uganda are women. Currently, ASD has been conducting an intensive multi-week training working closely with the women to build their capacity to
- deepen their understanding about the interdependence of WASH (water, sanitation and hygiene) and create a vision of improved health and opportunity in their communities by offering the BSF to those in need
- conduct community surveys to collect baseline data
- map resources and conduct needs assessments
- construct, install, maintain and promote the BSF
- design a strategic and business plan to promote and sell/subsidize the BSFs
- conduct WASH Education and Outreach in their communities
- design social marketing campaigns to promote and sell the filters
- run a WASH Education Center and BSF production facility as a small business
- mobilize and/or engage with the local health officials for coordinated outreach

By the time this requested program funding is applied in January, the women will have conducted a 3 month pilot project in their communities installing 10-15 filters in select households and schools to
- assess user satisfaction and challenges
- create demand through social marketing through WASH Education
- refine their business and marketing plan
- establish their production facility
- create a construction/outreach/follow-up schedule
- test the water to ensure BSF effectiveness
- conduct community WASH Education seminars
- identify the most needy householders and schools to implement the next round of BSFs for this funding request

Each women's team will have enough funding to build 50 filters each. 10 will go to schools, and 40 will be implemented in impoverished households, like grandmothers taking care of orphans. The requested program funding would subsidize the filters so the women to make the BSFs available to the most needy. The recipients would offer
- supervised sweat labor for some of the more insignificant tasks
- sliding scale to pay for what they can afford for the filter
- at least 2 family members to attend at least 2 WASH Education seminars

1 - (July/Aug) intensive training for the women
2 - 3 month pilot project (Sept-Nov, 2010)
3 - Pilot Project data analyzation
4 - Implementation of 200 filters to schools and most needy (requested funding)

ASD has vetted and trained each of the 4 organizations included in this grant. They each have had success implementing projects in their communities ranging from Rainwater harvesting, toilets (Ecosan and VIP), ferro cement tanks, house construction, tippy taps for schools etc. The BSF is an added technology to add to their stable of services for their constituents. Each of the organizations are over 5 years old and have strong ties to the communities with long term volunteer focal points who assist in liasioning, mobilizing and sensitizing local citizens.

During the current training, ASD facilitates a government engagement workshop that includes partnering with local water sanitation committees, local health officials to conduct water testing with the women. Each of the organizations has various levels of engagement with local government officials. Some of them have deep long term partnerships and others have good relationships based on their contributions to the communities.

Job skills - the women will add BSF construction to their stable of existing services

social marketing strategies - using WASH education to promote the filter

water testing using the Portable Microbiology Lab- using proven water testing methods as indicators for levels of contamination that requires no labs or technicians to conduct

ASD will be supporting, supervising and managing the oversight and coaching of the women as they role out their respective projects.

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Project Financials


PHASE 1 - 3 $15000 - training costs including materials, labor, training fees, workshop costs, pilot project implementation, and PP analyzation

15000 - $75/filter, includes construction, installation, transport, labor, safe storage, WASH IEC materials and WASH seminars

1000 - Project Management fees

2000 - Portable Microbiology Labs (water testing @ 200/kit)

3000 - community inkind contributions


Rotary International to conduct the multi-week BSF Program Implementation Training (currently being conducted) and the 4 pilot projects.


in kind
- training attendance - 3 weeks, 10 people
- venue for training
- subsidized meals for training
- tools


Project Sustainability and Impact Assessment

BSFs require no maintenance, however each BSF installation will require at least 4 visits/year to ensure that the filter is accepted and working well and to conduct water tests.

Also, each organization will conduct a monthly WASH Education seminar for new and potential users


Implementer Details (if other than applicant)


A Single Drop creates social entrepreneurial water service organizations that have the capacity to implement appropriate water/sanitation solutions using environmentally and financially sustainable practices. This model has been recognized internationally as one of the best emerging social entrepreneurial models by Echoing Green, Schwab Foundation and Ernst Young.

Mukono Women’s Aids Task Force (MWATF) is a Women Development Organization Based in Maternity Village, Mukono Town Council in Mukono District. MWATF was established in Oct 27th, 1997 with the views of helping women who are single mothers, needy women and children, people living with HIV /AIDS (PLWHAs), youth, people with disability (PWD), elderly and environment protection. The major aim is to improve and develop the standards of living, spiritually, socially, economically, and culturally.
knowledge, skills and talents they have to start and run project so far embarked on. MWATF builds ferro cement tanks, RWH, cisterns and biodigesters.

Katosi Women Development Trust (KWDT) is a non governmental organization with an aim of improving the general living standards of poor, rural peasant communities of Ntenjeru and Nakisunga sub counties in Mukono District. Evolving out of the success of Katosi Women Fishing & Development Association, KWDT currently networks 13 women groups. The 13 years of existence have enabled KWDT reach out to communities through disadvantaged women. KWDT was awarded the Best Performing NGO Award in Uganda! The KWDT Integrated WATSAN program was initiated in 2002 after a baseline survey that revealed disastrous water and hygiene situation for the fishing community.90% of the fishing community depended on contaminated water of Lake Victoria which was shared between people and animals.75% of the population lacked Latrines, excreta management and hygiene practices were poor. The aim of the program is to increase access to safe clean water, improve sanitation and hygiene through behavioral change so as to reduce prevalence of poor Water, Hygiene and Sanitation Diseases.
Supported by various partners, the Integrated WATSAN program has expanded to include Domestic and community rain water harvesting, Ecological Sanitation Latrine construction, Ventilated Improved Latrine construction, Water source protection, Hygiene and sanitation promotion through hygiene, Demonstration trainings, extension support, school sanitation and hygiene promotion.
These activities are reinforced by Operation and Maintenance trainings, Water user committees and community masons training, Training of Trainers in Hygiene promotion, Child to child approach in hygiene promotion and training of Hand pump mechanics.

The Masese Women's Association was formed in the "Masese" slum area and were experiencing destitute poverty and unemployment. In response to such conditions, citizens, governments, and nongovernmental organizations, in association with the Masese Women's Association, engaged in an effort called the Masese Women's Self Help Projects with the aim of bringing about a change in the way of life for the people in Jinja, Uganda. A Housing and Human Settlement Upgrading Program was created to establish a settlement and credit plan that would enable women to acquire secure land tenure and production materials for housing. The project also developed a community infrastructure for employment, health, and education services.

UCOBAC UCOBAC with other development partners have been working with organised communities of the rural areas in Mityana district, Uganda since 1994. The proposed intervention is just a continuation of UCOBAC work and utilises the experience gained from past work. In all UCOBAC interventions in communities, water issues stand out. Communities always cry out on water issues since "Water IS Life" to everybody!

The basic problem in most rural areas in Uganda can be long distances travelled by women and children to access water and also the poor distribution of the wells and springs withing villages. Many homes are very far from these water sources making especially the elderly members of communities totally unable to access water1 Provision of training and financial assistance to women-led households has proven to be a viable way to contribute to improved welfare of families in the Ugandan context.

UCOBAC UCOBAC was formed after the civial war which had left many children orphaned. UCOBAC mission being to improve the welfare of children through building capacity of child care takers, deals with mothers at grassroots level. The women are trained in different issues e.g. Health (HIV and AIDS, Malaria and TB awareness, prevention and management, home hygiene, food security, child rights, care and protection and protection of water sources, water catch and storage. UCOBAC also implements programs on human rights and good governance, OVC, Capacity Building (Institutional and capacity building of child care takers) and Advocacy and Networking with other NGOs. UCOBAC implemented a water project in Kumi District in Eastern Uganda by protecting fourteen (14) shallow wells and springs for rural communities that were faced with serous water shortages. The local communities fully participated in the implementation of this project by providing local materials like stones, sand, poles etc and also provided labour by them taking part in the manual work involved. Local leaders supported by project and thus even to-day those wells still stand out. They are well maintained and protected by the local leadership.

Application Summary

Applicant :   A Single Drop
Status : approved_declined
Country : UGANDA Map


Amount Funded :   $18,000
Funded By:-
Blue Planet Network : $18,000
Funds Used
: $0
Funds Available
: $18,000