plan 143Biosand filter as micro enterprise in Bokkos

Summary

A pilot to initially train 20 women to use of a biosand filter for their own households, and then recruit and train other women in the community, as an income generating micro business enterprise.

Background

In Nigeria, Plateau State, Bokkos community where OCEAN intends to implement this project, access to clean and safe water still remains a critical challenge to every day life. Indeed, to many village communities and even urban centers safe water is the difference between life and death. Several of the community water sources are rivers, hand dug wells and streams. These uncertain sources of water supply have resulted in outbreaks of water borne diseases such as cholera and dysentery. For instance in 2004, OCEAN FOUNDATION conducted a baseline survey on gender assessment in some rural-urban centers in need of water for the Plateau State Government. Findings of this study showed that there is a relationship between ill health in the communities and their sources of water. Similarly, a study conducted by Ezeji, (2005) on rapid gender assessment of the water situation in Jos, Plateau State for the United Nations Habitat Water for Africa cities, WAC II discovered that several people in the communities under study fall sick due to their contaminated drinking water sources. This study discovered that intestinal illness affects children most, this is characterized by stomach pain, diarrhea, and dehydration and has led to several deaths due to the contaminated water these children drink. About 50% of children in the community studied under age 5 die every year from effects of drinking water. While 30% of the people including women are without access to sanitation and 80% of illness detected in the community originated from their water sources (Ezeji, 2005). Most importantly, Bokkos has experienced an outbreak of cholera which was directly linked to one of the water sources (a dam) in the community. This has led to several deaths within the community as well as productive man hours lost due to ill health. This project if implemented in Bokkos Local Government will significantly reduce the incidences of water related disease like cholera and diarrhea. The community will benefit from the program because there will be reduced instance of illness, more children will go to school rather than being ill and staying out of school. Members of the community will stay healthy and pursue other productive endeavors such as farming which is the main occupation of the community and trading. The project will also be promoted as an income generating activity for the community members to improve their live hood.
3. What does the project propose to do?
OCEAN intends to train 20 women from Bokkos community on Water, sanitation and h

Location

Jos, Plateau State, North Central, Nigeria

Focus

Primary Focus: Capacity Building
Secondary Focus: Drinking Water - Community

People Getting Safe Drinking Water: 120

School Children Getting Water: 200

People Getting Sanitation: 100

People Getting Other Benefits: 120

Application Type: Project Funding

Start Date: 2008-12-01

Completion Date: 2008-12-06

Technology Used:

OCEAN intends to use the Biosand filter water technology which is an appropriate and adaptable technology for the community. The filter is a modified slow sand water filter that removes biological contaminants from water. It is also a simple household water treatment that can be built with local materials. Most importantly the biosand filter has proven to be an effective filter comparable with tradition slow sand filters in both laboratory and field tests. It has been tested by various government, research and health institutions as well as nongovernmental organizations. Several studies have shown that the biosand filter removes more than 90% of fecal coliform and other contaminants found in water. The biosand filter will greatly improve the health of men, women and children of bokkos community who had an outbreak of cholera and dysentery last year. The dam in the community was contaminated and several people were taken ill while several others died. Although the state government through the rural water supply and sanitation agency provided a bole hole, this does not adequately carter for the safe water needs of the people. This has resulted to people including women and children using other questionable water sources such as streams, hand dug wells and rivers. This project will ensure that the incidence of water borne diseases is reduced over time as most of the diseases in the community according to the community primary health centre are water related such as typhoid, cholera e.t.c.

Phases:

OCEAN intends to train 20 women from Bokkos community on Water, sanitation and hygiene related issues by conducting a WASH advocacy seminar. The community will also be taught simply water testing method using the Portable Micro Biology Laboratory (PTL) me

Community Organization:

this pilot will initially train 2O women who will make use of the filter for their own households. These women will be required to recruit and train other women in the community. The project will be promoted as an income generating activity to be implemented as a micro business enterprise at the community level. The 20 women will be expected to recruit and train 20 women each and we will replicate the process using the initial 20 women as our focal point of contact for those who will want to own a filter or be trained to be a filter producer.

Government Interaction:

Ancillary activities:

This project will have a enterprenuerial componet( micro business and developing a business, so that the women who will be involved in the project can start a micro- business biosand filter venture within the community.

Other Issues:

Maintenance Revenue:

It will also be demand driven to ensure sustainability for filter entrepreneurs. This will ensure that the target group (20 women) will own the process.
? The community stewards will ensure that the Biosand filter is used effectively and maintained appropriately, by house visits.
? Promoting the project as an income-generating venture to secure livelihoods including a micro business development planning.
? Engage corporative thrift society to serve as a source of financing for the women within the community several of the participating women belong to this association.
? Monitoring/impact assessment visits.
? Documentation of learning and lessons learnt.
? Biosand community stewards are the ones who will sustain the project after the intervention. Because the training imparted on the target group who will promote and continue to build the filter will be the project greatest asset.
? WASCOM will sustain the hygiene and sanitation awareness campaign to ensure environmental sustainability of the project.
9. Please enclose total project budget. Project sum: USD 3,000

Maintenance Cost:

Metrics:

Prior art before metrics

Cost: $3,000

Item Content Unit cost Quantity Amount

Description $
Mitigating The Impact of Water Borne Diseases through the BIOSAND FILTER.
Mould 40 1 200
Rock washer 20 1 30
Cautionary statement poster
3 50 400
Administrative cost;
For 4 project staff
Including transportation and feeding @ project site
To be borne by OCEAN 50 2 500
Educational cost
<Water and sanitation and hygiene related advocacy seminars 2 times in selected communities. 1000
Wrench, smaller wrench, pliers, tin snips, wire Brush, measuring tape, hand saw varies 7 150
Masonry trowel, paint brush, candles, sand paper, rubber mallet, hammer, varies 7 100
Nails, Dipper, shovel, wheel barrow, sieves, Portland cement, bleach, scraper, sand varies 11 100
Filter, rock, funnel, metal gauze wire, plastic tubing, marine plywood varies 7 160
Containers, screen, tie wire, liter pail, hand saw, varies 5 200
Total Amount 3000

Co Funding Amount: $1,000

OCEAN FOUNDATION

Community Contribution Amount:

Fund Requested: $2,000

Implementing Organization: Organized Centre for Empowerment and Advocacy in Nigeria, OC

Established in 2004, Organized Centre for Empowerment and advocacy in Nigeria (OCEAN Foundation) is a broad based Non-Governmental, non-profit making Organization with a bias for the plight of women and young people. OCEAN and its members are involved in capacity building and grassroots social development work. Ocean’s advocacy work includes; environmental governance, advocacy on water, sanitation and hygiene and promoting appropriate and affordable water technology for access to safe and clean water for healthy communities.

  • 1 participant | show more

    BSF Implementation

    Olanike Olugboji of Women Initiative for Sustainable Environemnt

    Heloo Mary and Joan, We think you have a well thought through proposal. However, we would appreciate to know if you have any selection criteria for the 20 women you plan on training? Best Wishes! Olanike and Anna

    Heloo Mary and Joan,

    We think you have a well thought through proposal. However, we would appreciate to know if you have any selection criteria for the 20 women you plan on training?
    Best Wishes!

    Olanike and Anna

  • 1 participant | show more

    BIOSAND FILTER

    Anna Anatoli of ANEPO

    Dears Mary and Joan sorry we are abit late injoining the forum but we just wanted to know the cost of mold is it inclusive in your bugdet? Ohterwise you are better organised with project congrats. Anna and Syoni

    Dears Mary and Joan sorry we are abit late injoining the forum but we just wanted to know the cost of mold is it inclusive in your bugdet?
    Ohterwise you are better organised with project congrats.

    Anna and Syoni

  • 2 participants | show more

    BSF Budget

    Gemma Bulos of Global Women's Water Initiative

    Does your budget reflect that you have done appropriate costing for making 20 filters during the first phase of the project?

    Does your budget reflect that you have done appropriate costing for making 20 filters during the first phase of the project?

    • Mary Omble Wuya of OCEAN Foundation

      Well. we probabily didn't cost our budget item specific, our prices do vary always, but actually 10 fiters will be more approriate. Mary and Joan

      Well. we probabily didn't cost our budget item specific, our prices do vary always, but actually 10 fiters will be more approriate.

      Mary and Joan

  • 1 participant | show more

    Phases

    Melinda Kramer of Women's Earth Alliance

    I noticed you began to write a third phase. Did you intend to finish describing this phase?

    I noticed you began to write a third phase. Did you intend to finish describing this phase?

    • Melinda Kramer of Women's Earth Alliance

      Please disregard the last comment about phases. It was intended for another group. Sorry!

      Please disregard the last comment about phases. It was intended for another group. Sorry!

  • 2 participants | show more

    Project managers

    Melinda Kramer of Women's Earth Alliance

    Mary, could you describe in this application who exactly will be leading the training and their position/experience?

    Mary, could you describe in this application who exactly will be leading the training and their position/experience?

    • Mary Omble Wuya of OCEAN Foundation

      Project Managers Mary Wuya- Team Leader; Msc. Sociology; Has worked in OCEAN's area of water and sanitation for fours. Works as a water and sanitation consultant for Plateau State Rural Water Supply and sanitation Agency, capacity building for its staff and local councils. Has also worked as a Trainer for Gender and water Alliance,on gend...

      Project Managers
      Mary Wuya- Team Leader; Msc. Sociology; Has worked in OCEAN's area of water and sanitation for fours. Works as a water and sanitation consultant for Plateau State Rural Water Supply and sanitation Agency, capacity building for its staff and local councils. Has also worked as a Trainer for Gender and water Alliance,on gender and intergrated water resource mangement. Other experiences includes OCEAN citizens action project in water and sanition for communities in Plateau State.I have attended several capacity building workshops on water and sanitation facilitated by , Gender and water Alliance, Netherlands, UNICEF Nigeria, Water Aid Nigeria including the recently African Women and Water Conference.

      Joan OKolo- Project Officer MA.Law and Diplomacy; Has equally worked in OCEAN's advocacy work on water and sanitation.Worked as a consultant for Plateau State Water board capacity building unit for communities. Has conducted traininings for OCEAN and participated in other Water and sanitation projects by NGOS such as the Rural Development Africa Water Project Nigeria, Contry Women Association of Nigeria(COWAN) Water Aid Nigeria as well as the African Women and Water Conference.

  • 3 participants | show more

    WASH education

    Gemma Bulos of Global Women's Water Initiative

    Is the WASH advocacy seminar the same as the training on the BSF or will they be separate trainings?

    Is the WASH advocacy seminar the same as the training on the BSF or will they be separate trainings?

    • Mary Omble Wuya of OCEAN Foundation

      The WASH advocacy seminar will be part of the training as the group will participate but only the 20 selected women will be trained on the biosand filter. We think it is necesary to talk and promote key issues in water, sanitation and hygiene so that all participants understand why water is such a critical issue as well as securing its sa...

      The WASH advocacy seminar will be part of the training as the group will participate but only the 20 selected women will be trained on the biosand filter. We think it is necesary to talk and promote key issues in water, sanitation and hygiene so that all participants understand why water is such a critical issue as well as securing its safety as most of the diseases are water related.

      • Melinda Kramer of Women's Earth Alliance

        This is great, Mary. This makes sense.

        This is great, Mary. This makes sense.

    • Melinda Kramer of Women's Earth Alliance

      This is great, Mary. This makes sense.

      This is great, Mary. This makes sense.

  • 3 participants | show more

    BSF Project Implementation

    Gemma Bulos of Global Women's Water Initiative

    Tell me a little more about how the 20 women trained will operate the production of BSFs, advocate for the use of the filters and recruit new women to be trained, and be community stewards? Will the subsequent 20 women also start a small business? Will this create competition? Is there a market large enough for several groups of women t...

    Tell me a little more about how the 20 women trained will operate the production of BSFs, advocate for the use of the filters and recruit new women to be trained, and be community stewards? Will the subsequent 20 women also start a small business? Will this create competition? Is there a market large enough for several groups of women to be producing and selling BSFs? I guess all these questions mean I don’t quite clearly understand the role of all the women trained.

    • Melinda Kramer of Women's Earth Alliance

      I would add: How will the 20 women implementers receive ongoing support/guidance where needed?

      I would add: How will the 20 women implementers receive ongoing support/guidance where needed?

      • Mary Omble Wuya of OCEAN Foundation

        Well, we( OCEAN) intends to continue to support and provide guidance to the women through monthly visits or as the need arises when the project takes off at least for a short term period.

        Well, we( OCEAN) intends to continue to support and provide guidance to the women through monthly visits or as the need arises when the project takes off at least for a short term period.

    • Mary Omble Wuya of OCEAN Foundation

      Well, we( OCEAN) intends to continue to support and provide guidance to the women through monthly visits or as the need arises when the project takes off at least for a short term period.

      Well, we( OCEAN) intends to continue to support and provide guidance to the women through monthly visits or as the need arises when the project takes off at least for a short term period.

  • 2 participants | show more

    WASCOM

    Gemma Bulos of Global Women's Water Initiative

    Who is WASCOM? You refer to them in the Sustainability Plan section as the organization to sustain the WASH campaign?

    Who is WASCOM? You refer to them in the Sustainability Plan section as the organization to sustain the WASH campaign?

    • Mary Omble Wuya of OCEAN Foundation

      Yes, sorry we should have explain our abreviations, WASCOM means Water and Sanitation Committtees that have been establisbed in all the local governments within Plateau State. Some of OCEANs women belong to this group and are a bit conversant with the water issues. We intend to use them in the pilot project so they can eventually own t...

      Yes, sorry we should have explain our abreviations, WASCOM means Water and Sanitation Committtees that have been establisbed in all the local governments within Plateau State. Some of OCEANs women belong to this group and are a bit conversant with the water issues. We intend to use them in the pilot project so they can eventually own the process(we have consulted them already of couse!) and help to drive the project after we disengage since they live within bokkos locality. They will be the biosand stewards

      • Gemma Bulos of Global Women's Water Initiative

        That's great! Thanks for the clarification. The WASCOMs are a government initiative then? What kind of WASH training do they receive? It's great that your pilot project has been thought through so well.

        That's great! Thanks for the clarification. The WASCOMs are a government initiative then? What kind of WASH training do they receive? It's great that your pilot project has been thought through so well.

        • Mary Omble Wuya of OCEAN Foundation

          The WASCOM is part of the government's initative to promote issues of water and sanitation at the local government levels in collaboration with the rural water supply and sanitation agency unit in the state. They also work with NGOs and other groups. This agency has units in all the local councils and the(unit) mobilise the people throu...

          The WASCOM is part of the government's initative to promote issues of water and sanitation at the local government levels in collaboration with the rural water supply and sanitation agency unit in the state. They also work with NGOs and other groups. This agency has
          units in all the local councils and the(unit) mobilise the people through the WASCOM. This committee has been helpful because it insists that women be a part of the leadership rather than just on lookers so it has given the local women a "voice" in terms of citing of water and sanitation projects. They have basic training on water,sanitation and hygiene issues, to promote hygiene and advocacy techniques to engage government for provision of water projects and facilities.

      • Mary Omble Wuya of OCEAN Foundation

        The WASCOM is part of the government's initative to promote issues of water and sanitation at the local government levels in collaboration with the rural water supply and sanitation agency unit in the state. They also work with NGOs and other groups. This agency has units in all the local councils and the(unit) mobilise the people throu...

        The WASCOM is part of the government's initative to promote issues of water and sanitation at the local government levels in collaboration with the rural water supply and sanitation agency unit in the state. They also work with NGOs and other groups. This agency has
        units in all the local councils and the(unit) mobilise the people through the WASCOM. This committee has been helpful because it insists that women be a part of the leadership rather than just on lookers so it has given the local women a "voice" in terms of citing of water and sanitation projects. They have basic training on water,sanitation and hygiene issues, to promote hygiene and advocacy techniques to engage government for provision of water projects and facilities.

    • Gemma Bulos of Global Women's Water Initiative

      That's great! Thanks for the clarification. The WASCOMs are a government initiative then? What kind of WASH training do they receive? It's great that your pilot project has been thought through so well.

      That's great! Thanks for the clarification. The WASCOMs are a government initiative then? What kind of WASH training do they receive? It's great that your pilot project has been thought through so well.

      • Mary Omble Wuya of OCEAN Foundation

        The WASCOM is part of the government's initative to promote issues of water and sanitation at the local government levels in collaboration with the rural water supply and sanitation agency unit in the state. They also work with NGOs and other groups. This agency has units in all the local councils and the(unit) mobilise the people throu...

        The WASCOM is part of the government's initative to promote issues of water and sanitation at the local government levels in collaboration with the rural water supply and sanitation agency unit in the state. They also work with NGOs and other groups. This agency has
        units in all the local councils and the(unit) mobilise the people through the WASCOM. This committee has been helpful because it insists that women be a part of the leadership rather than just on lookers so it has given the local women a "voice" in terms of citing of water and sanitation projects. They have basic training on water,sanitation and hygiene issues, to promote hygiene and advocacy techniques to engage government for provision of water projects and facilities.

    • Mary Omble Wuya of OCEAN Foundation

      The WASCOM is part of the government's initative to promote issues of water and sanitation at the local government levels in collaboration with the rural water supply and sanitation agency unit in the state. They also work with NGOs and other groups. This agency has units in all the local councils and the(unit) mobilise the people throu...

      The WASCOM is part of the government's initative to promote issues of water and sanitation at the local government levels in collaboration with the rural water supply and sanitation agency unit in the state. They also work with NGOs and other groups. This agency has
      units in all the local councils and the(unit) mobilise the people through the WASCOM. This committee has been helpful because it insists that women be a part of the leadership rather than just on lookers so it has given the local women a "voice" in terms of citing of water and sanitation projects. They have basic training on water,sanitation and hygiene issues, to promote hygiene and advocacy techniques to engage government for provision of water projects and facilities.

  • Rating: 9

    review by (only shown to members)

    These ladies have a very strong application with clear goals and a simple implementation strategy that makes sense. I did not feel that some of the key questions were answered pertaining to the way the project will progress after the intial training which makes me curious as to how much they have thought through the long term objectives, but I also understand this is something that would most likely change with time and experience anyway. I believe they will use funds from PWX well to help the communities they support.

  • Rating: 8

    review by (only shown to members)

    A well thought-out program. It is a good model to pilot and a good use of the $1000 AWWC Seed Grant.

  • Rating: 7

    review by (only shown to members)

    Please consider this application as what we learnt in Nairobi should have impact to our communities
    Also the technology is an important to the community as it is cost effective and environmentally friendly
    Anna

  • Not Reviewed

    by (only shown to members)

Name Status Completion Date Amount Assigned
Biosand filter as micro enterprise in Bokkos Complete - Partial Success May 2009 $1,000