plan 144Water for Schools (Sare and Kambare)

Summary

Provide potable water to two schools and homesteads surrounding the schools

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Background

Cholera epidemics, diarrhea, malaria continue to claim lives across Kano Plains and peri-urban of Kisumu municipality and Ahero urban council, and has gotten worse during the perennial floods in Kano plains. Many cases have been reported of water – related diseases (cholera, Bilharzias, diarrhea and malaria). The project area is mostly dry; experience one rainy season, with total annual precipitation less than 800mm. Thus majority of women and girls’ carries water over considerable distances from murky ponds and some unprotected Hand dug wells. Schools such as Sre and kambare have to cut off their lessons hours to allow time for water collection.

Some location around Awasi, women and girls are seen walking with donkeys in hot dry heat to fetch water a distance of 5km or more. Others have to get out of bed as early as 4.30am to fetch for water, only to queue at the water point for well over 4hrs to get the same. The school lessons are often interrupted to allow the girls to go out and fetch for water. Within the peri-urban, many households have contributed towards hand digging of shallow wells.

Groups of Women in Water & Agriculture-Kochieng (GWAKO Ministries) has been working closely with the community, schools and various women groups for their cooperation and active involvement in the Project. GWAKo has supported the drilling of over 100 shallow water wells of 60 metres in schools and training /constructions of biosand water filtratios.

Location

nyanza, Kano , Kenya

Attachments

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Focus

Primary Focus: Drinking Water - Schools
Secondary Focus: Drinking Water - Community

People Getting Safe Drinking Water: 1,263

The are 27 homesteads within Kambare and Sare kachola women groups which will benefit from the project. This gives a populations of 135 children, 81women and 27 men. Other 1020 persons who lives within a 5 minutes walk around the schools will benefit from water drilled sources.

School Children Getting Water: 5,385

GWAKO proposes to drill 15 shallow water wells of 60 mtres(200ft) within 15 schools that will benefit additional 6317 There are 15 schools targeted for this project with populations of 5383.

People Getting Sanitation: 5,385

Each of the 15 schools will benefit frpm one units of three doors/holes of VIP Latrines for girls and another unit of two door with unirals for boys.

People Getting Other Benefits: 107

This will be in form of skills and constructions training/developments; such as making trapezium blocks and lining of the dug pits with the said blocks. Other skill developments will be in form of hand pump mechanic training (repairs)

Application Type: Project Funding

Start Date: 2009-01-05

Completion Date: 2010-08-28

Technology Used:

GWAKO in collaboration with local consortium members (women groups and schools) will support the need for sustainable safe water and sanitation facilities by developing wellness programs in villages and schools within Greater Kano plains of Nyanza province. This a new project that proposed to scale up the provision of safe drinking water through a cost effective household water filtrations (Biosand water filtrations) and the roof rain catchments. The below task and activities shall take place;
1.PRA training for local community leaders and the members of the project implementation committee will be the FIRST STEP of the project intervention into the villages. The PRA training will enable them mobilize and organize the community, plan and implement the project activities themselves more efficiently and motivate the community for their assured and timely participation and contribution in the project. This will also help identify other areas of their priorities where the project needs to support them in subsequent years.
2. GWAKO Has made a detailed assessment of the villagers sanitations needs and interacted with the communities (women) to know their interest and commitments. Through this program GWAKO will work with communities to implement appropriate sanitation solutions.
3. The proposed project will The proposed project will Train community member on three technologies namely Installation of gutters, construction of Ferro cement Tanks and molding of Biosand Filters (BSF) as described below; .
GUTTER INSTALLATION; Community members stay in houses, made of grass thatched and iron sheets roofs. Some community members do have a feeling that roof water catchments can only been done on iron sheets roof. So the community members will be trained on collecting water using gutter installation from any surface not necessarily roofs.
FERRO CEMENT TANK; During the months of March through April the community members experience heavy rains but they do have a challenge of inadequate containers to collect the rain water. Roof water catchments without a storage tank are useless. The community members will be taught on how to construct the Ferro cement tanks. The Ferro cement tanks are more durable compared to the plastic tanks. The tanks can easily be pricked by nails but the Ferro cement tanks can not be pricked.
BSF; Biosand water Filtration is made from cement, sand, gravel, a tube, media (fine sand coarse sand, gravel) and other locally available materials. The BioSand Water filter is a ‘point of use’ household device. The water to be filtered can be obtained from the closest water supply point, whether river, stream or well, carried physically to the filter and used immediately thereafter. The water supply, water treatment and water distribution are therefore all within the control of the individual householder. BSF is one of the cheapest ways of making water clean and safe for use and there must be water available to pass through the BSF. It is affordable, durable, easy to understand and use, more replicable than other technologies.

In addition to te above activies that will be done in Kambare and Sare GWAKo proposes to undertake safe water and hygiene programs in 15 schools as described below;
Shalow Boreholes; GWAKO runs a portable and cost effective drill rig that can sink water wells of 200ft. Through this project GWAKO will drill 15 of such Boreholes in schools within Nyando and Kisumu districts where we have established that are very needy. Alongside such drilling the comunities (schools management committee) will undergo operation and maintanances training for the sustainability of such facilities.
Sanitation /Latrine Program
Latck of safe sanitation facilities is known to be a limitation to learning especially among girl -child. Under this program latrine and water wells are the main physical construction activities. The community members have two types of household latrine designs to choose from. These designs are developed to suit (i) the available land space, and (ii) their affordability. The household contribution varied accordingly to the design; A total of 75 door s/holes of VIP latrines are planned under this project, benefiting pupils population of about 25,875. The toilet slabs with custom designed logo will initially be produced by the GWAKO team to set up uniformity (standard). These slabs will be sold out to the beneficiaries at a subsidized fee.

Thereafter GWAKO staff will directly supervise and control the quality of slabs and Trapezium blocks making. Lining trapezium blocks and the quality of latrine construction works only up to the ground level will also be guided and controlled by GWAKO staffs, after which the owner decides on the super-structure according to their likings and budget.

In addition to the individual household latrines, the project will also build a two-room VIP-latrine for community use in three market centers at Nyakakana, Ombeyi and Hongo ogosa Community Health Center.

Phases:

This project will be done in one phase and will run over a period of 18 months.

Community Organization:

The project followed a strong community based. The GWAKO officials shall train the women groups leaders during a Project Orientation Training. Community meetings were organized to disseminate information about the project implementation approach. Participatory Rural Appraisals (PRA) has been used to assess the needs of the community and organize them for the project. Selected leaders of the women groups were trained in PRA tools for this purpose at the beginning of the project. A step-by-step procedural guideline has been prepared; Such as community profiling of water, sanitation and hygiene status; In-depth study of social determinants such as infrastructure, daily activity profile, gender relations and roles etc culminating in a community action plan on water supply, sanitation and hygiene and SWOT analysis as part of the assessment process aimed at providing snapshot description of both internal and external characteristics of a situation, system and/or process.

GWAKO team and selected trained Community Workers will carry out door-to-door campaigns. The women groups/community members are made fully familiar with the project rules, and the roles and responsibilities of all the stakeholders. Community development awareness strategy will be the first phase of the project in order to maintain good communication with and enhance participation of the community. Regular community meetings will be conducted during the implementation phase where various issues will be discussed and problems resolved.
The project strictly followed demand based approach. A strong desire of the community for improving their living conditions and their active involvement are the pre-conditions for their participation in the project.

The community members are guided through the stepwise implementation process of the project. The stepwise process involved a series of activities and benchmarks that provided safeguard to the integrity of the project process and increased community participation and ownership of the project. A number of specific activities and/or criteria will be developed which the community had to fulfill before a next operational step is started. The below listed actions will be confirmed over this period;
? The community has agreed to participate actively and fulfill all the project criteria.
? The community has formed a Project Management Committee (PMC) by electing its office bearers, and they have undergone PRA and related training designed specially for them.
? The villagers have informed the local government that GWAKO and her partner is launching the project in their area.
? Interested households in a neighborhood forms Women groups/Water Users Groups (WUG) and they have submitted request forms to GWAKO office.
? The community has agreed to mobilize its own resources, including human resources, to assume full responsibility for operation and maintenance of the water wells.
? The Women groups/WUGs have unanimously agreed and decided on the site for placing the water well. All the proposed sites have been inspected by GWAKO technician and have found suitable from technical and social grounds.

Government Interaction:

Ancillary activities:

The Women groups will be trained in household water filtrations --- making of the BSf - Biosand water filters. After the training they will be supported to produce the filters with their groups which in turn they will sellto groups, members and others as an income generating activity of the group.

Most recently, the emphasis has been on schools/community managements of all water and sanitation platforms, through working in partnership with local schools/CBO’s to provide long term cost recovery (for long term sustainability of the facilities) and food production. (intergated water use). The key component of our food security has been promoting of Amaranth grains --- which is know to be exceptionally nutritious, high protein value and requires significantly less rainfall than commonly grown crops in this area. GWAKO has promoted the growing of this grain as it offers special value in managing diseases such as HIV/Aids, scurvy and even kwashiorkor which are commonly known to affect under fed children. The schools will be supported to form young farmers clubs with the aim of using water for irrigating the Amarantha grains.

Other Issues:

community members, school teachers and pupils will be trained on the concept of ferro cements constructions and gutter installations. follow up activities will be initiated to establish the level of adoptions.

Maintenance Revenue:

community contributions. This will be in form selling of water and sell of Amarantha grains

Maintenance Cost: $0

Metrics:

Prior art before metrics

Cost: $142,764

See the attached Budget sheets

Co Funding Amount: $0

Not yet funded

Community Contribution Amount: $3,750

In kind donations such as sand, ballast, water for driling and digging of the pit latrines, making of trapezium blocks, lining of trapezium block and walling.

Fund Requested: $1,000

Implementing Organization: applicant

same as above

Attachments

  • Xls Copy_of_...
  • Doc Quotatio...
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  • Doc Water_sa...
  • Doc Updated_...
  • 2 participants | show more

    Sanitation

    Gemma Bulos of Global Women's Water Initiative

    What are the strategies for sanitation solutions? They are not listed among the 3 technologies you intend to implement.

    What are the strategies for sanitation solutions? They are not listed among the 3 technologies you intend to implement.

    • Benjamin Koyoo Elizabeth A.Obiero of GWAKO-Groundwater Abstractions in Kenya Outreach

      The community members have two types of household latrine designs to choose from. These designs are developed to suit (i) the available land space, and (ii) their affordability. The household contribution varied accordingly to the design; A total of 75 door s/holes of VIP latrines are planned under this project, benefiting pupils populatio...

      The community members have two types of household latrine designs to choose from. These designs are developed to suit (i) the available land space, and (ii) their affordability. The household contribution varied accordingly to the design; A total of 75 door s/holes of VIP latrines are planned under this project, benefiting pupils population of about 25,875. The toilet slabs with custom designed logo will initially be produced by the GWAKO team to set up uniformity (standard). These slabs will be sold out to the beneficiaries at a subsidized fee.

      Thereafter GWAKO staff will directly supervise and control the quality of slabs and Trapezium blocks making. Lining trapezium blocks and the quality of latrine construction works only up to the ground level will also be guided and controlled by GWAKO staffs, after which the owner decides on the super-structure according to their likings and budget.

      In addition to the individual household latrines, the project will also build a two-room VIP-latrine for community use in three market centers at Nyakakana, Ombeyi and Hongo ogosa Community Health Center.

  • 2 participants | show more

    Procedure

    Gemma Bulos of Global Women's Water Initiative

    What is the “step-by-step procedural guideline” that has been prepared? Can you describe this in more detail? What are the “activities” and “benchmarks” referred to that the community will be involved in for the project implementation?

    What is the “step-by-step procedural guideline” that has been prepared? Can you describe this in more detail? What are the “activities” and “benchmarks” referred to that the community will be involved in for the project implementation?

    • Benjamin Koyoo Elizabeth A.Obiero of GWAKO-Groundwater Abstractions in Kenya Outreach

      A step-by-step procedural guideline has been prepared; includes community profiling of water, sanitation and hygiene status; In-depth study of social determinants such as infrastructure, daily activity profile, gender relations and roles etc culminating in a community action plan on water supply, sanitation and hygiene and SWOT analysis as...

      A step-by-step procedural guideline has been prepared; includes community profiling of water, sanitation and hygiene status; In-depth study of social determinants such as infrastructure, daily activity profile, gender relations and roles etc culminating in a community action plan on water supply, sanitation and hygiene and SWOT analysis as part of the assessment process aimed at providing snapshot description of both internal and external characteristics of a situation, system and/or process.

      . The below listed actions/benchmarks will be confirmed over this period;
      1.The community has agreed to participate actively and fulfill all the project criteria.
      2. The community has formed a Project Management Committee (PMC) by electing its office bearers, and they have undergone PRA and related training designed specially for them.
      3.The villagers have informed the local government that GWAKO and her partner is launching the project in their area.
      4.Interested households in a neighborhood forms Women groups/Water Users Groups (WUG) and they have submitted request forms to GWAKO office.
      5.The community has agreed to mobilize its own resources, including human resources, to assume full responsibility for operation and maintenance of the water wells.
      6. The Women groups/WUGs have unanimously agreed and decided on the site for placing the water well. All the proposed sites have been inspected by GWAKO technician and have found suitable from technical and social grounds.

  • 2 participants | show more

    Project Activities

    Gemma Bulos of Global Women's Water Initiative

    You have included borehole drilling and HIV/AIDS and nutrition programs and school latrine support in your budget but you have omitted the description of these technology implementations in your proposal, please provide more information how these fit into the water project you are proposing.

    You have included borehole drilling and HIV/AIDS and nutrition programs and school latrine support in your budget but you have omitted the description of these technology implementations in your proposal, please provide more information how these fit into the water project you are proposing.

    • Benjamin Koyoo Elizabeth A.Obiero of GWAKO-Groundwater Abstractions in Kenya Outreach

      In addition to the appropriate technology( Gutter installation) that will be done in Kambare and Sare GWAKo proposes to undertake safe water and hygiene programs in 15 schools as described below; Shalow Boreholes; GWAKO runs a portable and cost effective drill rig that can sink water wells of 200ft. Through this project GWAKO will drill ...

      In addition to the appropriate technology( Gutter installation) that will be done in Kambare and Sare GWAKo proposes to undertake safe water and hygiene programs in 15 schools as described below;
      Shalow Boreholes; GWAKO runs a portable and cost effective drill rig that can sink water wells of 200ft. Through this project GWAKO will drill 15 of such Boreholes in schools within Nyando and Kisumu districts where we have established that are very needy. Alongside such drilling the comunities (schools management committee) will undergo operation and maintanances training for the sustainability of such facilities.
      The key component of our food security has been promoting of Amaranth grains --- which is know to be exceptionally nutritious, high protein value and requires significantly less rainfall than commonly grown crops in this area. GWAKO has promoted the growing of this grain as it offers special value in managing diseases such as HIV/Aids, scurvy and even kwashiorkor which are commonly known to affect under fed children. The schools will be supported to form young farmers clubs with the aim of using water for irrigating the Amarantha grains.

  • 2 participants | show more

    Ferro Cement Tank Construction

    Gemma Bulos of Global Women's Water Initiative

    The budget for the 2 Ferro cement tank installations seems on the low side. Have you been able to research the costs for the materials for the Ferro cement tanks?

    The budget for the 2 Ferro cement tank installations seems on the low side. Have you been able to research the costs for the materials for the Ferro cement tanks?

    • Benjamin Koyoo Elizabeth A.Obiero of GWAKO-Groundwater Abstractions in Kenya Outreach

      The budget had been revised and the project had been completed at Kambare. Gutter installation was done, a tank installed and a base to hold the tank in place awaiting rain harvesting.

      The budget had been revised and the project had been completed at Kambare. Gutter installation was done, a tank installed and a base to hold the tank in place awaiting rain harvesting.

  • 2 participants | show more

    Questions on the Sare and Kambale project proposal

    Mukisa Solome of UCOBAC

    1. It is not clear to me whether the project is already going on or if it is still in the planning stages. 2. I wish the project to be funded by the PWX would stand out separate from the on-going project. 3. Please explain the Gutter Installation technology in your proposal and why it is the best for that particular community. 4. ...

    1. It is not clear to me whether the project is already going on or if it is still in the planning stages.

    2. I wish the project to be funded by the PWX would stand out separate from the on-going project.

    3. Please explain the Gutter Installation technology in your proposal and why it is the best for that particular community.

    4. Please do explainor about the Ferro Tank Tecnnology.

    Questions by Solome Mukisa of UCOBAC.

    • Benjamin Koyoo Elizabeth A.Obiero of GWAKO-Groundwater Abstractions in Kenya Outreach

      Thanks Solome Mukisa for your thoughtful questions. Please below find our reactions; (1), The project (Appropriate technology --- Gutter installation that was funded by AWWC is completed. However the bigger project of Borehole drilling and Latrines in 15 schools is yet to start. (2) The PWX project is completely separate from other ongoin...

      Thanks Solome Mukisa for your thoughtful questions. Please below find our reactions;
      (1), The project (Appropriate technology --- Gutter installation that was funded by AWWC is completed. However the bigger project of Borehole drilling and Latrines in 15 schools is yet to start.

      (2) The PWX project is completely separate from other ongoing GWAKO activities.

      (3) Gutter installation technology is one of the cost effective appropriate technology of rain harvesting that can be used to harvest water from any surface. When it rains, it collects on the surface then follows to the gutter and finally to the any container. The proposed site has three factors that make it a suitable for this project. These includes; it is centrally located which makes it accessible to wider communities; Their is no reliable water source within the area and other efforts to bring the water to the community through drilling failed. Other technology such as hand digging of wells have failed. The community members are familiar with the technology consequently it's promotion within village is not an uphill task.
      (4) Please come clear on the question no 4

  • 3 participants | show more

    Various

    Beatrice Wamuhu of Boda Boda Initiatives

    Completion Date The project seems to be too big to be completed in the period stipulated of 54 days. Are you sure this can be done? Sanitation Water and sanitation go hand in hand. Are you sure that there will be no people benefiting from sanitation? Budget The community contribution of $3750 against a budget of $58,632 seems a bit low. ...

    Completion Date

    The project seems to be too big to be completed in the period stipulated of 54 days. Are you sure this can be done?

    Sanitation
    Water and sanitation go hand in hand. Are you sure that there will be no people benefiting from sanitation?
    Budget
    The community contribution of $3750 against a budget of $58,632 seems a bit low. I am sure the contribution is higher if you calculate the time donated by the community in attending meetings and assisting in construction.

    Maintenance Cost
    Maintenance cost cannot be zero. Are you sure repairs will not be necessary.

    Sustainability
    You need to expound further on community contributions. Will you sell water to non members in order to attain revenue?

    • Benjamin Koyoo Elizabeth A.Obiero of GWAKO-Groundwater Abstractions in Kenya Outreach

      The 54 days was for the appropriate technology while the rest of the projects will run for 18 months.

      The 54 days was for the appropriate technology while the rest of the projects will run for 18 months.

    • Benjamin Koyoo Elizabeth A.Obiero of GWAKO-Groundwater Abstractions in Kenya Outreach

      Budget has been revised as per the attatchment and the total projects budget is US$142764 with a community contribution of US$23,750. Maintainance cost will be part of the community contributions. Water will be sold to all community members.

      Budget has been revised as per the attatchment and the total projects budget is US$142764 with a community contribution of US$23,750. Maintainance cost will be part of the community contributions. Water will be sold to all community members.

      • Rajesh Shah of Blue Planet Network

        It is slightly confusing - the big project v the small 'appropriate technology' budget. Can you clarify the small budget: it contains 1 plastic tank in the list. Are you doing 2 ferro-cement tanks or 1 plastic tank? Also, what is the community contribution for this project, not the larger project? Thanks, Rajesh

        It is slightly confusing - the big project v the small 'appropriate technology' budget.

        Can you clarify the small budget: it contains 1 plastic tank in the list. Are you doing 2 ferro-cement tanks or 1 plastic tank?

        Also, what is the community contribution for this project, not the larger project?

        Thanks,
        Rajesh

    • Rajesh Shah of Blue Planet Network

      It is slightly confusing - the big project v the small 'appropriate technology' budget. Can you clarify the small budget: it contains 1 plastic tank in the list. Are you doing 2 ferro-cement tanks or 1 plastic tank? Also, what is the community contribution for this project, not the larger project? Thanks, Rajesh

      It is slightly confusing - the big project v the small 'appropriate technology' budget.

      Can you clarify the small budget: it contains 1 plastic tank in the list. Are you doing 2 ferro-cement tanks or 1 plastic tank?

      Also, what is the community contribution for this project, not the larger project?

      Thanks,
      Rajesh

  • Rating: 9

    review by (only shown to members)

    Elizabeth and the GWAKO team have a very good approach to working with their target communities and their proposal reflects the time and work they have done in the field and their understanding of the needs and the demands of the people they assist. Their strategy for follow up and encouraging sustainability is effective, only lacking in their inability to do more. I have seen in person the positive community development they are supporting and I encourage the funding of their application.

  • Rating: 7

    review by (only shown to members)

    Your community mobilization tactics are very good.
    The fact that you have a water driling machine makes you one of the luckiest women groups in Kenya.

  • Rating: 4

    review by (only shown to members)

    the application is fairly describing the situation in the project area and therefore deserves fair consideration.

  • Rating: 4

    review by (only shown to members)

    The description of the big project leaves many questions, out of the scope of this review. The holistic approach is good. However, the costs seem very high, esp. since the women's groups have already been mobilized.

    The smaller project under this funding round is also not clearly defined. Appears that some work has been done, and other remains.

    This application should have been focused on the $1,000 grant - that would have made the review process easier.

Name Status Completion Date Amount Assigned
Water for community (Kambare) Complete - Successful Sep 2008 $1,000