plan 171Chajul School Hygiene Project

Summary

Install septic tank and repair existing flush toilets, install hand washing station (8 taps) and install improved stove.

  • Thumb_chajul_stove
  • Thumb_chajul_school_kitchen
  • Thumb_existing_toilet_cabins
  • Thumb_chajul_existing_hand_station
  • Thumb_chajul_recreation

Background

The school “Escuela Oficial Rural Mixta Xechebexh” is located in CHAJUL, the cabezera municipal (municipal capital) of the Municipality of Chajul. Chajul belongs to the so-called Ixil-Triangle in the Department of El Quiché in Guatemala. Set amid a mountainous landscape, the climate is cold, humid and rainy.

The school has two three-cabin flush toilets. The contaminated water is disposed directly into a river.

School snacks are usually cooked on open fires, using large amounts of wood and exposing the cook to a dangerous amount of smoke.

The city has a gravity-flow water system providing water to every household. The school has a hand-washing station, which is out of use.

Location

Chajul, municipality of Nebaj, El Quiche Department, Guatemala

Attachments

  • Doc APS-Proj...
  • Xls Chajul_B...

Focus

Primary Focus: Sanitation - Schools
Secondary Focus: Hygiene Education

People Getting Safe Drinking Water: 0

School Children Getting Water: 0

People Getting Sanitation: 618

The project will be executed on the premises of one of the local schools in which 18 teachers educate 600 children, thereof half during the morning, the other half during the afternoon.

People Getting Other Benefits: 9,000

The city of Chajul has approximately 9,000 inhabitants.

We build working relationships with the communities while providing access to water for all members within the community. Our goal is good health for the communities in which we work, therefore health and hygiene promotions are an integral part of each project. To further improve the health and hygiene for children APS carries out specific projects providing appropriate sanitation (hand-washing stations and latrines or flush toilets with septic tanks) to schools in the communities.

Application Type: Project Funding

Start Date: 2009-06-01

Completion Date: 2009-09-30

Technology Used:

A septic tank will be built for waste from the flush toilets. Additionally the existing toilets will be maintained and metal doors installed.

The hand-washing station that will be built is designed by Agua Para La Salud and has been optimized throughout the years, reducing maintenance necessity to a minimum and facilitating the cleaning of tank and grey water conducting system.

The hand-washing station provides eight taps and a 500 liters water tank to ensure the school children’s access to water.

The improved stove has been designed by a Peace Corps volunteer and APS masons according to the need in schools.

It heats large amounts of “atol” or “mosh” (local versions of porridge) using small amounts of wood. The chimney connected improves the air flow and therefore optimizes the wood consumption and leads the smoke outside.

Especially because the stove is very low, it is a well accepted alternative to the open fires the snacks are often cooked on.

Phases:

Yes, in approximately six weeks.

Community Organization:

Unskilled laborers of the community, most probably parents of the school children, will help the masons working for Agua Para La Salud with construction.

Government Interaction:

Ancillary activities:

Other Issues:

Maintenance Revenue:

Government provides basic funding for school maintenance along with yearly contribution from parents.

Maintenance Cost: $10

Metrics:

Prior art before metrics

Cost: $5,119

See attached spreadsheet.

Co Funding Amount: $0

Community Contribution Amount: $1,142

Unskilled labor (3 men per mason),
Q 9,000.00 / US$ 1,142.13; wood, rock.

Fund Requested: $5,119

Implementing Organization:

Attachments

  • Doc APS-Proj...
  • Xls Chajul_B...
  • 1 participant | show more

    Community Education

    Brenda Young of Daemen College

    The needs for an improved stove, hand-washing station and septic systems are well justified. How does Agua Para La Salud work with the school to incorporate health and environmental education? Specifically, are there efforts to educate the community about the health and environmental consequences of raw sewage dumped into a river or smok...

    The needs for an improved stove, hand-washing station and septic systems are well justified. How does Agua Para La Salud work with the school to incorporate health and environmental education? Specifically, are there efforts to educate the community about the health and environmental consequences of raw sewage dumped into a river or smoke production in contained spaces?

  • 1 participant | show more

    Raw Sewage Alternatives

    William Harwood of Earth Voyage

    Earth Voyage is excited and honored to be part of Agua Para La Salud's project, by facilitating children and adults here in Western North Carolina do more than learn about water conservation and those in need but put service learning into action by raising money and awareness for the children at Chajul School and their community and to be ...

    Earth Voyage is excited and honored to be part of Agua Para La Salud's project, by facilitating children and adults here in Western North Carolina do more than learn about water conservation and those in need but put service learning into action by raising money and awareness for the children at Chajul School and their community and to be part of The Peer Water Exchange Program and Agua Para La Salud!

    My only comment about this project is about the septic system. Certainly a septic system is preferable to raw sewage being dumped in the river, but has the idea of composting toilets been considered as alternative to a septic tank? Septic tanks can leak, fail and have to be maintained. From what I have gathered of the region it has a high water table and so availability of water is not so much the issue but sanitation.
    I know there is not much time for the evaluation period and overall the project seems great. However if you wanted to look into alternatives I would be willing to help find cost basis for it and project scope.

    Here is a link to The Appropriate Infrastructure Development Group (AIDG) that helps individuals and communities "get affordable and environmentally sound access to electricity, sanitation and clean water. Through a combination of business incubation, education, and outreach, they help people get technology that will better their health and improve their lives."
    This link explains how a urine diverting/dry toilet was made in Haiti. They also work in Guatemala.
    http://www.aidg.org/component/option,com_jd-wp/Itemid,34/p,1044/

    Here is another project that was successful:
    Enterprising Technology Transfer: The Puerto Morelos Composting Toilet Project
    Methodology:The approach to establishing composting toilets and greywater recycling systems in Puerto Morelos included:
    - Using proven technical design parameters
    - Flexibility in degrees of design sophistication (i.e.; materials, size, energy needs, cost, micro-flush and waterless systems, appearance)
    - Institutionalized maintenance (not dependent on individual households)
    - Community education - Emphasizing women's participation
    http://www.solutions-site.org/artman/publish/article_66.shtml

    Earth Voyage believes that now is the time to link all our knowledge, and creativity together to create sustainability for all people.

  • 1 participant | show more

    This is the main application for review

    Rajesh Shah of Peer Water Exchange

    Since APLS has submitted 6 applications for similar school projects, only one application will be reviewed and the rest will inherit the fate of the reviewed one: this one! The other applications can be seen through many paths on PWX.

    Since APLS has submitted 6 applications for similar school projects, only one application will be reviewed and the rest will inherit the fate of the reviewed one: this one!

    The other applications can be seen through many paths on PWX.

  • 2 participants | show more

    Community Education

    Brenda Young of Daemen College

    The needs for an improved stove, hand-washing station and septic systems are well justified. How does Agua Para La Salud work with the school to incorporate health and environmental education? Specifically, are there efforts to educate the community about the health and environmental consequences of raw sewage dumped into a river or smok...

    The needs for an improved stove, hand-washing station and septic systems are well justified. How does Agua Para La Salud work with the school to incorporate health and environmental education? Specifically, are there efforts to educate the community about the health and environmental consequences of raw sewage dumped into a river or smoke production in contained spaces?

    • Lynn Roberts of Agua Para La Salud (APLS)

      Health education by the government and schools in the remote villages of Guatemala has be a long time coming, but presently they are directing resources to this effort in the areas in which we work. Our program is to reinforce their efforts and not relpace them. As a normal part of our program the masons constructing the facilities are ...

      Health education by the government and schools in the remote villages of Guatemala has be a long time coming, but presently they are directing resources to this effort in the areas in which we work. Our program is to reinforce their efforts and not relpace them.

      As a normal part of our program the masons constructing the facilities are cross trained to give talks on a variety of health and environmental issues during the time of the construction. These have been very well received by the community,schools and teachers. We have also developed a hygiene and environmental game based on the "Shutes and Ladders" game to reinforce these topics with children.

  • 2 participants | show more

    Raw Sewage Alternatives

    William Harwood of Earth Voyage

    Earth Voyage is excited and honored to be part of Agua Para La Salud's project, by facilitating children and adults here in Western North Carolina do more than learn about water conservation and those in need but put service learning into action by raising money and awareness for the children at Chajul School and their community and to be ...

    Earth Voyage is excited and honored to be part of Agua Para La Salud's project, by facilitating children and adults here in Western North Carolina do more than learn about water conservation and those in need but put service learning into action by raising money and awareness for the children at Chajul School and their community and to be part of The Peer Water Exchange Program and Agua Para La Salud!

    My only comment about this project is about the septic system. Certainly a septic system is preferable to raw sewage being dumped in the river, but has the idea of composting toilets been considered as alternative to a septic tank? Septic tanks can leak, fail and have to be maintained. From what I have gathered of the region it has a high water table and so availability of water is not so much the issue but sanitation.
    I know there is not much time for the evaluation period and overall the project seems great. However if you wanted to look into alternatives I would be willing to help find cost basis for it and project scope.

    Here is a link to The Appropriate Infrastructure Development Group (AIDG) that helps individuals and communities "get affordable and environmentally sound access to electricity, sanitation and clean water. Through a combination of business incubation, education, and outreach, they help people get technology that will better their health and improve their lives."
    This link explains how a urine diverting/dry toilet was made in Haiti. They also work in Guatemala.
    http://www.aidg.org/component/option,com_jd-wp/Itemid,34/p,1044/

    Here is another project that was successful:
    Enterprising Technology Transfer: The Puerto Morelos Composting Toilet Project
    Methodology:The approach to establishing composting toilets and greywater recycling systems in Puerto Morelos included:
    - Using proven technical design parameters
    - Flexibility in degrees of design sophistication (i.e.; materials, size, energy needs, cost, micro-flush and waterless systems, appearance)
    - Institutionalized maintenance (not dependent on individual households)
    - Community education - Emphasizing women's participation
    http://www.solutions-site.org/artman/publish/article_66.shtml

    Earth Voyage believes that now is the time to link all our knowledge, and creativity together to create sustainability for all people.

    • Lynn Roberts of Agua Para La Salud (APLS)

      Composting solutions in individual homes have been tried in the highlands of Guatemala with limited success. The use of composting toilets in schools with 100-300 children have not worked due to the volumne of waste to deal with and the ambient temperature which does not allow for proper bacterial action to deal with the volumne over time...

      Composting solutions in individual homes have been tried in the highlands of Guatemala with limited success. The use of composting toilets in schools with 100-300 children have not worked due to the volumne of waste to deal with and the ambient temperature which does not allow for proper bacterial action to deal with the volumne over time. We work with the Peace Corps Healthy Schools Program which has had hygiene projects in hundreds of schools over the last 10 years and they do not reccommend using compost disposal as an option in schools for these reasons.

      APS does offer schools and communities on-going technical assitance in inspecting and maintaining septic tanks and bathroom equipment.

      I have seen projects in individual homes ( not schools) that did work in areas such as the lowland tropical areas of Guatemalan coastal plains with high water tables where the temperature was suitable for the proper bacterial action to take place.

      The central highlands of Guatemala does not have high water tables which are usually at about +20 meters depth. As a result septic tanks and drain fields or seepage pits are a viable solution to a large volumne of human waste.

  • 2 participants | show more

    Installation of hand washing stations and detergent.

    Idriss Kamara of Safer Future Youth Development Project

    In your proposal, you intend to install hand washing stations, have you considered the type of detergent(improved or local), how, were to have it and who will be responsible to provide it for the beneficiaries. Thanks Idriss

    In your proposal, you intend to install hand washing stations, have you considered the type of detergent(improved or local), how, were to have it and who will be responsible to provide it for the beneficiaries.
    Thanks
    Idriss

    • Lynn Roberts of Agua Para La Salud (APLS)

      We encourage the teachers to purchase soap of the children from funds they recieve from the government and the parents. Some times they do and sometimes they do not. It is not our policy to buy soap for the schools since this is not sustainable. Soap is readily available at local stores at low cost. We give classes during the projects t...

      We encourage the teachers to purchase soap of the children from funds they recieve from the government and the parents. Some times they do and sometimes they do not. It is not our policy to buy soap for the schools since this is not sustainable. Soap is readily available at local stores at low cost.
      We give classes during the projects to show the proper method of hand washing to reinforce the concept. Local govenment health promoters do the same. Environmentally safe soaps are not a feature of local Guatemalan commerce.

  • 2 participants | show more

    Old work + Household penetration

    Rajesh Shah of Blue Planet Network

    This is a new area of funding for BPR. We started by funding drinking water projects and expanded to sanitation. Hygiene facilities and education are new for us, but we see the importance of reaching the youth using school facilities. Also, it feels good to be supporting extensions to earlier work. Can you tell us the state of your earli...

    This is a new area of funding for BPR. We started by funding drinking water projects and expanded to sanitation. Hygiene facilities and education are new for us, but we see the importance of reaching the youth using school facilities.

    Also, it feels good to be supporting extensions to earlier work.

    Can you tell us the state of your earlier projects?
    How long do you feel these structures last?
    Can the community self maintain the system? How have they been doing so far?

    Regarding further expansion, can you tell us the state of the household toilet facilities? If not good, do you have experience or witness in these school project knowledge and work penetrating to the household level?

    Thanks,
    Rajesh

    • Lynn Roberts of Agua Para La Salud (APLS)

      The designs that we have developed over the last 15 years for hand washing stations and sanirtary facilities minimize in the designs the need for maintanence. Our main focus in maintaining facilities that fail is to provide long term technical assitance to schools and villages so that they can maintain the facilities using their own res...

      The designs that we have developed over the last 15 years for hand washing stations and sanirtary facilities minimize in the designs the need for maintanence. Our main focus in maintaining facilities that fail is to provide long term technical assitance to schools and villages so that they can maintain the facilities using their own resources. The "Circuit Rider" project we are currently developing in the highlands of Guatemala allow us to train a key local individual to facilitate this need in individual villages and schools for repair and maintenance in the futiure. This type of support requires in the future the taking of responsiblity by local school districts and governmental offices to be sustainable. Peace Corps and APS have been attempting to make this change to government responsibility for the last 10 tears with limited success because of the low funding priority that central government has for school facilities. We have had success with the local villages an school teachers taking responsibility for the maintenance but this depends entirely upon the competence of the school director and the teachers. We can reinforce their efforts as our funding allows.

      Attitude changing is the key factor as to the transfer of sanitation use in schools to the home. This is an area that could use some long term study. Attitude change requires long term "positive", " repeated" exposure to a concept such as latrine use. We have noticed over the last 15 years since the ending of the civil war in Guatemala that the majotiy of homes know they should use latrines or other sanitary facilities for human waste disposal and in the majority of cases have provide facilities in their homes even though primitive at times.This also is an area of education that is ultimately in the hands of the schools and parents of a given area. To state the obvious, if the childerns habits are developed in schools then one could anticipate a long term change when they become parents such as has occurred in the US since the Civil War of the 1850's. This change will require consistent encouragement and support of local efforts , but not replacement of responsibility for the efforts by teachers and governments agencies.

      • Rajesh Shah of Blue Planet Network

        This topic merits more discussion - but it distracts from the application. The question is how to speed up some of these attitude and behavior changes needed? Anyway, regarding the application, thanks for your response. What is your experience with good gov't programs when they do happen?

        This topic merits more discussion - but it distracts from the application.

        The question is how to speed up some of these attitude and behavior changes needed?

        Anyway, regarding the application, thanks for your response. What is your experience with good gov't programs when they do happen?

        • Lynn Roberts of Agua Para La Salud (APLS)

          The government hostipal in the Nebaj region has an active program of visiting the villages and holding classes with primarily women to discuss and deliver trainings on a a variety of health related issues. The program with the Cuban governement to exchange cuban doctors has worked very well to provide direct health care to the villages an...

          The government hostipal in the Nebaj region has an active program of visiting the villages and holding classes with primarily women to discuss and deliver trainings on a a variety of health related issues. The program with the Cuban governement to exchange cuban doctors has worked very well to provide direct health care to the villages and schools for the first time in Guatemalan history while training young Guatemalans to become rural doctors. These initiatives along with assisting schools and teachers with facilities and materials is making a change in providing the above mentioned long term exposure to health concepts.

      • Lynn Roberts of Agua Para La Salud (APLS)

        The government hostipal in the Nebaj region has an active program of visiting the villages and holding classes with primarily women to discuss and deliver trainings on a a variety of health related issues. The program with the Cuban governement to exchange cuban doctors has worked very well to provide direct health care to the villages an...

        The government hostipal in the Nebaj region has an active program of visiting the villages and holding classes with primarily women to discuss and deliver trainings on a a variety of health related issues. The program with the Cuban governement to exchange cuban doctors has worked very well to provide direct health care to the villages and schools for the first time in Guatemalan history while training young Guatemalans to become rural doctors. These initiatives along with assisting schools and teachers with facilities and materials is making a change in providing the above mentioned long term exposure to health concepts.

    • Rajesh Shah of Blue Planet Network

      This topic merits more discussion - but it distracts from the application. The question is how to speed up some of these attitude and behavior changes needed? Anyway, regarding the application, thanks for your response. What is your experience with good gov't programs when they do happen?

      This topic merits more discussion - but it distracts from the application.

      The question is how to speed up some of these attitude and behavior changes needed?

      Anyway, regarding the application, thanks for your response. What is your experience with good gov't programs when they do happen?

      • Lynn Roberts of Agua Para La Salud (APLS)

        The government hostipal in the Nebaj region has an active program of visiting the villages and holding classes with primarily women to discuss and deliver trainings on a a variety of health related issues. The program with the Cuban governement to exchange cuban doctors has worked very well to provide direct health care to the villages an...

        The government hostipal in the Nebaj region has an active program of visiting the villages and holding classes with primarily women to discuss and deliver trainings on a a variety of health related issues. The program with the Cuban governement to exchange cuban doctors has worked very well to provide direct health care to the villages and schools for the first time in Guatemalan history while training young Guatemalans to become rural doctors. These initiatives along with assisting schools and teachers with facilities and materials is making a change in providing the above mentioned long term exposure to health concepts.

    • Lynn Roberts of Agua Para La Salud (APLS)

      The government hostipal in the Nebaj region has an active program of visiting the villages and holding classes with primarily women to discuss and deliver trainings on a a variety of health related issues. The program with the Cuban governement to exchange cuban doctors has worked very well to provide direct health care to the villages an...

      The government hostipal in the Nebaj region has an active program of visiting the villages and holding classes with primarily women to discuss and deliver trainings on a a variety of health related issues. The program with the Cuban governement to exchange cuban doctors has worked very well to provide direct health care to the villages and schools for the first time in Guatemalan history while training young Guatemalans to become rural doctors. These initiatives along with assisting schools and teachers with facilities and materials is making a change in providing the above mentioned long term exposure to health concepts.

  • Rating: 7

    review by (only shown to members)

    It is a good project if only the beneficiaries are given proper education to sustain the facilities and ensure the hygiene and sanitation practices.
    I think the project should be funded to avoid the health hazard not only in the school pupils and their teachers but people in the surrounding areas close to school.

  • Rating: 8

    review by (only shown to members)

    This is a new area for BPRF, but a vital extension to drinking water and sanitation projects.

  • Rating: 9

    review by (only shown to members)

    Agua Para La Salud appears to have a good working relationship with villages in this region. Their staff seem committed to ensuring that installations will be maintained. Some education is provided to the community through the project as well as the regional government, though there is room for additional improvement in this area.

  • Rating: 9

    review by (only shown to members)

    Looks good. I saw the handwashing design doc from Global Water, would like to discuss someday when I am not traveling. We are likely to do a handwashing station at some point in 2009 or 2010...

  • Not Reviewed

    by (only shown to members)

  • Rating: 9

    review by (only shown to members)

    It appears well thought out and the project guidelines and implementation are built on past project's success in the area.

Name Status Completion Date Amount Assigned
Vatzuchil and Vipecbalam Schools Hygiene Project Complete - Successful Jun 2010 $5,119