Twelve families have no latrines; eighteen have latrines in very poor condition. The twelve without use other families' latrines, but soon all the latrines will be unusable. Families will build VIDP latrines.
The people of Cooperative Ismael are mainly subsistence farmers, growing corn, wheat, sesame, and sugar cane. Many make sweets from the sugar cane to sell. One woman is a seamstress. Many of the men have emigrated to Costa Rica and El Salvador to find better work.
They have a rehabilitated well that El Porvenir supported in 2007. However, they lack adequate sanitation. Some families have no latrines, some have latrines in poor conditions. They are very poor, earning barely enough for food, so they are unable to afford the materials to build new latrines.
They are motivated to improve their situation and approached El Porvenir for support to build latrines. They are willing to contribute the labor to dig the holes, line the holes, and build the exterior structures.
The local government helped them improve the road to their community, but it is still only accessible in the dry season. They also receive some support from INTA, the Nicaraguan Institute for Agricultural Technology.
LocationEl Sauce, Leon, Nicaragua
Primary Focus: Sanitation - Households
Secondary Focus: Hygiene Education
People Getting Safe Drinking Water: 0
The community rehabilitated a well in 2007 and now have safe water to drink.
School Children Getting Water:
People Getting Sanitation: 125
People Getting Other Benefits: 125
Hygiene and sanitary education workshops to ensure improved health in the community as well as proper use and maintenance of latrines. Through the construction of the project, masonry skills are acquired that will help with the long term maintenance. Special emphasis will be given to the rotation of the pits. With the construction of the well, there is now an opportunity for the community to participate in reforestation training.
Start Date: 2009-07-01
Completion Date: 2010-07-01
Community learns how to build and maintain sanitation infrastructure
-Purchase and transport construction materials to community by truck and animals
-Provide training and technical assistance to community in construction, maintenance and repair of latrines
-Build latrines (hand dig two pits per latrine to depth of 9 feet, line with rocks, bricks or stones, install precast concrete slab and box seat, create walls and roof from zinc panels, install ventilation tube).
These latrines are part of a pilot double-pit VIP latrine program (standard for Nicaragua at this time are single pit VIP latrines). The superstructure shells are made of zinc and metal, so as to be easily reused (and moved) when the first pit fills.
El Porvenir has nearly 20 years of experience helping rural Nicaraguan communities build appropriate technology (wells, latrines, community washing stations, and fuel efficient stoves) as well as providing communities with the tools they need to manage their water, sanitation and forestry resources. The methodology of El Porvenir is based on three key principles: (a) community empowerment through active participation and ownership in all aspects of the project, (b) creation of sustainable organizations in the community to manage resources in the long term, and (c) focus on appropriate technology made from low-cost locally available materials that can be maintained by the community.
The project will be done in one phase.
The beneficiaries have met with the El Porvenir Promoter and agreed to carry out, use, and maintain the latrines as per the 12 norms on the use of latrines. This includes keeping them in good condition, preventing contamination of the surrounding area, and understanding how this will improve their overall health.
The community is trained in community organizing techniques and committee functioning.
José Benito Icabalzeta Castillo, President
Juan Francisco Espinoza, Vice-President
Maria José Pérez , Treasurer
Latrines are built on the property of each family, so each family owns their own latrine through their labor of building it. Community ownership is felt by the community through its identification of its problem and their involvement in the sweat equity of the project.
This project is not connected to government programs, although we are close to signing an agreement with the muncipal government for them to fund 10% of all infrastructure projects.
Health and hygiene education:
Community learns how to reduce water and sanitation related illnesses through good hygiene practices.
-Identify and train local hygiene and health promoters from the community to reinforce hygiene trainings on an ongoing basis
-Carry out household visits and community workshops to help the community to identify risky behaviors and learn good hygiene practices. Topics covered include: Definition of hygiene, 12 rules for using latrines, Why sanitation is important, Water and sanitation related diseases, The cycle of contamination, Why hand-washing is important, How to maintain and dispose of garbage, How to use and maintain wells and community washing stations, How to treat and use water, Sources of water contamination, Role and responsibilities of Community Water and Sanitation Committee members.
-Create and air health and hygiene announcements on local radio stations to reinforce community health learning and to reach a larger audience.
-Organize community clean up days to reinforce training about environmental sanitation and waste management
-Collect data from local clinics and health centers on incidence of water and sanitation related diseases (diarrhea, skin infections etc.)
In order to measure the impact of our projects, we collect data several times a year from clinics serving rural districts where we have a high concentration of projects: number of visits due to diarrhea, etc. As the number decreases we feel that hygiene education has been effective.
We are reviewing our monitoring and evaluation system at this time and hope to come up with more comprehensive indicators over time.
The health and hygiene education program is described in more detail above. The cost for El Porvenir is this ongoing program.
Maintenance Cost: $100
Prior art before metrics
Co Funding Amount:
Community Contribution Amount: $1,080
The community contribution is in-kind for digging the double pits, lining the pits, and installing the exterior structure.
The total time worked by the community in carrying out this project will be approximately 300 person-days with a value of approximately US$3.60 per day (wages generally paid in rural area for manual labor).