The project aims at satisfying basic water and sanitation needs of the rural population living on the Andromba plain within an integrated water management perspective whilst building capacity of local actors to ensure sustainable management of the water r
The proposed project is part of a program initiated by PROTOS and its local partner NGO FIKRIFAMA which started 01/01/2007.
At the start of this program baseline studies showed that:
• More than 50% of the population in the valley obtain their water from the river, swamps, or traditional shallow wells
• 25% have access to improved water supply sources but that in reality only 17% of the population have access to potable water as a significant proportion is in state of malfunction
• Rural sanitation infrastructures are quasi absent and traditional sanitary practices not very hygienic (ie open air defecation near water sources, drinking from open water sources,...)
• Water borne diseases are very common and have a significant impact on household productivity and expenditures and can be reduced by 70% through clean drinking water provision and improved hygiene and sanitation.
• Local authorities do not have sufficient know-how, capacity, and means to assume their responsibility of providing and managing public service delivery in the water sector.
• The agricultural sector has a need for a more sustainable and efficient use of water for rice production. There exists an expressed need by local governments and existing development and water user committees for the development of an integrated management plan for the Andromba valley in order to plan water use for consumption and for agricultural production and for developing an investment plan and viable management structures.
PROTOS and FIKRIFAMA formulated a development program with the following objectives and results:
1.Improve social economic situation of the rural population
2.Assure the sustainable management of water resources
3.Build water management capacity of local government and civil society
The project aims at satisfying the basic water and sanitation needs of the rural population living on the Andromba plain within an integrated water management perspective whilst building capacity of local actors to ensure sustainable management of the water resources.
1.Construction of gravitational flow schemes managed sustainably and equitably by community management structures to serve 30,000 people
2.Construction of school and household latrines accompanied by hygiene sensitization programs lead to changed attitudes and abandoning of unhygienic behavioral practices of more than 80% of the rural population.
3.Development and testing of integrated management mechanisms of water resources in the Andromba valley
4.Strengthening of local and regional government authorities and civil society organizations to effectively play their role in water and sanitation service delivery, decentralization and IWM processes
5.Strengthening of technical, methodological, and organizational capacities of the local partner NGO FIKRIFAMA
PROTOS and FIKRIFAMA obtained partial funding from the European Union for this program for the period 01/01/2007 to 31/01/2010. The following results have been attained up to date (01/01/2009):
1. 16,630 people have obtained access to clean drinking through the construction of 10 gravitational flow systems,
2. 639 schoolchildren have access to latrines at school, hygiene sensitization material for adults and for children has been developed, extension workers and teachers have been trained in their use, and the extension activities have started at schools and within communities.
3.A study has been conducted to map the region (ie land use types, inventory of water resources and infrastructures, …)
4.Reflections and meetings have been held with municipal and intermunicipal representatives to set up a communal monitoring and support cell for drinking water installations management.
5.The local partner has been trained in administrative and technical procedures and Manual has been developed
In this present proposal we ask for co-funding to be able to construct two additional drinking water systems; one in the Municipality of Alakamisy which will provide water to 4,340 people (this funding round) and one in the Antambolo Municipality which will provide water for approximately 3500 people (additional funding round).
LocationAntananarivo, Antananarivo, Madagascar
Primary Focus: Drinking Water - Community
Secondary Focus: Capacity Building
People Getting Safe Drinking Water: 7,840
Alakamisy – 1st round = 4,340 beneficiaries
Antambolo – 2nd additional round = 3,500 beneficiaries
Source: village survey
School Children Getting Water: 0
3,208 beneficiaries are less than 16 years
People Getting Sanitation: 1,000
7,840 people benefit from health education and public sanitation devices in the targeted villages
Some 1,000 people will build toilets at household level
People Getting Other Benefits: 51,500
51,500: the entire population of the Andromba plain will benefit from the increased management capacities of their local governments and the application of an integrated water resource management and investment plan for the region
30,000: approx 40% of the population will be reached by the training activities on hygiene and on operation & maintenance of the existing water schemes
The staff of the local governments, the partner NGO, and selected local private sector will benefit from training programs and employment
Application Type: Program Funding
Start Date: 2009-09-01
Completion Date: 2010-12-31
Our approach builds on more than 30 years experience in the water sector and is based on strengthening the legitimate roles of the different actors (local government, regional government, civil society, private sector, and water user associations) within an integrated water resource management framework. It is adapted to the Malagasy context and follows the Malagasy decentralization and water strategies.
This approach is characterized by progressively placing the responsibility for planning, coordinating, and monitoring water and sanitation interventions at the municipal level.
Our partner NGO, FIKRIFAMA, has also more than 20 years experience in the water sector and is responsible for the social engineering, the training of water user associations, and the extension work.
The private sector is involved: studies are executed by local engineering firms on the basis of detailed terms of reference and the works are carried out by local contractors through an open tender procedure.
PROTOS and FIKRIFAMA engineers provide technical expertise and monitor the studies and the works and assure quality control.
The water users elect a committee responsible for distribution, operation and maintenance. Each water user pays an annual fee to this committee which goes to an operation and maintenance fund.
Local technicians are trained in operation and maintenance and sign a contract with the water committee. The 6 municipalities of the valley set up a common “water unit” to provide assistance to the different water users committees. Each municipality signs a contract with the water committees operating on their territory that specifies rights and duties of water users, water committee and local government.
Springs in the mountains are protected; main line is a gravity fed system in PVC pipes to a reservoir, gravitational distribution through HDPE pipes to public standpipes.
Attached photos show a similar system achieved in 2008 in the Andromba valley.(Antsanahadrisa system)
The project for which we seek funding concerns 2 new water schemes; one to be build with the contribution of the 1st funding round – another one hopefully to be build with the contribution of the extra round.
Each of the subprojects will be done in one
The community makes the request to the municipality.
The municipality looks at the requests, sets priorities, and decides (with advice from PROTOS and FIKRIFAMA) which villages to serve first with the available funds.
With the communities whose demands have been retained, FIKRIFAMA starts the “social engineering” which includes meetings with the community to explain the whole process, discuss community participation and responsibilities, explain technical studies, organize the election of water user committee members and train them in their roles and responsibilities.
The communities participate in the works with non specialized labor and a financial contribution. The municipality also puts a financial contribution.
After the works have been finished the municipality signs over the work to the water user committee which then become the “owners and managers” of the system but with an obligation to report to the municipality and assure good and transparent management. The municipality has the right to control and intervene if the water user organization does not play its role.
Each family member contributes between 2000 – 3600 Ar (1.00 – 1.80 USD) per year to make use of the system which goes to an operation and maintenance fund. This is usually paid after the rice harvest.
The project works closely with the government directions. PROTOS and FIKRIFAMA are both member of the national WASH platform that supports government in sector strategy development.
Main principles of this strategy include community organization, responsibility of municipalities and stimulate cooperation between municipalities, payment for water, IWRM.
Training of local partners on Integrated Water Resources Management
Cartography of the area and establishing a natural resources management plan to guide future development interventions and assure sustainable water use.
Although Madagascar politics is in a period of transition this should have no impact on the execution of the project. First stakeholders are the water committees and the local government – they are not directly concerned by the political instability.
This project is very innovative since it works on:
- translating IWRM-principles to the ground, by including all types of water users in a comprehensive planning process;
- cooperation between water users committees and local government, and also between different municipalities – defining roles and responsibilities at each level;
- contracting procedures between all local actors, inducing a shared goal of good governance.
Water systems built earlier have shown that approximately 360-510 USD is spend per year by the water user committee on operation and maintenance.
Each system is used by approx 3.000 people which comes to 0.12 to 0.17 USD p/p/yr.
To be able to also face more important reparations or a rehabilitation of the system, the committees are being accompanied to set up and manage savings accounts.
Considering a lifespan of 25 years and a depreciation of 4% per year, an average system needs to mobilize 4,000 USD per year, which comes down to between 1.3 USD p/p/yr. Overall cost is therefore close to 1.5 USD/yr while the tariff in the villages is between 2000 – 3600 Ar (1.00 – 1.80 USD)/yr.
Savings accounts for rehabilitation and depreciation will probably come under supervision of the common water unit, created by the 6 municipalities.
The municipality is the legal owner of the water systems but delegates operation & maintenance responsibility to the water user committee through a formal agreement. The water user committees organize the operation and maintenance of the system and assure that the water users pay their yearly contributions which are deposited in saving accounts. Locally trained technicians are contracted to carry out maintenance and repairs.
Experience so far has shown that the communities are willing and able to pay the contributions, for the systems already constructed within the program most have a 100% contribution rate, with the lowest percentage being around 70%.
Maintenance Cost: $4,000
Prior art before metrics
335.676 USD (sept 2009 – dec 2010)
1 euro = 1,4150 dollar
Co Funding Amount: $300,676
149,987 USD European Union
111,364 USD Belgian government
39,325 USD Different private donors
1st funding round BPR = 20.000 USD
Extra funding round BPR = 15.000 USD
Community Contribution Amount: $14,120
Community contribution = 6,120 USD
Municipality contribution = 8,000 USD
Community contribution per system:
Contribution in cash: 180 USD
Provisions of local materials: 720 USD
Non specialized labor (ie digging trenches): 1760 USD
Food and lodging workers: 150 USD
Land for infrastructures: 250 USD