plan 227Integrated Drinking Water Project in village Mohadi Dist Jalgaon, Maharashtra.

Summary

Mohadi village is a drought prone area situated at a distance of 12 kms from Pachora block headquarter. The village faces water scarcity and potable drinking water is a dire need of the village.

  • Thumb_mohadi_village_view
  • Thumb_mohadi-_village_meeting
  • Thumb_mohadi-_pra

Background

Mohadi is one of the villages facing water scarcity since last 4 to 5 years. The existing drinking water well does not have sufficient water to fulfill the needs of the village. There is an existing drinking piped water scheme in the village and the water is distributed through the water pipeline which is at a distance of 8km from the well source. The water is distributed through stand posts constructed by the Gram Panchayat. The well has water only for 7-8 months. For the remaining the months, the women and children (specially girls) have to tread long distances (2-3 times in a day) to fetch drinking water for household consumption. This water is not potable for drinking purposes but as there is no alternative they have to use this water. As a result the villagers suffer from the various diseases and health problem.

Water scarcity not only affects the human being’s health but it also affects the milk production percentage of the livestock. Milk production reduces in the summer season due to which the villagers has to suffer financially.

The existing drinking water pipeline is not in use during summer months due to the non-availability of water. The pipeline also leaks resulting low pressure and low supply of water. The existing electric pump is also not in good condition and breaks down very often.

Location

Aurangabad, Maharashtra, India

Attachments

  • Xls Maintena...
  • Xls Cost_det...

Focus

Primary Focus: Drinking Water - Community
Secondary Focus: Capacity Building

People Getting Safe Drinking Water: 1,176

No. of Households= 1176
No. of Female (above 16) = 381, Male ( above 16) = 418
No. of children (below 16)= Boys 197 & Girls (below 16) =180 Total Male = 615, Total female = 561

School Children Getting Water: 0

The primary Zilla Parishad school is upto 4th standard in the village. There is no drinking water provision in the school premises for the school children. A separate tap connection would be provided to the school where the school children would have access to drinking water as well use the water for toilets. 164 school children will be benefitted.

People Getting Sanitation: 0

Sanitation facilities are not available in the village at present.

People Getting Other Benefits:

The community would be made aware and motivated towards the benefits of sanitation. Further they would be motivated to construct individual toilets after the availability of water in the village. Special efforts would be taken for linking the households to the banks for obtaining loans for construction of toilets.

Application Type: Project Funding

Start Date: 2009-09-01

Completion Date: 2010-08-31

Technology Used:

The following activities are proposed -
- Excavation and construction of new well
- Raising main pipeline of 1700 mtrs in length with accessories walls etc. from the water source to the storage tank
- Installation of 7.5 HP submersible pump with necessary accessories including the electricity connection

It is planned to promote and implement the cost effective and community managed drinking water project which would benefit the village community.

It is planned to excavate and construct the new drinking water well and to install 7.5 h.p electric pump to lift the water from the well and transport it through underground pipeline of 1,700 mtrs in length. The water would be stored in the existing old water storage tank of 75,000 ltrs capacity. The water would be distributed through existing distribution system pipeline and existing 12 stand posts which would be repaired and used for distribution of water.

The main concern and issue of water and sanitation is very much related to women as they are the ones who have to face the brunt. The SHGs are formed in the village and these are federated into the Apex body called SMS. The SHGs and the SMS play an important role in the social developmental activities specially they will be actively involved in water and sanitation activities.

The drinking water and sanitation project would be implemented through separate Women’s Water Committee which would be selected in the Gram Sabha (village meeting) for the promotion of drinking water and sanitation project.

The Water Committee will be responsible for implementation, supervision, quality control and monitoring of activities with the support of the village development committee which is newly formed.

The funds would be released directly to the Water Committee bank Account. The committee would handle the transaction and would be responsible for maintenance of accounts. The technical and social mobilisation support would be provided by the partner NGO named Action for Community Empowerment (ACE).
The capacity building would be done by the implementing agency and WOTR.

After the successful completion of the project the Water Committee and the Village Development Committee (VDC) would be responsible for the distribution of water, collection of water tax and also repairs and maintenance of the project.

So far we have successfully implemented 1542 decentralized drinking water projects through BPR benefitting 1542 households and 9653 inhabitants. Besides this at present, we are implementing drinking water and sanitation projects in 11 villages in 4 districts of Maharashtra benefitting 886 households and 6183 individuals. Our past experience is in all drinking water and sanitation projects we involve women since they are the most sufferers of the drinking water and sanitation problems. They take initiative to solve the same problem by organizing the village community and approaching the local Gram Panchayat. Therefore the implementation of the project is being done successfully and as per the plan involving the entire village community.

Our learning from the past BPR projects are under -
1. the drinking water activity has helped the village community together for common causes and helped them to strengthen their unity, integrity and cooperation.
2. the illiterate rural women are capable to implement honestly parsimoniously large projects with large budgets by maintaining transparency if their capabilities are built through training interventions and given opportunities to implement the projects.
3. If the drinking water problem is indentified and the work is initiated by women the strong support and cooperation is possible from the local governance (Gram Panchyat), CBOs and main folk irrespective of politics, groupism and bureaucratic interference.

Issues of concern: 1. Delay in getting the electric connection from the Electricity Board after completing the physical implementation of the project.

2. Due to electricity power constraints, the load shedding of electric power in the rural areas is of 12 hrs. per day. This leads to irregular water supply to the community.

Phases:

The project would be completed in one phase.
The funds would be released in 3-4 installments to Water Committee (Women's Paani Samittee). After the monitoring of the first installment disbursed and on satisfaction of work as per plan, the next installm

Community Organization:

1. The ACE, is working in the village for last 2 years. It has organized the village community for implementing various development activities with the support of NABARD.

2. In the initial stage, the Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA)was conducted in the village to understand the local situation and to collect the basic data of the village such as no. of households, population, their locations, infrastructure and facilities available in the village, natural resources, land irrigation cropping pattern, drinking water facilities, sanitation situation etc.

3. The problem analysis was done and it was realized that “drinking water” is one of the important and urgent issue to be addressed.

4. The women were organized into Self Help Groups and 7 SHGs have been promoted involving 102 women members. The women SHGs and SMS (Apex Body of SHGs) have decided to solve the drinking water problem and have taken the initiative for the same. The initial planning of the project is being done through the PRA by the village community and the technical plan and estimates are prepared by the NGO (ACE).

5. As per the WOTR’s norms the village community has to agree to contribute minimum 20% of the total cost either in cash or in kind. Accordingly the village community has agreed to contribute 20% of the total cost.

6.The source of water which is identified is below the existing water storage tank which has water through out the year. It is planned to purchase the plot of 1000 sq. mtr from the owner (Farmer) to excavate the community drinking water well.

7. After the completion of the project the Women’s Water Committee would be responsible for the repairs and maintenance and post management of the project.

Government Interaction:

Ancillary activities:

The village has been selected by the NABARD for the village development programme for the promotion of SHGs and the credit availability for the agriculture purposes through the service area bank i.e. Bank of Baroda and the facilitating agency is ACE . Similarly the different government schemes through the coordinated efforts of the NABARD and ACE, efforts would be made for the safe disposal of waste water through the construction of drainage system under the government funds through Gram Panchayat (local self government). Promotion of agriculture development activities such as horticulture under the government scheme, livestock and dairy has also been initiated by the NGO

Other Issues:

Maintenance Revenue:

From the beginning the women groups (SHGs, SMS) and the women’s water committee will be responsible for the implementation and management of the project.

Local contribution 20% of the total cost will be collected from the households. The Water Committee will set up a Maintenance Fund towards the repairs and maintenance of the post project period. A water tax will also be regularly collected from each household and the Water Committee would be responsible for the same.

To assist the Water Committee to manage the drinking water project they would be given required capacity building training by ACE and WOTR. With this we expect that this initiative would sustain.

Maintenance Cost: $1,083

Metrics:

Prior art before metrics

Cost: $12,724

Pl refer attached cost detail file

Co Funding Amount:

Community Contribution Amount: $2,078

- It is envisaged that the people’s contribution is equal to 20% of the total project cost i.e. 2078 would be collected in cash by the Water Committee and would be deposited in the Committee's bank account with view to maintain transparency and accountability.

- Besides this the additional people’s contribution would be collected for the purchase of plot for the excavation of drinking water well costing USD 1,702.

Fund Requested: $10,646

Implementing Organization: Action for Community Empowerment (ACE), Pachora district, Jalgaon.

ACE is the partner NGO of WOTR and Sampada Trust (a sister concern of WOTR for women’s empowerment and micro finance). The ACE is mainly involved in SHG promotion and linkages with bank for credit, national environmental awareness campaigns, national project on organic farming, capacity building of women and rural community, specially organizing trainings to elected women members of the Gram Panchayat (local self government) to build their capacities in village self governance.

At present the NGO has 14 staff members including 7 women staff.

Attachments

  • Xls Maintena...
  • Xls Cost_det...
  • 1 participant | show more

    Reporting results

    Rajesh Shah of Blue Planet Network

    Dear WOTR friends, This proposal is very sound and the quality of your work has been reflected in the international recognition received. We would appreciate if you would use the opportunity to put status reports on PWX of your projects long-term. As your teams visit completed projects, you can easily upload a report with status, intervi...

    Dear WOTR friends,

    This proposal is very sound and the quality of your work has been reflected in the international recognition received.

    We would appreciate if you would use the opportunity to put status reports on PWX of your projects long-term. As your teams visit completed projects, you can easily upload a report with status, interviews, and photos. It will help us support you better.

    Thanks!

  • 2 participants | show more

    Pressure quivalence

    Gilles Corcos of Agua Para la Vida (APLV)

    Dear Rajesh: In your comment you said in part: ….” We clearly need to understand the various ratings better.” This may help: Pressure in general is measured in units of force/area . The usual ones are Pascals, i.e Newton/m2, kgs/cm2, (strictly speaking this one is a bastard unit since kgs is a unit of mass, not of force), bars =100,000 P...

    Dear Rajesh:

    In your comment you said in part:
    ….” We clearly need to understand the various ratings better.”

    This may help:
    Pressure in general is measured in units of force/area . The usual ones are
    Pascals, i.e Newton/m2, kgs/cm2, (strictly speaking this one is a bastard unit since kgs is a unit of mass, not of force), bars =100,000 Pascals, pounds /square inch, and in addition for hydraulic uses. meters of water, which again strictly speaking does not have the units of pressure but is the pressure exerted by a column of water 1 meter high.
    Now the strength rating of pipes is variously given in terms of the pressure exerted on their walls by the liquid within as:
    Kgs/cm2
    Meters of water= 9810 Newtons /m2 (on Earth!)
    SDR ratings which are average diameters divided by wall thickness for PVC (usual PVC composition) and which turn out to be inversely proportional to allowed pressure. In addition a designation prevailing in some English speaking countries, psi. or pounds per square inch. For instance:

    SDR Ratings of 17,26, 32,5 correspond to pressures in meters of 176, 112, and 88 , to Pressure in kgs/square cms of 17,6, 11,2, qne 8,8 and to pressure in pounds per square inch of 250, 159 and 125 respectively.i

    There is also Schedule number, a designation prevailing in the US, and in my opinion pretty silly because the pressure rating of a given schedule number depends on the pipe diameter.

    Cordially, Gilles Corcos, APLV

    • Rajesh Shah of Blue Planet Network

      Thanks, its helpful. Regards, Rajesh

      Thanks, its helpful.

      Regards,
      Rajesh

  • 4 participants | show more

    General queries

    Joe Madiath of Gram Vikas

    This looks like a nice project, but I have a couple of questions / clarifications: 1. How far is the tank from the village-is it in the centre? I am also unclear how water is accessed from the tank- is there one tap on it, which everybody uses? 2. You mention electricity unreliability being a constraint. What are your plans to ensure a re...

    This looks like a nice project, but I have a couple of questions / clarifications:
    1. How far is the tank from the village-is it in the centre? I am also unclear how water is accessed from the tank- is there one tap on it, which everybody uses?

    2. You mention electricity unreliability being a constraint. What are your plans to ensure a reliable water supply?

    3. How will the electricity bills be covered? Will this come out of the maintenance fund?

    4. Can you confirm the number of households? The application says 1176, but after adding up your population breakdown, this number appears to be the total population?

    • Thomas Palgadhmal of Watershed Organization Trust

      Thank you Mr. Joe for your queries regarding the Mohadi drinking water project. The explanation to your queries is as under. 1. There is existing overhead tank of 75 litres capacity at the centre of the village the water storage tank is constructed at a height of 20 ft. from the ground level. The drinking water was distributed through ...

      Thank you Mr. Joe for your queries regarding the Mohadi drinking water project. The explanation to your queries is as under.

      1. There is existing overhead tank of 75 litres capacity at the centre of the village the water storage tank is constructed at a height of 20 ft. from the ground level. The drinking water was distributed through 18 standposts located at different places in the village. Therefore there is no need to construct any new stand post. However, the repairs of the existing standpost will be done by the water committee.
      2. The duly requirement of water for the village community is approx. 53000 lits per day. As per the technical design the electric pump of 7.5 hp is proposed. The discharge of water from this pump would be 38 to 40 thousand lits per hour so that 2.5 to 3 hrs would be required to fill up the existing tank of 75 litres capacity. At present, we have 8 to 12 hrs electric load shedding in rural areas. During the night hours the electric city is available in the villages. Considering the time of 3 hours required to fill the tank everyday the water tank would be filled up and the next day morning the water will be released for distribution once in a day.
      3. Regarding the water tax, we have worked out the revenue generation model for Mohoda project village which works out to Rs. 38,618/- per year including the recurring expenses and 20% provision for reserved fund. It is planned that to collect Rs. 20 /- from each family towards the water tax preferably on quarterly basis. The responsibility of collection of water tax would be of water committee with the support of grampanchayat since the water committee is the legal sub committee of grampanchayat act as per Bombay Grampanchat Act article 49 (1).
      4. The total population is 1176 and the total of the breakup is also 1176.

      Hope this will satisfy your queries. If you have any more queries, please feel free to question us.

      • Gilles Corcos of Agua Para la Vida (APLV)

        This is Gilles Corcos of APLV. I notice that your PVC pipes for your conduction line is rated as 6kgs/square cm. That's about 60 meters of water or corresponds to about SDR 40.5 rating. While that may be nominally enough for the water pressure you'll encounter this is usually seen as drainage pipe and is pretty fragile. We have systematica...

        This is Gilles Corcos of APLV.
        I notice that your PVC pipes for your conduction line is rated as 6kgs/square cm.
        That's about 60 meters of water or corresponds to about SDR 40.5 rating. While that may be nominally enough for the water pressure you'll encounter this is usually seen as drainage pipe and is pretty fragile. We have systematically eliminated this type of pipe from our systems and consider it unsuitable for this type of use. There are lots of scenarios that result in their being damaged.

        • Thomas Palgadhmal of Watershed Organization Trust

          Thank you for your suggestion. We would like to clarify that considering the Indian conditions and availability of PVC pipes, it is recommended to use the PVC pipes for drinking water projects. The schemes for drinking water projects under Govt of India, all State government, World Bank aided projects, DFID funded as well as German f...

          Thank you for your suggestion.

          We would like to clarify that considering the Indian conditions and availability of PVC pipes, it is recommended to use the PVC pipes for drinking water projects. The schemes for drinking water projects under Govt of India, all State government, World Bank aided projects, DFID funded as well as German funded (KfW) projects use the same pipes.

          As per the technical specifications of BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards) PVC is widely used material and has good flexibility, a smooth surface and non-toxic qualities. As PVC is inert, some grades are used in food and chemical processing. The PVC pipes are used for underground pipelines more than 1 meter depth and is covered with soil. These pipes used for drinking water does not have any contact with any other agent like sunlight, air etc. The PVC pipes are used for the pumping main pipeline for less than 10 kg pressure. These pipes are tested for 1.5 times pressure i.e. this pipe can satisfactory work even if the pressure increases on the rising main up to 90 meters as per Indian standard specifications.

          Do inform if you require any other information.

          best regards,
          Thomas

        • Rajesh Shah of Blue Planet Network

          Which pipes are you now using? In my experience 6kg pressure pipes are hard to get even in Bangalore. 8 are not available, 10 require advance order. Most people use 4 or 6. We clearly need to understand the various ratings better. I assume HDPE is generally better though more expensive. Do you have it available in rolls in Nicaragua? Is...

          Which pipes are you now using?

          In my experience 6kg pressure pipes are hard to get even in Bangalore. 8 are not available, 10 require advance order. Most people use 4 or 6.

          We clearly need to understand the various ratings better.

          I assume HDPE is generally better though more expensive. Do you have it available in rolls in Nicaragua? Is it possible to get those to your sites?

          • Thomas Palgadhmal of Watershed Organization Trust

            Regarding the views of PVC pipes for the drinking water projects - We are using 6 kg pressure PVC pipes for the rising main pipeline and 4 kg pressure PVC pipes for the distribution system. Generally, for the distribution system, 2.5 kg pressure pipes can be used but in all our projects we prefer using PVC pipes measuring 4 kgs pressure...

            Regarding the views of PVC pipes for the drinking water projects -

            We are using 6 kg pressure PVC pipes for the rising main pipeline and 4 kg pressure PVC pipes for the distribution system. Generally, for the distribution system, 2.5 kg pressure pipes can be used but in all our projects we prefer using PVC pipes measuring 4 kgs pressure. Since 4 and 6 kg pressure pipes are being used on large scale for the drinking water projects, agricultural lift irrigation pipelines, sprinklers, etc. Therefore these pipes are readily available in rural areas in our region.

            The 8 kg pressure pipes are not usually used in our region. Therefore these pipes are not even manufactured. The 10 kg pipes are sometimes available or have to place an order to the dealer for supply. The PVC pipelines are more easy for joining 2 pipes or for replacement, repair etc. by unskilled person.

            The HDPE pipes are comparatively expensive than those of the PVC pipes (costing 73 pounds extra for 100 m). Though the HDPE pipes are better than the PVC pipes, but HDPE pipes have some merits and demerits also. Generally the HDPE pipes are being used in the salty or saline water (creek, sea, cove etc) or marshy saline area for transportation of the drinking water. It has another benefit that there is no need of level bed below the pipes and need not to be straightened. There are some demerits such as the rats or crabs, a rodent animals gnawing specially HDPE pipes and make holes or break the pipes. Secondly these pipes are available in a bundle of 100 ft. length only. For the fittings of these pipes requires special heating for the joints which is a skilled job. Generally there is a less demand for these pipes. Hence, they are available in cities or require to place an order.

        • Thomas Palgadhmal of Watershed Organization Trust

          Regarding the views of PVC pipes for the drinking water projects - We are using 6 kg pressure PVC pipes for the rising main pipeline and 4 kg pressure PVC pipes for the distribution system. Generally, for the distribution system, 2.5 kg pressure pipes can be used but in all our projects we prefer using PVC pipes measuring 4 kgs pressure...

          Regarding the views of PVC pipes for the drinking water projects -

          We are using 6 kg pressure PVC pipes for the rising main pipeline and 4 kg pressure PVC pipes for the distribution system. Generally, for the distribution system, 2.5 kg pressure pipes can be used but in all our projects we prefer using PVC pipes measuring 4 kgs pressure. Since 4 and 6 kg pressure pipes are being used on large scale for the drinking water projects, agricultural lift irrigation pipelines, sprinklers, etc. Therefore these pipes are readily available in rural areas in our region.

          The 8 kg pressure pipes are not usually used in our region. Therefore these pipes are not even manufactured. The 10 kg pipes are sometimes available or have to place an order to the dealer for supply. The PVC pipelines are more easy for joining 2 pipes or for replacement, repair etc. by unskilled person.

          The HDPE pipes are comparatively expensive than those of the PVC pipes (costing 73 pounds extra for 100 m). Though the HDPE pipes are better than the PVC pipes, but HDPE pipes have some merits and demerits also. Generally the HDPE pipes are being used in the salty or saline water (creek, sea, cove etc) or marshy saline area for transportation of the drinking water. It has another benefit that there is no need of level bed below the pipes and need not to be straightened. There are some demerits such as the rats or crabs, a rodent animals gnawing specially HDPE pipes and make holes or break the pipes. Secondly these pipes are available in a bundle of 100 ft. length only. For the fittings of these pipes requires special heating for the joints which is a skilled job. Generally there is a less demand for these pipes. Hence, they are available in cities or require to place an order.

      • Thomas Palgadhmal of Watershed Organization Trust

        Thank you for your suggestion. We would like to clarify that considering the Indian conditions and availability of PVC pipes, it is recommended to use the PVC pipes for drinking water projects. The schemes for drinking water projects under Govt of India, all State government, World Bank aided projects, DFID funded as well as German f...

        Thank you for your suggestion.

        We would like to clarify that considering the Indian conditions and availability of PVC pipes, it is recommended to use the PVC pipes for drinking water projects. The schemes for drinking water projects under Govt of India, all State government, World Bank aided projects, DFID funded as well as German funded (KfW) projects use the same pipes.

        As per the technical specifications of BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards) PVC is widely used material and has good flexibility, a smooth surface and non-toxic qualities. As PVC is inert, some grades are used in food and chemical processing. The PVC pipes are used for underground pipelines more than 1 meter depth and is covered with soil. These pipes used for drinking water does not have any contact with any other agent like sunlight, air etc. The PVC pipes are used for the pumping main pipeline for less than 10 kg pressure. These pipes are tested for 1.5 times pressure i.e. this pipe can satisfactory work even if the pressure increases on the rising main up to 90 meters as per Indian standard specifications.

        Do inform if you require any other information.

        best regards,
        Thomas

      • Rajesh Shah of Blue Planet Network

        Which pipes are you now using? In my experience 6kg pressure pipes are hard to get even in Bangalore. 8 are not available, 10 require advance order. Most people use 4 or 6. We clearly need to understand the various ratings better. I assume HDPE is generally better though more expensive. Do you have it available in rolls in Nicaragua? Is...

        Which pipes are you now using?

        In my experience 6kg pressure pipes are hard to get even in Bangalore. 8 are not available, 10 require advance order. Most people use 4 or 6.

        We clearly need to understand the various ratings better.

        I assume HDPE is generally better though more expensive. Do you have it available in rolls in Nicaragua? Is it possible to get those to your sites?

        • Thomas Palgadhmal of Watershed Organization Trust

          Regarding the views of PVC pipes for the drinking water projects - We are using 6 kg pressure PVC pipes for the rising main pipeline and 4 kg pressure PVC pipes for the distribution system. Generally, for the distribution system, 2.5 kg pressure pipes can be used but in all our projects we prefer using PVC pipes measuring 4 kgs pressure...

          Regarding the views of PVC pipes for the drinking water projects -

          We are using 6 kg pressure PVC pipes for the rising main pipeline and 4 kg pressure PVC pipes for the distribution system. Generally, for the distribution system, 2.5 kg pressure pipes can be used but in all our projects we prefer using PVC pipes measuring 4 kgs pressure. Since 4 and 6 kg pressure pipes are being used on large scale for the drinking water projects, agricultural lift irrigation pipelines, sprinklers, etc. Therefore these pipes are readily available in rural areas in our region.

          The 8 kg pressure pipes are not usually used in our region. Therefore these pipes are not even manufactured. The 10 kg pipes are sometimes available or have to place an order to the dealer for supply. The PVC pipelines are more easy for joining 2 pipes or for replacement, repair etc. by unskilled person.

          The HDPE pipes are comparatively expensive than those of the PVC pipes (costing 73 pounds extra for 100 m). Though the HDPE pipes are better than the PVC pipes, but HDPE pipes have some merits and demerits also. Generally the HDPE pipes are being used in the salty or saline water (creek, sea, cove etc) or marshy saline area for transportation of the drinking water. It has another benefit that there is no need of level bed below the pipes and need not to be straightened. There are some demerits such as the rats or crabs, a rodent animals gnawing specially HDPE pipes and make holes or break the pipes. Secondly these pipes are available in a bundle of 100 ft. length only. For the fittings of these pipes requires special heating for the joints which is a skilled job. Generally there is a less demand for these pipes. Hence, they are available in cities or require to place an order.

      • Thomas Palgadhmal of Watershed Organization Trust

        Regarding the views of PVC pipes for the drinking water projects - We are using 6 kg pressure PVC pipes for the rising main pipeline and 4 kg pressure PVC pipes for the distribution system. Generally, for the distribution system, 2.5 kg pressure pipes can be used but in all our projects we prefer using PVC pipes measuring 4 kgs pressure...

        Regarding the views of PVC pipes for the drinking water projects -

        We are using 6 kg pressure PVC pipes for the rising main pipeline and 4 kg pressure PVC pipes for the distribution system. Generally, for the distribution system, 2.5 kg pressure pipes can be used but in all our projects we prefer using PVC pipes measuring 4 kgs pressure. Since 4 and 6 kg pressure pipes are being used on large scale for the drinking water projects, agricultural lift irrigation pipelines, sprinklers, etc. Therefore these pipes are readily available in rural areas in our region.

        The 8 kg pressure pipes are not usually used in our region. Therefore these pipes are not even manufactured. The 10 kg pipes are sometimes available or have to place an order to the dealer for supply. The PVC pipelines are more easy for joining 2 pipes or for replacement, repair etc. by unskilled person.

        The HDPE pipes are comparatively expensive than those of the PVC pipes (costing 73 pounds extra for 100 m). Though the HDPE pipes are better than the PVC pipes, but HDPE pipes have some merits and demerits also. Generally the HDPE pipes are being used in the salty or saline water (creek, sea, cove etc) or marshy saline area for transportation of the drinking water. It has another benefit that there is no need of level bed below the pipes and need not to be straightened. There are some demerits such as the rats or crabs, a rodent animals gnawing specially HDPE pipes and make holes or break the pipes. Secondly these pipes are available in a bundle of 100 ft. length only. For the fittings of these pipes requires special heating for the joints which is a skilled job. Generally there is a less demand for these pipes. Hence, they are available in cities or require to place an order.

    • Gilles Corcos of Agua Para la Vida (APLV)

      This is Gilles Corcos of APLV. I notice that your PVC pipes for your conduction line is rated as 6kgs/square cm. That's about 60 meters of water or corresponds to about SDR 40.5 rating. While that may be nominally enough for the water pressure you'll encounter this is usually seen as drainage pipe and is pretty fragile. We have systematica...

      This is Gilles Corcos of APLV.
      I notice that your PVC pipes for your conduction line is rated as 6kgs/square cm.
      That's about 60 meters of water or corresponds to about SDR 40.5 rating. While that may be nominally enough for the water pressure you'll encounter this is usually seen as drainage pipe and is pretty fragile. We have systematically eliminated this type of pipe from our systems and consider it unsuitable for this type of use. There are lots of scenarios that result in their being damaged.

      • Thomas Palgadhmal of Watershed Organization Trust

        Thank you for your suggestion. We would like to clarify that considering the Indian conditions and availability of PVC pipes, it is recommended to use the PVC pipes for drinking water projects. The schemes for drinking water projects under Govt of India, all State government, World Bank aided projects, DFID funded as well as German f...

        Thank you for your suggestion.

        We would like to clarify that considering the Indian conditions and availability of PVC pipes, it is recommended to use the PVC pipes for drinking water projects. The schemes for drinking water projects under Govt of India, all State government, World Bank aided projects, DFID funded as well as German funded (KfW) projects use the same pipes.

        As per the technical specifications of BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards) PVC is widely used material and has good flexibility, a smooth surface and non-toxic qualities. As PVC is inert, some grades are used in food and chemical processing. The PVC pipes are used for underground pipelines more than 1 meter depth and is covered with soil. These pipes used for drinking water does not have any contact with any other agent like sunlight, air etc. The PVC pipes are used for the pumping main pipeline for less than 10 kg pressure. These pipes are tested for 1.5 times pressure i.e. this pipe can satisfactory work even if the pressure increases on the rising main up to 90 meters as per Indian standard specifications.

        Do inform if you require any other information.

        best regards,
        Thomas

      • Rajesh Shah of Blue Planet Network

        Which pipes are you now using? In my experience 6kg pressure pipes are hard to get even in Bangalore. 8 are not available, 10 require advance order. Most people use 4 or 6. We clearly need to understand the various ratings better. I assume HDPE is generally better though more expensive. Do you have it available in rolls in Nicaragua? Is...

        Which pipes are you now using?

        In my experience 6kg pressure pipes are hard to get even in Bangalore. 8 are not available, 10 require advance order. Most people use 4 or 6.

        We clearly need to understand the various ratings better.

        I assume HDPE is generally better though more expensive. Do you have it available in rolls in Nicaragua? Is it possible to get those to your sites?

        • Thomas Palgadhmal of Watershed Organization Trust

          Regarding the views of PVC pipes for the drinking water projects - We are using 6 kg pressure PVC pipes for the rising main pipeline and 4 kg pressure PVC pipes for the distribution system. Generally, for the distribution system, 2.5 kg pressure pipes can be used but in all our projects we prefer using PVC pipes measuring 4 kgs pressure...

          Regarding the views of PVC pipes for the drinking water projects -

          We are using 6 kg pressure PVC pipes for the rising main pipeline and 4 kg pressure PVC pipes for the distribution system. Generally, for the distribution system, 2.5 kg pressure pipes can be used but in all our projects we prefer using PVC pipes measuring 4 kgs pressure. Since 4 and 6 kg pressure pipes are being used on large scale for the drinking water projects, agricultural lift irrigation pipelines, sprinklers, etc. Therefore these pipes are readily available in rural areas in our region.

          The 8 kg pressure pipes are not usually used in our region. Therefore these pipes are not even manufactured. The 10 kg pipes are sometimes available or have to place an order to the dealer for supply. The PVC pipelines are more easy for joining 2 pipes or for replacement, repair etc. by unskilled person.

          The HDPE pipes are comparatively expensive than those of the PVC pipes (costing 73 pounds extra for 100 m). Though the HDPE pipes are better than the PVC pipes, but HDPE pipes have some merits and demerits also. Generally the HDPE pipes are being used in the salty or saline water (creek, sea, cove etc) or marshy saline area for transportation of the drinking water. It has another benefit that there is no need of level bed below the pipes and need not to be straightened. There are some demerits such as the rats or crabs, a rodent animals gnawing specially HDPE pipes and make holes or break the pipes. Secondly these pipes are available in a bundle of 100 ft. length only. For the fittings of these pipes requires special heating for the joints which is a skilled job. Generally there is a less demand for these pipes. Hence, they are available in cities or require to place an order.

      • Thomas Palgadhmal of Watershed Organization Trust

        Regarding the views of PVC pipes for the drinking water projects - We are using 6 kg pressure PVC pipes for the rising main pipeline and 4 kg pressure PVC pipes for the distribution system. Generally, for the distribution system, 2.5 kg pressure pipes can be used but in all our projects we prefer using PVC pipes measuring 4 kgs pressure...

        Regarding the views of PVC pipes for the drinking water projects -

        We are using 6 kg pressure PVC pipes for the rising main pipeline and 4 kg pressure PVC pipes for the distribution system. Generally, for the distribution system, 2.5 kg pressure pipes can be used but in all our projects we prefer using PVC pipes measuring 4 kgs pressure. Since 4 and 6 kg pressure pipes are being used on large scale for the drinking water projects, agricultural lift irrigation pipelines, sprinklers, etc. Therefore these pipes are readily available in rural areas in our region.

        The 8 kg pressure pipes are not usually used in our region. Therefore these pipes are not even manufactured. The 10 kg pipes are sometimes available or have to place an order to the dealer for supply. The PVC pipelines are more easy for joining 2 pipes or for replacement, repair etc. by unskilled person.

        The HDPE pipes are comparatively expensive than those of the PVC pipes (costing 73 pounds extra for 100 m). Though the HDPE pipes are better than the PVC pipes, but HDPE pipes have some merits and demerits also. Generally the HDPE pipes are being used in the salty or saline water (creek, sea, cove etc) or marshy saline area for transportation of the drinking water. It has another benefit that there is no need of level bed below the pipes and need not to be straightened. There are some demerits such as the rats or crabs, a rodent animals gnawing specially HDPE pipes and make holes or break the pipes. Secondly these pipes are available in a bundle of 100 ft. length only. For the fittings of these pipes requires special heating for the joints which is a skilled job. Generally there is a less demand for these pipes. Hence, they are available in cities or require to place an order.

    • Thomas Palgadhmal of Watershed Organization Trust

      Thank you for your suggestion. We would like to clarify that considering the Indian conditions and availability of PVC pipes, it is recommended to use the PVC pipes for drinking water projects. The schemes for drinking water projects under Govt of India, all State government, World Bank aided projects, DFID funded as well as German f...

      Thank you for your suggestion.

      We would like to clarify that considering the Indian conditions and availability of PVC pipes, it is recommended to use the PVC pipes for drinking water projects. The schemes for drinking water projects under Govt of India, all State government, World Bank aided projects, DFID funded as well as German funded (KfW) projects use the same pipes.

      As per the technical specifications of BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards) PVC is widely used material and has good flexibility, a smooth surface and non-toxic qualities. As PVC is inert, some grades are used in food and chemical processing. The PVC pipes are used for underground pipelines more than 1 meter depth and is covered with soil. These pipes used for drinking water does not have any contact with any other agent like sunlight, air etc. The PVC pipes are used for the pumping main pipeline for less than 10 kg pressure. These pipes are tested for 1.5 times pressure i.e. this pipe can satisfactory work even if the pressure increases on the rising main up to 90 meters as per Indian standard specifications.

      Do inform if you require any other information.

      best regards,
      Thomas

    • Rajesh Shah of Blue Planet Network

      Which pipes are you now using? In my experience 6kg pressure pipes are hard to get even in Bangalore. 8 are not available, 10 require advance order. Most people use 4 or 6. We clearly need to understand the various ratings better. I assume HDPE is generally better though more expensive. Do you have it available in rolls in Nicaragua? Is...

      Which pipes are you now using?

      In my experience 6kg pressure pipes are hard to get even in Bangalore. 8 are not available, 10 require advance order. Most people use 4 or 6.

      We clearly need to understand the various ratings better.

      I assume HDPE is generally better though more expensive. Do you have it available in rolls in Nicaragua? Is it possible to get those to your sites?

      • Thomas Palgadhmal of Watershed Organization Trust

        Regarding the views of PVC pipes for the drinking water projects - We are using 6 kg pressure PVC pipes for the rising main pipeline and 4 kg pressure PVC pipes for the distribution system. Generally, for the distribution system, 2.5 kg pressure pipes can be used but in all our projects we prefer using PVC pipes measuring 4 kgs pressure...

        Regarding the views of PVC pipes for the drinking water projects -

        We are using 6 kg pressure PVC pipes for the rising main pipeline and 4 kg pressure PVC pipes for the distribution system. Generally, for the distribution system, 2.5 kg pressure pipes can be used but in all our projects we prefer using PVC pipes measuring 4 kgs pressure. Since 4 and 6 kg pressure pipes are being used on large scale for the drinking water projects, agricultural lift irrigation pipelines, sprinklers, etc. Therefore these pipes are readily available in rural areas in our region.

        The 8 kg pressure pipes are not usually used in our region. Therefore these pipes are not even manufactured. The 10 kg pipes are sometimes available or have to place an order to the dealer for supply. The PVC pipelines are more easy for joining 2 pipes or for replacement, repair etc. by unskilled person.

        The HDPE pipes are comparatively expensive than those of the PVC pipes (costing 73 pounds extra for 100 m). Though the HDPE pipes are better than the PVC pipes, but HDPE pipes have some merits and demerits also. Generally the HDPE pipes are being used in the salty or saline water (creek, sea, cove etc) or marshy saline area for transportation of the drinking water. It has another benefit that there is no need of level bed below the pipes and need not to be straightened. There are some demerits such as the rats or crabs, a rodent animals gnawing specially HDPE pipes and make holes or break the pipes. Secondly these pipes are available in a bundle of 100 ft. length only. For the fittings of these pipes requires special heating for the joints which is a skilled job. Generally there is a less demand for these pipes. Hence, they are available in cities or require to place an order.

    • Thomas Palgadhmal of Watershed Organization Trust

      Regarding the views of PVC pipes for the drinking water projects - We are using 6 kg pressure PVC pipes for the rising main pipeline and 4 kg pressure PVC pipes for the distribution system. Generally, for the distribution system, 2.5 kg pressure pipes can be used but in all our projects we prefer using PVC pipes measuring 4 kgs pressure...

      Regarding the views of PVC pipes for the drinking water projects -

      We are using 6 kg pressure PVC pipes for the rising main pipeline and 4 kg pressure PVC pipes for the distribution system. Generally, for the distribution system, 2.5 kg pressure pipes can be used but in all our projects we prefer using PVC pipes measuring 4 kgs pressure. Since 4 and 6 kg pressure pipes are being used on large scale for the drinking water projects, agricultural lift irrigation pipelines, sprinklers, etc. Therefore these pipes are readily available in rural areas in our region.

      The 8 kg pressure pipes are not usually used in our region. Therefore these pipes are not even manufactured. The 10 kg pipes are sometimes available or have to place an order to the dealer for supply. The PVC pipelines are more easy for joining 2 pipes or for replacement, repair etc. by unskilled person.

      The HDPE pipes are comparatively expensive than those of the PVC pipes (costing 73 pounds extra for 100 m). Though the HDPE pipes are better than the PVC pipes, but HDPE pipes have some merits and demerits also. Generally the HDPE pipes are being used in the salty or saline water (creek, sea, cove etc) or marshy saline area for transportation of the drinking water. It has another benefit that there is no need of level bed below the pipes and need not to be straightened. There are some demerits such as the rats or crabs, a rodent animals gnawing specially HDPE pipes and make holes or break the pipes. Secondly these pipes are available in a bundle of 100 ft. length only. For the fittings of these pipes requires special heating for the joints which is a skilled job. Generally there is a less demand for these pipes. Hence, they are available in cities or require to place an order.

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  • Rating: 7

    review by (only shown to members)

    The technique here is more understandable. I still think that the kind of pipes used in the conduction and distribution systems are too fragile and will give trouble.

  • Rating: 9

    review by (only shown to members)

    Would like to see an improvement in the reporting - the proposal, the organization, and track record are solid.

  • Rating: 9

    review by (only shown to members)

    20% of the total project cost as contribution from the community and involvement of women in the implementation of the project will create a ownership of the project by the community. looking forward on the successful implementation of the project

  • Rating: 8

    review by (only shown to members)

    This seems a well thought out project, which has a good sustainability plan in place. It has also identified constraints and designed ways around these.

Name Status Completion Date Amount Assigned
Integrated Drinking Water Project in village Mohadi Dist Jalgaon, Maharashtra. Complete - Partial Success Sep 2011 $10,646