This project will provide safe drinking water and sanitation facilities for two primary schools in developing areas around Nakuru, Kenya.
Since 1990, Lifewater (LI) and Lifewater Kenya (LWKE) have worked in partnership to help eradicate the water and sanitation crisis in Nakuru District, in the Rift Valley Province of Western Kenya.
Many of the schools in peri-urban and urban areas of Nakuru do not have access to safe water or adequate sanitation. In addition to the obvious serious health consequences, the lack of safe water poses particularly difficult challenges for women and girls. For example, at Ndarugu Primary School 27 female teachers share 1 latrine while more than 700 female students share a mere 8 latrines. This is a staggering 88 students per latrine, more than 3 times the Kenyan Government standard of 25 girls per latrine.
Severe diseases are associated with a lack of water and poor sanitation, including diarrhea, dehydration, trachoma, dysentery, and skin infections. These same diseases are responsible for the deaths of thousands of impoverished children each year.
The economic consequences of these diseases and deaths are a ripple effect: women must take care of the sick instead of attending to the fields, leading to poor diets and reduced income. Adolescent girls generally avoid school during their menstrual periods or when they are ill, leading to high absenteeism and low educational attainment. All of these factors conspire only to deepen poverty in the target areas.
The WASH program is an initiative to save lives and reduce suffering by providing safe drinking water, sanitation and hygiene education to people who lack these basic services; Lifewater International and Lifewater Kenya aim at doing exactly that.
Providing access to sufficient quantities of safe water, the provision of facilities for a sanitary disposal of excreta, and introducing sound hygiene behaviors are of capital importance to reducing the burden of disease caused by these risk factors. A recent hygiene intervention study shows that diarrhea disease transmission in rural areas is reduced by promotion of safe drinking water, hand-washing, and dish-washing behavior.
LocationNakuru, Rift Valley, Kenya
Primary Focus: Drinking Water - Schools
Secondary Focus: Sanitation - Schools
People Getting Safe Drinking Water: 1,900
Safe water beneficiaries are calculated as the total number of students and teachers at project target schools.
School Children Getting Water: 1,854
This is the total number of students at both schools.
People Getting Sanitation: 1,900
Sanitation beneficiaries are calculated as the total number of students and teachers at project target schools.
People Getting Other Benefits: 1,854
This the total number of beneficiary students. Other benefits are achieved through the formation and support of School WASH clubs, which will facilitate broad promotion of hygiene and sanitation behaviors within the school. In addition these clubs will empower students to be agents of change in their communities.
Application Type: Project Funding
Start Date: 2009-10-01
Completion Date: 2010-04-30
Based on recent visits to the proposed schools and data collected by the implementing partner, the project methodology of layering infrastructure development with investments in the intellectual capacity of beneficiary communities will yield tangible and quantifiable dividends.
The project will:
Install water tanks at each school, providing a safe water supply for students during the school day. Currently, the two schools are plagued by unreliable and often completely unavailable safe water supplies which are not adequate for both drinking and washing of classrooms and toilets; this forces children to bring more water from home, exacerbating an already critical water situation in surrounding communities.
Construct an appropriate number of student latrines for students at each school. This number is determined by commonly held minimum standards based on gender. The project will target a ratio of 25 girls per door and 30 boys per door, plus one urinal facility.
Construct latrines for teachers at Ndarugu School, ensuring that teachers are empowered to adhere to class times and uphold professional standards, as well as their dignity.
Install hand wash stations at each school, sited appropriately near latrine blocks to facilitate good hygiene behaviors. The project-supported student WASH clubs will be responsible for conveying to their schoolmates the importance of hand washing at critical times and its relevance to community and personal health.
To ensure the sustainability and proper maintenance of these improvements, the project will support the development and promotion of health clubs within the 2 target schools. These clubs are comprised of student members with an appropriate gender balance, and facilitated by a teacher advisor. In addition to providing leadership to the student body and input to school directors on the management and maintenance of the latrines and water supply, student WASH clubs also provide a valuable investment in their student members. By investing in these students to become agents of change, both in their schools and in their communities, the project sends an important message to them that they are valuable members of society.
Additional WASH training for teachers, provided through separate funding, will further consolidate the gains made through this project, ensuring future integration of WASH principles in the school curriculum.
For a healthy school environment, in each school a joint assessment on the existing water and sanitation conditions will be made with the school director and teachers, as well as with the school children, primary health care staff and representatives of the Parents and Teachers Associations. Parents and teachers associations will be involved in all stages of the implementation of the program. It is also important to note that working with Children on basic hygiene and sanitation is very important because:
•Most children are eager to learn. Schools can stimulate and support positive behavioral change in children.
•Children have important roles in household chores related to hygiene.
•Children may question existing practices in the household and become agents of change within their families and communities.
•Children are future parents. What they learn at school is likely to be passed on their own children.
The implementing partner will meet all government requirements for permitting and permissions. In addition, government agencies/officials will be invited to view the completed project as a model for future government interventiions.
Initial program ownership rests with school leaders in collaboration with school WASH clubs. Future success will be achieved through expanded hygiene training and materials, which will be integrated into the school curriculum. Drawing these linkages will help students and their families understand the importance of handwashing at critical times, good sanitation practices, keeping water safe with regard to health and well being. In addition to this project, other initiatives (current and planned) allow continued engagement in these schools.
Prior art before metrics
A comprehensive budget spreadsheet is attached.
Co Funding Amount:
Community Contribution Amount:
It is nearly impossible to assess a value for projected community contributions, which may include components such as unskilled labor donation, sand, rocks, or beverages for construction crews.
Fund Requested: $35,970
Implementing Organization: Lifewater Kenya
Lifewater is a Christian based Non-governmental and a non-profit organization dealing with humanitarian affairs, based in Nakuru District, Rift Valley province. It was registered on December 10, 1993 and has been in operation since then relying entirely on donor funding. The organization is governed by a Board that is responsible for making decisions and deliberating the affairs of the organization; the board meets on a quarterly schedule. A Managing Director who is also a member of the board oversees the day-to-day activities of Lifewater Kenya. The organization's objectives at its inception were to;
i) Provide clean and safe drinking water to vulnerable communities.
ii) Feed the poor in drought stricken areas, children in primary schools and orphanages.
iii) Provide material support to the poor and needy.
iv) Create HIV/AIDS awareness amongst other health services such as immunization and hygiene talks.
Lifewater Kenya has constructed water tanks and pit latrines, earthen cooking stoves, filters, wheel chairs along with providing cash or in-kind donations to communities and individuals on a needs basis. The success of such activities has been made possible by a number of international and local donors who have supported the organization for many years.
The Vision of Lifewater Kenya is to empower communities to meet their water and health needs, as well as to improve lives of the less privileged people in the community.