Creation and strengthening of WAter, Sanitation and Hygiene mechanisms and partnerships between Government and Non-Government stakeholders for infrastructure implementation and management of technological WASH services by local stakeholders.
Currently 13 million Filipinos have limited or no access to safe water. This is not due to lack of water, but a lack of operating infrastructure to distribute and treat water. Infrastructure development projects have failed in significant numbers due to:
- Minimal advocacy to the general public of the importance of safe adequate water for health and poverty reduction, resulting in lack of community ownership and limited political will.
- Organizational and management issues resulting in operating associations failing.
- Minimal technical capacity by designers and those that are maintaining and operating the systems.
- Even though Local Government Units have a duty to provide Water and Sanitation services they typically do not have the resources (financial, technical or organizational) to provide these services.
- Typically Water and Sanitation projects are funder driven. This is supply driven aid where the community is consulted but don’t participate in project design. Once system is installed there is little community ownership resulting in failure within 2 years due to neglect.
- Note that most residents have existing water sources which compete with the sources developed as systems. When payment or other investment is required for the new system residents revert to the old source as they do not see the return on investment.
This program is designed to create demand through advocacy and participatory processes for the design of water/sanitation plans and projects. In addition to this demand creation there is a parallel effort to increase the capacity of local stakeholders to service that demand. Good governance (transparency and accountability) with multi sectoral participation along with partnerships between LGU’s, Non- Government Organizations (NGO’s) as well as Peoples Organizations (PO’s) will allow communities to service Water and Sanitation needs that they identify. Solutions and infrastructure development will be issue based and not based on the capability of suppliers.
LocationMaasin, Quezon, Palawan, Philippines
Primary Focus: Capacity Building
Secondary Focus: Water - Community
People Getting Safe Drinking Water: 20,000
7 barangays (villages)
School Children Getting Water: 9,000
People Getting Sanitation: 0
The amount of people will be determined by the community based on their own assessment and decision around which technology they will implement
People Getting Other Benefits: 40,000
The entire municipality of Quezon will have received WASH Education, outreach and planning workshops
Start Date: 2010-10-01
Completion Date: 2011-09-30
Water and Sanitation is identified as a priority need. Participation and cooperation between government and non government actors is also a priority. The following mechanisms fulfills these objectives
- LGU a Municipal WASH Task Force (MWTF) which is made up of LGU employees, ie. Municipal Planning and Development Coordinator, Medical Health Officer, Municipal Engineering Officer. This is formed by EO and headed by the Mayor to focus on WASH throughout the municipality
- Water and Sanitation Associations (WSA) these are peoples organizations that are formed to implement and manage WASH at the barangay level. These are formed based on the functionality of the association depending on the need it is servicing. Membership is from the community as a whole and can be in the form of a service provider (operating a level II or III water system) or a product provider (building and installing household water treatment systems, pump repair, dug well or rainwater harvesting system builders)
- Non-Government Organizations (NGO’s) are vital partners in community development. The role of NGO’s is to provide capacity building and support for the MWTF’s and WSA’s.
A Single Drop for Safe Water (ASDSW) would work with a Quezon based NGO, the Institute for the Development of Educational and Ecological Alternatives (IDEAS), and the Municipal Local Government Unit of Quezon to start a municipal wide WASH program, piloted in Barangay Maasin. A Single Drop for Safe Water inc. would manage the program and is a WASH based capacity building organization based in Palawan that would build the capacity of IDEAS, the Municipal LGU and the community so that the program can be replicated throughout the municipality. IDEAS role in the program is to provide qualified participants in the WASH and organizational trainings, coordination and mobilization of all stakeholders, formal and informal leaders as well as logistical coordination of all program related activities.
When the program is completed there will be:
- An active Municipal WASH Task Force for the municipality of Quezon that is responsible for the coordination of WASH projects and increased capacity to facilitate WASH projects and services.
- A functional WSA in Barangay Maasin with the technical and organizational capacity to plan implement, and manage WASH services.
- The NGO, IDEAS will have increased WASH capacity to further support development efforts in Quezon and surrounding municipalities.
- Water and Sanitation projects completed in Maasin for the supply of WASH services
- An increase of awareness of the importance of WASH throughout the municipality
- Prioritization of WASH by the LGU of Quezon.
- Project Funding Released
- Week 1 to 4
o Orientation Process and formation of MWTF and Interim WSA
o EO for MWTF
o MOA between ASDSW, IDEAS and Municipal LGU
- Week 4 to 8
o WASH Inventory
o WASH Planning
o Project Design
- Week 9
By building capacity within the community through the whole process the objective is to create and strengthen local mechanisms so that they can determine their own needs and solutions and have outside agencies invest in their community. Moving from supply driven aid to demand driven aid.
There are tangible results
- WASH Infrastructure
- MWTF and WSA to keep WASH efforts running.
- MWTF able to replicate in other barangays and create a consolidated WASH effort.
- NGO with the ability to replicate the efforts in other municipalities and communities
- More community awareness of the needs for WASH services and the raising of WASH in the priority of LGU’s
- Database and information center
- A network of WASH players.
Most system and organizational failures are a result of finances. This program helps in two ways.
- Engineering and technical trainings to ensure that the most effective and efficient systems are designed. Reducing the capital costs involved makes resource mobilization simpler.
- Cost recovery systems are part of organizational development. Demand creation puts a value on the service supplied, The community pays the WSA for this service. Through transparency and accountability, the WSA can justify costs. They will also have the skills to properly supply the service.
With advocacy efforts and the participatory nature of the data gathering process the general public will start to demand greater emphasis on WASH. They will start to understand the effects of WASH on poverty and education, both key issues for communities. Local Chief Executives will respond to this demand and by supporting the MWTF and the MWTF supporting the WSA’s, WASH will become a priority issue.
This program focuses on building the capacity of the local government, local non-governmental organizations and local communities. The development and capacity building of the Municipal WASH Task Force is crucial for various reasons.
- the government is mandated to provide WASH services for all citizens
- MWTFs can lobby for more WASH resources and financial support
- because the Philippines does not have a Water or Sanitation Department, it is important to mobilize the department representatives that have some impact on water/sanitation
- the government does not have the expertise to provide WASH services
- the government does not have the financial resources to provide WASH services
- in partnership with local communities, municipal governments can work with each village to collaborate in the planning, designing, implementing and managing WASH services and technologies
- training government engineers to design appropriate WASH technologies and support local villages to build their own systems
- creating a municipal wide WASH network that shares info and works together in municipal WASH campaigns
- building capacity of local governments and local NGOs to provide public services in partnership with local communities
- business development for local communities to implement, maintain and manage their own water systems with the support of the government
- WASH Education in local communities and municipal wide
- municipal governments collaborating with local communities to design and plan WASH technologies and educational outreach
- training communities to utilize simple water testing to identify contaminated water sources as well as determine effectiveness of water treatments
This program is to create the foundation for a municipal government in partnership with local NGOs to have the expertise and resources to support the implementation of demand driven WASH Services in local villages. The funding requested from PWX is to build capacity of the MWTF and local NGOs to pilot one local village program, that can be replicated in the other villages in the municipality. This program budget reflects the budget of half of the barangays to implement demand-driven WASH services. The funding for the other barangays will be accessed from in-country resources such as the municipal government and Filipino funders (corporate and foundations).
This amount reflects the maintenance costs for the first barangay (Maasin)
Maintenance Cost: $3,000
Prior art before metrics
Amount for 7 barangays community-driven water/sanitation program
Co Funding Amount: $180,000
Philippine funders (proposals developed and submitted by barangays after WASH Training), local government contribution
Community Contribution Amount: $35,000
Sweat labor and training attendance of participants and community volunteers
Fund Requested: $35,000
Implementing Organization: A Single Drop for Safe Water
A Single Drop for Safe Water, which is A Single Drop's first country office in the Philippines has developed an innovative WASH Community Development Social Entrepreneurial model. It has won Social Entrepreneur Awards from Schwab Foundation, Echoing Green and Ernst Young. A Single Drop Water PODS (People Offering Deliverable Services) Sustainability Program creates self-reliant community-based water organizations (PODS) that can assess their needs, design and plan a WASH program (not just a project), implement an appropriate technology as a micro-business, which can create a livelihood and self-fund it's own community development. This comprehensive program helps the PODS design their own water strategy from start to finish, ensuring community ownership and fostering local expertise. The focus is to create demand and facilitate good governance to ensure sustainability.
Access to safe water by all citizens is a basic human right and provision of safe water is the responsibility of the local government units. Due to LGUs’ overstretched financial resources and lack of qualified technicians, civil society must not only be engaged, but empowered technologically to alleviate the stress. Merging all sectors of the community not only strengthens the community, but through collective and unified action, can be a catalyst for change. For significant change to occur, the presence of a local hub for water resource expertise must be stable, sustainable and run by its own citizens.
In the Philippines alone over 12 million people do not have access to water. Natural disasters such as typhoons, monsoons, landslides, and volcanoes, as well as governance problems such as watershed mismanagement, create a breeding ground for water related diseases, such as cholera, hepatitis A and typhoid fever. Up to 58% of Philippine groundwater shared by half of the population is contaminated with coli form and needs treatment. Diarrhea caused mainly by waterborne pathogens is the highest cause of morbidity and the third-highest cause of mortality of children under five. Community water systems in disrepair, local corruption in government, substandard water resource infrastructure and the lack of Water and Sanitation Hygiene (WASH) education has stunted water services. The annual economic losses caused by water pollution are estimated at US$1.3 billion. These include US$500 million for health.
OBJECTIVES: A Single Drop has 3 main goals which all support the revitalization of communities.
1) IMPROVE COMMUNITY HEALTH – WASH Education as a core strategy to change incorrect behaviors
2) TECHNICAL AND ORGANIZATIONAL SELF RELIANCE - Empower communities with the tools and organizational skills to address their own water issues using financially, environmentally and socially sustainable practices to self-fund their community development.
3) FINANCIAL INDEPENDENCE – offer appropriate technological solutions and business strategies that are income-generating relieving their dependence on outside funding
A Single Drop creates WATER PODS franchises that serve as independent income-generating Water Education and Training Centers that can design and self-fund their own community development. We create them at the national, regional and the local level.
NATIONAL PODS ASD first supported the formation of an independent country office in the Philippines called A Single Drop for SafeWater (ASDSW) by providing the start-up funds, technologies, strategies and techniques to become an income-generating Water Education and Training Center. An ASD International Advisor who is serving as the acting Executive Director and is mentoring our full Filipino staff for 2-3 years, eventually to hand over the organization to be owned and run by them. In addition to spawning regional and local community based water service organizations, this National Water PODS has the ability to solicit their own projects and funding locally, conduct impact studies and potentially service their surrounding countries. Gemma Bulos and Kevin Lee recently won the Echoing Green Fellowship and were recognized as the “Best Emerging Social Entrepreneurs of 2007” for their innovative model creating WATER PODS.
REGIONAL WATER PODS – The regional Water PODS are existing NGOs trained by the National Water PODS to have all the strategies, technologies and expertise to conduct the PODS Sustainability Programs for their local communities. This ensures cultural appropriateness, regional knowledge and experience, and empowers an existing service organization to offer trainings in their region therefore creating a multiplier effect.
LOCAL WATER PODS- Both the National and Regional Water PODS help create local Water PODS. Local community members undergo an intensive organizational development training with the goal of creating self-sustaining water service centers that can self-fund their own community development. With this model, the organization
1) maps their resources and assesses their community situation
2) identifies the need
3) creates a common vision and unites to resolve their issues in collaboration
4) designs a 5 year Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) Action Plan to resolve all their water issues in stages
5) seeks and implements the proper solution using a micro-business co-op model, thereby taking ownership of the project from start to finish
6) implements good governance policies and strategies to ensure transparency and accountability
7) receives ASDSW’s assistance to become production facilities offering appropriate water technologies as a micro-business with a co-operative infrastructure
8) can ultimately become a Regional Water PODS by training surrounding communities
ASD TECHNOLOGY CRITERIA
1) Can be easily transferred and maintained to laypeople and/or local skilled labor
2) Uses local resources
3) Has potential for livelihood for an organization
4) Is Simple to use
5) Is sustainable and durable
1) Infuses local economy
2) Encourages community ownership
3) Accesses local resources so it keeps it affordable
4) Builds vocational and business skills
5) Community addresses their own issues