This rural water supply project will provide improved water and sanitation to over 4,735 people in Sre Tachey Village, Teuk Phos District, Kampong Chhnang Province, Cambodia. The beneficiaries will support the sustainability of water system.
The East Meets West Foundation (EMW) began working in Cambodia in early 2009 and has successfully completed one clean water project in Cambodia and over 120 community systems in Vietnam.
EMW has selected Sre Tachey village (Aphiwat Commune, Teuk Phos District) in Kampong Chhnang Province for its second Clean Water and Sanitation Project in Cambodia. Located 91 kilometers east of Phnom Penh, with a population of 472,341 people (census 2008), Kampong Chhnang is one of the poorest provinces.
The majority (63.87%) of people living in Sre Tachey village are farmers, while a few (3%) travel outside of the province regularly to do construction work or sell garments and handicrafts. The villagers are only able to farm rice during the rainy season as there is no water in the dry season. The average income per capita is around 4,000 Riels ($1.00 per day).
Based on a village assessment in May 2011, 68% of the community’s residents use toilets and the other 32% defecate openly. Thus, although many families understand basic sanitation principles, an awareness campaign about healthy water and sanitation behavior would further improve the situation. Currently, many households have less than ten meters between their well and their toilet, leading to contamination of their water supply and resulting in waterborne illnesses. In addition, there is no large canal in the village and wastewater currently runs through a small open canal that is polluting local water sources.
There are 8 wells in Sre Tachey village, but no private water sector. During the dry season the only water source is the Pumpa River, located 1 km from the village which provides untreated water to some people.
LocationSre Tachrey village, Aphiwat commune, Tuek Phos District, Kampong Chhnang Province, Cambodia
Primary Focus: Drinking Water - Households
Secondary Focus: Hygiene Education
People Getting Safe Drinking Water: 4,735
877 households in one village with approximately 4,735 people (1840 females and 2895 males)
School Children Getting Water:
People Getting Sanitation: 0
People Getting Other Benefits: 4,735
The Water Management Committee (WMC) will receive training from the Provincial Department of Rural Development (PDRD) in project management, bookkeeping, budgeting, monitoring and reporting.
In order to take full advantage of the water system, all people in the communities should be given the opportunity to participate in hygiene and sanitation awareness activities to stress the importance of hand washing and decrease the incidence of open defecation.
Start Date: 2011-09-01
Completion Date: 2012-08-31
The most sustainable solution is to install a small water treatment system that will connect all 346 households and be maintained by the community through the creation of a Water Management Committee (WMC).
A water river intake system will be constructed near the Pumpa river and the water will pass through the rapid sand filter facility by gravity flow. The filtered water will flow under the drain on the perforated pipes connecting the water as intake; finally an elevated tower will be constructed near the water treatment system and linked to the distribution system that connects to the households.
The water treatment process layout:
1. Water river intake
2. Upflow tank
3. Rapid sand filter
4. Storage tank
5. Pumped station
6. Elevated water tower
7. Production Meter
8. Distribution pipe system
9. Connected volume metric meter to households
The community will contribute the labor for laying the pipes to the houses and will use a tariff system for water usage. The water will be sold to the community at $0.50/m3, a very reasonable price that will allow the community sustained access to clean water. This price has been agreed upon by the Village Development Committee (VDC) and Commune leaders.
This project will be implemented in compliance with the by-laws developed by the WMC and EMW, which delineate the roles and responsibilities of the various parties involved. A participatory approach will be used during the implementation process to ensure all stakeholders’ involvement (PDRD, CC, District and community) at all project levels located in the commune.
The WMC will work under the direction of EMW’s program manager and the PDRD technical officers to coordinate and manage the project. The WMC will be publicly elected and include people from both villages. The WMC will receive training and support in the financial and operational management and maintenance of the village water system and will work within the jointly created by-laws of the project.
(please see attached Implementation Timeline for more details)
The project will be divided into 4 phases.
Phase 1 – Initial system set-up and connection of 290 HHs (33% of total)
Phase 2 – Connection of another 290 HHs (33% of total)
Phase 3 – Connection of final 297 HHs (33% of total)
In order to ensure the sustainability of the system a WMC will be established. The WMC will consist of the following three members:
1. Chairman, in charge of water management plan;
2. Vice Chairman, in charge of finance; and
3. Secretary, in charge of general administration.
The WMC will be elected by and from among the project beneficiaries. The program staff will assist in establishing WMC by-laws that delineate the roles and responsibilities of all parties. The WMC and village representatives will work closely with EMW.
The water system will be fully handed over to the WMC after year one of operation.
This project is not directly connected to a government program but its goals are officially supported by all levels of the government, including the Commune Council (CC) and the Provincial Rural Development (PRD). EMW will work to build relationships with the CC and PRD in order to receive support and assistance prior to and throughout the project. EMW will also conduct program orientation for the CC, the community and all relevant stakeholders to inform them of EMW’s current and future work in the country and region.
To enhance the benefits of the water systems and ensure sustainability, EMW provides training for the local WMC in operations and maintenance, financial management and community environmental hygiene and sanitation. Partnerships are formed with local authorities and international agencies to share experiences about design, management, operations, maintenance and financing to constantly improve the quality and efficiency of the program.
In order to maintain the water system, families will pay $0.50/1m3 of water they use, which will pay for monitoring and repairing the system. The WMC will fully manage the logistical and financial aspects of the community system after the first year of operation. The WMC will work in accordance with the by-laws created in conjunction with EMW during the establishment of the program. These will include weekly and monthly monitoring of the system.
Maintenance Cost: $1,440
Prior art before metrics
see attached budget
Co Funding Amount:
Community Contribution Amount: $8,040
In-kind labor for household connections, purchase of volume metric meter per household and usage fees.