GWWI partners with Mukono Women's AIDS Task Force (MWATF), Katosi Women's Development Trust (KWDT) and Uganda Community Based Association for Child Welfare (UCOBAC) creating BSF and VIP toilets (UCOBAC) projects in Central Uganda
The basic problem in most rural and peri-urban areas in Uganda can lack of access to safe water and sanitation . Many homes house elderly members of communities responsible for the caretaking of orphans although have access to water, it is not safe. Also, they cannot afford proper sanitation. Also, because of the AIDS crisis, a generation of working class has been decreased and many older people, widows and orphaned youth ultimately become the primary caregivers and responsible for the surviving children. Provision of training and financial assistance to women-led households has proven to be a viable way to contribute to improved welfare of families in the Ugandan context.
LocationMukono, Katosi and Kampala, Kampala and Mukono, Uganda
Primary Focus: Capacity Building
Secondary Focus: Drinking Water - Households
People Getting Safe Drinking Water: 5,600
At least 100 households and 10 schools will receive Biosand Filters for Safe Water
School Children Getting Water: 28
4 KWDT households will receive rainwater harvesting and ferro cement tanks
People Getting Sanitation: 860
UCOBAC will install a VIP latrines (6 in each school; 2 for boys, 2 for girls, 2 for teachers) in 2 schools
People Getting Other Benefits: 6,140
6120 people will get WASH Education; 860 will get tippy tap handwashing stations; 20 people will have livelihoods.
Application Type: Program Funding
Start Date: 2011-08-01
Completion Date: 2012-05-01
The BioSand Filter is a household point-of-use water treatment that provides up to 150liters of clean water per day, removing 90-100% of biological contaminants. Everyday an average family will have enough clean water for drinking, cooking and cleaning, reducing the risk of water related diseases. In schools, it provides enough drinking and hand-washing water for up to 100 children per filter. It is simple and easy to maintain, even for the children! It is also an entry point into the community to introduce good hygiene and sanitation practices as well as water resource protection and management. The BSF can be made locally by trained citizens using local resources.
The VIP or Ventilated Improved Pit Latrine in areas where open defecation is practiced, can create a storage for human waste to reduce the risk of water contamination for nearby water sources.
The leaders spearheading these 3 projects in 3 different parts of Central Uganda are women. Currently, GWWI has been conducting an intensive multi-week training working closely with the women to build their capacity to strengthen their existing WASH programs. This entails deepening their understanding about the interdependence of WASH (water, sanitation and hygiene) and create a vision of improved health and opportunity in their communities by offering the BSF to those in need - conduct community surveys to collect baseline data - map resources and conduct needs assessments - construct, install, maintain and promote the BSF - design a strategic and business plan to promote and sell/subsidize the BSFs - conduct WASH Education and Outreach in their communities - design social marketing campaigns to promote and sell the filters - run a WASH Education Center and BSF production facility as a small business - mobilize and/or engage with the local health officials for coordinated outreach. The BSF program began a year ago when the women attended BSF trainings conducted in Uganda. Each organization conducted a BSF pilot project having installed 10-15 filters in select households and schools to - assess user satisfaction and challenges - create demand through social marketing through WASH Education - refine their business and marketing plan - establish their production facility - create a construction/outreach/follow-up schedule - test the water to ensure BSF effectiveness - conduct community WASH Education seminars - identify the most needy householders and schools to implement the next round of BSFs for this funding request
Each women's team will have enough funding to build 50 filters each. 10 will go to schools, and 40 will be implemented in impoverished households, like grandmothers taking care of orphans. The requested program funding would subsidize the filters so the women to make the BSFs available to the most needy. The recipients would offer - supervised sweat labor for some of the more insignificant tasks - sliding scale to pay for what they can afford for the filter - at least 2 family members to attend at least 2 WASH Education seminars.
UCOBAC will also be installing VIPs in the most needy households with single grandmothers having to take care of orphaned grandchildren. By the start time of the project, UCOBAC will have completed and piloted the VIP in their community after having received a formal training and the East African Women and Water Training as well as a customized community VIP refresher training and construction.
KWDT, named the Best Performing WASH NGO in Uganda, will be implementing more household Rainwater Harvesting and Ferro cement tanks for women-led households in Katosi. KWDTs unique model in working with women's circles and training the local women to build each other's ferro cement tank is replicable and sustainable. The KWDT women's circles raise money through "Merry-Go-Rounds", where members contribute a fixed amount per month and one woman will receive the full month's contribution to invest in a RWH system. KWDT will also invest in the woman's RWH system so they can reach their financial goal.
Phase 1: a) Multi week Biosand Filter Training for MWATF, KWDT and UCOBAC in August 2010 covering BSF construction, M&E, WASH Resource Inventory and Needs Assessments and microbusiness development. b) Holistic WASH training for KWDT to support the desig
GWWI has vetted and trained each of the 3 organizations included in this grant. They each have had success implementing projects in their communities ranging from Rainwater harvesting, toilets (Ecosan and VIP), ferro cement tanks, tippy taps for schools etc. The BSF is an added technology for all three organizations to add to their stable of services for their constituents. The VIP is an added technology for UCOBAC. And the RWH and ferro cement construction, although already being implemented in Katosi by women's groups, were implemented adhoc, with little considerations for creating a closed loop system for other technologies/strategies like greywater reuse and ecosan toilets.
Each of the organizations are over 5 years old and have strong ties to the communities with long term volunteer focal points who assist in liasioning, mobilizing and sensitizing local citizens.
During the current training, GWWI facilitates a government engagement workshop that includes partnering with local water sanitation committees, local health officials to conduct water testing with the women. Each of the organizations has various levels of engagement with local government officials. Some of them have deep long term partnerships and others have good relationships based on their contributions to the communities.
Job skills - the women in all three organizations will add BSF construction to their stable of existing services. UCOBAC will add the VIP technology, and KWDT will begin designing first phase RWH with ferro cement tanks in preparation for other technologies like greywater reuse and Ecosan toilets.
social marketing strategies - using WASH education to promote the filter and other WASH Technologies
water testing using the Portable Microbiology Lab- using proven water testing methods as indicators for levels of contamination that requires no labs or technicians to conduct
GWWI will be supporting, supervising and managing the oversight and coaching of the women as they role out their respective projects.
All three projects are within a 45 minute-2 hour distance from each other. They have all attended technology and capacity building trainings together and can create a much needed best practices and info exchange with each other.
BSFs require no maintenance, however each BSF installation will require at least 4 visits/year to ensure that the filter is accepted and working well and to conduct water tests.
Also, each organization will conduct a monthly WASH Education seminar for new and potential users
- building capacity of the households to maintain their BSFs.
- creating BSF microbusinesses
- Merry-go-round community funding
WASH education a primary component of the program
Maintenance Cost: $100
Prior art before metrics
$12,000 for BSFs
$ 5,000 for RWH with Ferro cement tanks (8000liters)
$ 3000 for VIPS with Tippy Taps
$5000 for Portable Microbiology Labs
$16,000 Trainings and Pilot Programs
Co Funding Amount: $18,000
$16000 training costs
$2000 community contribution
Community Contribution Amount: $1,500
Fund Requested: $21,500
Implementing Organization: MWATF, UCOBAC and KWDT
Mukono Women’s Aids Task Force (MWATF) is a Women Development Organization Based in Maternity Village, Mukono Town Council in Mukono District. MWATF was established in Oct 27th, 1997 with the views of helping women who are single mothers, needy women and children, people living with HIV /AIDS (PLWHAs), youth, people with disability (PWD), elderly and environment protection. The major aim is to improve and develop the standards of living, spiritually, socially, economically, and culturally. knowledge, skills and talents they have to start and run project so far embarked on. MWATF builds ferro cement tanks, RWH, cisterns and biodigesters.
Katosi Women Development Trust (KWDT) is a non governmental organization with an aim of improving the general living standards of poor, rural peasant communities of Ntenjeru and Nakisunga sub counties in Mukono District. Evolving out of the success of Katosi Women Fishing & Development Association, KWDT currently networks 13 women groups. The 13 years of existence have enabled KWDT reach out to communities through disadvantaged women. KWDT was awarded the Best Performing NGO Award in Uganda! The KWDT Integrated WATSAN program was initiated in 2002 after a baseline survey that revealed disastrous water and hygiene situation for the fishing community.90% of the fishing community depended on contaminated water of Lake Victoria which was shared between people and animals.75% of the population lacked Latrines, excreta management and hygiene practices were poor. The aim of the program is to increase access to safe clean water, improve sanitation and hygiene through behavioral change so as to reduce prevalence of poor Water, Hygiene and Sanitation Diseases. Supported by various partners, the Integrated WATSAN program has expanded to include Domestic and community rain water harvesting, Ecological Sanitation Latrine construction, Ventilated Improved Latrine construction, Water source protection, Hygiene and sanitation promotion through hygiene, Demonstration trainings, extension support, school sanitation and hygiene promotion. These activities are reinforced by Operation and Maintenance trainings, Water user committees and community masons training, Training of Trainers in Hygiene promotion, Child to child approach in hygiene promotion and training of Hand pump mechanics.
UCOBAC with other development partners have been working with organised communities of the rural areas in Mityana district, Uganda since 1994. The proposed intervention is just a continuation of UCOBAC work and utilises the experience gained from past work. In all UCOBAC interventions in communities, water issues stand out. Communities always cry out on water issues since "Water IS Life" to everybody!