plan 386Provide Safe Drinking Water in Vadaagaram Village & Sanitation facility in Endiyur Village of Marakkanam Block of Villupuram District, Tamil Nadu.

Summary

A water treatment plant will install in the rural village with women SHG members participation to supply the bacterial & chemical free water to the families in the village (as per ISI standard).
The purified drinking water will be tested to ensure the qu

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Background

The Ponnaiyar, the Malattar and the Gadilam are the major rivers draining the district.
The Ponnaiyar River flows from northwest to east in the district.
The Varaganadhi is also known as the Gingee River and drains the parts of Gingee and Vanur
taluks of this district. 16617 ordinary wells and 24885 tube wells in two blocks of Vanur & Marakanam

The depth to piezometric surface ranged from 2.8 to 11.25 m bgl during Pre monsoon and
0.5 to 6.35 m bgl during post monsoon. The yield of bore wells in favorable locations
vary from <1 to 6 lps.

The incidence of high total
hardness is attributed to the composition of litho units constituting the aquifers in the
district, whereas nitrate pollution is most likely due to use of fertilizers and other
improper waste disposal.

Palmyra NGO, Auroville – We have already installed 3 bacterial free water treatment plant with the support of donor agency in 3 villages. This activity is continuing in 5th year. Apart from that we also installed saline water treatment plant in Koyalmedu village in the year 2009, still is is being used by the community.

We have also constructed about 100 ecosan toilets in the coastal villages and also in the agricultural area in Vanur & Marakkanam Blocks of Villupuram district. In coastal area, 95% of the families are using where as in the agricultural area only 70% are using. The sanitation activity carried under donor agency with government support (DRDA & UNICEF).

The Tamilnadu region is supposed to have plentiful water resources because of good rainfall. The annual rainfall of about 1200 mm in about 50 rainy days is received from
both the southwest and northeast monsoons.

Location

Village, Villupuram, India

Attachments

  • Xls PWX_Revi...
  • Xls PWX_Revi...
  • Doc SDW_Eval...
  • Docx RO_Plant...
  • Doc SDW_Eval...

Focus

Primary Focus: Drinking Water - Community
Secondary Focus: Sanitation - Households

People Getting Safe Drinking Water: 500

500 community members will get safe water from plant and 100 household will get clean and safe drinking water through water treatment plant.

School Children Getting Water: 200

Do water analysis to find the problem in the village.
Discuss with village panchayath to get their concurrence.
Water treatment plant will be installed in the village where the water is contaminated.
1treatment plant will be installed in the village and almost >100 families will get benefits.
300 adults and 200 children will get benefit from the activity under PWX.

People Getting Sanitation: 150

25 families
100 adults and 50 children in the family.
Selection of families will be organized based on the interest from the individual family through self help group members, availability of space, cash contribution, willingness to cooperate, etc.

People Getting Other Benefits: 1,000

More than 1000 community members will be getting benefit in terms of new knowledge and information on sanitation, safe handling of water, usage of toilet.

Application Type: Project Funding

Start Date: 2011-08-15

Completion Date: 2012-07-15

Technology Used:

Project will install water treatment plant, and toilets in the area to facilitate the community members by assisting them to get safe drinking water, sanitation facilities and build their capacity to enhance their life standards by adopting safe sanitation facility in the villages.
The project will establish technology operation and maintenance of plant. Sanitation which is not new concept or technology but needs promotion in the area to prevent the air, water and land.

Project have implement the project on installation of plant, toilet and we find results are good and accepted by the community.
We got demands from the neighboring villages to establish and teach the technology in their villages.

Phases:

Project will be done in one phase and funding can come in two parts, other half can be release after reviewing half year report.

Community Organization:

The community will be organized by forming WATSAN committees; it will be consist of at least 12 members drawn from every section of society so as to represent every strata of the village at equal level. The foremost task of WATSAN committee is to mobilize the masses and reach every nook and corner. They will start working from the day one and will be responsible for the mobilization, home visit and meeting with the community. Further WATSAN committee member will educate masses for the hygienic lifestyle and how everybody can contribute for ecological sustainability.

The WATSAN committee member will consist of-

1. Village Panchayath Representation
2. Self Help Group Members – Representation
3. User Group Members
4. Village level OHT Operator
5. Purified Water distributor
6. One School Teacher
7. One Medical officer.
8. One field worker (NGO)

Government Interaction:

Project will work closely with DRDA (District rural development Agency, Villupuram Dt.) government department.

Ancillary activities:

1. Activities to be carried out:

a. Formation of watsan committees in 2 villages.

b. Awareness building / workshops for all the families about the benefit of using toilets and instruction in how to use them.

c. Awareness building campaigns in schools and community on safe handling of water.

d. Install 1 water treatment plant in 1 village

e. Install 25 toilets in 1 village

f. Link people with DRDA to build toilets.

g. Cleaning actions in the villages to eliminate stagnant water and manage solid waste.

h. Education of women in Self Help Groups in personal hygiene and how to use human waste as resources and promote kitchen garden

i. Book keeping

j. Resource Management

k. Initial survey and impact assessment.

l. Government institutions and private corporations will be invited to give their support for the project.

Other Issues:

Project will facilitate the community to receive Rs.2500/- per toilet from DRDA.
And will get individual beneficiary contribution for each toilet.

In the area DRDA is suppose to Rs2500/- to each house old and this money has been disburse to the community in papers but it has not reach to the community, project will be working closely to the community and department to solve the problem and facilitate the money to build new toilets in the area.

Maintenance Revenue:

The collected water cess will be deposited in the bank account which will be used in the 2nd year onwards.
Approach other private institution to support for operator salary cost may be for the first year or rotation basis beneficiary will work for it.
For sanitation, women and children will use it definitely, to convince the men to use the toilet through awareness program under the capacity building.
After completion of the work, the WATSAN committee will meet at least 2 months in once to review about the activity progress in the field. 7500 $ is mentioned for maximum of 6 years period

Maintenance Cost: $1,100

Metrics:

Prior art before metrics

Cost: $31,913

Total cost is 31913 US$. 10% (average) is community contribution i.e. 2917 US$. Remaining 27609 is requested grant from PWX. Can get DRDA fund for 25 toilets i.e. 1389 US$

Co Funding Amount: $1,389

DRDA fund for 25 toilets i.e. 1389 US$

Community Contribution Amount: $2,917

10% contribution is 667 US$ for Drinking water project and 30% contribution is 2250 US$ = Total 2917 $ which around 10% is beneficiary contribution

Fund Requested: $27,607

Implementing Organization:

Attachments

  • Xls PWX_Revi...
  • Xls PWX_Revi...
  • Doc SDW_Eval...
  • Docx RO_Plant...
  • Doc SDW_Eval...
  • 2 participants | show more

    Thomas Palgadhmal of Watershed Organization Trust

    It appears that the project villages are from the coastal area, where the drinking water is contaminated due to nitrate, waste disposal and incidents of high hardness in the water. Therefore, Palmyra intends to provide bacterial & chemical free water to the community. Kindly provide the following information - 1. The major rivers and sta...

    It appears that the project villages are from the coastal area, where the drinking water is contaminated due to nitrate, waste disposal and incidents of high hardness in the water. Therefore, Palmyra intends to provide bacterial & chemical free water to the community. Kindly provide the following information -
    1. The major rivers and status of underground water table of the district is stated, but is the same situation applied at the micro level in selected two villages?
    2. The description of the village community / target group, such as their main occupation, caste, living conditions, problems of the area, economic status etc.
    3. Information about the present situation of the drinking water, i.e. availability of water sources, whether they fetch water from open wells / hand-pumps or existing piped scheme etc. Since you have proposed installation of water treatment plant, we understand that the same will be installed on the existing water supply scheme. Could you please explain about the water treatment plant?
    4. It would be helpful if you could furnish the detailed activity wise budget, so as to get clarity of the proposed activities.
    5. You have proposed the construction of eco-san toilets. The cost of the eco-san toilet is quite high compared to the common pit model. Is there any special reason for the same?
    6. Out of 100 households, about 25 have sanitation facilities. You have proposed to construct 25 units. What is the plan for sanitation for the remaining families?
    7. You are planning to avail the subsidy of Rs. 2,500/- for the construction of toilets per family from the DRDA. As per my knowledge, the DRDA provides subsidies only to the BPL families. Are all the families are below poverty line? If yes, the cost of eco-san toilet is very high (Rs.12000 to 15000), then how will the BPL families manage such high contribution?
    8. The per person cost of the project works out to more than 55$. It seems very high. Could you please justify how such high assistance can be given?
    9. The maintenance cost of $7500 is also high i.e.; $75 (Rs. 3375/-) per family per year. How will you ensure the collection of the maintenance cost

    Thanks
    Thomas

    • Juergen Puetz of PALMYRA

      Dear Sir, Thank You for your comments. We already installed 5 safe drinking water plant in the area of pondy to Tindivanam road and one village which is 10 kilometer away from the seashore. In 4 villages we fixed bacterial and chemical free plant and RO plant is installed in one village where the salinity is very high. The propos...

      Dear Sir,

      Thank You for your comments.

      We already installed 5 safe drinking water plant in the area of pondy to Tindivanam road and one village which is 10 kilometer away from the seashore. In 4 villages we fixed bacterial and chemical free plant and RO plant is installed in one village where the salinity is very high.

      The proposed project area is nearer to seashore where the water quality is unsatisfactory for drinking purpose. We will do the analysis and fix the suitable RO plant for the community.

      The bore well is the main source for the water supply which is stored in the big OHT, the water supplies through street taps for drinking, bathing,etc.

      Detailed activity budget is enclosed for your kind information.

      Palmyra has built septic tank module toilet as well as eco san toilet in the project area. Eco-san is built in coastal area. Flush type toilet is built in agriculture area in Vanur & Marakkanam block. The people expect septic tank toilet module for agriculture area. The estimate is given for flush type not for eco san toilet.

      In the village atleast 5% of the families are having toilet facility. We will construct 25 toilets in the village which will boost the other people to involve in sanitation facility.

      In general, 80% of the families are belongs to the BPL family in the rural area. The Tamilnadu government is promoting the sanitation facility for the rural people. All these beneficiaries will definetly get the subsidy from the government through Palmyra and SHGs.

      The maintenance cost is mainly mentioned for safe drinking water project. While the plant is eracted, the revenue will be collected from the beneficiaries and keep it in the bank account in the user group name. This revenue will be used as maintenance cost for the further period for sustainable function of the activity.

      Thank you,

      Dhanam

  • 2 participants | show more

    Water for other purposes

    Rajesh Shah of Blue Planet Network

    Are there going to be 2 water supplies? One for drinking and one for all other uses? I realize its your first time in the PWX Q&A and it can get busy. Looking forward to a response to this and Thomas' questions above. Regards, Rajesh

    Are there going to be 2 water supplies?

    One for drinking and one for all other uses?

    I realize its your first time in the PWX Q&A and it can get busy.
    Looking forward to a response to this and Thomas' questions above.

    Regards,
    Rajesh

    • Juergen Puetz of PALMYRA

      Yes Sir, Purified water will be stored in one new syntex tank or cement tank. The people will come and collect the purified water for drinking purpose only. Thanks, Dhanam

      Yes Sir,

      Purified water will be stored in one new syntex tank or cement tank. The people will come and collect the purified water for drinking purpose only.

      Thanks,

      Dhanam

  • 3 participants | show more

    Technology and Costs

    Rajesh Shah of Blue Planet Network

    What is the exact purification technology? Is it membrane (RO) based? Or UV? Or water softening? Please provide a more detailed budget for the project. Thanks, Rajesh

    What is the exact purification technology?

    Is it membrane (RO) based? Or UV? Or water softening?

    Please provide a more detailed budget for the project.

    Thanks,
    Rajesh

    • Juergen Puetz of PALMYRA

      Respected Sir, I attached the previous activity report of CFLI - you please refer page no.22. It will give you explanation about the RO Plant. Thanks, Dhanam

      Respected Sir,

      I attached the previous activity report of CFLI - you please refer page no.22.

      It will give you explanation about the RO Plant.

      Thanks,

      Dhanam

      • Juergen Puetz of PALMYRA

        Dear Sir, I have attached 2 reports in the application form. One is about the RO plant which is implemented under CFLI project in one remore village is called Koyalmedu. The other one is safe drinking water project which was funded by AVALOKITA &BWNI, Holland. The detailed evaluation report is also attached. Could you pl. guide ...

        Dear Sir,

        I have attached 2 reports in the application form. One is about the RO plant which is implemented under CFLI project in one remore village is called Koyalmedu.

        The other one is safe drinking water project which was funded by AVALOKITA &BWNI, Holland. The detailed evaluation report is also attached.

        Could you pl. guide me what would be the next step.

        Thanks,

        Dhanam

        • Thomas Palgadhmal of Watershed Organization Trust

          Thanks Dhanam for your clarification and unit cost of toilet construction and the evaluation report. Looking at the total cost of Rs. 22,000 it is very high for the BPL families. If the above cost is subsidized substantially under the govt. scheme then it is OK. We would like to share our experience with you. In our area, the unit cost...

          Thanks Dhanam for your clarification and unit cost of toilet construction and the evaluation report. Looking at the total cost of Rs. 22,000 it is very high for the BPL families. If the above cost is subsidized substantially under the govt. scheme then it is OK.

          We would like to share our experience with you. In our area, the unit cost of toilet is between Rs. 10,000 to 12,000. Out of which the subsidy of Rs. 2,200 can be availed from govt. by BPL families. Even though the BPL families find it very difficult to mobilize the balance funds.

          All the best
          Thomas

      • Thomas Palgadhmal of Watershed Organization Trust

        Thanks Dhanam for your clarification and unit cost of toilet construction and the evaluation report. Looking at the total cost of Rs. 22,000 it is very high for the BPL families. If the above cost is subsidized substantially under the govt. scheme then it is OK. We would like to share our experience with you. In our area, the unit cost...

        Thanks Dhanam for your clarification and unit cost of toilet construction and the evaluation report. Looking at the total cost of Rs. 22,000 it is very high for the BPL families. If the above cost is subsidized substantially under the govt. scheme then it is OK.

        We would like to share our experience with you. In our area, the unit cost of toilet is between Rs. 10,000 to 12,000. Out of which the subsidy of Rs. 2,200 can be availed from govt. by BPL families. Even though the BPL families find it very difficult to mobilize the balance funds.

        All the best
        Thomas

    • Juergen Puetz of PALMYRA

      Dear Sir, I have attached 2 reports in the application form. One is about the RO plant which is implemented under CFLI project in one remore village is called Koyalmedu. The other one is safe drinking water project which was funded by AVALOKITA &BWNI, Holland. The detailed evaluation report is also attached. Could you pl. guide ...

      Dear Sir,

      I have attached 2 reports in the application form. One is about the RO plant which is implemented under CFLI project in one remore village is called Koyalmedu.

      The other one is safe drinking water project which was funded by AVALOKITA &BWNI, Holland. The detailed evaluation report is also attached.

      Could you pl. guide me what would be the next step.

      Thanks,

      Dhanam

      • Thomas Palgadhmal of Watershed Organization Trust

        Thanks Dhanam for your clarification and unit cost of toilet construction and the evaluation report. Looking at the total cost of Rs. 22,000 it is very high for the BPL families. If the above cost is subsidized substantially under the govt. scheme then it is OK. We would like to share our experience with you. In our area, the unit cost...

        Thanks Dhanam for your clarification and unit cost of toilet construction and the evaluation report. Looking at the total cost of Rs. 22,000 it is very high for the BPL families. If the above cost is subsidized substantially under the govt. scheme then it is OK.

        We would like to share our experience with you. In our area, the unit cost of toilet is between Rs. 10,000 to 12,000. Out of which the subsidy of Rs. 2,200 can be availed from govt. by BPL families. Even though the BPL families find it very difficult to mobilize the balance funds.

        All the best
        Thomas

    • Thomas Palgadhmal of Watershed Organization Trust

      Thanks Dhanam for your clarification and unit cost of toilet construction and the evaluation report. Looking at the total cost of Rs. 22,000 it is very high for the BPL families. If the above cost is subsidized substantially under the govt. scheme then it is OK. We would like to share our experience with you. In our area, the unit cost...

      Thanks Dhanam for your clarification and unit cost of toilet construction and the evaluation report. Looking at the total cost of Rs. 22,000 it is very high for the BPL families. If the above cost is subsidized substantially under the govt. scheme then it is OK.

      We would like to share our experience with you. In our area, the unit cost of toilet is between Rs. 10,000 to 12,000. Out of which the subsidy of Rs. 2,200 can be availed from govt. by BPL families. Even though the BPL families find it very difficult to mobilize the balance funds.

      All the best
      Thomas

  • 2 participants | show more

    Chitra Chaudhuri of Gram Vikas

    Hi Dhanam, The question / answer session has provided clarity to the project, what I would like to understand more is how would the community manage the maintenance fund, which seems high? What is the role of the WATSAN committee vis a vis SHG members who would run the plant? sorry for coming late on the questions. chitra

    Hi Dhanam,

    The question / answer session has provided clarity to the project, what I would like to understand more is how would the community manage the maintenance fund, which seems high?

    What is the role of the WATSAN committee vis a vis SHG members who would run the plant?

    sorry for coming late on the questions.
    chitra

    • Juergen Puetz of PALMYRA

      Dear Chitra, You question is very valid. We do the following steps for providing the safe drinking water 1. Discussion with the PRI, Women groups, WUA, Schools and Health department. 2. Do the water analysis. 3. Formation of Safe drinking water user group. 4. Fixation of price by the users as revenue 5. Open a joint bank ...

      Dear Chitra,

      You question is very valid.

      We do the following steps for providing the safe drinking water

      1. Discussion with the PRI, Women groups, WUA, Schools and Health department.
      2. Do the water analysis.
      3. Formation of Safe drinking water user group.
      4. Fixation of price by the users as revenue
      5. Open a joint bank account to keep the cess amount
      6. Plant eraction with suitable place, electricity, water supply, etc.
      7. Eraction of plant.
      8. Collection of water cess while supply the water either daily/monthly through card system.
      9. Deposit the money in the bank account for further maintenance.

      One family may pay Rs.50 x 10 months = 500. If 100 families pay Rs.500x100 = 50000 cess amount will be collected in a year. This amount will be used for operater salary cost, maintenance of the resources. it is not easy to collect even single rupee from the beneficiary, they say the government is giving free of cost, why should I pay the water cess. It is our responsibility to explain them through awareness program, exposure visit, vishual pictures, etc about the expenditure incured due to water borne disease.

      During the end of the project period, slowly the PIA will withdraw from the activity and handed over the asset to the User Group with appropriate resolution.

      Thanks,
      Dhanam

      • Chitra Chaudhuri of Gram Vikas

        Thanks Dhanam for the reply. So within what time is there a break even of the cost of installing the water purification? chitra

        Thanks Dhanam for the reply. So within what time is there a break even of the cost of installing the water purification?
        chitra

        • Juergen Puetz of PALMYRA

          Thank You Chitra. The break even of the cost of installing the water purification is: Savings water born related disease cost / family = Rs.500 *100*3yrs= Rs.1,50,000 Collection of Water cess for Operation and Maintenance cost = Rs.5000*3years*10months = Rs.1,50,000 The break even of the cost of water treatment plant will be covered in 3...

          Thank You Chitra.

          The break even of the cost of installing the water purification is:

          Savings water born related disease cost / family = Rs.500 *100*3yrs= Rs.1,50,000
          Collection of Water cess for Operation and Maintenance cost = Rs.5000*3years*10months = Rs.1,50,000
          The break even of the cost of water treatment plant will be covered in 3 years period.

          Thanks,
          Dhanam

      • Juergen Puetz of PALMYRA

        Thank You Chitra. The break even of the cost of installing the water purification is: Savings water born related disease cost / family = Rs.500 *100*3yrs= Rs.1,50,000 Collection of Water cess for Operation and Maintenance cost = Rs.5000*3years*10months = Rs.1,50,000 The break even of the cost of water treatment plant will be covered in 3...

        Thank You Chitra.

        The break even of the cost of installing the water purification is:

        Savings water born related disease cost / family = Rs.500 *100*3yrs= Rs.1,50,000
        Collection of Water cess for Operation and Maintenance cost = Rs.5000*3years*10months = Rs.1,50,000
        The break even of the cost of water treatment plant will be covered in 3 years period.

        Thanks,
        Dhanam

    • Chitra Chaudhuri of Gram Vikas

      Thanks Dhanam for the reply. So within what time is there a break even of the cost of installing the water purification? chitra

      Thanks Dhanam for the reply. So within what time is there a break even of the cost of installing the water purification?
      chitra

      • Juergen Puetz of PALMYRA

        Thank You Chitra. The break even of the cost of installing the water purification is: Savings water born related disease cost / family = Rs.500 *100*3yrs= Rs.1,50,000 Collection of Water cess for Operation and Maintenance cost = Rs.5000*3years*10months = Rs.1,50,000 The break even of the cost of water treatment plant will be covered in 3...

        Thank You Chitra.

        The break even of the cost of installing the water purification is:

        Savings water born related disease cost / family = Rs.500 *100*3yrs= Rs.1,50,000
        Collection of Water cess for Operation and Maintenance cost = Rs.5000*3years*10months = Rs.1,50,000
        The break even of the cost of water treatment plant will be covered in 3 years period.

        Thanks,
        Dhanam

    • Juergen Puetz of PALMYRA

      Thank You Chitra. The break even of the cost of installing the water purification is: Savings water born related disease cost / family = Rs.500 *100*3yrs= Rs.1,50,000 Collection of Water cess for Operation and Maintenance cost = Rs.5000*3years*10months = Rs.1,50,000 The break even of the cost of water treatment plant will be covered in 3...

      Thank You Chitra.

      The break even of the cost of installing the water purification is:

      Savings water born related disease cost / family = Rs.500 *100*3yrs= Rs.1,50,000
      Collection of Water cess for Operation and Maintenance cost = Rs.5000*3years*10months = Rs.1,50,000
      The break even of the cost of water treatment plant will be covered in 3 years period.

      Thanks,
      Dhanam

  • Rating: 8

    review by (only shown to members)

    The project tries to address the issue of water and sanitation through technology interventions and institution process and it seems that they have put in effort to really explain all the questions raised that had helped clarify the project .

  • Rating: 8

    review by (only shown to members)

    he project builds upon past success, which is a strong precedent and predictor of future success. However, the cost-benefit ratio for output (500) and cost ($27,607) could be stronger. The treatment plant absorbs most of the cost, which should be scaled to provide higher output somehow. The biggest question is the maintence cost at $7,500 which is a big concern when only approximately $2,700 can be raised as community contribution in the first place.

  • Rating: 4

    review by (only shown to members)

    Roughly speaking, schemes that provide plenty of water of good quality are relatively expensive and schemes which filter the water either require filtering units that are quite large and involved or are small house units that provide little water every day if they are really efficient at purifying. The scheme provided here claims to purify water within a very small surface or volume (though it is not at all explicit about the yearly yiell of one of these units. The quantity of water that a family disposes of is as important as its quality and so the output of these individualo filters is a critial parameter.
    My opinion is that its effectiveness is not documented (only asserted) and given the technical details provided these claims are unlikely to be for real.

  • Rating: 7

    review by (only shown to members)

    This is Palmyra's first application so the interactivity needs to be a learning experience.

    I thought the solution was too hi-tech until i realized the density that the project is working in and its much a peri-urban than a rural setting (compared to the rest of the project areas in PWX).

  • Rating: 7

    review by (only shown to members)

    The rating is based on the history of installation of previous water treatment plants one of which was for salinity control and the history of ecosan composting toilets installations. Did not have time to ask questions on this application, but would have asked about water table stability for well.

  • Rating: 5

    review by (only shown to members)

    Replies not recd yet.
    All the best for the project implementation.

Name Status Completion Date Amount Assigned
Provide Sanitation facility in Endiyur Village of Marakkanam Block of Villupuram District, Tamil Nadu. Complete - Successful Mar 2013 $11,500