11 families have a need for a nearby source of clean water and 20 families have a need for sanitation. Families will build 20 Double Pit VIP latrines and a centrally located well will be drilled in the community.
Tule Oriental Central is a rural community about 11 miles from the town of Camoapa. There is a big need for water and sanitation implementation in this area. They are currently collecting water from waterholes which are open and unprotected from contamination. It is especially difficult to collect water in the rainy season as it makes the steep path very slippery. About 1/3 of the community (20 families) are without a latrine or a sanitary place to go to the bathroom.
The people of Tule Oriental are mainly subsistence farmers growing beans and corn. They work odd jobs washing clothes and as day-laborers.
Tule Oriental has not previously received assistance from El Porvenir. In 1990 they received 30 latrines from an unknown project which are now in bad shape and in 2010 20 families received latrines from the Social Investment Emergency Fund (FISE).
LocationCamoapa, Boaco, Nicaragua
Primary Focus: Drinking Water - Community
Secondary Focus: Sanitation - Households
People Getting Safe Drinking Water: 52
11 families (27 adults, 20 adolescents, 5 children)
School Children Getting Water: 118
The school doesn't have a water source and this well will be installed 30 meters from the school so it will benefit the children as well.
People Getting Sanitation: 135
People Getting Other Benefits: 55
There are 55 families in Tule Oriental Central according to our community survey. Though, not every family is in need of a latrine, they will all benefit from health and hygiene education, reforestation which will increase the aquifer recharge rate, and the community clean up days.
Start Date: 2011-09-10
Completion Date: 2012-05-31
El Porvenir has over 20 years of experience helping rural Nicaraguan communities build appropriate technology (wells, latrines, community washing stations, and fuel efficient stoves) as well as providing communities with the tools they need to manage their water, sanitation and forestry resources. The methodology of El Porvenir is based on three key principles: (a) community empowerment through active participation and ownership in all aspects of the project, (b) creation of sustainable organizations in the community to manage resources in the long term, and (c) focus on appropriate technology made from low-cost locally available materials that can be maintained by the community.
El Porvenir projects are demand driven, i.e. the local office of all Nicaraguan staff responds to requests from the community. Once staff verifies the need and feasibility of the project. Funds are sought. The municipal authorities and the local community also contribute towards project materials usually by purchasing or collecting local materials. When the remaining funds are available, the construction phase can begin.
The community learns how to build and maintain sanitation infrastructure themselves.
-Construction materials are purchased and transported to the community by truck and animals
-El Porvenir provides training and technical assistance to the community in construction, maintenance and repair of latrines
-The community builds latrines (hand dig two pits per latrine to depth of 6 feet/2 meters, line with rocks, bricks or stones, install precast concrete slab and box seat, create walls and roof from zinc panels, install ventilation tube).
The superstructure shells are made of zinc and metal, so as to be easily reused (and moved) when the first pit fills. In a similar way, both pits can be reused as one fills.
El Porvenir mainly works with hand dug wells which are dug by the community. El Porvenir offers their technical expertise throughout the process and trains the community members how to repair and maintain the well.
In some instances, like that of Tule Oriental, the water is too deep to reach by digging so the best option is to drill. There is always a risk of drilling failure as it is a more complicated process than digging. Once the well is drilled, it is sealed and capped to prevent contaminants from entering the well. EP staff will train the community members just like with the hand dug wells on how to maintain and repair the well when needed.
This is a one phase project
The beneficiaries of the latrines, the well, and the parents of the 118 school children have met with the El Porvenir Promoter and agreed to carry out the work needed to implement these projects. They have agreed to use, take care of and maintain them. This includes keeping the latrines and well in good condition, preventing contamination of the surrounding area and implementing a cleaning rotation.
The community will be trained in community organizing techniques and will have a functioning potable water and sanitation committee.
Latrines are built on the property of each family, so each family owns their own latrine through their labor of building it. Community ownership is felt by the community through its identification of its problem, their monetary contribution (at least 5%) and their involvement in the sweat equity of the project.
El Porvenir has signed MOUs with our municipal governments. In the case of Camoapa, the government supports the project materials cost at 10%.
Health and hygiene education:
The community learns how to reduce water and sanitation related illnesses through good hygiene practices.
-Identify and train local hygiene and health promoters from the community to reinforce hygiene trainings on an ongoing basis
-Carry out household visits and community workshops to help the community to identify risky behaviors and learn good hygiene practices. Topics covered include: Definition of hygiene, 10 rules for using latrines, Why sanitation is important, Water and sanitation related diseases, The cycle of contamination, Why hand-washing is important, How to maintain and dispose of garbage, How to use and maintain wells and community washing stations, How to treat and use water, Sources of water contamination, Role and responsibilities of Community Water and Sanitation Committee members.
-Create and air health and hygiene announcements on local radio stations to reinforce community health learning and to reach a larger audience.
-Organize community clean up days to reinforce training about environmental sanitation and waste management
-Collect data from local clinics and health centers on incidence of water and sanitation related diseases (diarrhea, skin infections etc.)
In order to measure the impact of our projects, we collect data several times a year from clinics serving rural districts where we have a high concentration of projects: number of visits due to diarrhea, etc. As the number decreases we feel that hygiene education has been effective.
The health and hygiene education program is described in more detail above.
We encourage the community to start a maintenance fund. They decide on an amount and collect it from benefiting families each month. When repairs need to be made to the well, they can dip into this fund.
In addition, our health and hygiene promoters do surprise home visits to see if the families' latrines are well kept and that they are practicing good hygiene habits.
Maintenance Cost: $100
Prior art before metrics
See attached spreadsheet
Co Funding Amount: $8,000
See attached spreadsheet
Community Contribution Amount: $1,660
The community contribution is in-kind for digging the double pit latrines, lining the pits, installing the exterior structure, and installing the rope pump for the well. Also the community is contributing local materials like sand, rocks and cement.