plan 40Safe Water for Healthy Life in Yemen

Summary

Construct a water supply network to deliver potable water to nearly 1,000 households.

Background

For generations, the people of Yemen have been able to make the most of limited water resources in this arid country through traditional farming practices and skillful water management. But today, Yemen’s booming population and the rapid growth of modern, market-based agriculture are taking a toll. While the government has focused on expanding the economy, it has neglected to invest in new water wells or to promote efficient use of dwindling water resources.

As a result, both the quantity and quality of water have been severely threatened for communities throughout Yemen. Overall, only 69 % of the population has access to safe drinking water. In many poor, rural communities, local water supply systems are in desperate need; many are contaminated, and lack of proper sanitation facilities threatens to keep them that way.

Lack of potable water will only perpetuate poverty in these communities. Food production will diminish, and economic and social development will stall. Children and adults will have to travel farther than ever before to find sources of clean water instead of spending that time working or going to school. Community health will suffer, too, especially among children and other vulnerable groups who already face an increased risk of life-threatening diseases such as diarrhea.

CARE projects already underway in many of these communities present a valuable way to make sustainable improvements in water and sanitation for the people that need help most.

Location

Sana’a, Al Mahweet and Hajja, , Yemen

Focus

Primary Focus: Drinking Water - Households
Secondary Focus: Sanitation - Households

People Getting Safe Drinking Water: 12,200

Basic-service provision to marginalized communities in Sana'a (4700)
- community associations
- literacy classes
- primary school classes
Increased water safety for vulnerable communities in Yemeni Western Highlands (7500)
- water-management
committees and other
agents of change
- primary school classes

School Children Getting Water:

People Getting Sanitation: 12,200

People Getting Other Benefits: 28,000

Food security and women’s empowerment (28,000)
- local women’s
associations
- literacy classes
- nutrition groups

Application Type: Project Funding

Start Date: 2007-01-01

Completion Date: 2008-01-01

Technology Used:

In Al Mahweet, CARE has already built wells, pump stations and water-storage tanks. This project will finish the job by constructing systems to move the water from its source to people’s homes and village spigots.

Phases:

Community Organization:

In all three project areas CARE will also conduct baseline studies of local health indicators – with an emphasis on children’s health – in communities that have CARE development projects underway (see table on following page). We will test local water quality and, if necessary, take steps to improve it – namely, by cleaning springs, wells and water tanks with sodium hypochloride at least once a year to prevent contamination. At the same time, we will improve sanitation facilities around local water systems as well as install toilets in each village where we are working.

We will engage the community directly to help improve people’s health. Through training held in schools, community literacy classes and among various groups and associations, children and adults will learn about proper sanitation and hygiene practices as well as how to ensure access to clean water; this includes treating water with a special chlorine-based product developed by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

Government Interaction:

Ancillary activities:

Other Issues:

CARE will carry out these activities in partnership with local representatives of the ministries of Social Affairs and Labour, Public Health and Population, Water and Environment and Education.

Maintenance Revenue:

Maintenance Cost:

Metrics:

Prior art before metrics

Cost: $15,429

Expenditures - Cost
Water distribution network -$6,250
Project management training and
water hygiene education - $1,750
Transportation-$1,600
Equipment and supplies-$650
Personnel Support-$5,719

Co Funding Amount:

Community Contribution Amount:

Fund Requested: $15,429

Implementing Organization:

  • 2 participants | show more

    local availability of chlorine-based product

    Patricia Dandonoli of WaterAid

    We applaud your efforts to provide water, sanitation and hygiene education in Yemen, particularly in primary schools which have notoriously low attendance rates for girls. By providing these essential services in primary schools, you may be heightening young girls’ chances of attending school at all. In terms of water quality, w...

    We applaud your efforts to provide water, sanitation and hygiene education in Yemen, particularly in primary schools which have notoriously low attendance rates for girls. By providing these essential services in primary schools, you may be heightening young girls’ chances of attending school at all.

    In terms of water quality, we have one question regarding the “special chlorine-based product” developed by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) for water treatment. Will this special product or the ingredients to make it be widely available to Yemenis once the project has finished?

    • Susan Davis of CARE

      Thanks for your comments. CARE uses locally available water treatment products to ensure sustainability.

      Thanks for your comments. CARE uses locally available water treatment products to ensure sustainability.

      • Susan Davis of CARE

        According to the local project coordinator - after the project ends, the community can buy the water treatment product locally from from CLOREX Company which already agreed with other USAID projects and Social Fund for Development to produce this product in Yemen.

        According to the local project coordinator - after the project ends, the community can buy the water treatment product locally from from CLOREX Company which already agreed with other USAID projects and Social Fund for Development to produce this product in Yemen.

    • Susan Davis of CARE

      According to the local project coordinator - after the project ends, the community can buy the water treatment product locally from from CLOREX Company which already agreed with other USAID projects and Social Fund for Development to produce this product in Yemen.

      According to the local project coordinator - after the project ends, the community can buy the water treatment product locally from from CLOREX Company which already agreed with other USAID projects and Social Fund for Development to produce this product in Yemen.

  • 2 participants | show more

    Break up cost of the activities and strategy used

    Thomas Palgadhmal of Watershed Organization Trust

    We appreciate the good work being done by CARE in different countries of the world. As per the explanation given under the head technologies to be used it is learnt that CARE has built wells, storage tanks and pump station in order to provide drinking water to the rural community and you have submitted the proposal costing at 15,429 US...

    We appreciate the good work being done by CARE in different countries of the world.

    As per the explanation given under the head technologies to be used it is learnt that CARE has built wells, storage tanks and pump station in order to provide drinking water to the rural community and you have submitted the proposal costing at 15,429 USD, we would like to know the following –
    1.What is the breakup cost of different activities that has been undertaken. For example digging of wells, storage tank, pipes etc.
    2.What type of pipes are being used (PVC, HDPE etc), and the cost. The pumps used are electric or diesel and the cost of the pumps ?.
    3.It is observed that the project costs works out to USD 10,250 where as the personnel support cost is $5719. This seems comparatively at a higher side.
    4.What kind of toilets are installed and which technology is being used (UNICEF model and so ?)
    5.Women’s empowerment and local women’s association: Whether your organisation promotes Self Help Groups or what activities are being undertaken.
    6.Nutrition group activity: Do you focus on the 0-5 years children and mother care and how do you address these issues.

    • Susan Davis of CARE

      Checking with the appropriate professionals - but this is the best breakdown of the budget I can provide at this point: Water distribution network $6,250 Project management training and water hygiene education $1,750 Transportation $1,600 Equipment and supplies $650 Personnel Support $5,719 Equipment and materials used will meet o...

      Checking with the appropriate professionals - but this is the best breakdown of the budget I can provide at this point:
      Water distribution network $6,250
      Project management training and water hygiene education $1,750
      Transportation $1,600
      Equipment and supplies $650
      Personnel Support $5,719

      Equipment and materials used will meet or exceed local standards and will be appropriate technology for the communities to maintain and repair.

      As you know, sustainable water projects are not just about hardware. Personnel support is vital for community organization, technical support, and training. CARE has already worked with communities in Al Mahweet to construct a well, water pumping station and water storage tanks, which keeps the hardware costs for this add-on project relatively low for a big increase in access.

      CARE always engages women in particular with water projects because they are typically the water managers. Activities will include development of community associations; literacy classes; primary school classes; water-management
      committees and other agents of change; women’s empowerment through local women’s associations; literacy classes; nutrition groups.

      • Susan Davis of CARE

        Information from the local project coordinator: The breakdown of costs on the project to date: Water tank US$ 8865 Steel pipes with accessories US$ 2354 Diesel engine US$ 8163 Starting awareness campaign US$ 500 Personnel Cost US$ 7727 Total cost up to now is US$ 27609 The pipe we are using is steel pipe just for transfer ...

        Information from the local project coordinator:

        The breakdown of costs on the project to date:
        Water tank US$ 8865
        Steel pipes with accessories US$ 2354
        Diesel engine US$ 8163
        Starting awareness campaign US$ 500
        Personnel Cost US$ 7727

        Total cost up to now is US$ 27609

        The pipe we are using is steel pipe just for transfer the water from the well to the water tank.

        The toilet is the normal one which is connected to local lantana based close to the house.

        Sure the project has management unit to run the project and they get support from the local women association.

        The nutrition activities only implemented in Hajja Food Security Project not in Mahweet its focus is the children between 0 5 years old.

        Community members have been involved in the design of the project; moreover, the management unit was elected by the community members.

    • Susan Davis of CARE

      Information from the local project coordinator: The breakdown of costs on the project to date: Water tank US$ 8865 Steel pipes with accessories US$ 2354 Diesel engine US$ 8163 Starting awareness campaign US$ 500 Personnel Cost US$ 7727 Total cost up to now is US$ 27609 The pipe we are using is steel pipe just for transfer ...

      Information from the local project coordinator:

      The breakdown of costs on the project to date:
      Water tank US$ 8865
      Steel pipes with accessories US$ 2354
      Diesel engine US$ 8163
      Starting awareness campaign US$ 500
      Personnel Cost US$ 7727

      Total cost up to now is US$ 27609

      The pipe we are using is steel pipe just for transfer the water from the well to the water tank.

      The toilet is the normal one which is connected to local lantana based close to the house.

      Sure the project has management unit to run the project and they get support from the local women association.

      The nutrition activities only implemented in Hajja Food Security Project not in Mahweet its focus is the children between 0 5 years old.

      Community members have been involved in the design of the project; moreover, the management unit was elected by the community members.

  • Rating: 7

    review by (only shown to members)

    Would like to see involvement in PWX by the local Care office.

  • Rating: 9

    review by (only shown to members)

  • Rating: 7

    review by (only shown to members)

    How about community involvement in terms of managing the facilities after you would have left ?

  • Rating: 8

    review by (only shown to members)

    Strength: Gender emphasis
    Weakness: Original plan did not anticipate extended project

  • Rating: 6

    review by (only shown to members)

    The technological solutions found and alliances built to tackle the problem are sound. However, with no mention of any people's participation/contribution, the operational sustainability of this project might be threatened in the long run. This needs to be clarified before funding.

Name Status Completion Date Amount Assigned
Safe Water for Healthy Life Complete - Success, Late Mar 2008 $15,429