In Western Rajasthan, rainwater harvesting system is very ancient and is sustainable mean of water security. Underground Taanka and Beries are such structures for harvesting rains. GRAVIS promotes these structures by technical improvement and renovation.
Western part of Rajasthan lies in Thar Desert which is prone to frequent droughts and acute water scarcity. The rainfall in the region in less than 200 mm in a year which is insufficient for massive agriculture and recharge. There is acute shortage of drinking water as a result of which the community also suffers from serious health threats, poor sanitation, poverty and other complicated socio- economic problems.
Because of rainfed region and saline ground water, situation of project area Bap (Jodhpur) and Jaisalmer are worst. As a part of routine work, women and young girls have to walk miles every day to fetch water for the family in inhospitable conditions. Most of time girls could not go to schools.
GRAVIS has been focusing in the areas of water security and improving the living conditions of women and children in the region for a number of years. Over last 29 years, it has done commendable work in many villages in developing rainwater harvesting techniques. Till date GRAVIS has constructed 5628 taankas and has renovated 522 Beries. The proposed project will promote rainwater harvesting in selected villages of Jodhpur and Jaisalmer district and will reduce the water fetching drudgery of women and children.
LocationBap Block, Jodhpur, Rajasthan , India
Primary Focus: Drinking Water - Households
Secondary Focus: Water Conservation
People Getting Safe Drinking Water: 1,918
Taanka: 8 families (56 people)- directly
16 families (112 people) - indirectly
Beri: 250 families (1750 people); including 300 women (estimated), 1000 children (estimated) – directly
Entire village – indirectly
School Children Getting Water:
People Getting Sanitation: 1,918
It is presumed that estimated number of people who will get safe water will also practice sanitation.
People Getting Other Benefits: 1,918
Hygiene: 1918 people (directly) will get benefits by using save water.
Local employment: 66 people will get wage work during construction and renovation work for 10-15 days (estimated).
Start Date: 2012-08-01
Completion Date: 2013-01-31
GRAVIS would like to promotes two rainwater harvesting structures through this project to mitigate scarcity of water in selected villages.
1. Taanka (underground water storage tank) construction:
Construction of such taankas is a major activity of GRAVIS. A taanka is an underground tank with a cylindrical structure of a 10’ x 10’ size. Around the taanka, a catchment area is prepared which collects the rain water and lets the water pour into taanka through filtered inlets made on the external wall of the structure. Average water storage capacity of a taanka is around 20,000 liters of water. After fully filled, this amount of water is sufficient for a family of 6-7 members for a period of 5-6 months. Moreover, a readily available water source allows families to consume more nutritious food, cultivate their own resources, and maintain a good hygiene.
2. Beri (small well) renovation and desilting:
Beries are an important water harvesting technique promoted by GRAVIS. These structures are built into the clay layer of the naadi or khadin, are usually 1-2 m wide, & vary between 2 -12 m in depth. Some beries can hold up to 500,000 liters of water - a year's supply for 10 families. Those beries which are more productive, & thus more permanent, tend to have a raised concrete platform with a covered opening for the convenience of drawing water & to disallow sand & rocks from entering. Periodic silt removal is necessary for beries, especially for those built directly into naadis.
The project will be implemented in six months in one phase.
Self-reliance is the main vision of GRAVIS and this will not be achievable without active involvement of community. For community participation, it is necessary to involve them in planning & implementation of project. For insuring this, community based organization (CBOs) is an important part of GRAVIS work methodology. Before starting work in new villages, these community based organizations are always formed. The two important CBOs that GRAVIS works with are -Village Development Committees (VDCs) and Self Help Groups (SHGs).
The villagers ensuring representation of all castes, genders & religions choose the VDC members. GRAVIS field team orients the members to take active part in implementation & monitoring of projects.
GRAVIS always take concern of government department before intervention. Technical inputs are taken during implementation when required.
The project will insure water security in project area simultaneously families will be motivated to send their children to schools who were earlier involved in water fetching activities.
Health and Hygiene issues will be discussed with community as they are getting safe and clean water at home.
The activities of the project focus on water security which is the basic need of the region. Therefore, the community will actively participate in the project. All the interventions of the project are locally suitable, simple and cost effective. With proper care and maintenance, the structures and initiatives can be sustained as functional over the long run. GRAVIS has formed Village Development Committees in each project village who is responsible for selection, monitoring and maintenance of project intervention. Members of Village Development Committees with enhanced capacities should be able to carry on the project work in future. GRAVIS has adequate experience of working with the community in region and will be able to find good support.
Construction and Renovation Report - after six months
Financial Report - after six months
Impact of water security - after one year (when its rain and structures will be filled)
Please find attached for detailed budget breakup
Co Funding Amount:
Community Contribution Amount: $727
Community Contribution will be taken in form of labour and local matrial in construction of Taanka and this amount is excluded to project cost requested.