plan 418Provide drinking water to rural community in Malur panchayat and create awareness on sanitation and solid waste management.

Summary

The Program aims to collect rain water and use it for drinking purposes. Enhance the community awareness on safe drinking water and sanitation. The lesson learnt form the program will disseminate to the other community members and to the neighboring villa

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Background

Foundation has decided to select the area to work, since this is the most underdeveloped area with very few NGO’s working for the community. The area has very large populations, which are underdeveloped and meet very few opportunities The gross area of the Taluk is 25km and there are 212,750 people. In this area, the infrastructure is very poor, the services do not reach the communities, children dropout rate is very high, health care services are bad, water is not potable, and all the communities’ members suffer from water related diseases because of the very high fluoride content in the drinking water. The high content of fluorine in the water leads to the disease like cancer, kidney failure, deformation of bone, yellow tooth’s and neurological problems, Alzheimer’s disease and cardiovascular failure (*sourced from WHO). The children suffer from malnutrition, while women are anemic and are prone to life threatening diseases, tuberculosis, cancer, chikungunya, kidney failure, diabetes, malaria, cholera, typhoid and arthritis. The sanitation and toilets are non-existent, and the open defecation is common.

Public transportation is a distant dream; private transportation is very few and very expensive. During the rainy season, the area is cut off from the rest of the area, and the women find it difficult to go to the hospitals. Commuting between villages and schools is a major issue since it is one of the major reason why the drop out are very high in this area.

Most of the villages have schools, but are all primary schools, only up till 5th grade. After graduating from the primary school, the children are discouraged to go on to the next school level because they do not have the means of transportation and the schools are far from the village.

Water Facility in the area at present:-
• There are six water tanks are build by panchayat and there are four bore holes in the village, out of these four bore holes only two are working and gives water at the intervals of 48 hours or more.
• Community members gets water in 3-4 days (twice in a week ) and that is only for one or half an hour, They are not getting sufficient water. Water cannot be stored for two three days as it starts smelling, it contains high content of fluoride.
• Water table is depleting every year and at present it is 1200 feet, they cannot take out more water from the ground, after pumping one hour they don’t get water and have to turn off the motor, the community have to wait for several hours to get back water from the ground.
• Community complaints about drainage system no rain water harvesting facility is available at this time.
• In nearby villages the Gram panchayat purchase water from other village which is 4km away from Malur Panchayat, there is no water available as ground water. In 3-4 days water is being brought to the village.
• No safe drinking water available, no rain water harvesting structure so far in the village.

Sanitation facility and behavior practices:

• Home hygiene is poor no toilets at all only 2 or three members in a village build toilet
in their house but they are not using due to lack of water.
• Virtually no drainage system,
• All waste water comes in the street, creating conducive environment for the spread
of vector borne diseases.
• All Community level sanitation practices are poor and people are dumping their garbage on the street, there is no proper drainage system and garbage collection or dumping place.
• Hand washing practice is not practice in the community and as well as in the schools.

A. Health Status.
• Most disease recorded in the last one year is malaria, dengue, fever, chicken guinea, stomach ache and TB, in Neelakanta Agrahara village whole village was affected by chicken guinea three years ago and still they are suffering with joint pain.
• Institutional deliveries are from 80 to 90 %, whereas less than 10 % are home deliveries.
• One of the major reasons of institutional deliveries is awareness regarding reproductive and child health among general populations and they consider importance of delivery by skilled health workers.
• Malnutrition was assessed in two categories, one among the children and the second among women of reproductive age. The general malnutrition among the children in areas is up to 50% and if we come to the extreme malnutrition then almost 25 % children are affected. This finding was established as per the discussion with the ANM and on the basis of on the spot observation.
• Routine immunization is taking place in the village, people are aware about immunization,

Other issue:
• Most of the men and youth are working as laborers in bricks industry, agricultural labors, Nilgiri forest workers and in town as labor few goes to the companies for packing
(Companies stuffs) Women are doing the household routines and lacking other skills to generate income. Women have to wait for 4-5 hours daily to get water; there is no fix day or time for water supply, almost all villages purchase water from other villages.

Area have an average rainfall of 1246 .1 m which is slightly below the district’s average rainfall. April, June and September are the monsoon months in the area. (May month area have sudden showers) On an average rainfall of the taluk receives rains on 58 days in a year.
Project aims to harvest the precious rain water for drinking purpose and use the waiting time for productive work.

The project will leads to the following impacts-

 Potable water at door step
 Portable water with no contamination
 Reduce the cost for getting water
 Save time
 lessening of water born diseases
 Water availability through out the year
 Reduction in health expenses
 Clean environment
 Improvement in health standard
 No malnutrition
 Community aware about safe drinking water and natural resource management.
 Will improve the liaison and co-operation in the villages

How to measure –

o Number of people access the quality of water
o Amount of water supply to the households
o Number of children attending schools
o Amount of additional income generated due to an effectiveness of time spent for water.
o Ratio differences of diseases level.
o Cost reduction for medical expenses.

Location

Malur town, Kolar district,karnataka state, India

Attachments

  • Xlsx PWX_Budg...

Focus

Primary Focus: Drinking Water - Households
Secondary Focus: Capacity Building

People Getting Safe Drinking Water: 1,500

6 women in total 174 people will get water

8 families and 3 anganwadi center ( 120 children +6 women)

School Children Getting Water: 0

120 children (3-6 years)
3 Anganwadi centers

People Getting Sanitation: 120

120 children and 6 women will get sanitation facility
30 families will benefit by Solid waste management units

People Getting Other Benefits: 2,000

50 families will benefit by Solid waste management units
30 men women will get employment during project period
500 will build their skills on safe drinking water and sanitation
Project will build soft skills of the community members, school teachers and children on handling of water, sanitation and safe disposal of solid waste through effective microorganism.

Community members will gain knowledge on rain water harvesting and approximately 30 male and female members will get job during the project period for building roof water harvesting structures.

Community members will eat healthy food by adopting kitchen garden; using solid waste as manure in their kitchen garden.

Women group will use their time in other income generating activities instead of waiting for water.

Cost on health issues will be reduced in the project area.

Application Type: Program Funding

Start Date: 2012-08-15

Completion Date: 2013-01-30

Technology Used:

Step by step systematic approach for implementation plan of the project supported by timelines.
• Step 1- social mobilization and awareness generation through meetings at individual, group and community levels, street plays, boarding’s etc
• School programmes – classes, video show, rallies, group formation to address issues at school
• Exposure visit to villages practicing RWH in other areas
• Step 2- planning with beneficiaries on RWH infrastructure – toilets and waste water treatment

To solve the water scarcity and sanitation problem from the area project will adopt Ecosan toilets as models and if it is accepted by the community it will be replicate over a period of time in the area.

• Formation of village development committees.
• Step 3 – implementation of infrastructure
• Capacity building on O&M
• Step 4 – planning for sustainability with beneficiaries

To solve drinking water problem in the area by traditional method of collecting rain water will be adopted in the project.

Means for selection this option:

To meet the ever increasing demand for water.
To reduce runoff which chokes storm drains
To avoid flooding of roads
To augment the ground water storage and control decline of water levels.
To reduce ground water pollution
To improve the quality of ground water
To supplement domestic water requirement during summer, drought etc.

Project will create awareness on sanitation and will work on solid waste management as a model in one of the village. All the domestic degradable waste will be treated with effective microorganism and will be used as compost in the kitchen garden. Non degradable waste will segregate separately and will be sending for recycling.
Although the organization is new into the implementation but the team has rich experience of working with community on development issues.
Project will establish 15 number of rain water harvesting structure using the available space for constructing a tank or Ferro cement or plastic tanks and will contact PWX network partners to get support wherever is needed.

One underground tank of 10*10 feet sq. m
Will store almost 20000lt water which is sufficient for a family of 5-6 members for 6-7 months using 40lit of water per day.

Phases:

At initial stage this project is for one phase but we plan to develop it for long term and will be monitoring the project by evaluating the activities and through evaluation we will be developing the project.
Funding is asked for one phase.

Community Organization:

Through the project the women groups and youth group will be empowered for addressing the issue of water, safe sanitation, child malnutrition, health, and education.
The project will organize the community in groups and project will be implemented through the Village development committee members.

Government Interaction:

Project will work closely with government department, schools, DRDA and Will seek their support for the program like awareness campaigns, pooling data, identifying beneficiaries, and facilitating community meetings. Project will work closely with NREGA schemes in the community

Ancillary activities:

The project will create awareness regarding sanitation and solid waste management. Project will work on developing soft and hard skills for establishing rain water harvesting structures in the villages and train the masons in different models of rain water harvesting structures.

Other Issues:

The child protection aspects, Anganwadis functioning is not satisfactory and high rate of malnourished children , and school dropout after lower primary is common, women health related and alcohol in ,men and women are common is the area. Needs intervention to bring in awareness, health care and livelihood programs

Maintenance Revenue:

The idea of the project is to work with local people and train them in the technical skills and soft skills. Community will be the part and parcel of the project and have been involved from the day one; community will train over a period of time to take up the project in their hands. Formed CBO’s (Community based organizations) will be linked with banks and government schemes to get the loans and support to establish more units in the area. Their capacity will be build and they can see the impact of the project in their daily routines.

Booklet about the success

Manual of RWH design and structures

Maintenance Cost: $0

Metrics:

Monitoring Evaluation Plan
Monitoring & Reporting Mechanism

• Monitoring indicators – awareness generation materials placed in villages, meetings conducted with all, consolidation of action plan for implementation of project with beneficiaries, implementation of infrastructure, formation of committees, capacity building and exposure visits, school groups formation and their allied activities
• Evaluation indicators – monitoring indicators are in place, collaborative decision making in implementation of plan, total coverage of households, Total treatment of RWH structures, amount of water supplied to the beneficiaries, changes in the quantity access of water before and after the project, Quality of water before and after the project, incidence of water born diseases before and after the program, committee sustainability and acceptance level in the village
• Reporting – weekly and monthly updates from community organizers in the form of reports and meetings
• SMS reporting and Quarterly reports and photo documentation
• Completion report on process, outcomes, plans Vs achievements, failures and successes.
• SWOT – analysis of the program.

Cost: $7,936

the cost will be for roof top rainwater harvesting materials , capacity building of community on water and sanitation ,garbage maintenance and administration cost .
See Attachment

Co Funding Amount: $0

Will try to get support from district administration

Community Contribution Amount: $483

Project will be implementing by the active members of VDC (village development committees) Community members will be contributing in the terms of cost; material, labor or technical expertise.
During the live interaction with the community, the community agreed to pay 15% cost of the unit cost.

Fund Requested: $7,936

Implementing Organization:

Attachments

  • Xlsx PWX_Budg...
  • 2 participants | show more

    Prakash Tyagi of GRAVIS

    Dear Aa Foundation, Good to read your proposal. It touches upon many needy aspects and is certainly very relevant for the community that you are going to benefit. My only concern is that there are too many issues to be addressed and to many activities in built. How would you address a smooth coordination?

    Dear Aa Foundation,

    Good to read your proposal. It touches upon many needy aspects and is certainly very relevant for the community that you are going to benefit. My only concern is that there are too many issues to be addressed and to many activities in built. How would you address a smooth coordination?

    • Varalakshmi VS of Aa Foundation for Community Development

      At Present all are community based programmes we are giving through the schools and anganwadi, ( health ,supplementary nutrition, dropout children admission and water and sanitation)here the local teachers and ANW are supporting in data , identifying families ,and meetings concerned to streeshakthi sangha , community and local governance ....

      At Present all are community based programmes we are giving through the schools and anganwadi, ( health ,supplementary nutrition, dropout children admission and water and sanitation)here the local teachers and ANW are supporting in data , identifying families ,and meetings concerned to streeshakthi sangha , community and local governance . This system is working as every stake holder has some responsibility to function, if when we feel it is too much fr us , or when we are working deeper into specific issue , we are preparing a wing, team who will be address and handling the projects, but till now the crises have not occurred.

      In fact our organization ethic is to build, existing system not to create parallel system, and we are facilitators.

  • 2 participants | show more

    Numbers

    Dipti Vaghela of Team Blue

    Dear Aa Foundation, I like your approach to community participation -- thanks for detailing it. One clarification: If the total number of people getting safe drinking water is 1500, then does the following statements on your proposal summary need to be corrected? For instance, do you really mean '6 women' in this statement: "6 ...

    Dear Aa Foundation,

    I like your approach to community participation -- thanks for detailing it.

    One clarification: If the total number of people getting safe drinking water is 1500, then does the following statements on your proposal summary need to be corrected?

    For instance, do you really mean '6 women' in this statement:
    "6 women in total 174 people will get water"

    Also, how do 6 women correspond to 8 families? Would not there be many more women?
    "8 families and 3 anganwadi center ( 120 children +6 women)"

    Thank you,
    Dipti

    • Varalakshmi VS of Aa Foundation for Community Development

      Dear Dipti it is anganwadi teachers and helper, 2 women in one anganwadi.

      Dear Dipti
      it is anganwadi teachers and helper, 2 women in one anganwadi.

  • 2 participants | show more

    Rainfall data

    Rajesh Shah of Peer Water Exchange

    Can you please confirm that you get 1246mm of rainfall? Bangalore gets less than 1000mm, and i was under the impression that Kolar region was drier. Also how much from each monsoon, how many rainy days a year, ... any other statistics would be welcome. Thanks, Rajesh

    Can you please confirm that you get 1246mm of rainfall? Bangalore gets less than 1000mm, and i was under the impression that Kolar region was drier.

    Also how much from each monsoon, how many rainy days a year, ... any other statistics would be welcome.

    Thanks,
    Rajesh

    • Varalakshmi VS of Aa Foundation for Community Development

      Dear Rajesh The lowest annual rainfall recorded in the district is around 300mm while the highest is over 1300mm. September and October are the wettest months with over 100mm monthly rainfall. Normal annual rainfall ranges from around 650mm at Gudibanda in the north to around 800mm at Mulbagal in the east averaging 740mm in the dist...

      Dear Rajesh
      The lowest annual rainfall recorded in the district is around 300mm
      while the highest is over 1300mm.
      September and October are
      the wettest months with over 100mm monthly rainfall.
      Normal annual rainfall ranges from around 650mm at
      Gudibanda in the north to around 800mm at Mulbagal in the east averaging
      740mm in the district. There is a general south to north decreasing trend in annual rain fall.
      Being a semi arid area the district is drought prone. In the recent years,
      2002 and 2003 are deficient in rainfall. On an average year 2004 is a normal year
      and 2005 is a rainfall excess year amounting to nearly 50 percent excess over
      the normal.
      Specific rainy days I don't have accurate data , but in the wet season mentioned a week of heavy rain was discussed among community PRA.

  • Rating: 7

    review by (only shown to members)

    Project will be a model project in the area and will be a learning exercise for the community.

  • Rating: 7

    review by (only shown to members)

    I think, proposal should consider for next stage. As it covers issues in holistic manner.

  • Rating: 8

    review by (only shown to members)

    It is a good project and focuses on rain-water harvesting which we do too. The need seems to be large in the area. The rainfall is in good range though over 1200 mm in a year - which means RWH can be quite effective. But I again suggest I did in my question that the focus can be somewhat concentrated. Water quality is another aspect that the project is looking at, for which some precise interventions could be planned. We will be very keen on knowing about the progress of the project. Best wishes.

  • Rating: 9

    review by (only shown to members)

    It is a bit nerve racking to give ratings in this round, with so many strong projects being proposed by everyone!

    However, I rated this proposal on the factors that I think increase project success (see below).

    Approach to Community Participation
    From the contextual details given in the proposal, I can see that the facilitators know the community context well. Based on my field experiences, familiarity and a deep connection with the community's (and its individuals) strengths and weaknesses is the key to sustainable participation. It is wonderful that the community has agreed to pay 15% of the unit cost.

    Funding Sources
    I do sincerely hope Aa keeps pushing for funding the district -- I am glad that obtain district funding is a goal. From my experiences, it takes just 1 (or maybe a few) co-funded project with the government to then shower an NGO with funds to do more. Sure, the government may take a huge chunk of the credit, but at least the NGO has helped to direct government funds for productivity.

    Also, in the case of working with government Anganwadi's, government funds must be leveraged!

    Technology / Application
    Aa Foundation has experience with the technology they propose for this project. I find most impressive is their integrated approach to water and sanitation, with rainwater harvesting as well as waste management. I saw on the Q/A someone highlighting that there were "too many issues to be addressed". I certainly admired Aa's humble reply.

    To comment further, at first glimpse, one may judge too many issues. However, I have learned that facilitators who have actually identified the web of linkages for their end goal, have great commitment to the context and not just the project. This great dedication and concern they have beyond the project details, along with the humbleness reflected in their replies, will surely help create innovative adjustments to ensure their process leads to success.

    Other Points
    I like the straight-forwardness and openness in the text of this proposal. It does not have too much of the usual development jargon. The tone implies a group of people who've connected with a cause and a context/community, and are ready to move forward.

  • Rating: 8

    review by (only shown to members)

    Best wishes for all the hard work. In theory a lot should be done but in the practical field facts are different, innumerable constraints are encountered that requires attention. Educating the communities and getting them involved is the key issue. In India community feeling or togetherness is still not that common so good luck for bringing about some change.

  • Not Reviewed

    by (only shown to members)