plan 49Provision of Arsenic-Free Drinking Water in 20 Sch

Summary

There is no chance to get arsenic free water in schools of Murshidabad and Nadia districts of West Bengal. Arsenic concentration in groundwater is above 10 unit. There should not presenct in the drinking water. Only possible safe d

Background

10 rural schools have been provided RWH structures in year 2006. Very good response from village community and school students, at least they are getting arsenic free water first time in their schools. Demand is increasing for more schools because of this is only possible community managed solution.

Location

West Bengal, Arsenic Belt of West Bengal, India

Attachments

  • Doc Arsenic_...

Focus

Primary Focus: Drinking Water - Schools
Secondary Focus: Sanitation - Schools

People Getting Safe Drinking Water: 20,000

School Children Getting Water: 20,000

People Getting Sanitation: 20,000

People Getting Other Benefits: 300

Application Type: Program Funding

Start Date: 2007-01-01

Completion Date: 2007-05-31

Technology Used:

Local and traditional techniques of construction of rainwater harvesting underground tanks.
Ferro- cement

Phases:

Single

Community Organization:

The process and role of village community
Survey of water problem schools.
Formation of committees
Collection of community contribution
Overall responsibility of construction and maintenance. Organisation of social audits for expenditures and account transparency

Government Interaction:

Ancillary activities:

Awareness among school students

Other Issues:

Social Audits for public approval of all expenditures

Maintenance Revenue:

Maintenance Cost: $0

Metrics:

Prior art before metrics

Cost: $100,000

1) Material= US$ 2400
a) Stones
b) Cement
c) Iron bars
d) Handpump
e) Manhole Lids
f) Ventilators
g) Connecting Pipes
2) Labour = $ 1600
3) Transport =$ 700
4) Documentation =$ 150
5) Others= $ 150

Total USD 5000

Co Funding Amount: $0

Community Contribution Amount: $10,000

Fund Requested: $100,000

Implementing Organization: Barefoot College Tilonia India

Over last 20 years working experince of rooftop rainwater harvesting for drinking water in remote inaccessible schools in India, Afghanistan,Sierra Leone,Ethiopia, Senegal with poor rural community. This is only possible low cost alternate to provide safe water in schools.

Attachments

  • Doc Arsenic_...
  • 2 participants | show more

    Cost increases

    Rajesh Shah of Blue Planet Network

    Last year the same type of projects in the 10 schools listed came around $3,000 per school. The new proposal costs $5,000 per school. Please explain the 67% increase.

    Last year the same type of projects in the 10 schools listed came around $3,000 per school. The new proposal costs $5,000 per school. Please explain the 67% increase.

    • Laxman Singh of Barefoot College

      The present costs include schools toilets for girls and common stage in the school compound. Also increased cost of material and its transportation. Laxman Singh

      The present costs include schools toilets for girls and common stage in the school compound. Also increased cost of material and its transportation. Laxman Singh

  • 2 participants | show more

    Implementing org

    Rajesh Shah of Blue Planet Network

    My understanding is that Barefoot is not implementing but acting as project manager. Who is actually selecting and implementing the project? Is each project implemented by a local crew? Is there one overall person in Bengal? What is the project progress reporting process and structure? What is the school selection process? If a school is...

    My understanding is that Barefoot is not implementing but acting as project manager. Who is actually selecting and implementing the project? Is each project implemented by a local crew? Is there one overall person in Bengal?

    What is the project progress reporting process and structure?

    What is the school selection process? If a school is aware and interested, who and how does it reach out to?

    How is the scaling up process working? Did you do only 10 schools? (did you do more schools with other funding?) How can you double your work this year (what changes have been made)?

    • Laxman Singh of Barefoot College

      Sorry, We are not playing role of manager in the project. Just we have identified a grassroot working team in the state of West Bengal known as INSTITUTE FOR MOTIVATION SELF EMPLOYMENT (IMSE)in remote rural areas of the state. Many schools have been selected by the grassroot groups but for increasing no...

      Sorry, We are not playing role of manager in the project. Just we have identified a grassroot working team in the state of West Bengal known as INSTITUTE FOR MOTIVATION SELF EMPLOYMENT (IMSE)in remote rural areas of the state.

      Many schools have been selected by the grassroot groups but for increasing no. of schools in arsenic effected area just to demonstrate rainwater first time each corner of West Bengal i.e. east to west and north to south.
      The main objective to reach and aware more schools how rainwater harvesting is only the traditionally low cost tested technique to solve drinking water problem in arsenic area.

      Laxman Singh

  • 2 participants | show more

    School curriculum

    Rajesh Shah of Blue Planet Network

    After seeing the names of the schools last year, i want to know what type of schools are they and what curriculum are they teaching?

    After seeing the names of the schools last year, i want to know what type of schools are they and what curriculum are they teaching?

    • Laxman Singh of Barefoot College

      All the government schools from standard one to 12th. The formal school curriculum. Laxman Singh

      All the government schools from standard one to 12th. The formal school curriculum.

      Laxman Singh

  • 2 participants | show more

    Rainwater harvesting

    Thomas Palgadhmal of Watershed Organization Trust

    The project is remarkable and a noble initiative to provide potable water to school going childrens who are most prone to ground water contamination. 1. Please specify the units for measuring arsenic contamination, whether its PPB or PPM etc. and by which standard it is 10 time above the specified unit. (Indian or WHO standards) 2. Do...

    The project is remarkable and a noble initiative to provide potable water to school going childrens who are most prone to ground water contamination.

    1. Please specify the units for measuring arsenic contamination, whether its PPB or PPM etc. and by which standard it is 10 time above the specified unit. (Indian or WHO standards)
    2. Do you also use any treatment for reducing the arsenic level in ground water.
    3.Can you specify the depth of the aquifer which is arsenic contaminated.
    4.Do let us know the storage capacity of RWH system and for how many days it can be used in a school of 500 students.
    5. Through this activity the students will get potable water in schools but what is the situation at home for the students as well their family for getting safe drinking water .

    best wishes
    WOTR

    • Laxman Singh of Barefoot College

      The concentration of arsenic in groundwater is varying from 3 to 14 units in the shallow aquifers. In depth the arsenic level decrease but overall quality of water changes- taste, pH etc. The rainwater is collected through rooftops of schools in the main underground tank through sand filter. The average c...

      The concentration of arsenic in groundwater is varying from 3 to 14 units in the shallow aquifers. In depth the arsenic level decrease but overall quality of water changes- taste, pH etc.

      The rainwater is collected through rooftops of schools in the main underground tank through sand filter.

      The average capacity of 50000-60000 litres RWH is sufficient for 500 children for 6-7 months. Because in the area the average rainfall is 2000 mm for 5-6 months in a year.
      Laxman Singh

  • 2 participants | show more

    Modes of arsenic safe water in Murshidabad and Nadia and supply of water by roof-rain water harvesting

    Meera Hira-Smith of Project Well

    Comment: Dugwells and river water treatment plants are other alternatives to provide arsenic safe water in Murshidabad and Nadia. Report published by Dr. Dipankar Chakraborti in the Domkal block of Mushidabad district in West Bengal-India during February 2001 on dugwells (www.sos-arsenic.net/english/dugwell/dugwell3.html) contained the fol...

    Comment: Dugwells and river water treatment plants are other alternatives to provide arsenic safe water in Murshidabad and Nadia. Report published by Dr. Dipankar Chakraborti in the Domkal block of Mushidabad district in West Bengal-India during February 2001 on dugwells (www.sos-arsenic.net/english/dugwell/dugwell3.html) contained the following results: No of dugwells analyzed=483; <3 ppb=169 (35 %); 3-10 ppb=237 (49%); 11-20 ppb=66 (13%); 21-49ppb=8 (2 %); 50-60ppb=3(1%). Maximum conc of arsenic was 60 ppb.

    On July 23rd 2006 there was conference held by Sripat Singh College of Jiagang, Murshidabad inviting Project Well to discuss the dugwell program. Many people are eager to implement the community-based dugwell program.

    In schools the RWH system is appropriate provided the established water committee is strong and the set of rules are firm in executing the maintenance program that includes chlorination and annual cleaning.

    In West Bengal the dry season starts in December that stretches till the onset of the monsoon, that is, in mid-June with occasional thundershowers from western disturbances with very little rainfall. The reservoirs would supply water may be until February. (please correct me if I am wrong). What would be the source of drinking water from March to mid- June?

    • Laxman Singh of Barefoot College

      Dug well is all right. But rainwater the purest form of water getting it free and large area of school building is available to harvest rainwater for drinking. A 50 000 litres capacity RWH ( rainwater harvesting tank ) is seems to be used for 3 months after last rainfall @ 3 litres per day per child. ...

      Dug well is all right. But rainwater the purest form of water getting it free and large area of school building is available to harvest rainwater for drinking.
      A 50 000 litres capacity RWH ( rainwater harvesting tank ) is seems to be used for 3 months after last rainfall @ 3 litres per day per child. Laxman Singh

  • Rating: 7

    review by (only shown to members)

    Need to see the learning and capacity building component by someone. Need active project management and a plan to spread the message. Barefoot seems just an intermediate funder.

  • Rating: 8

    review by (only shown to members)

  • Rating: 8

    review by (only shown to members)

    Pictures of the 10 rural schools where the project will be implemented would have strengthened the proposal. To track and see the status of all the projects after 3-5 years setting up of a follow-up program is advisable. It can be on a simple spreadsheet recording the dates of chlorination, annual cleaning, repair of wears and tears, costs, number of beneficieries that fluctuate over time, etc.

  • Rating: 7

    review by (only shown to members)

    The following points may be considered while sanctioning this grant:

    1. We, as a part of the Global rainwater harvesting alliance, had implemented a similar project for 10 schools last year, with Rs. 90,000 (~~$2000) per school. So we feel that with $100,000 at least 50 schools can be covered.
    2. People do not seem to be contributing sufficiently. People can collect all the local materials like stones and contribute labour (at least all unskilled labour and some skilled labour). Given that children are at the centre of the project, communities could be mobilised to contribute more than what is being proposed.

  • Rating: 4

    review by (only shown to members)

    There are two issues with this project proposal
    1. How much water for how many students for how long needs to be clearly spelt out. I presume this is for drinking and cooking purpose only. I may be corrected.
    2. If dug wells work better as they seem to in many places , they will be much cheaper an option and perhaps the water will last for the entire year. This rainwater project should therefore include both componenets i.e. a rainwater tank and a dug well which can also be recharged from the overflow from the sump tank if possible.
    3. The rainwater tank supply is projected for 6 to 7 months . Is it then that arsenic contaminated water will be drunk for the remaining time? How does this figure come about? 2 litres per student for 500 students is 1000 litres per day. The coninuous stretch of non rainy days seems to be atleast 120 if not more. In which case the sump will need to be of 120,000 litres capacity. Correct me if I am wrong.
    regards
    Vishwanath
    www.rainwaterclub.org

  • Rating: 9

    review by (only shown to members)