Western Rajasthan is known for its dry region and scarcity of water food and agriculture is common. People here are not much aware about health and hygiene, as their basic need is even not fulfilled. GRAVIS is continuously working to improve the life of p
The Great Indian Desert – Thar – is an extremely arid region with a low socio-economic status. With an average rainfall of around 100 to 150 mm. (4 to 6 inches), region suffers with acute water shortage and crop failures. Droughts are frequent – hitting the region every second or third year. The region distinguishes by its low and erratic rainfall, high atmosphere aridity, abundant sunshine and heat, strong dust raising winds and sparse vegetation. Agriculture is the strongest base of region’s economy, but it is rain fed and droughts often cause low crop productivity. Due to lack of insufficient water availability, the hygienic statuses of the community are very low, which is giving birth to diseases and illness. Here, people are helpless to do much about it. There financial condition and awareness is also least to think about maintaining hygienic environment.
In Pokaran Block, the condition of women, children and older people are not good. Women and children are the most sufferers due to lack of water and sanitation facility. GRAVIS is working for rain water harvesting and to improve the health status of the thar community. Many implementations were done for water harvesting and to improve the condition of women and children in desert, especially work related to health. Sanitation is an important part of the GRAVIS work. We have constructed many toilets is various other villages and it success can be seen. People are accepting the concept of toilets to make their life healthy and sustainable.
Till date, GRAVIS has constructed 6000 Taankas & 225 Toilets in the western part of desert. The proposed project will provide safe drinking water to the community, and will increase their social, economic and financial status in the community. Constructed toilets will help them to maintain hygienic environment and also help them to keep away themselves from diseases and ailments.
LocationJodhpur, North-West, India
Primary Focus: Drinking Water - Households
Secondary Focus: Sanitation - Community
People Getting Safe Drinking Water: 7,470
No of Families: 1065
No. of Children: 2670
No. of Women: 2130
(Sources: Census Data 2001)
School Children Getting Water: 10
Children benefit: 1100
(Gravis Promoted School Children): 3000
People Getting Sanitation: 103
Children : 38
People Getting Other Benefits: 8,000
- Get safe Drinking water
- Improve Health & Hygiene
- Promote education in Schools
- Women Participation in Income generating Activities
- Financial savings
- Indulging in livelihood options, like purchasing of livestock, agriculture etc.
(In other projects, these outcomes were seen. Mentioned in various evaluation reports)
Start Date: 2013-09-01
Completion Date: 2014-08-31
GRAVIS would like to promote rainwater harvesting structure “Taanka with Bio Sand Filter” and “Household Toilets” to improve the safe drinking water and hygiene of the people living in thar area.
1. Taanka With Bio-Sand Filter
Taanka is a traditional method to store rain water for use of the family and the animals. An improved Taanka is an underground water tank of 20,000 liters capacity. The taanka gets filled up of water with an average rainfall of 150-200 mm (2-3 rains showers of 40-50 mm). The arrangement for inlet and outlet of runoff water from Taanka has been nicely laid out. Silt catcher has been properly built. As a result of this the Taanka was full in just two rain showers with clean water. According to beneficiary farmer, water harvested in the Taanka will be adequate for 5 members of her family and 4 – 5 goat/ sheep for 4 -5 months. Thus Taanka also provide an economic benefit and availability of clean drinking water at door step. Selection of the beneficiary will be done by the Village Development Committees, and the most poor and marginalized family will be chosen.
Bio sand filter is a traditional slow sand filter, which has been used for community drinking water treatment for 200 years. The biosand filter is smaller (about 1 m tall, 0.3 m wide on each side) and adapted so that it does not flow continuously, making it suitable for use in people’s homes. It is filled with layers of specially selected and prepared sand and gravel. The sand removes pathogens and suspended solids from contaminated drinking water. Bios-sand Filter will be installed in the beneficiary house who owns Taanka in their home, so that they can get safe and pure drinking water. Due to this, the contamination of water will be reduced and healthy and safe environment can be maintained. Improve ment in health status can be seen after this. Currently, GRAVIS is working on installing Bio-sand filter in many other areas to improve the quality of water.
2. Naadi Repair
Naadi (Village Pond) is an asset for the community. It serves whole community for a year and even more. Village Pond comprises of large catchment area, with a down slope to collect the water at one place. To reduce the scarcity of water in the region. Even cattle’s have also benefitted with the water availability from the naadi. Before, the demand of livestock’s were less due to unavailability of water in the region, but after getting water security, they go for buying livestock’s to improve the livelihood option.
3. Construction of Toilets
In the western Rajasthan, Toilets is not common and usual for all. People living in the villages prefer to go in the open area, which is somehow creating an unhygienic environment. Pregnant women, older people, & children are facing the challenges of not having toilets nearby their home. They have to go to and walk for a long distance, which sometimes gives a birth to mis-happening. This issue is facing by the communities from last many years. To improve the situation, an initiation of toilets has been introduced to reduce this kind of mis-happening and tragedies. GRAVIS has constructed more than 250 toilets in western part of Rajasthan. It has provided safe and secure environment to the beneficiaries and even motivated to the neighbors to construct of their own.
Project will be implemented in 1 year in one phase.
GRAVIS has always believes in making self-reliant communities, so that the sustainability of the development process can be ensured. Before, implementing any activities at the village level, we promote making of Community Based Organization (CBOs) i.e Village Development Committee, Water User Groups (WUGs), Village Health & Sanitation Committee (VHSC), Self help Groups (SHGs) etc. It is necessary and a need to involve them in planning and implementation process so that the ownership can be provoke among communities. 50 % of women participation is ensured to empower and strengthen women within the community. Group is formed with the community members belong to different caste and religion. GRAVIS field staff orients the communities about the selection of members in the group to form a strong representative who can work for the overall development of the village. In the proposed activities, we will ensure 25-30 % of community participation in the activities in the form of labor and local raw material.
Organizing the Training and workshops the project will help to interact with government officials regarding the project, so that further guidance and participation of them can be ensured. Technical inputs and coordination of government is ensured in each and every activity. In trainings and workshops we invite government officials so that, villagers can know about the government schemes and other facilities. The transparency and accountability can also be ensured.
- Initiation of Bio sand filter will provide safe drinking water to the beneficiaries, which will help in decreasing health related issues.
- Taanka Maintenance Training will be given to the beneficiaries
- Staff Orientation training for maintaining the toilets
- Promoting Solar Lights in the Toilets, which will also used in a multiple ways in the home and during night times
- Village Pond catchment improvement in will help to retain more water in the pond, which will last to 8 to 12 months and serve the entire population of the villages.
- We will also give 5 plants to each Taanka beneficiaries, so that the nutrition level of the family can be increased (like, Goonda plant)
GRAVIS is working in Thar Desert from last 30 years and its main focus is to make community self-reliant. Making of community based organization will be responsible for the development of the village. The direction of programmes and all major community decisions to the people, facilitating a range of people's organizations for this purpose. The activities of the project focus on safe drinking water and sanitation. Participation of the community will be ensure, and all the intervention are are locally suitable, simple and cost effective. With proper care and maintenance, the structures and initiatives can be sustained as functional over the long run. GRAVIS has formed Village Development Committees in each project village who is responsible for selection, monitoring and maintenance of project intervention. Members of Village Development Committees with enhanced capacities should be able to carry on the project work in future. GRAVIS has adequate experience of working with the community in region and will be able to find good support.
Construction Report - after six months
Financial Report - after six months
Impact of activities for improving Health and Hygiene through Safe Drinking Water & Sanitation - after one year (when its rain and structures will be filled)