plan 533Improving Health and Hygiene through Safe Drinking Water & Sanitation

Summary

Western Rajasthan is known for its dry region and scarcity of water food and agriculture is common. People here are not much aware about health and hygiene, as their basic need is even not fulfilled. GRAVIS is continuously working to improve the life of p

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  • Thumb_household_taanka
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Background

The Great Indian Desert – Thar – is an extremely arid region with a low socio-economic status. With an average rainfall of around 100 to 150 mm. (4 to 6 inches), region suffers with acute water shortage and crop failures. Droughts are frequent – hitting the region every second or third year. The region distinguishes by its low and erratic rainfall, high atmosphere aridity, abundant sunshine and heat, strong dust raising winds and sparse vegetation. Agriculture is the strongest base of region’s economy, but it is rain fed and droughts often cause low crop productivity. Due to lack of insufficient water availability, the hygienic statuses of the community are very low, which is giving birth to diseases and illness. Here, people are helpless to do much about it. There financial condition and awareness is also least to think about maintaining hygienic environment.
In Pokaran Block, the condition of women, children and older people are not good. Women and children are the most sufferers due to lack of water and sanitation facility. GRAVIS is working for rain water harvesting and to improve the health status of the thar community. Many implementations were done for water harvesting and to improve the condition of women and children in desert, especially work related to health. Sanitation is an important part of the GRAVIS work. We have constructed many toilets is various other villages and it success can be seen. People are accepting the concept of toilets to make their life healthy and sustainable.
Till date, GRAVIS has constructed 6000 Taankas & 225 Toilets in the western part of desert. The proposed project will provide safe drinking water to the community, and will increase their social, economic and financial status in the community. Constructed toilets will help them to maintain hygienic environment and also help them to keep away themselves from diseases and ailments.

Location

Jodhpur, North-West, India

Attachments

  • Xlsx PWX_Budg...
  • Pdf Final_Re...

Focus

Primary Focus: Drinking Water - Households
Secondary Focus: Sanitation - Community

People Getting Safe Drinking Water: 7,470

No of Families: 1065
No. of Children: 2670
No. of Women: 2130

(Sources: Census Data 2001)

School Children Getting Water: 10

Children benefit: 1100

(Gravis Promoted School Children): 3000

People Getting Sanitation: 103

Families: 35
Children : 38
Women: 30

People Getting Other Benefits: 8,000

- Get safe Drinking water
- Improve Health & Hygiene
- Promote education in Schools
- Women Participation in Income generating Activities
- Financial savings
- Indulging in livelihood options, like purchasing of livestock, agriculture etc.
(In other projects, these outcomes were seen. Mentioned in various evaluation reports)

Application Type: Program Funding

Start Date: 2013-09-01

Completion Date: 2014-08-31

Technology Used:

GRAVIS would like to promote rainwater harvesting structure “Taanka with Bio Sand Filter” and “Household Toilets” to improve the safe drinking water and hygiene of the people living in thar area.

1. Taanka With Bio-Sand Filter
Taanka is a traditional method to store rain water for use of the family and the animals. An improved Taanka is an underground water tank of 20,000 liters capacity. The taanka gets filled up of water with an average rainfall of 150-200 mm (2-3 rains showers of 40-50 mm). The arrangement for inlet and outlet of runoff water from Taanka has been nicely laid out. Silt catcher has been properly built. As a result of this the Taanka was full in just two rain showers with clean water. According to beneficiary farmer, water harvested in the Taanka will be adequate for 5 members of her family and 4 – 5 goat/ sheep for 4 -5 months. Thus Taanka also provide an economic benefit and availability of clean drinking water at door step. Selection of the beneficiary will be done by the Village Development Committees, and the most poor and marginalized family will be chosen.

Bio sand filter is a traditional slow sand filter, which has been used for community drinking water treatment for 200 years. The biosand filter is smaller (about 1 m tall, 0.3 m wide on each side) and adapted so that it does not flow continuously, making it suitable for use in people’s homes. It is filled with layers of specially selected and prepared sand and gravel. The sand removes pathogens and suspended solids from contaminated drinking water. Bios-sand Filter will be installed in the beneficiary house who owns Taanka in their home, so that they can get safe and pure drinking water. Due to this, the contamination of water will be reduced and healthy and safe environment can be maintained. Improve ment in health status can be seen after this. Currently, GRAVIS is working on installing Bio-sand filter in many other areas to improve the quality of water.

2. Naadi Repair
Naadi (Village Pond) is an asset for the community. It serves whole community for a year and even more. Village Pond comprises of large catchment area, with a down slope to collect the water at one place. To reduce the scarcity of water in the region. Even cattle’s have also benefitted with the water availability from the naadi. Before, the demand of livestock’s were less due to unavailability of water in the region, but after getting water security, they go for buying livestock’s to improve the livelihood option.

3. Construction of Toilets
In the western Rajasthan, Toilets is not common and usual for all. People living in the villages prefer to go in the open area, which is somehow creating an unhygienic environment. Pregnant women, older people, & children are facing the challenges of not having toilets nearby their home. They have to go to and walk for a long distance, which sometimes gives a birth to mis-happening. This issue is facing by the communities from last many years. To improve the situation, an initiation of toilets has been introduced to reduce this kind of mis-happening and tragedies. GRAVIS has constructed more than 250 toilets in western part of Rajasthan. It has provided safe and secure environment to the beneficiaries and even motivated to the neighbors to construct of their own.

Phases:

Project will be implemented in 1 year in one phase.

Community Organization:

GRAVIS has always believes in making self-reliant communities, so that the sustainability of the development process can be ensured. Before, implementing any activities at the village level, we promote making of Community Based Organization (CBOs) i.e Village Development Committee, Water User Groups (WUGs), Village Health & Sanitation Committee (VHSC), Self help Groups (SHGs) etc. It is necessary and a need to involve them in planning and implementation process so that the ownership can be provoke among communities. 50 % of women participation is ensured to empower and strengthen women within the community. Group is formed with the community members belong to different caste and religion. GRAVIS field staff orients the communities about the selection of members in the group to form a strong representative who can work for the overall development of the village. In the proposed activities, we will ensure 25-30 % of community participation in the activities in the form of labor and local raw material.

Government Interaction:

Organizing the Training and workshops the project will help to interact with government officials regarding the project, so that further guidance and participation of them can be ensured. Technical inputs and coordination of government is ensured in each and every activity. In trainings and workshops we invite government officials so that, villagers can know about the government schemes and other facilities. The transparency and accountability can also be ensured.

Ancillary activities:

- Initiation of Bio sand filter will provide safe drinking water to the beneficiaries, which will help in decreasing health related issues.
- Taanka Maintenance Training will be given to the beneficiaries
- Staff Orientation training for maintaining the toilets
- Promoting Solar Lights in the Toilets, which will also used in a multiple ways in the home and during night times
- Village Pond catchment improvement in will help to retain more water in the pond, which will last to 8 to 12 months and serve the entire population of the villages.
- We will also give 5 plants to each Taanka beneficiaries, so that the nutrition level of the family can be increased (like, Goonda plant)

Other Issues:

-

Maintenance Revenue:

GRAVIS is working in Thar Desert from last 30 years and its main focus is to make community self-reliant. Making of community based organization will be responsible for the development of the village. The direction of programmes and all major community decisions to the people, facilitating a range of people's organizations for this purpose. The activities of the project focus on safe drinking water and sanitation. Participation of the community will be ensure, and all the intervention are are locally suitable, simple and cost effective. With proper care and maintenance, the structures and initiatives can be sustained as functional over the long run. GRAVIS has formed Village Development Committees in each project village who is responsible for selection, monitoring and maintenance of project intervention. Members of Village Development Committees with enhanced capacities should be able to carry on the project work in future. GRAVIS has adequate experience of working with the community in region and will be able to find good support.

Maintenance Cost:

Metrics:

Construction Report - after six months
Financial Report - after six months
Impact of activities for improving Health and Hygiene through Safe Drinking Water & Sanitation - after one year (when its rain and structures will be filled)

Cost: $20,660

"See Attachment"

Co Funding Amount:

Community Contribution Amount: $4,542

Community Contribution Excluded from the actual budget

Fund Requested: $20,660

Implementing Organization:

Attachments

  • Xlsx PWX_Budg...
  • Pdf Final_Re...
  • 2 participants | show more

    Coverage of Families & convergence of Govt Scheme

    Thomas Palgadhmal of Watershed Organization Trust

    The committee organization, implementation strategy and technology to be used is explained very well in the project proposal. However, the following information is not given in the proposal. - It is mentioned that about 8,000 households will be benefitted through this project. Kindly inform, that these households are from how many ...

    The committee organization, implementation strategy and technology to be used is explained very well in the project proposal.

    However, the following information is not given in the proposal.

    - It is mentioned that about 8,000 households will be benefitted through this project. Kindly inform, that these households are from how many villages and whether it is a single village/multiple villages?

    - It is understood that through the common structure like water harvesting pond entire village will be benefited. However, the activities proposed like construction of toilets, construction of Taaka, Bio-sand filters, solar light system, etc., all these activities are for individual beneficiaries; Very few households (15-20 households) will get benefit out of large no. of households. What are the plans to cover other large no. of households?

    - Improvement of Naadi catchment is proposed under the project. However, since many of such works are undertaken under the govt. scheme; National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (NREGA) in Rajasthan, is there any possibility of building linkages or convergence with NREGA?

    • GRAVIS Jodhpur of GRAVIS

      Thank you for your question - It is not 8000 household, it is 8000 population/person will be benefited. 4 village community including neighboring villages will also be benefited. - To cover large number of household, Naadi (Village Pond) catchment improvement will be done, to cover the population of entire village. Village pond provide...

      Thank you for your question
      - It is not 8000 household, it is 8000 population/person will be benefited. 4 village community including neighboring villages will also be benefited.
      - To cover large number of household, Naadi (Village Pond) catchment improvement will be done, to cover the population of entire village. Village pond provide harvested water for whole year in normal rainfall, and is the main source of getting water in this area
      - Yes, there will be the convergence in this Naadi Improvement, but here we are talking about catchment improvement. Due to improper catchment area, the water bearing capacity is being reduced which results to downstream without harvesting in Naadi bed. Through construction of Aad (Tiny earthen embankment) , the downstream water will be divert in the Pond and it will increase the water availability

  • 2 participants | show more

    MICRO+MACRO LEVEL SOLUTIONS

    Saurin Shah of Team Blue

    My past association with Peer Water Exchange - Gravis's work has given very insightful view in regards to water needs, issues and solutions possible, for the region Gravis is focusing. Using traditional method of lime and skilled workmanship has resulted in building of Tanka's and renovation of Beri's which would have lifespan far more tha...

    My past association with Peer Water Exchange - Gravis's work has given very insightful view in regards to water needs, issues and solutions possible, for the region Gravis is focusing. Using traditional method of lime and skilled workmanship has resulted in building of Tanka's and renovation of Beri's which would have lifespan far more than techniques used conventionally. Please highlight those aspects with supporting photographs of finished work to add value to this proposal.

    However, as noticed earlier that building of Tanka's and renovation of Beri's is micro solution to larger water problem in the region. And in order to cater to larger population of the region macro solutions needs to identified, specifically researched and proposal put forward; with realistic assessment of cost associated to it.

    In this proposal, I appreciate the addition of Naadi catchment renovation work, which will have much larger impact to the no. of villages it will serve, rather than household. Not to deny that addressing the problems at both level is imperative.

    It would be beneficial to understand the Naadi projects better by showing existing conditions and proposed planning in detail. If available, please share.

    Have we identified total Naadi's that requires renovation and related cost estimation? If yes, please share.

    Do share the means and method to build Earthen Embankment, in order to know its life. How often maintenance will be required and How will it be arranged in future ? Can there be permanent solution to this using traditional techniques?

    Detailed understanding of timeline from start to finish would be helpful.

    • GRAVIS Jodhpur of GRAVIS

      Dear Saurin Ji, Thank you for your comments and questions. We agree that larger solutions are required for water needs, such as naadis. However, smaller household level structures like taankas and beries are critical too since the population is very sparsely scattered in Thar and the naadies are always going to be far from some hamlets...

      Dear Saurin Ji,

      Thank you for your comments and questions. We agree that larger solutions are required for water needs, such as naadis. However, smaller household level structures like taankas and beries are critical too since the population is very sparsely scattered in Thar and the naadies are always going to be far from some hamlets.

      In this project, we are proposing the catchment renovation of 4 naadies. The need is ofcourse much larger but we plan our activities keeping resources possibilities. Through the help of different projects, GRAVIS has till dated renovated over 300 naadies. To understand how the renovation takes place and what kind of time is required, we will be happy to send you one of our studies called "Harvesting the rains in Thar" . The description of that is a little long.

      We very much appreciate your comments.

      GRAVIS

  • 2 participants | show more

    Sanitation and type of toilets

    Rajesh Shah of Peer Water Exchange

    What is the population density and how is it increasing? With the hot days and arid climate, is open defecation a health issue? Open defecation does result in separation of urine and feces which improves decomposition rate. Two reasons to bring up this point: 1. In your experience in building toilets, what is the adoption by men? Toile...

    What is the population density and how is it increasing? With the hot days and arid climate, is open defecation a health issue? Open defecation does result in separation of urine and feces which improves decomposition rate.

    Two reasons to bring up this point:
    1. In your experience in building toilets, what is the adoption by men? Toilets provide much needed privacy to women, but if men do not adopt, the health issue remains unsolved.

    2. What are the type of toilets and how is sewage managed? If pit, what is the long-term maintenance strategy and what is your experience in your past projects?

    3. Finally, what is the type of toilet you are considering? What is appropriate for the region and for the culture?

    4. Your budget for toilet and tank is 17,500. Please share your design and expand - where is the tank? how will it be filled? used? cleaned?

    Thanks and regards,
    Rajesh

    • GRAVIS Jodhpur of GRAVIS

      Dear Rajesh Ji, Thanks for the question. Open defecation is not an health issue during hot days. In rural areas, availability of toilets is not common, but still those who have, they are adopting this as an primary option. Both, men and women use toilets, if it is available nearby there home. Two pit will be dig near the toilet and b...

      Dear Rajesh Ji,

      Thanks for the question. Open defecation is not an health issue during hot days. In rural areas, availability of toilets is not common, but still those who have, they are adopting this as an primary option. Both, men and women use toilets, if it is available nearby there home.

      Two pit will be dig near the toilet and both will be attached to the toilet. One pit pipe will be close till the another one gets filled and in every 4-5 years it will be cleaned and solid waste will be used as a compost.

      We will construct a toilet, which will consume less water. Culturally, people use water after toilet, but we will make them aware about judicial use of water.

      Toilet will be made of traditional raw materials, like Sand stone slabs, Wood stick for roof support, dry shrubs etc. It will have 150 liter capacity of water tank attached with the pipe inside toilet with the tab. Toilet will also have solar light, so that in night they can access the toilet easily. Tank will be filled by the beneficiary, and they will be responsible for the cleaning and maintaining.

      Thanks

      GRAVIS

  • 2 participants | show more

    Water Use efficiency

    Juergen Puetz of PALMYRA

    As per your proposal 20,000 liters capacity / Taanka / family 4-5 members with livestock (20,000 liters / 120 days = 166 liters) 166 lts / day /family 5 persons including livestock will it be sufficient for drinking, bathing, washing, etc. or they use any other resource like Naadi

    As per your proposal 20,000 liters capacity / Taanka / family 4-5 members with livestock (20,000 liters / 120 days = 166 liters) 166 lts / day /family 5 persons including livestock will it be sufficient for drinking, bathing, washing, etc. or they use any other resource like Naadi

    • GRAVIS Jodhpur of GRAVIS

      Thanks for your questions. The water in taankas is stored primarily for drinking and for households chores pertaining cleaning and cooking. Beneficiaries rely on naadi water for bathing and washing. Regards, GRAVIS

      Thanks for your questions. The water in taankas is stored primarily for drinking and for households chores pertaining cleaning and cooking. Beneficiaries rely on naadi water for bathing and washing.

      Regards,

      GRAVIS

    • Juergen Puetz of PALMYRA

      Dear Gravis, Thank You for your reply. Dhanam

      Dear Gravis,

      Thank You for your reply.

      Dhanam

  • 3 participants | show more

    Water and Sanitatiion

    Juergen Puetz of PALMYRA

    Dear Sir, 1. Fresh rain water harvesting structure with traditional concept is good. However will it purify all biological and chemical parameters for safe drinking water. 2. u may include water quality analysis report to ensure the quality of water supply 3. As per the no. of beneficiaries families (1065) under the proposed project, h...

    Dear Sir,
    1. Fresh rain water harvesting structure with traditional concept is good. However will it purify all biological and chemical parameters for safe drinking water.
    2. u may include water quality analysis report to ensure the quality of water supply
    3. As per the no. of beneficiaries families (1065) under the proposed project, how many Taanka will be constructed
    4. The Metrix can be given in diagram for construction of toilets/Taanka /Naadi Vs. time period

    • GRAVIS Jodhpur of GRAVIS

      Dear Juergen Puetz, Thanks for your questions. Our replies are: 1. We have technology in place in the catchment areas to prevent some contamination but it does not provide full purification. Bio sand filters will support that as is in the proposal. 2. We keep doing water quality analysis in our project areas and will do in this p...

      Dear Juergen Puetz,

      Thanks for your questions. Our replies are:

      1. We have technology in place in the catchment areas to prevent some contamination but it does not provide full purification. Bio sand filters will support that as is in the proposal.
      2. We keep doing water quality analysis in our project areas and will do in this project too.
      3. Not all beneficiaries are getting a taanka. We are proposing 15 taankas.
      4. We appreciate your comment on matrix and will see if it can be done that way.

      Regards,

      GRAVIS

    • Varalakshmi VS of Aa Foundation for Community Development

      Dear Gravis The proposal is in very details,explanatory.As you're organisation is 30 year old and have already implemented similar projects. what is the impact?Are people you have to reach in preliminary level? or guiding them to implement such programme on their own is enough?, what is the impact on local governance and assistance to you...

      Dear Gravis
      The proposal is in very details,explanatory.As you're organisation is 30 year old and have already implemented similar projects. what is the impact?Are people you have to reach in preliminary level? or guiding them to implement such programme on their own is enough?, what is the impact on local governance and assistance to you?
      Your bio-filter technology used by the zillapanchyat programme implementation in government school,more than 90% percent is not in usage as the school authorites are not bothers to clean it up frequently, how is this in your earlier programme?

      varalakshmi

    • GRAVIS Jodhpur of GRAVIS

      Dear Varalaxmi Ji, Thank you for your comments. We have implemented similar type of intervention in many villages. Western Rajasthan is very scattered area and our intervention is implemented in the different geographic location. We are continuously working to provide water security to the people living in remote areas. Impact of these ...

      Dear Varalaxmi Ji,

      Thank you for your comments. We have implemented similar type of intervention in many villages. Western Rajasthan is very scattered area and our intervention is implemented in the different geographic location. We are continuously working to provide water security to the people living in remote areas. Impact of these intervention is very holistic and directly gives its positive outcome on Social, Economic, Physical and Financial security. With the proposal we have attached a report of the project with the similar kind of intervention with success stories, which reveals the success of the intervention.
      Taanka is a traditional structure, which we have improved with the modern technology, we promote these techniques, even which was adopted by the government too, and they are also working on the similar structure for the vulnerable groups to increase its capacity.
      Bio-sand filter is still not reached to the area were we have planned to introduce it. GRAVIS approach to implement the activities assures the community participation as a whole. 25-30% of their involvement generate ownership and sustainability of the activity. Village Committees are responsible for its proper maintenance. Other than this initiative, we have done many similar kind of activities in the western Rajasthan, which is very well managing by the Village Committees.

      Thanks

      GRAVIS

  • Rating: 8

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    Gravis has lot of leanings and great implemented programmes , needs to be shared in a systematic ways through building /developing manuals. The programmes seems to be self driven and parallel to government even the plan of covering more areas. share your work which have encouraging government to learn and adopt in the span of 30 years, which will be your biggest achievement.
    best wishes

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  • Rating: 7

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    Fresh Rain Water Harvesting for Drinking Purpose is a good concept. Effective implementation is also essential with people participation and contribution.
    Dhanam

  • Rating: 5

    review by (only shown to members)

    This plan is good and Gravis' track record is deep.

    However, there are several ideas mentioned that need back up.

    One idea mentioned is that of solar light at night in the toilet. Is that part of this project or some other? Do the homes have an existing solar panel and battery? Or are they solar led light?

    Two pit toilets are good and making out of local materials also good. But some design drawing would be good to show ventilation (of the pit), depth, etc.

    The metrics described for sustainability need overhaul. With a permanent and strong presence in the area, Gravis should be able to track several indicators regularly: water supply/level in naadi and taanka, bio-sand filter use and operation, water quality, % of HH/community using toilet, ... This could be quarterly for 2-3 years. Gravis claims the they are able to work with the community, then getting regular data should not be a problem.

    Finally, the report attached is nice, but the results of the funding from PWX a year ago leave much to be desired. So we have not seen any experimentation with new ways of field staff reporting or use of SMS.

    Gravis' goal of making communities self-reliant is great. How have past projects fared? Are communities maintaining their water and sanitation structures? Creating new ones? Coming together for self-reliance in other areas - education, economy, ...?

  • Rating: 8

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    Looking working history of organization & proposal made . We should consider there proposal.

    Thanks,
    Sandeep

  • Rating: 8

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    Rajeshbhai, First of all I want to bring to your notice that out of total cost 1/4 of the amount goes into Gravis's expenses. Need more scrutiny on this, before awarding any funds. Secondly, we need commitment from Gravis in terms of time limit, as things went out of time limits before. Thirdly, they need to complete documentation (finished photos, data, etc) for the past funding given. Fourth point, depending on fund available, can we fund them for construction of new nadi along with renovation of more Nadi's, if situation on site practically permits this new exploration.
    Best, Saurin

  • Rating: 7

    review by (only shown to members)

    The proposed activities; earthen dam catchment improvement measures, Taaka with Bio-sand filter and individual toilets to improve the safe drinking water and hygiene of the people in desert area are well planned to benefit the community.

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  • Rating: 10

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    Gravis has a long history of serving the Thar Desert region and people. I visited some of its projects last November and was impressed by the thoughtfulness, thoroughness and dedication of its staff. I like that Gravis proposes using time-tested and traditional methods of water collection. This will make it easier for recipients to understand and take part in the projects. I recommend funding of this request.

  • Rating: 6

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