Phase 2 seeks to provide 75 deep boreholes to 75 villages in Apac District, Northern Uganda, that will also serve community health clinics and the inhabitants of the communities around them.
The water crisis facing Uganda is well documented. Throughout the country, approximately 36% of the population lacks access to clean water. Poor sanitation and unsafe drinking water undermines public health and education efforts. Indeed, water-borne diseases is the leading cause of childhood mortality in the country In which infant mortality stands at 54 deaths per 1,000 live births and nearly 13% of the population dies before the age of five. ILF has been working in the region since 2006, having implemented two major programs, a sustainable energy program and a water/ sanitation program. ILF produces all of its water points with its own drilling equipment and in- house staff. As a result, ILF has been able to dramatically reduce the costs of producing a borehole - about $7,000 to $9,000 per deep borehole. Since 2006, ILF has produced over 200 boreholes, which have benefited over 150,000 individuals.
LocationApac, Northern Uganda, Uganda
Primary Focus: Capacity Building
Secondary Focus: Sanitation - Community
People Getting Safe Drinking Water: 37,500
75 deep boreholes produced will provide 75 villages with access to clean water. With an average of 500 individual per village, the program seeks to directly provide access to clean water to 37500 people.
School Children Getting Water:
People Getting Sanitation: 37,500
Through the creation of Community Health Clubs (CHC) and training 30 Community Health Workers (CHW), each household will receive in- depth education/awareness to the importance or clean water. Ensuring that all individual near clean water points will also receive comprehensive sanitation and hygiene education. These households will also be receiving training to build latrines. AfricaAHEAD will be responsible for launching the CHC component of this project - which includes training and community organization.
People Getting Other Benefits:
Application Type: Program Funding
Start Date: 2013-04-01
Completion Date: 2014-12-31
Given economic/geological conditions, deep boreholes are the most cost-effective option for bringing clean water for the region. If properly constructed/maintained, such boreholes have a 10-20 year lifespan, A GETF survey has shown that ILF's shallow boreholes from 2006/07 had a sustainability rate of 85% in mid-2012. This suggest that a 10-20 year lifespan for the deep borehole ILF would produce for the program is achievable given that: (1) deep boreholes last longer; (2) ILF has substantially improved its methods since commencing operations in 2006-07; and (3) experience with CHCs demonstrates their effectiveness in improving water point management and hygiene/sanitation practices.
Phase 1 was successfully completed in Palissa, where ILF produced 6 deep boreholes near/or at 6 health clinics, providing clean water to over 7,000 individuals. This program is Phase 2, which will only focus its efforts in Apac District.
Boreholes are an accepted form of intervention in Apac society.
Improved hygiene/ sanitation is a need that thought out by communities in the region. ILF has partnered with AfricaAHEAD to establish Community Health Clubs the clean water sites, drilled by ILF. CHCs use attention to social norms and community engagement to build commitment. Membership is voluntary, free and open. Members can join at any time, debate and be art of all decisions. CHC encourage all household to participate in hygiene/sanitation behavior changes training, allowing them also to understand the importance of clean water, this also encourages all village households to work together in maintaining the water point and ensuring its sustainability.
Improved hygiene/sanitation is a national/ local government goal. ILF works with local governments to ensure that the selected villages are prioritized by need, to ensure that those most in need obtain assistance first. ILF also woks with the national government to ensure that ILF works within the national WASH standards set forth by the Ugandan Water Ministry.
Future activities that ILF seeks to implement through the H2O+ initiative will be to introduce a micro-enterprise venture of fuel-efficient stoves. ILF's objective at this junction will be to provide capacity building training of fuel- efficient stove producers and vendors. As a results new income- generating activities will be introduced to the region.
Water User committees (WUC), Community Health Workers to conduct regular on-site visits by WUC and periodic on-site visits by ILF. Data collection, evaluation and training staff to use BPN's text-messaging tracking tools to collect and transfer data. Visits will be undertaken by monitors who will report on indicators such as, water usage/flow rates, borehole conditions, latrine coverage, hand-washing facilities/practices, clinic visits and school attendance. Each borehole will be visited at least once within the first year after completion and all data/evaluation markers pertaining to program performance willbe collected. The boreholes will continue to be monitored over a 3-year period.
Maintenance Cost: $58,000
- borehole conditions
- latrine coverage
- clinic visits (number of visitors per month, treatment seeking, etc.)
Drinking water (75 deep boreholes): $415000
Water resource management: $58000
Hygiene education and social marketing: $116000
Capacity building: $31000
Subtotal direct cost: $701000
Indirect Costs: $23000
TOTAL COSTS: $724000
Co Funding Amount: $475,000
Water To Thrive (20 boreholes and sanitation) -$130000
Generosity Water (40 boreholes and community health clubs)- $260000
S.L Gimbel Foundation (6 community health clubs, 1 borehole) -$35000
Aqua For All (10 community health clubs)- $50000
These are funds that have already been secured for the program.
Community Contribution Amount: $36,200
Each community receiving a borehole will contribute about 5% to the maintenance and repair costs. The funds collected at the community level will be managed by the Water User Committees' treasurers. Also through the community health clubs, community members will obtain greater awareness of the importance of their contribution and how these contributions will help their community as a whole in improving their daily livelihoods, by ensuring they have continuous access to clean water, and improved sanitation/hygiene practices.