Gravity flow drinking water system, latrines, health education and watershed conservation for the the community of El Achiote.
The families in the community have access to water through a hose system. Some have dug small wells next to the river, but the main problem is the quality of the water that they are consuming; it is highly contaminated by fecal coliform bacteria. Another problem is that during summer in Nicaragua (February, March, and April), the water source that the hose system uses dries up. During the summer season families have to look for water much further from their homes. Water is then hauled back to the home by women and children.
LocationEl Achiote Kuskawas, Rancho Grande, Matagalpa, Nicaragua
Primary Focus: Drinking Water - Households
Secondary Focus: Sanitation - Households
People Getting Safe Drinking Water: 485
136 children less than 15 years old
Current population is 268.
The water system is designed to provide water for 485 people which is the estimated population in 20 years (assumed 3% annual population growth).
Source: APLV own survey
School Children Getting Water: 101
Source: APLV survey
People Getting Sanitation: 259
130 children less than 15 years old
Material to make a latrine for each family will be supplied.
Source: APLV survey
People Getting Other Benefits: 233
Higiene education: 225 people
Water system maintenance training: 8 persons
Start Date: 2014-01-12
Completion Date: 2014-08-30
To resolve the problem of not having access to potable water, we propose to build a concrete spring capture, which would eliminate water contamination from leaves, branches, animals and surface water. The spring is in the highest part of the community, which allows us to use gravity to distribute the water.
The basic components for the structure are reinforced concrete, the piping necessary to carry the water from the spring to a storage tank (2,587 m); construction of a 12 m3 tank; a distribution network of 7,746 meters of PVC pipe; and 52 tapstands (one for each family), which will each have their own water meter. Each faucet will have a drainage system for residual water, to avoid having puddles form.
To do the hydraulic analysis of the network of pipes, we use the software program “Aire en Tuberías” (Air in Water Pipes) and for the design of the network of pipes, we utilize a program called NEATWORK. Both tools were developed by Agua Para la Vida and are made available without charge on our website.
Each family will construct their own latrine with guidance and training by APLV.
The focus of the project on water and sanitation is integral, but will be executed in two phases. It will begin with the construction of latrines, and the would continue with the potable water system, but would also be dependent on obtaining funds.
The community has a good level of organization. The Potable Water and Sanitation Committee (CAPS in Spanish), was elected by the community and have committed to organizing work groups during the execution of the project, as well as establishing internal procedure for management, operation, and repairs to the systems that are built, so that they will be self-sustaining, and will also monitor the sanitary and environmental conditions of the community. The families have signed documents stating their commitment and responsibility to the project. There is legal documentation for all pieces of land that would be affected by the different construction aspects of the project, including for the reservoir water source with protected areas surrounding it, sites for the construction of storage tanks, and permission for where the pipes cross private land.
Although we often work with local government agencies, in this case the local municipal government did not commit to give financing for the different aspects of bringing potable water and sanitation to the community.
Conserving and protecting the water source (reservoir) is a key focus area for Agua Para La Vida, with the objective of being able to provide sustainable management of a micro watershed that will provide potable water to the community of El Achiote. The empowerment of training locals to manage their water system in the future, in both the technical aspects as well as the management and financial aspects.
In Nicaragua, like in other parts of the world, the impact of having inadequate water and sanitation services falls principally on the poor and extremely poor in rural and peri-urban areas. By not having access to water, their poverty is further aggravated and their productivity is affected. Because of this, it is imperative that local government should play a larger role in providing adequate resources, especially through investments in the water and sanitation sectors in rural areas, but for now this is a slow process.
In accordance with the policies of Agua Para la Vida for self-sustainability of potable water projects, there are internal rules, among the most important of which are:
Establish a monthly fee for continual repairs and maintenance of the project.
Establish a monetary amount for the right to have access to a new faucet/water installation if they were not included in the original plan, which would be equal to the number of days that each original family who benefitted from the project worked
Establish a way of keeping track of registered benefitted families by creating a spreadsheet that will keep track of the monthly payments for the 52 connections to the water supply.
The costs of repairing the system are minimal and are estimated at $40 US Dollars a month
Maintenance Cost: $500
We have several key miles stones for tracking project status:
- Latrine construction
- Spring Capture
- Conduction line (spring to tank) trench
- Conduction line piping
- Tank construction
- Distribution trenching
- Distribution piping
- Health & Hygiene education workshops
- Watershed conservation workshops
Water System Materials and transportation $31,696
Latrine Materials and transportation $28,667
Skilled Labor $9,695
System design $3,000
Community education and organizing $7,398
Project Administration $4,139
Community Contribution $22,364
Total Project Value $ 106,959
Total Funding Required $ 84,595
See Attached Excel Datasheet for more details
Co Funding Amount: $28,667
Community Contribution Amount: $22,364
Labor: all excavation work, trench digging
Food for construction team