This project will provide a community focused WASH program to 24 families living in Union Nr 3 Abajo, Trojes, Honduras
This project will improve the health of 102 people by providing improved drinking water; latrines, if needed; hygiene education; use and maintenance of the filter and safe water storage training, deworming; and follow-up monitoring to improve the health of 24 families. These families live in the community of Union Nr 3 Abajo located in the Municipality of Trojes, El Paraiso Honduras.
For the past 5 years PWW, which functions as Agua Pura para el Mundo, a nationally recognized Honduran non- governmental organization, has worked in the remote Trojes region of Honduras, which government of Honduras has identified as a high-need and underserved region of the country. Residents in these communities, which number over 200 settlements, have no access to a community water system and use contaminated water from nearby streams and rivers; in addition, the majority of the population does not have access to a safe latrine. Residents do not treat their water, and open defecation contributes significantly to the contamination of the water resources. Individuals in this community work in agriculture and per-capita income is around $1.25 per person per day. They are largely smallholder farmers who grow shade-grown coffee for export in addition to a small amount of beans, corn and cattle. Children attend primary school in small community schoolhouses, yet access to secondary school is extremely limited. These communities are relatively isolated, and have very scant access to electricity, mobile phones or reliable health services. PWW seeks to address this lack of clean water, safe sanitation and hygiene knowledge in Trojes that poses a significant health burden to an underserved region.
LocationTrojes, Trojes, Honduras
Primary Focus: Drinking Water - Households
Secondary Focus: Sanitation - Households
People Getting Safe Drinking Water: 102
School Children Getting Water:
People Getting Sanitation: 102
People Getting Other Benefits: 102
All beneficiaries will be able to attend 3 workshops related to health, environmental and personal hygiene. Also, at least 6 community members will be trained as Community Agents in filter installation and filter maintenance.
Start Date: 2013-10-01
Completion Date: 2014-01-17
PWW employs proven, effective and affordable technology to provide a complete WASH package to Hondurans. The point of use technology used is simple for recipients to use and necessitates minimal maintenance inputs. According to the Center for Affordable Water and Sanitation Technology (CAWST), biosand filters are proven to remove up to 98.5 percent of bacteria, 99.9 percent of protozoa, 95 percent of turbidity and 90-95 percent of iron.
The added benefit of latrine access reduces the environmental contamination of open defecation and is necessary to stop the transmission of pathogens from feces to humans. In these communities, pour- flush latrines are being implemented. Sanitation, coupled with targeted, effective hygiene education, beneficiaries have the tools, understanding and information they need to reduce the burden of waterborne disease.
PWW’s approach focuses on community engagement and participation, and extensive educational initiatives—two facets we believe significantly strengthen the success of our programming. Community members play an active role in the implementation of PWW projects:
They work with PWW staff on filter installation and latrine construction, ensuring that they have a complete understanding of how each unit works and how to maintain them to their maximum capacity.
This project will be completed in one phase.
In addition to the community involvement, volunteers are selected in each community to receive training to serve as Community Agents, who provide technical support for households. The main objective of this training is to build the local capacity of community members and to establish institutional knowledge to support total behavior change in the use of the filter, latrine, and hygiene practices. After the training, community agents help to support household -level hygiene and sanitation improvement activities.
Post installation activities include PWW staff returning to the community multiple times to work with the community agents, monitor the effectiveness of the training, access the change in hygiene behaviors of the beneficiaries and to take corrective actions if necessary.
Beneficiaries also participate in the building of their latrine through providing some materials, digging the pit and participating in the installation of the latrine. They also contribute a small sum towards their filter.
As the second poorest country in Central America, per capita GDP in Honduras is $4,200 USD—ranking 156th in the world—and an estimated 65 percent of the 8.1 million Hondurans live below the poverty line (CIA 2011). In Trojes, only about 1 in 2 individuals have access to clean water and safe sanitation. Trojes is one of Honduras’ poorest regions, accessible only by treacherous, unpaved roads. Known as the “recovered zone” of the district of El Paraíso, this area was once part of the Republic of Nicaragua. The influx of Contra rebels into this area in the 1980s caused many people to flee the region, and it has been left with minimal support from either central or regional governments.
Specifically, PWW seeks to address this lack of clean water, safe sanitation and hygiene knowledge in Trojes that poses a significant health burden to an underserved region. In Trojes, homes are clustered along a few dirt roads or scattered across the landscape and reachable only by footpaths. The mountainous roads are steep and rutted, causing distinct challenges to residents in securing goods or services. Many families have built a rudimentary system of running water, consisting of a rubber hose that delivers water by gravity from a small pond in a spring or a creek at a higher elevation. At the house, the hose usually empties into a barrel or bucket in the yard. Ninety-eight percent of the families do not have a protected water source. Livestock, human waste, other houses and runoff all contribute to the degradation of the water quality in the community. Open defecation is widely practiced.
Access to improved water, sanitation and hygiene practices save lives and have significant implications for the reduction of poverty. Such access affects primary school enrollment by reducing illnesses that cause children to miss school, improves adult labor productivity, increases economic productivity, and reduces environmental hazards related to polluted water (World Bank Group 2008), as PWW project beneficiaries, local schoolteachers, and health workers have all attested. In developing countries, the most affected populations are those living in extreme poverty, especially those located in rural regions such as Trojes.
PWW’s approach focuses on community engagement and participation, and extensive educational initiatives—two facets we believe significantly strengthen the success of our programming. Community members play an active role in the implementation of PWW projects: all community members work with PWW staff on filter installation and latrine construction, ensuring that they have a complete understanding of how each unit works and how to maintain them to their maximum capacity.
Following the training of Community Agents in filter installation, PWW health promoters assist them with the installation of the filters in their respective communities. Following installation, PWW meets with the Community Agents one month after installation and then seven months after installation. During this seven month visit, PWW health promoters conduct a monitoring survey in 15% of the homes in the community. This is survey determines the use of the filter, effectiveness and the improved change in behavioral habits such as hand washing.
We expect this solution to succeed based on a proven track record of success and results from our monitoring initiative. In a recent monitoring report, 91 percent of households surveyed have improved the quality of their water through properly using the biosand filter. Improved water quality equals healthier families.
Metrics being tracked during implementation would be:
- Number of filters installed
- Number of latrines and wash stations built
- Number of community members attending trainings
- Participation from whole community.
These will be tracked throughout the course of the project by our staff members. If any adjustments need to be made during implementation, they will plan accordingly.
7 months after installation, Pure Water health promoters will visit the community and filters with Community Agents. During that visit they will conduct a monitoring survey. PWW's goal is to meet the indicators below in each community.
Specific Project Objectives
1. Improve the quality of water available in the rural households in the communities of Trojes, El Paraíso.
a. 90% of biosand filters provided are in use.
b. 80% of the biosand filters in use have all recommended installation conditions.
c. 100% of users apply at least 8 out of ten filter operation rules.
d. 80% of homes use a safe water storage container.
2. Improve hygiene habits of families in the rural households in the communities of Trojes, El Paraíso.
a. 80% of interviewees report washing their hands at least at two of the key times established.
3. Improve sanitation of families in the rural households in the communities of Trojes, El Paraíso.
a. 95% of the families that received latrines report that they are not practicing opening defecation.
4. Strengthen local capacity and abilities for the sustainability of the systems implemented in the project.
a. 80% of community agents have done at least 4 household visits in the first year after installation/supervision.