Construction of 1 small gravity flow water system and 29 latrines in Nicaragua
Since 1990 El Porvenir has partnered with over 375 poor communities in Nicaragua to improve their lives and health through self-help sustainable community development. We have completed over 650 small-scale water and sanitation projects to date. Infrastructure projects are accompanied by community-based reforestation and community health education. El Porvenir does not initiate projects. A community must identify their need, come to El Porvenir to ask for help, elect a committee, provide all labor on a volunteer basis, and contribute any locally available materials. El Porvenir field staff provide materials which must be purchased, and give technical assistance and training to enable the community to construct the project and then undertake its long-term maintenance.
LocationManagua, Managua, Nicaragua
Primary Focus: Drinking Water - Community
Secondary Focus: Sanitation - Households
People Getting Safe Drinking Water: 145
A water system will be rehabilitated in Bálsamo, San Lorenzo, there are 31 families and 145 people. The water system is so deteriorated though, that the cost of the water system is similar to a new water system.
School Children Getting Water:
People Getting Sanitation: 145
29 latrines will be built in Bálsamo, San Lorenzo. In 29 households, there are 31 families and 145 people.
People Getting Other Benefits: 145
All beneficiaries will receive hygiene and sanitary education, training in long term maintenance of projects, and the opportunity to take part in reforestation of microwatersheds in their communities. More details below.
Start Date: 2008-07-31
Completion Date: 2009-04-30
All wells use the rope pump, invented and manufactured here in Nicaragua. The rope pump can pull up water from a depth of 100 feet. Lasting for many years, it costs $180 and can be repaired for a few dollars when it breaks. Some information is available on www.ropepump.com
The water system involves 2 spring captures, directed into a round brick and cement tank.
Latrines are the standard (standard for Nicaragua at this time, although this may change in the near future as we are investigating other options) VIP single pit latrine. The shells are made of zinc and metal, so as to be easily reused when the first pit fills.
Usually the communities are organized even before applying to El Porvenir for a project. (El Porvenir does not undertake any project unless we receive a handwritten request from the community). If the community does not have Potable Water Committee (CAP) then other existing structures (if any) in the community are viewed to see they want to become the CAP for their community, otherwise a new committee is created. The community is trained in community organizing technique and committee functioning.
Community ownership is felt by the community through its identification of its problem, and their involvement in the sweat equity of the project.
All water project areas are legalized before beginning any construction.
After project construction, water project communities are invited to participate in reforestation. Those who want to do so will develop seedling nurseries in Jan-March, transplant in the rainy season May-June, and maintain the plantations under barbed wire fence and "no burn" protection for three years minimum. Reforestation project includes construction of fuel-saving, smoke-free stoves in the homes of the best reforestation participants (and eventually others).
Community health educators will visit all projects after construction to teach hygiene (handwashing e.g.) and encourage ongoing maintenance and repair of all projects, strengthen local committees, etc. Also, Community Agents will be trained to directly and more frequently reinforce the hygiene messages. The Community Agents are trained using a train-the-trainer methodology.
In order to measure the impact of our projects, we collect data several times a year from clinics serving rural districts where we have a high concentration of projects: number of visits due to diarrhea, etc. As the number decreases we feel that hygiene education has been effective.
We are reviewing our monitoring and evaluation system at this time and hope to come up with more comprehensive indicators over time.
Currently we collect health data from the nearby health posts and monitor the incidences of diarrhea and other watsan related illnesses.
The community has agreed that each member will pay a quota each month according to the consumption that the water meter reads (minimum 15 córdobas plus consumption over X cubic meters - X to be determined by the committee). This amount will go to the maintenance fund which will be maintained by the treasurer and will be put into a bank account if it reaches 1,500 córdobas (U$82). El Porvenir will assist the community in opening a bank account if necessary. There is no bank in San Lorenzo, the nearest branch bank is in Boaco about 27 km away.
Maintenance Cost: $300
Prior art before metrics
See grant budget, attached.
Co Funding Amount: $8,190
Community Contribution Amount: $1,665
The community will provide all labour for the following:
1. Capturing the source springs
2. Excavation and refilling of trenches from the spring to the storage tank
3. Helpers for the masons
4. Construction of the storage tank platform
5. Construction of all the spigots (in their household)
6. Construction of the 30 latrines
7. Excavation and refilling of the trenches for the distribution network
8. Enclosing the spring area with barbed wire
9. Transport of materials to the various locations where the work was carried out.
10. Assistants for the technician in the topographical study (this is complete)
The total time worked by the community in carrying out this Project will be approximately 400 person-days with a value of approximately US$3.33 per day (wages generally paid in rural area for manual labour) for a total of US$1332.
The community will also provide lodging and food for the technical and skilled workers throughout the project development and execution, at an estimated value of 6,500 córdobas or about US$333.