The overall goal of the programme is to improve the quality of life of rural communities by an experiential learning of inclusion through increased access to water and sanitation infrastructure and hygiene awareness enabling them to live with dignity.

Narrative

Construction of toilets and bathing rooms

Of the 23 villages where the sanitation and water supply has been initiated as an entry point under MANTRA, 50% of the families have completed the construction in all respects and 32% households have completed the casting of roof. We expect all the families to complete the construction work by mid May. The detail status of the progress is annexed as Annexure 2.

Since there has been a shortfall in the target, there is an utilization of 66% of the budget.

Water Supply system

Gram Vikas supports Village communities to leverage money from Government water supply schemes for establishment of piped water supply systems. In some districts, the delay on part of the District Administration has led to a substantial backlog of the project. Therefore selected villages have been supported under Christain Aid –ICCO for establishment of piped water supply systems. Piped water supply systems have been established in 3 villages in Mayurbhanj District and in one village in Gajapati District. The financial utilization under this has been 82%.

Capacity Development

During the period a range of capacity building initiatives have taken place for staff as well as communities. Members of staff underwent training on Accounts, Documentation, Livelihood, Planning and Monitoring and the principles of MANTRA programme.

At the community level the focus of trainings have been on awareness on policies and laws eg- National Rural Employment Guarantee, Right to Information, Panchayati Raj. Trainings have been imparted to improve skills in the rural youth- masonry, Veterinary practices, tailoring and Village Health worker training. Members of Self Help groups underwent training on group management, record keeping and enterprise development. Children of village schools were involved in Hygiene education and Hygiene promotion in the villages.

Concerted efforts on building capacities with close follow up has yielded results in people securing their entitlements under NREGS- especially payment of wages, securing job cards, members of SHG are managing the Mid day meal Programme of the schools and have taken up small scale enterprises. Members of Village Committees are confident in negotiating about their priorities with the local Panchayat as well as the People’s representative of the area.

    • Third Party
    Christine Samuel 9 Months after completion 22 Dec, 2009

    Solar Lights in Udap Garjang.

    Status: In-progress

    Operating Status:

    Udap Garjang implemented Gram Vikas' 'Water and Sanitation Program' earlier this year. As a result, the villagers now have 100% access to water and sanitation facilities. This has been very beneficial to the entire village especially for children and the older generation.

    Through my conversations with the villagers, they complained about the lack of electricity in their village. They also mentioned that Gram Vikas did an electricity survey in 2008 and that they hadn't heard back from them yet. Hence, when I returned to head office, I spoke with the Project Coordinator of the area and told him that the villagers were keen on getting solar lanterns as early as this month.

    The Project Coordinator then stated that he would return to the village in a week or two, with a solar lantern to leave with the village. He will then encourage the villagers to start a fund and contribute Rs1,200 per household to buy the solar lanterns.

    • Thumb_100_1477
    • Thumb_100_1448
    • Thumb_100_1445
    • Third Party
    Christine Samuel 9 Months after completion 21 Dec, 2009

    My time in Udap Garjang

    Status: Complete - Successful

    Operating Status:

    I visited Udap Garjang on 16th December. My task was to interview villagers about the impact of Gram Vikas' Water and Sanitation Program. When I first arrived in the village, the villagers warmly welcomed me and brought me some of their 'special' tea, a freshly cut papaya and their local breakfast dish. Following the interview, the villagers volunteered to take me up the moutains in order to see their water source. I was accompanied by approximately 10 villagers on this walk.

    On our way back, I commented on how I liked the pretty flowers that the women wore on their hair. When I reached the village, I went into a GV staff member's house to freshen up. When I got back, I found a handful of flowers waiting for me! And when I wore the flowers, the women in the village commented on how nice it looked. This made me so happy :)

    • Thumb_100_1464
  • Impact Assessment (M&E) Phase Project completed on 31 Mar, 2009 Implementation Phase
  • Implementation Phase Project started on 1 Apr, 2007 Preparation Phase

The overall goal of the programme is to improve the quality of life of rural communities by an experiential learning of inclusion through increased access to water and sanitation infrastructure and hygiene awareness enabling them to live with dignity.

Narrative

Construction of toilets and bathing rooms

Of the 23 villages where the sanitation and water supply has been initiated as an entry point under MANTRA, 50% of the families have completed the construction in all respects and 32% households have completed the casting of roof. We expect all the families to complete the construction work by mid May. The detail status of the progress is annexed as Annexure 2.

Since there has been a shortfall in the target, there is an utilization of 66% of the budget.

Water Supply system

Gram Vikas supports Village communities to leverage money from Government water supply schemes for establishment of piped water supply systems. In some districts, the delay on part of the District Administration has led to a substantial backlog of the project. Therefore selected villages have been supported under Christain Aid –ICCO for establishment of piped water supply systems. Piped water supply systems have been established in 3 villages in Mayurbhanj District and in one village in Gajapati District. The financial utilization under this has been 82%.

Capacity Development

During the period a range of capacity building initiatives have taken place for staff as well as communities. Members of staff underwent training on Accounts, Documentation, Livelihood, Planning and Monitoring and the principles of MANTRA programme.

At the community level the focus of trainings have been on awareness on policies and laws eg- National Rural Employment Guarantee, Right to Information, Panchayati Raj. Trainings have been imparted to improve skills in the rural youth- masonry, Veterinary practices, tailoring and Village Health worker training. Members of Self Help groups underwent training on group management, record keeping and enterprise development. Children of village schools were involved in Hygiene education and Hygiene promotion in the villages.

Concerted efforts on building capacities with close follow up has yielded results in people securing their entitlements under NREGS- especially payment of wages, securing job cards, members of SHG are managing the Mid day meal Programme of the schools and have taken up small scale enterprises. Members of Village Committees are confident in negotiating about their priorities with the local Panchayat as well as the People’s representative of the area.

Sustainability

Creating and measuring long-term impact

Raising the corpus

In all the villages families have mobilized the village corpus of an average of Rs. 1000 per household. The mobilization of corpus varies from village to village. Villages that have substantial community funds prior to Gram Vikas’ intervention advance money for the corpus from this fund, and a deduction is made at the time of releasing individual subsidies. In other cases, the subsidy claimed under Total Sanitation Campaign is deposited towards the corpus. During this period a total of Rs. 17.29 lakhs has been mobilized as corpus fund.

Other Issues

Unusual and unexpected issues faced during project execution

- In some parts of Orissa state, there was severe violence between Christian villages and non-Christian villages. This violence spread to Gajapati district, which resulted in many deaths and villages being burnt to the ground. Although none of Gram Vikas’ villages were badly affected, it made movement throughout the district very difficult for some considerable time

- High turnover of staff has proved to be a big challenge this year, and an issue Gram Vikas are trying to resolve

- The slow release of government funds for water projects has resulted in a large backlog of villages waiting for water supply work to be completed, or in many cases started. Gram Vikas have therefore decided to continue with the building of sanitation blocks only in villages where there is a prior commitment. Wherever possible, for this year the focus will be placed on working through the backlog of water supply projects. It is hoped this aim can be achieved with the recent release of large amounts of funding from the government for water supply projects.

Impact

People Getting Other Benefits: 1

Formation of Village Committee

Involvement of all households is facilitated through general body meetings where the headman and woman of the household participates in the decision making process. The general body as a forum, is also used to provide detailed information about the programme, spell out roles and responsibilities of Gram vikas and the village, availability of raw materials, masons, finance etc. Slowly this body also makes and enforces norms related to contain open defecation, maintaining cleanliness of village surroundings, rules related to payment of tariffs etc. In all the villages, general body meetings were held at least once a month. It has been observed that participation of all families as well as women have increased in the meetings. (Data collected in the Monthly Progress reports)

The general body selects a twelve member Executive Committee to take care of the day-to-day responsibilities of seeing that all households obtain their materials on time and initiate the construction. They also resolve conflicts and disputes that arise in the course of the work.
The Executive body of each village is registered under the Societies Registration act, 1860 that makes them a legal entity and enables them to source development funds for their villages. During this period only 6 village committees have secured their registration. In the remaining villages, the formal recognition is awaited at the block level.

Involvement of women

Women comprise 50% of the Executive Committee and in 80 percent cases they also operate the village account with a male member of the Executive Committee. Organizing women into small groups have helped them to increase their savings and access to small credit, but a key change is perceptible in the level of confidence that women members are gaining to speak in the village meetings. Gram Vikas has supported 18 groups (comprising of 223 members) formed during the reporting period to manage their funds and provide trainings on fund management, leadership and group dynamics. The groups have been able to mobilize savings of Rs. 1.29 lakhs. As a next step, groups are linked to banks so that they can avail institutional credit and are encouraged to start any small-scale enterprise.

Funding

Funded:
$1,046,551
Final Cost:
$1,046,551
$523,275:
ICCO
$523,276:
Christian Aid

Plan/Proposal