Providing potable drinking water and sanitation facilities to Kachner Tanda No. 1. We have implemented a water system to aid them in their water crisis.

Well_water

Narrative

KACHANER TANDA NO. 1: Completed Activities. (100% work completed)

: The village community has successfully completed the cost effective and community managed drinking water project in their hamlet. Under this, The existing old well belonging to the Grampanchayat ( local governance council of the village ) was repaired by the people, and the electric pump of 5 H.P. has been installed on the well. The water from this well is being lifted and transported through the new underground rising main pipeline of 2000 feet in length, and the water is being stored in the newly constructed water storage tank of 18,000 liters capacity. The drinking water is provided to each household through individual water connection, at their doorstep by providing the newly laid down distribution system pipeline of 1000 feet in length.

Tap connections: Installation of 48 individual tap connections have been completed. Each household has been provided separate tap connections with a view for the judicious use of water. At present all the household get the water at their door step.

Provision of water for the school students: A separate tap connection has been provided to the primary school.

Health Activities :
(i) The local health promoter has been appointed by the Sampada Trust (sister concern of WOTR) She looks after the preventive health care and malnutrition of children between the age group of 0-5 years old.
(ii) Regular follow up and orientation is being conducted through monthly meetings of the SHGs and SMS, about the personal health and hygiene as well as cleanliness of the surroundings in the village.
(iii) Each household has promoted kitchen garden by using the waste water.
(iv) Every fortnightly the women from the village collectively carry out village cleanliness campaign.

In Kachner Tanda hamlet the watershed development activities are being implemented since October 2008 by SIED (sister concern of WOTR). The land treatment in 194 hectares of land (61 % against the total area of 320 hectares ) has been completed. The horticulture including orchards and dry land horticulture is also completed in 10 hectares of land. The underground water table has been increased due to the large area treatment.

Impact: Before the initiation of the project, the people faced acute drinking water problem in the summer. During this summer, due to the project intervention there was plenty of water. Now this hamlet has become tanker free hamlet. Henceforth, the people will not be dependent on the irregular supply of water through tankers. The village community especially, women and girls are very happy has much of their time is saved as earlier had to fetch water for 3-4 hours per day. This saved time is used by the women and children for other productive purpose. Due to the successful implementation of the project, there is greater cooperation among the people, and the people are united due to the common cause of drinking water.

So far, three households have constructed individual toilets. The village community has been sensitized and aware about the negative impacts of the open defecation. The village community is convinced and motivated for the construction of toilets through the support of Self-help groups (SHGs). Since, the water is available at the doorstep of the each household, now people are willing to construct the toilets with their own funds.

    Thomas Palgadhmal ( Watershed Organization Trust ) 9 Months after completion 12 May, 2011

    Integrated Drinking Water Project Kachner Tanda No. 1, Block&Dist. Aurangabad

    Status: Complete - Successful

    Operating Status:

    The monitoring visit was conducted to Kachner Tanda No. 1 in May 2011 by Mr. J R Pawar, Co-ordinator and Ms. Anjali Waghe, Senior Social Development Officer of the Regional Resource Centre (RRC), Aurangabad.

    The work of Integrated Watershed Project is being implemented in this village since 2009, and regular quarterly monitoring visits are conducted by the RRC, Aurangabad team.

    Present Status of the Project:
    1. Under the watershed development activities, the land treatment on 280 ha. is completed till May 2011 against the total proposed area of 320 ha.
    2. Under the drainage line treatment, construction of four cement check dams, two small earthen bunds and earthen gully plugs are completed.

    Status of Drinking Water Project:
    1. The drinking water project was completed in August 2010. Since then, all 52 households regularly avail the water for drinking, domestic and livestock every day.
    2. The Water Committee/villagers have appointed a local person (Vijendra Nanusing Jadhav) for operating the water pump and distribution of water. An honorarium of Rs. 1000/- per month is paid to Vijendra. Each family contributes Rs. 20/- per month towards the honorarium.
    3. The capacity of the newly constructed water storage tank is 20,000 litres. Everyday the drinking water is released twice a day during the rainy and winter seasons. In summer due to shortage of water, it is released only once a day.
    4. In summer, each household receives 200 litres of water every day, whereas in other months, each family receives 300 to 350 litres of water every day which is used for drinking, domestic and livestock.
    5. There is 100% usage by the community/individuals and by all the marginalized and vulnerable population serviced. The primary school has access to the drinking water and for sanitation too. The water is being used for preparation of the daily meals for the primary school children and Anganwadi (Kinder garden).
    6. During the last quarter (March-June 2010), a new school building is constructed which includes; four classrooms, office and one kitchen room for cooking the school day meals under the government funds. Also a new sanitary block consisting of two toilets and four urinals (a unit of one toilet plus two urinals for boys and the same for girls) has been constructed. The water for the construction was provided from the new Drinking Water Project.
    7. Since the drinking water is provided through the individual tap connections at the doorsteps of each household, each household maintains the distribution system, the tap connection and the cleanliness of the surrounding area, therefore, during the visit, there is no clogged drain water or stagnation or stagnate water.
    8. Community surveys to inspect the sanitary condition of water sources, quality of water sources and to the check ground water levels.
    9. There is good working relation and co-operation with the group Gram Panchayat (which is in the neighbouring village) and convergence of GP Funds for the school building and sanitation unit.
    10. Water is available at a pre-determined and convenient time to all households in the morning at 8:00 a.m. and in the evening at 7:00. (in summer, only in the morning)
    11. The drinking water is purified every day by applying the TCL powder in the water storage tank.

    Impacts of Watershed works:
    1. Due to the large area, land treatment coverage under Watershed Development Program, the underground table in the drinking water well and also in the private irrigation wells, has been increased. Thus leads to the underground water security.

    2. In the comparison of the last summer (2010) the water table in the common drinking water well has been increased 2 meters, which was sufficient to meet the domestic water needs during the summer.

    3. Due to the increase in the private irrigation wells (average 1 to 2 meters) all the existing 37 wells had sufficient water in the summer for the livestock purpose and for domestic use.

    Impacts of Drinking Water Project:
    1. Recharging of water source based on the watershed approach has resulted in water security in summer.
    2. Water is available daily throughout the year. Each household gets at least 200 liters of water in summer and 300 liters in other seasons.
    3. Water is available at the doorstep. The scenario is entirely changed compare to the earlier situation as people had to travel long distances to fetch water and had to wait for hours to collect water. Now hardly any person is seen waiting to collect water for less than half an hour and also for carrying water less than 100 meters distance, against the 1-2 kms. distance in the pre-project period.
    4. The operation and maintenance cost will be recovered by the GP through the collection of water tax.
    5. Water is affordable to all. No one is denied the lifeline of water due to lack of paying capacity.
    6. The saved time of 3-4 hours per day of the women to fetch water is being utilized for the domestic work or earning daily wages in their own fields.
    7. The drudgery of fetching water has been reduced. There is an increased awareness among the village community, especially among the women, about the clean water and waterborne diseases. All women use the chlorosafe for the purification of drinking water which has resulted in reduction of waterborne diseases in the village.
    8. Increased awareness especially among the women and children is high in hygiene and behavioural practices (everyone washes hands after defecation, handles water with clean hands etc.)
    9. The women’s water committee has been selected in the Gramsabha through a democratic process. Since the project is implemented by the women successfully, their confidence is augmented and function in the decision making process as well as in the village development activities more actively.
    10. Due to the watershed and drinking water project, peoples’ unity and co-operation has enhanced.

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    Field Photographer ( PhotoPhilanthropy ) 3 Months after completion 12 Nov, 2010

    PhotoPhilanthropy/Blue Planet Network visit to Kachner Tanda No. 1

    Status: Complete - Successful

    Operating Status:

    I visited Kachner Tanda No. 1 in mid November 2010, one stop among several during two weeks of photographic documentation of drinking water, sanitation and watershed development projects in rural villages in two Indian states. My tour was sponsored by Peer Water Exchange and hosted by three non-governmental organizations. My host for the visit to Kachner Tanda was the Watershed Organization Trust (WOTR), which has been working with the village since 2008 and has an 18-year history of doing good works in Maharashtra and four other Indian states.

    Kachner Tanda is one of eight hamlets comprising a Banjara tribal community. The Banjara tribe originated in Rajasthan state. They regularly traded with people in Maharashtra and some eventually settled there. This hamlet consists of 50 families totaling 330 people. WOTR began doing watershed development projects in Kachner Tanda in 2008. About 70 percent of work has been completed and it’s expected to be finished in another year, according to Thomas Palghadmal, manager of WOTR’s social programs, who accompanied me on my visit as guide and translator.

    The villagers are farmers and grow food grains, cotton, sorghum and wheat. Because they rely on rainwater for irrigation in a drought-prone area, crop yields aren’t sufficient to provide a year-round income. Many villagers cut sugar cane for five months each year once their own crops are in.

    Nanusimg Jesu Jadhar, village headman, explained that the people decided to work with WOTR on land treatments to capture and harvest more rainwater that otherwise ran off the land. The goal is to recharge the underground water table and raise the level of groundwater so that more water is available for crops and livestock.

    According to WOTR’s web site, “The process of watershed development consists of harvesting rainwater wherever it falls, regenerating the environment, increasing green cover and adopting sustainable land husbandry practices in the watershed. It involves making bunds, digging trenches, building gullies, etc in a way that will arrest the rapid flow of water downhill from slopes to the ground. This is necessary because during the few days of rainfall, the tendency of water is to gush down the slopes and also take the top soil cover along with it. This means that there is no water conservation and precious fertile soil is lost too. When this flow is reduced or made to go through steps, water percolates into the ground at various spots and increases the underground water table. At the bottom of the hills, it collects to form water reservoirs. And while flowing down slowly it helps turn patches of land green.”

    Also in WOTR’s arsenal of watershed-restoration techniques is planting trees of various types to stabilize slopes. Villagers must agree to stop chopping down trees for firewood and in some places not to graze their cattle on the new grass that grows to also help keep soil in place and slow runoff.

    The village contributes labor and 20 percent of the total project cost.

    FROM DISTANT WELLS TO DOORSTEP TAPS: DRINKING WATER TRANSFORMATION
    WOTR completed a drinking water project for the village in June 2010 that eventually brought fresh water to the doorsteps of each household. Village women formed a committee to direct the project. Shambilel Rathor, secretary of the committee, said that Kachner Tanda suffered acute drinking water shortages in the summer. Women from several villages would walk a few kilometers to a single well that still had water. Fetching water from distant wells is an arduous daily task that saps time and energy from other tasks. The water wasn’t always clean.

    Just like the watershed work, the village contributed 20 percent of the cost of the new drinking water project. An existing older well was dug out as a water source. A 20,000-liter water storage tank was built and 2,400 feet of pipe was laid to bring the water into the village. Separate connections were installed to pipe water to each home as outdoor taps.

    The villagers must pay for the maintenance of the drinking water system decided to contribute a 20RS “water tax” monthly to pay the salary of one man who oversees the work Chlorine powder is added to the water in the storage tank and villagers use a few drops of sanitizing chemicals in each pot of water that comes out of the tap.

    I asked Shambilel what difference this has made in villagers lives. “We’re very happy. The women spend less time fetching water. We used to spend two to three hours a day on this chore. Now we can fill up their containers quickly and we no longer have to store clean water. We now use this time for other household work.”

    The village next wants to install toilets and bathrooms and receive some education on better agricultural practices.

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    • Thumb_kachaner_tanta_garden
    • Thumb_kachaner_tanta_dw_tap_3
    • Thumb_kachaner_tanta_dw_tap_2
    • Thumb_kachaner_tanta_dw_tap_1
    • Thumb_kachaner_tanta_water_tank
  • Impact Assessment (M&E) Phase Project completed on 10 Aug, 2010 Implementation Phase
    Thomas Palgadhmal ( Watershed Organization Trust ) 4 Months after start 28 Jun, 2010

    Brief report of Kachner Tanda Drinking water project

    Status: In-progress

    Operating Status:

    KACHNER TANDA NO. 1: Completed Activities. (75% work completed)

    1.Pipeline work: The pipeline from drinking water source well to water storage tank of 2,000 feet in length of 3” PVC underground pipeline and distribution system underground pipeline of 2” diam. PVC pipeline of 1000 feet in length has been completed.

    2. Installation of electric pump: The installation of 5 H.P electric pumps with all the accessories has been completed.

    3. Construction of water storage tank: The construction work of the overhead water storage tank of 20,000 litres capacity has been completed. In the original plan the construction of water storage tank was proposed on the ground level. However now the overhead water storage tank has been constructed at the height of 13 feet above from the ground level. This is mainly to provide the water supply through the individual tap connections.

    4. Tap connections: Installation of 44 individual tap connections have been completed. Each household has been provided separate tap connections with a view for the judicious use of water. At present all the household get the water at their door step.

    5. Provision of water for the school students: A separate tap connection has been provided to the primary school.

    6. Health Activities :
    (i) The local health promoter has been appointed by the Sampada Trust (sister concern of WOTR) She looks after the preventive health care and malnutrition of children between the age group of 0-5 years old.
    (ii) Regular follow up and orientation is being conducted through monthly meetings of the SHGs and SMS, about the personal health and hygiene as well as cleanliness of the surroundings in the village.
    (iii) Each household has promoted kitchen garden by using the waste water.
    (iv) Every fortnightly the women from the village collectively carry out village cleanliness campaign.

    Impact: The village people faced acute drinking water problem during the summer months. The drinking water project was completed at the end of May. Since then they are using the drinking water from the newly constructed water supply project.

    Presently, every day the village community get about 50 litres of water per person for drinking as well as for the domestic purpose, and for the livestock.

    The physical implementation of 75% has been completed and the deepening of the well will be completed by end July 2010.

    Thomas Palgadhmal ( Watershed Organization Trust ) About 1 Month after start 6 Apr, 2010

    Integrated Drinking Water Project - Kachner tanda

    Status: In-progress

    Operating Status:

    1. The social mobilisation and awareness has been initiated in the village.
    2. The women are organised into Self Help Groups. Five SHGs have been formed involving 61 women. The internal leading activities have been initiated by these SHGs.
    3. The Women’s Drinking Water Committee has been formed involving 10 women members. The ‘Asha Kiran Women’s Drinking Water Committee’ has opened a Bank account in their committee name.
    4. The Letter of Offer has been issued to the Drinking Water Committee and the Committee has signed the MOU, accepting the terms and conditions
    5. The Drinking Water Committee has collected Rs. 32,000 towards the peoples contribution and deposited in the bank account. After the collection of the peoples contribution amount, the first instalment of Rs.1,50,000 has been released to the committee.
    6. The Drinking Water Committee has obtained the NOC from the Grampanchayat (local self Govt. ) for the excavation of the existing drinking water source well. A legal Agreement has been made between the Committee and Mr. Vinayak Hira Jadhav who has given the plot (land ) for the construction of water storage tank.
    7. The progress and the present status has been discussed in the General Assembly of the village (Gram Sabha), and the village community has finalised the Action Plan as under.

    1. Purchase of pipes and electric pump -1st week of April
    2. Training to the Water Committee -10th April 2010
    3. Excavation of the well -completed at by end April
    4. Construction of water storage tank - completed by end May
    5. Completion of the drinking water project-end June 2010.

  • Implementation Phase Project started on 1 Mar, 2010 Preparation Phase

Providing potable drinking water and sanitation facilities to Kachner Tanda No. 1. We have implemented a water system to aid them in their water crisis.

Narrative

KACHANER TANDA NO. 1: Completed Activities. (100% work completed)

: The village community has successfully completed the cost effective and community managed drinking water project in their hamlet. Under this, The existing old well belonging to the Grampanchayat ( local governance council of the village ) was repaired by the people, and the electric pump of 5 H.P. has been installed on the well. The water from this well is being lifted and transported through the new underground rising main pipeline of 2000 feet in length, and the water is being stored in the newly constructed water storage tank of 18,000 liters capacity. The drinking water is provided to each household through individual water connection, at their doorstep by providing the newly laid down distribution system pipeline of 1000 feet in length.

Tap connections: Installation of 48 individual tap connections have been completed. Each household has been provided separate tap connections with a view for the judicious use of water. At present all the household get the water at their door step.

Provision of water for the school students: A separate tap connection has been provided to the primary school.

Health Activities :
(i) The local health promoter has been appointed by the Sampada Trust (sister concern of WOTR) She looks after the preventive health care and malnutrition of children between the age group of 0-5 years old.
(ii) Regular follow up and orientation is being conducted through monthly meetings of the SHGs and SMS, about the personal health and hygiene as well as cleanliness of the surroundings in the village.
(iii) Each household has promoted kitchen garden by using the waste water.
(iv) Every fortnightly the women from the village collectively carry out village cleanliness campaign.

In Kachner Tanda hamlet the watershed development activities are being implemented since October 2008 by SIED (sister concern of WOTR). The land treatment in 194 hectares of land (61 % against the total area of 320 hectares ) has been completed. The horticulture including orchards and dry land horticulture is also completed in 10 hectares of land. The underground water table has been increased due to the large area treatment.

Impact: Before the initiation of the project, the people faced acute drinking water problem in the summer. During this summer, due to the project intervention there was plenty of water. Now this hamlet has become tanker free hamlet. Henceforth, the people will not be dependent on the irregular supply of water through tankers. The village community especially, women and girls are very happy has much of their time is saved as earlier had to fetch water for 3-4 hours per day. This saved time is used by the women and children for other productive purpose. Due to the successful implementation of the project, there is greater cooperation among the people, and the people are united due to the common cause of drinking water.

So far, three households have constructed individual toilets. The village community has been sensitized and aware about the negative impacts of the open defecation. The village community is convinced and motivated for the construction of toilets through the support of Self-help groups (SHGs). Since, the water is available at the doorstep of the each household, now people are willing to construct the toilets with their own funds.

Sustainability

Creating and measuring long-term impact

The maintenance revenue model for Kachner Tanda project is prepared. The operational costs, such as electric bill, honorarium to the caretaker and water distributor, regular maintenance cost like, TCL powder (chlorination), cocks, etc. will be done through the maintenance cost. Besides this, the provision for the reserve fund of 20 % of the annual cost is made, so as to ensure the sufficient fund for the replacement of major parts of the pump, minor repairs of the valves, pipes etc. after 5-7 years period.

Learnings

Knowledge of project and process for sharing

Since the responsibility to provide safe drinking water to the people is of the Govt. , hence the local governance council i.e. Grampanchayat is responsible for the collection of water tax, water distribution, water chlorination etc . However, looking to the present scenario of the ineffective functioning of the local governance, we have tried out the alternative, which we found quite successful in our drinking water projects.

Under this new arrangement, the Women’s water committee will be the legal sub-committee of the Grampanchayat under the state Act. This act empowers the sub-committee to work independently under the supervision and control of the Grampanchayat, which is mainly responsible to the Gramsabha (General assembly of the hamlet).

Therefore, the sub-committee will collect the water tax with extra funds as per the revenue generation model and deposit in their bank account. The amount of the legal water tax will be paid to the Grampanchayat collectively by the sub-committee, and the surplus amount will be kept with the water committee’s bank account for the regular maintenance as well as in case of major repairs.

Impact

People Impacted: 327

People Getting Safe Drinking Water: 327

48 households
161 women, 166 male

Implementer: Sanjeevani Institute for Empowerment and Development (SIED)

WOTR through its sister organisation SIED is a facilitating implementation of WASUNDHARA programme in Maharashtra since April 2008. SIED is implementation unit of WOTR for the integrated watershed development program.

Funding

Funded:
$8,010
Community:
$1,454
Final Cost:
$7,317
$8,010:
MSSCT

Plan/Proposal