• To finance the construction of 222 hygienic latrines for 188 households in Tam Anh Nam Commune, Nui Thanh District, and 34 households in Que Phu Commune, Que Son District, Quang Nam Province

Narrative

See the entire project description in the attached file.

  • Impact Assessment (M&E) Phase Project completed on 31 Oct, 2008 Implementation Phase
  • Rick McGowan of East Meets West Foundation
    Implementation Status: completed Tue 02 Sep 2008, About 12 Years ago

    EAST MEETS WEST FOUNDATION SANITARY LATRINE PROGRAM

    EAST MEETS WEST FOUNDATION SANITARY LATRINE PROGRAM
    (with financial support from Blue Planet Run)

    An Interview with Mr. Nguyen Tan (Sanitation Program Beneficiary)

    BUILDING HYGIENIC LATRINES
    Mr. Nguyen Lam
    Age: 80
    Address: Group 6, Diêm Ph? Hamlet, Tam Anh Nam Commune, Núi Thành District, Qu?ng Nam Province, Central Region, Vietnam

    1. Where did you go to defecate before you have hygienic latrine?

    • In the daytime we went to the hill where there are lots of trees, 7500m -1000m away from home.
    • At night we dug holes in the garden.

    2. What are the impacts of not having a hygienic latrine?
    • It is a nuisance, especially when you have to defecate at night and when it rains. We had to wear raincoats and often got wet after finishing such a work.
    • The water source in the neighborhood is contaminated. We often have diarrhea.
    • The environment is polluted and smells bad.

    3. What about the effectiveness of the new hygienic latrine?
    • We find it very convenient and comfortable to have new hygienic latrine. We don't have to spend much time when we need to defecate, and we don't have to bring any tools to dig holes to bury the feces.
    • The environment is cleaner. We have less disease, especially diarrhea and cholera.

    4. Why did the local people take part in the program?
    • Local people are quite aware of the health and convenience benefits of having hygienic latrines;
    • We work together with everybody in our hamlet to participate in the sanitation activities of the community.

    5. Why was your family chosen to get the subsidy?
    • We are one of the poorer families in the commune, so it is difficult for us to pay the full cost of the latrine ourselves;
    • We are in the area where there are a lot of people interested in the program.

    6. If you haven't got the $20 of subsidy, would you have built this hygienic latrine?
    • Without this subsidy, it might have taken us a long time to build this latrine or maybe we would not have built it.
    • Our awareness of building hygienic latrine to keep the environment clean in the community is high so when we knew there was $20 of subsidy for anyone who wanted to build hygienic latrine, we decided to take this good chance

    7. What benefits that hygienic latrines bring to your family and community?
    * To your family:
    The convenience and comfort. Also, your family will be recognized as an educated family. There will be fewer diseases. Health is better and safer.

    * To the community:
    Education/Culture: More families considered as educated families in the commune compared with the previous years.
    * Economy: Improved because the health of the local people is better.
    * Environment: Is green, clean and fresher. No pollution, less disease.

    8. Are hygienic latrine activities implemented at the same time as the clean water system?

    Yes, the construction of the clean water system and the hygienic latrines is implemented at the same time for 4 of 8 hamlets in the commune of Tam Anh Nam. The other four hamlets do not yet have any clean water systems. The government is working with the community to prepare a proposal to build clean water systems for these hamlets.

    • Sanitati...
    • Sanitati...
    • Santatio...
    • Sanitati...
    • Sanitati...
  • Rick McGowan of East Meets West Foundation
    Implementation Status: completed Tue 02 Sep 2008, About 12 Years ago

    EAST MEETS WEST FOUNDATION SANITARY LATRINE PROGRAM with co-funding from Blue Planet Run and Project Beneficiaries

    BUILDING HYGIENIC LATRINES
    Mr. Nguyen Lam
    Age: 80
    Address: Group 6, Diêm Ph? Hamlet,
    Tam Anh Nam Commune, Núi Thành District
    Qu?ng Nam Province, Central Region, Vietnam

    1. Where did you go to defecate before
    you have hygienic latrine?

    • In the daytime we went to the hill where there are lots
    of trees, 7500m -1000m away from home.
    • At night we dug holes in the garden.

    2. What are the impacts of not having a hygienic latrine?
    • It is a nuisance, especially when you have to defecate at night and when it rains. We had to wear raincoats and often got wet after finishing such a work.
    • The water source in the neighborhood is contaminated. We often have diarrhea.
    • The environment is polluted and smells bad.

    3. What about the effectiveness of the new hygienic latrine?
    • We find it very convenient and comfortable to have new hygienic latrine. We don't have to spend much time when we need to defecate, and we don't have to bring any tools to dig holes to bury the feces.
    • The environment is cleaner. We have less disease, especially diarrhea and cholera.

    4. Why did the local people take part in the program?
    • Local people are quite aware of the health and convenience benefits of having hygienic latrines;
    • We work together with everybody in our hamlet to participate in the sanitation activities of the community.

    5. Why was your family chosen to get the subsidy?
    • We are one of the poorer families in the commune, so it is difficult for us to pay the full cost of the latrine ourselves;
    • We are in the area where there are a lot of people interested in the program.

    6. If you haven't got the $20 of subsidy, would you have built this hygienic latrine?
    • Without this subsidy, it might have taken us a long time to build this latrine or maybe we would not have built it.
    • Our awareness of building hygienic latrine to keep the environment clean in the community is high so when we knew there was $20 of subsidy for anyone who wanted to build hygienic latrine, we decided to take this good chance

    7. What benefits that hygienic latrines bring to your family and community?
    * To your family:
    The convenience and comfort. Also, your family will be recognized as an educated family. There will be fewer diseases. Health is better and safer.

    * To the community:
    Education/Culture: More families considered as educated families in the commune compared with the previous years.
    * Economy: Improved because the health of the local people is better.
    * Environment: Is green, clean and fresher. No pollution, less disease.

    8. Are hygienic latrine activities implemented at the same time as the clean water system?

    Yes, the construction of the clean water system and the hygienic latrines is implemented at the same time for 4 of 8 hamlets in the commune of Tam Anh Nam. The other four hamlets do not yet have any clean water systems. The government is working with the community to prepare a proposal to build clean water systems for these hamlets.

  • Implementation Phase Project started on 28 Jul, 2007 Preparation Phase

• To finance the construction of 222 hygienic latrines for 188 households in Tam Anh Nam Commune, Nui Thanh District, and 34 households in Que Phu Commune, Que Son District, Quang Nam Province

Narrative

See the entire project description in the attached file.

Sustainability

Creating and measuring long-term impact

Equivalent of US$ 5 for annual maintenance of latrines.

Other Issues

Unusual and unexpected issues faced during project execution

9) What level of funding is requested? EMW intends to co-finance the construction of improved sanitary latrines (both pour-flush septic latrines and EcoSan latrines) both at the $26 level. Depending upon their actual cost, the EcoSan latrine (which are likely to be less costly than the standard pour-flush latrine) subsidies will be less (but the same 25%). Interested beneficiaries will be given the informed choice of which latrine model they prefer. As the planned sanitary latrine program is intended to cover an initial 200 latrines, the total subsidy cost would be $5,000. This investment in improved environmental sanitation would build upon the existing EMW and community co-financed investment in the piped and treated rural water supply system, which these days, due to the steady inflation of the cost of goods, materials, and construction labor and management, runs about $40-$50,000, depending upon cost-related factors such as the:

• Number of house connections provided;
• Length of the transmission and distribution pipelines;
• Location, depth, production capacity, and quality of the raw water source (which in turn determines the complexity and consequent cost of the water treatment facilities), and
• Population density, which has a significant impact upon the cost of the water transmission and distribution pipelines. The cost of pipes is typically the single highest cost item in the typical water system construction budget.

Thus, this initial $5,000 research grant will support EMW’s efforts to expand and refine its pilot sanitary latrine program, and to assess beneficiary preference and subsequent interest in adopting the EcoSan latrine, once they understand the potential benefits of doing so. EMW representatives have already met with representatives of the Stockholm Institute to discuss their EcoSan program, and will discuss further details about customer preference, and relative costs. As such, this will serve as an informal initial pilot study about customer preference between the two types of latrines.

Impact

People Getting Sanitation: 1000

200 families getting household latrines. Thus, this initial $5,000 research grant will support EMW’s efforts to expand and refine its pilot sanitary latrine program, and to assess beneficiary preference and subsequent interest in adopting the EcoSan latrine, once they understand the potential benefits of doing so. EMW representatives have already met with representatives of the Stockholm Institute to discuss their EcoSan program, and will discuss further details about customer preference, and relative costs. As such, this will serve as an informal initial pilot study about customer preference between the two types of latrines.

People Getting Other Benefits: 1000

Hygiene and sanitation behavioral change will be a component of this project to encourage people to more effectively use their latrines to reduce water borne diseases. The basic sanitary latrine in this part of rural Vietnam is a one-hole, pour flush double vault (septic tank) latrine, with a shelter (typically brick ventilated walls, and a corrugated iron roof) for privacy. However, an increasing number of HHs prefer to upgrade their basic latrines to a bathroom that contains the latrine and bathing facilities, along with improved aesthetics (tiled walls are popular for those who can afford them). The EMW design is based on designs that were promoted by International Development Enterprises (IDE) during their recent multi-year market-based hygienic latrine promotion project in Quang Nam. EMW’s latrines have been constructed mainly in Quang Nam Province, which is also the main focus of the EMW Clean Water Program thus far. The EMW program takes advantage of the availability of trained latrine builders whom IDE had trained-up during their program, as well as IDE’s promotional and marketing activities that helped to identify and expand the market demand for hygienic latrines.

Alternative latrine designs – EMW also intends to initiate a pilot program for the promotion of Eco San latrines. Ecological sanitation (also called 'EcoSan') is structured on recycling principles that keep the eco-cycle in the sanitation process closed. This system uses human excreta as a resource: human waste is processed on site until they are free of pathogenic (disease-causing) organisms. After this process, the sanitized excreta can be used for agricultural purposes. EcoSan toilets have several advantages over standard pour-flush latrines, including an EcoSan toilet can solve problems like bad odors, flies and poor hygiene, and is a comfortable and safe alternative to pour flush latrines. However, as this is not a common design in Vietnam, EMW will promote the EcoSan toilet as a useful alternative to the standard pour-flush latrine. The extent to which they are financed under this project will depend upon the willing of families to adopt the new technology.

Maintenance/Operating Costs Annual, in US$: $1000

Creating and measuring long-term impact

Equivalent of US$ 5 for annual maintenance of latrines.

Funding

funded:
$5,000
edit $5,000:
Blue Planet Network

Plan/Proposal