Self-supporting community- based mitigation program that provides arsenic safe water using modified dugwells along with public education on water related health effects.

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Narrative

In some areas a dugwell may become dry or contain low volume of water due to any of the following factors:
(i) located near a river channel that gets almost dry in summer;
(ii) far distance from a perennial water body;
(iii) due to the amount of annual rainfall.
It has been observed that in 2007, 18% of the dugwells in the PWSET1 area were affected. The composition of soil in this part of the region is such that it gets impossible to dig manually due to sand boiling that starts at around the depth of 14 feet. One of the solutions to this phenomenon is to deepen the dugwell. Considering the rural setup where large equipments cannot be transported, the technical advisor developed a new design that has enabled the depth of this dugwell, by overcoming the sand boiling, to 21 feet. The level of water of this dugwell will be observed for 2-5 years.

    • SMS
    Laltu Mirza ( Project Well ) Over 4 Years after completion 28 Sep, 2013

    Operating Status:

    pw74 went for inspection and folder has given.

    • SMS
    Laltu Mirza ( Project Well ) Over 4 Years after completion 12 Aug, 2013

    Operating Status:

    repaired washer, checkvalve, net and plunger today.

    • SMS
    Jyotsna Sarkar ( Project Well ) Over 4 Years after completion 10 Aug, 2013

    Operating Status:

    PW-74 water collection for annual arsenic test

    • SMS
    Jyotsna Sarkar ( Project Well ) Over 4 Years after completion 13 Jul, 2013

    Operating Status:

    There is 22 ft of water.200ml theoline was sold.4families 20 people.used for drinking and cooking. pw_50

    • SMS
    Shilpi Poddar ( Project Well ) About 4 Years after completion 14 Feb, 2013

    Operating Status:

    Deep of water column 7 feet. 5 families 16 people.

    • SMS
    Jyotsna Sarkar ( Project Well ) Almost 4 Years after completion 18 Oct, 2012

    Operating Status:

    15ft of water. 500ml theoline. 8 families 36 people using the water.

  • Impact Assessment (M&E) Phase Project completed on 31 Dec, 2008 Implementation Phase
    Meera Hira-Smith ( Project Well ) 10 Months after start 4 Nov, 2008

    Visit to the site by the Project Well director on 22nd October 2008

    Status: Complete - Successful

    Operating Status:

    The water of this dugwell, # PW74, is clear and people of the village are using the water for cooking and drinking since June. There is no organic smell in the water. In August the number of families using the dugwell water was 12 and 48 consumers. But in September the users had stopped using the water saying that they were catching cold (hay fever) from drinking the dugwell water. The field workers visited several times to advise them that it is a myth. And on 22nd October we visited PW74 when we found out that the people had stopped for about 15 days, during the typical seasonal allergy (flu / hay fever) period when everybody in the overcrowded areas get sick from the infectious cold virus. The same sickness of 3-4 days is common in the city too. The spread of the cold virus and how to prevent it was explained to the people with the help of a slideshow (picture) and once again told them how the arsenic free dugwell water will protect their health in the long run while water of the arsenic contaminated tubewell would increase their sickness because arsenic affects almost all parts of the body that would result in increase of their medical bill.

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  • Implementation Phase Project started on 1 Jan, 2008 Preparation Phase

Self-supporting community- based mitigation program that provides arsenic safe water using modified dugwells along with public education on water related health effects.

Narrative

In some areas a dugwell may become dry or contain low volume of water due to any of the following factors:
(i) located near a river channel that gets almost dry in summer;
(ii) far distance from a perennial water body;
(iii) due to the amount of annual rainfall.
It has been observed that in 2007, 18% of the dugwells in the PWSET1 area were affected. The composition of soil in this part of the region is such that it gets impossible to dig manually due to sand boiling that starts at around the depth of 14 feet. One of the solutions to this phenomenon is to deepen the dugwell. Considering the rural setup where large equipments cannot be transported, the technical advisor developed a new design that has enabled the depth of this dugwell, by overcoming the sand boiling, to 21 feet. The level of water of this dugwell will be observed for 2-5 years.

Sustainability

Creating and measuring long-term impact

Initially users are trained to treat water with the disinfectant supplied by field workers of local NGO. Each family to contribute Rs.10 per month for maintenance cost to buy theoline (average Rs.20/- per month) and for repair work if any.

Other Issues

Unusual and unexpected issues faced during project execution

Research and Development is part of the project. The arsenic level was 8 PPB tested on 30th June 2008. The Total coliform and Fecal coliform are both 'undetected'. Date of water collection for bacteria tests was on 6th December 2008.

Learnings

Knowledge of project and process for sharing

The cost of this design, using a special 12" diameter PVC pipe, is 60% more than the Project Well formulated modified dugwell. If this new design works it may be considered in future because it is more important to provide arsenic safe water to the people throughout the year.

Impact

People Impacted: 16

People Getting Safe Drinking Water: 16

According to the register record of January 2013 the total consumers=15; Families=5;
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According to the register record of July 2011 the total consumers=18; Families=6; Male=10, Female=8, children <5 =1.

People Getting Other Benefits: 50

Public health education on arsenic health effects and personal hygiene is given to all the dugwell beneficiaries. A training program on the maintenance of the dugwells (including chlorination) is given to develop a sense of ownership and to make the program sustainable. There are five field workers working on the dugwell program who are selected from the arsenic afflicted villages. They are involved in site selection, village meetings during site selection, followed by construction of the wells and also follow up the on the technical faults of the dugwells and the numebr of users. The villagers are also shown VCDs on how to improve personal health and hygeine through proper practices. The office of Aqua Welfare Society is located in the village and the coordinator and the account asistant / data entry person travel from Kolkata to meet with them weekly. Trades like well-digging, pottery, and masonry, are required for the dugwell program and are benefiting from work generated by the project.

Maintenance/Operating Costs Annual, in US$: $40

Creating and measuring long-term impact

Initially users are trained to treat water with the disinfectant supplied by field workers of local NGO. Each family to contribute Rs.10 per month for maintenance cost to buy theoline (average Rs.20/- per month) and for repair work if any.

Funding

Funded:
$1,171
Final Cost:
$1,171
$1,171:
Blue Planet Network

Plan/Proposal