Construction of 2 boreholes for 2 secondary schools to make them access to clean and safe water to over 900 students ( 452 girls and 448 boys) aiming at serving time used to walk 1 km for fetching some water and minimizing water born diseases outbr
Mbulani and London Secondary Schools are among of over 7 secondary schools in Songea’s Municipal Council located in peripheral wards. There are over 38,000 people living in these wards where 1500 people are secondary school children with no source of clean and safe water. Potential sources of clean water include (but are not limited to) boreholes, taps, and improved wells. For the residents of these schools, local dug wells are the only source of water. Unfortunately, they are used for washing clothes and bathing within local wells, is a common practice that often leaves many wells contaminated. Also, the wells are exposed, affording animals the opportunity to pollute the water.
The washing of soiled clothes and bathing, along with exposure to animals, clearly compromises the effectiveness of these wells as safe sources of drinking water. This problem is further compounded in the rainy season by soil runoff that can swamp some of the wells in dirt and soil. This renders the effected wells completely unusable. Students and women fetching water are often forced to check multiple wells before finding one that has not been effected by runoff. is particularly troubling to students and women, who have more limited time due to having several responsibilities including academic studies for students and for women are also needed by the family to participate in agricultural production activities.
Use of these wells for drinking water, which is often not boiled (due to the lack of cheaply available fuels), has led to the occurrence of the water borne diseases like diarrhoea, intestinal parasites (such as worms), and bilharzias.
It is even worse to newly built schools in same peripheral wards where they are forced to walk about 1.km to 2 Km far away from the school fetching some water. The students wasted a lot of time for fetching water for a variety of uses including cleanliness, cooking and school buildings construction which leads students to miss lessons because of water problemExperience relating to the water project:
PADI has been implementing this kind of water project for more than four years, beginning in 2003. The first implementation of the project was done in the Mletele ward at Liwumbu B streets from June to August 2003, where seven (7) improved local wells were built. PADI received funds from Peace Corps Tanzania under the supervision of Mr. Tim Hogan.The second implementation of the project took place from September to November 2003, where PADI received funds from professors Miller and Rulfs of the USA and constructed 4 improved local wells.
The third project implementation took place from October 2005 to December 2005, funded by Help Age International, which enabled PADI to build 8 improved local water wells. The fourth implementation took place from July –August 2007.The project funded by Run For Africa, the funding enabled us to construct 13 improved traditional water wells and 1 bore hole ( supported to Mdandamo Sec. School).
The fifth project implementation took place from Nov. 2007 to Jan. 2008 where 7 improved traditional water wells were built, funded by Help Age International and the sixth water project implementation took place from Sept. 2008 to date where 34 improved traditional water wells have been constructed ( funded by Blue Planet Run Foundation-BPRF). In total over 9,200 beneficiaries are benefiting from the initiate since 2003 including 1,500 school children. From Nov 2008 –Mar.2009 three bore holes were constructed in 3 secondary schools, funded by Blue Planet Run Foundation- BPRF.
Even after the construction of 73 improved Traditional water wells and ( 4) bore holes in the district (to the community and schools) the need to expand the project to other areas especially in secondary schools and community is great (more than 5 requests from secondary schools and 7 villages have been received by our office). The people who have not yet received such assistance have been zealous in their appeals for support and are ready to contribute their efforts so as to make the project successful.
To address the problem, PADI is asking for funding of USD.12,886.77 in order to
Construct 2 hand pump( bore hole) for Mbulani and London Secondary schools which do not have taps or borehole water sources for drinking water.
The following activities will be conducted.
i)Mobilizing school community to fully participate in project implementation
In mobilizing the community PADI will conduct meetings to those schools requested water support. During these meetings the community will be explain on how the project will be conducted and other project conditions which include community contribution, formation of WMF and WMC. The meetings will help to create awareness and readiness of participating in the project implementation. In this project the school communities are required to construct pump house as their contribution. Contract of receiving the support will only signed only if they agree to construct the pump house as soon as the pump has been installed
ii)Formation of Wells Monitoring Committees (WMC) which consist of 10 people.
The ten people described in the proposal on a part of community organization will be the school management committees in each school and they will be responsible in hand pump maintenance and repair, day to day care of the pump and managing the ( WMF)
iii)Formation of Water Maintenance Fund ( WMF) which will be formed by the school community The fund will be contributed by the school communities aiming at supporting them to manage to maintain and repair their pump.
iv) Transportation of building material from Morogoro; This activity will be done soon after receiving fund.
v) Drilling tube well to the depth of 25- 35 Miters with provision for re-drilling and construction of slab and flumes. The work will be done by water technician.
vi) Construction of Pump House: Construction of Pump House will be done by the school communities as their contribution to the project. Construction will be done soon after completing pump installation.
vii) Conducting one day training to 10 WMC on how to care, maintain and repairing the wells and sanitation and hygiene skills School children from each school. Municipal water engineer will facilitate the training.
viii) Monitoring : Project monitoring is going to be done through participatory way, where PADI project management team including water technician and project coordinator and the Water Monitoring Committees from both three schools will be responsible in monitoring. WMC will be responsible for day to day monitoring of the pump while Project coordinator and water technician will have regular visiting at least twice per year.
Locationsongea, Ruvuma, Tanzania
Primary Focus: Drinking Water - Community
Secondary Focus: Drinking Water - Schools
People Getting Safe Drinking Water: 0
Among over 900 students from London and Mbulani Secondary school no one accesses safe and clean water. The schools are in peripheral wards in Songea Municipal council where water services are not yet reached the areas.
School Children Getting Water: 900
Over 900 of school children are getting water from local dug wells which are un safe for drinking.
People Getting Sanitation: 0
People Getting Other Benefits: 300
In the project area the students and the community arround schools are using the local dug wells in watering vegetable and school house construction.
Start Date: 2009-10-01
Completion Date: 2010-01-30
Water hand pump are complete water schemes suitable for serving small communities with portable water supplies. Primary schools, Secondary schools, Dispensaries, etc ,which are not covered by other water supplies because of various reasons may suitably be supplied with water from a hand pump.
A water borehole carrying a water hand pump with a standard yield 800 litters per hour can meet water needs of people . A good water borehole equipped with hand pump can supply over 1000 liters per hour of safe water to isolated communities and thus reduce mostly women’s and students workload in fetching water from long distances.
This is good potential of potable ground water supplies in Songea District from existing water hand pumps constructed in Songea rural district and from existing surveys. Over 500 water pumps were construction in villages at shallow depth (with maximum depth of 35 m).The depth of water table is ranging between 15 meters to 25 meters depth. There are both hygienic and convenient model to operate.
SWN 80 AND SWN 81 model pump set are locally manufactured in Tanzania. A pump set complete with 4”PVC casings Up to a depth of 35 m cost slightly over Tsh. 8,000,000 ( equivalent to $ 6,200) due to inflation and raising of transportation costs.
In hand pumps constructions we target a borehole yields of not less than 800 litters per hour at shallow depths suitable to service our beneficiaries, presently most of sub-urban secondary schools are not covered by other public water supplies, there fore, the project is going to provide 2 Hand pumps to 2 secondary schools ( Mbulani and London Secondary Schools), 1 hand pump in each school. The project will benefit more than 900 students ( 452 are girls and 448 boys) where Mbulani Sec. School has 324 (168 female and 156 male) by 2010 the school expect to have capacity of accommodating 520 students. London Secondary school has 576 students (290 female and 286 boys) the capacity of the school in one year. The beneficiaries are part of the total population of 38,303 people in three wards where we are going implement the project.
Goals and Objectives:
1. To provide clean and safe drinking water sources to over 900 students in Mbulani and Londoni secondary Schools within Songea Municipal council by Jan 2010.
2. To minimize distance walked by students to fetch some water from 1-1.5 km to 100 Meters and time from 30 -60 minutes to 10 minutes by January 2010.
The project will be done in one phase
Making the project owned by the communities.
1.In project implementation the school community contribute 10% -15% of the project total costs ( usually required to build pump house). A contract to support them is only signed if the community are willing to do such contribution.
2.Wells Monitoring Committees (WMC) formed in each school community always monitor the whole process of well construction to see whether the required procedures followed and building materials assigned at each pump are well used. Monitoring of the pump will be a continuous process even after completing construction.
3.Water Maintenance Fund (WMF) which will be formed through their own contribution to ensure smooth maintenance and repair of the pump.
We plan to use government expertyies in the project as the technician to take the role of advising and government laboratory and tecnicians will be used to conduct water quality analysis. Also the government water program is targeting to ensure clean and safe water accessed by people living in rural and urban areas without desclimination.The government official from village to regional level have played a big role preparing this proposal and planning to work together in the project implentation.
We suggest the school to start / to strengthen health club which will be also responsible in caring for the hand pump and its environment. This will promote closeness and awareness on water issues.In their health clubs sanitation and hygiene skills will be taught. PADI will provide them sanitation and hygiene materials to the clubs and supporting them by asking experts from Songea Municipality to the sessions.
Due to the government budget constraints it become more difficult to provide all essential needs to the community including clean and safe water. There fore the need of different stakeholders to support these needs to community is needed.
To make the project sustainable the following actions will be done
A training session will be conducted to 10 people who are members of Well Monitoring Committee(WMC) on how to manage to perform miner repair , clean, maintain the pump and monitor any problems associated with their functioning. These people, being school community/villagers living in the vicinity of the pump, will be on hand to maintain the wells (ten from each hand pump 5 men and 5 women).
To make the project sustainable PADI will sensitize schools to form Water Maintenance Fund (WMF) which will be formed through their own contribution to ensure smooth maintenance and repair of the pump.
PADI will make regular monitoring (at least twice per year to see how pump is working).
Monthly report from the water monitoring committee (WMC) representative who will be attending PADI monthly meeting will help us to know the situation of the pump in each school.
Well Monitoring Committees (WMC) will be formed in each school consisting of 10 people per pump assigned to properly maintain their pump functioning, managing WMF and daily monitoring of the pump.
Maintenance Cost: $80
Prior art before metrics
Community contribution is USD. 1600 wher e we have requested funding from BPRF USD.12,886.77
Co Funding Amount: $0
Community Contribution Amount: $770
The amount will be contributed by the school community through the construction of pump house soon after the installing the pump set.