Construction of 1 borehole for Mbulani secondary school to make them access to clean and safe water to 324 students (168 Girls and boys) aiming at serving time used to walk 1 km for fetching some water and minimizing water born diseases outbreak.

Local_cdug_well

Narrative

Mbulani Secondary School is among of over 7 secondary schools in Songea’s Municipal Council located in peripheral wards. There are over 38,000 people living in these wards where 1500 people are secondary school children with no source of clean and safe water. Potential sources of clean water include (but are not limited to) boreholes, taps, and improved wells. For the residents of these schools, local dug wells are the only source of water. Unfortunately, they are used for washing clothes and bathing within local wells, is a common practice that often leaves many wells contaminated. Also, the wells are exposed, affording animals the opportunity to pollute the water.
The washing of soiled clothes and bathing, along with exposure to animals, clearly compromises the effectiveness of these wells as safe sources of drinking water. This problem is further compounded in the rainy season by soil runoff that can swamp some of the wells in dirt and soil. This renders the effected wells completely unusable. Students and women fetching water are often forced to check multiple wells before finding one that has not been effected by runoff. is particularly troubling to students and women, who have more limited time due to having several responsibilities including academic studies for students and for women are also needed by the family to participate in agricultural production activities.
Use of these wells for drinking water, which is often not boiled (due to the lack of cheaply available fuels), has led to the occurrence of the water borne diseases like diarrhoea, intestinal parasites (such as worms), and bilharzias.

It is even worse to newly built schools in same peripheral wards where they are forced to walk about 1.km to 2 Km far away from the school fetching some water. The students wasted a lot of time for fetching water for a variety of uses including cleanliness, cooking and school buildings construction which leads students to miss lessons because of water problem.

Experience relating to the water project:
PADI has been implementing this kind of water project for more than four years, beginning in 2003. The first implementation of the project was done in the Mletele ward at Liwumbu B streets from June to August 2003, where seven (7) improved local wells were built. PADI received funds from Peace Corps Tanzania under the supervision of Mr. Tim Hogan.The second implementation of the project took place from September to November 2003, where PADI received funds from professors Miller and Rulfs of the USA and constructed 4 improved local wells.
The third project implementation took place from October 2005 to December 2005, funded by Help Age International, which enabled PADI to build 8 improved local water wells. The fourth implementation took place from July –August 2007.The project funded by Run For Africa, the funding enabled us to construct 13 improved traditional water wells and 1 bore hole (supported to Mdandamo Sec. School).
The fifth project implementation took place from Nov. 2007 to Jan. 2008 where 7 improved traditional water wells were built, funded by Help Age International and the sixth water project implementation took place from Sept. 2008 to date where 34 improved traditional water wells have been constructed ( funded by Blue Planet Run Foundation-BPRF). In total over 9,200 beneficiaries are benefiting from the initiate since 2003 including 1,500 school children. From Nov 2008 –Mar.2009 three bore holes were constructed in 3 secondary schools, funded by Blue Planet Run Foundation- BPRF.
Even after the construction of 73 improved Traditional water wells and ( 4) bore holes in the district (to the community and schools) the need to expand the project to other areas especially in secondary schools and community is great (more than 5 requests from secondary schools and 7 villages have been received by our office). The people who have not yet received such assistance have been zealous in their appeals for support and are ready to contribute their efforts so as to make the project a successful.

To address the problem, PADI is asking for funding of USD.6443 in order to
Construct 1 hand pump( bore hole) for Mbulani Secondary school which do not have taps or borehole water sources for drinking water.
Approach and Technology Details of approach and the planned solution. Experience with this approach and the plan for success. Information on the technologies to be used, and their applicability to the situation.

Water hand pump are complete water schemes suitable for serving small communities with portable water supplies. Primary schools, Secondary schools, Dispensaries, etc ,which are not covered by other water supplies because of various reasons may suitably be supplied with water from a hand pump.
A water borehole carrying a water hand pump with a standard yield 800 litters per hour can meet water needs of people . A good water borehole equipped with hand pump can supply over 1000 liters per hour of safe water to isolated communities and thus reduce mostly women’s and students workload in fetching water from long distances.

This is good potential of potable ground water supplies in Songea District from existing water hand pumps constructed in Songea rural district and from existing surveys. Over 500 water pumps were construction in villages at shallow depth (with maximum depth of 35 m).The depth of water table is ranging between 15 meters to 25 meters depth. There are both hygienic and convenient model to operate.
SWN 80 AND SWN 81 model pump set are locally manufactured in Tanzania. A pump set complete with 4”PVC casings Up to a depth of 35 m cost slightly over Tsh. 8,000,000 (equivalent to $ 6,200) due to inflation and raising of transportation costs.
In hand pumps constructions we target a borehole yields of not less than 800 litters per hour at shallow depths suitable to service our beneficiaries, presently most of sub-urban secondary schools are not covered by other public water supplies, there fore, the project is going to provide 1 Hand pumps to Mbulani Secondary School, The project will benefit 324 students (168 girls and 156 boys) ) by 2010 the school expect to have capacity of accommodating 520 students. The beneficiaries are part of the total population of 38,303 people in three wards where we are going to implement the project.
Goals and Objectives:
1. To provide clean and safe drinking water sources to over 324 students in Londoni Secondary School within Songea Municipal council by Jan 2010.
2. To minimize distance walked by students to fetch some water from 1-1.5 km to 100 Meters and time from 30 -60 minutes to 10 minutes by February 2010.

  • Impact Assessment (M&E) Phase Project completed on 15 Feb, 2010 Implementation Phase
    Iskaka Msigwa ( Tanzania Mission to the Poor and Disabled (PADI) ) 2 Months after start 24 Jan, 2010

    Borehole for Mbulani Secondary School, Songea

    Status: Complete - Successful

    Operating Status:

    Short Project Description
    Drilling 1 boreholes for Mbulani Sec. School to make them access to clean and safe water to 324 students(168 girls and156 boys) hence serve time used to walk 1 km fetching some water and minimizing effects of water borne diseases outbreak.
    Date Started
    2009-12- 20
    Date Completed
    2009-03-15
    Funding Through PWX
    $ 6,443
    Community Contribution
    $ 800
    Total Project Cost
    $6,420
    Number of People Getting Safe Drinking Water
    Are 651
    Detail
    651 students (where 266 students are girls and 272 boys), 13 school staff (7 women and 6 men) and 100 (55 women and 45 men) are community around school). In our proposal, the plan of the project was to support 324 students, in actual situation the pump is serving 327 people more (100 community around school,13 school staff and 214 are form one students enrolled in 2010.Reported by the Head of school.

    Number of School Children Getting Water
    538
    Detail
    538 students (266 girls and 272 boys) are getting water from the water pump funded by BPRF.
    Number of People Getting Sanitation:
    651 people
    Detail
    538 people benefiting from water pump installed at Mbulani Sec School (where 538 are students, 13 are school staff and 100 are community around school ) reported by the Head of Mbulani Sec. School

    Number of People Getting Other Benefits
    538
    Detail
    538 students are using the same source of water in schools building construction, flowers and trees irrigation around school, also they are using to improve school classrooms and toilets cleanliness, also people around the school are using the same water for washing clothes and utensils.
    Primary Focus
    Drinking Water - Community
    Secondary Focus
    Drinking Water – Schools

    Narrative: The story of the implementation and initial impacts, including changes from the original plan in the application.
    We planned the implementation of the project to start on 21st Nov.2009 and expected to be accomplished on 1st Febr. 2010. The actual situation is that the project started Dec..2009 and accomplished on 30th March 2010. Water technician managed to accomplish the work as we planned but school community failed to construct pump house in time due to several facts including lack of burnt bricks which was not easy to prepare the bricks during January –March as it is was during heavy rains. In future for school water programs is better to install pumps before the closure of schools to minimize such delay to build pump houses as it is a good time (October –November) where the school is still in session and before rain season. At this period schools may decide to prepare their own bricks or buy it while during rain season the bricks become to very scarce and expensive..
    Project Implementation:
    The project plan was intended to benefit 324 students but now over 651 people are benefiting from the water pump (538 are students, 13 are school staffs and 100 are community members living around Mbulani Secondary school).
    Activity implementation:
    Activities planned and Implemented so far:
    •Mobilizing school community- The school Community were mobilized from the beginning of the project in collaboration with PADI staffs and water technicians. In the second week of January 2010 PADI organized special meeting where over 400 people participated the meeting. During this meeting the community were sensitized on their role and responsibilities in the project among those responsibilities included to make sure that before starting activities as part of project implementation they were told to prepare Well Monitoring Committee (WMC) of about 10 people, also they were told to be responsible in the pump house construction, Formation of Wells Maintenance fund (WMF),participating in one day training on maintenance of wells/sanitation and project monitoring.
    •Formation of Well maintenance Fund (WMF) - The school Community has managed to set aside Tsh.100,000 ($= 80) funded by the school administration. To sustain the WMF the school administration is planning to involve school community to pay at least Tsh.300.per year. It is estimated to involve more than 651 people including 538 students.
    •Formation of Water Monitoring Committee (WMC): The committee has been formed by involving 4 (one woman and 3 men) Staffs and 6 students (3girls and 3 boys).

    •Transportation of building material: Transportation of building materials including Pump parts and other building materials like cements reached the site at right time soon after receiving funds. This enabled the water technician manage to install the pump in time and is working properly, the delay of work completion caused by the School Community due to limited brick availability.

    .Drilling tube well, construction of slab and flumes:
    Drilling tube well, construction of slab and flumes were all done in time and successfully. The yield of water in litters per hour is 1140 with depth of 22 meter whereby water level found at 10.65 meters. Further more a sample of water taken by Water Officer Lake Nyasa Basin for Physical and Chemical water Analysis. Report from the Water Officer was as following:

    i. Physical and Chemical water analysis Report:
    •Ph7.7
    •Turbidity 20 N.T.U
    •Conductivity 278 us/cm, temperature 24.6 degree centigrade
    •Iron 0.13, Calcium 2.0,Mgnesium.2.43,Chloride 5.67,Froride NIL, Amonical Nitrogen 0.19,Nitrate Nitrogen0.9,Nitrite Nitrogen –NIL, Manganese 0.5,Sulphate –NIL.
    ii) Remarks: Soft and alkaline water
    II) Recommendation: For measure parameters, water is suitable for domestic use.
    • Construction of Pump house:
    We planned the pump house to be constructed before 15th February 2010 instead the work has been accomplished in April 2010 due to the fact that, construction of the wells started when most of the school community were on leave from Dec. 2009 to almost at the end of January 2010 and school community also faced a problem of accessing burnt bricks. For this reason they failed to meet the deadline though students started to use the water from the pump in January 2010. The pump house has been constructed by school community in collaboration with government leaders from Majengo ward and the community at large. It was no longer a project for school community but is for the whole ward as the school belong to the ward.
    Conducting sensitization meeting and one day Training:
    The sensitization and one day training on how to care and use the water for drinking and sanitation conducted to over 400 participants where by a Water Monitoring Committee received a one day training for the similar purposes. Water Monitoring Committee received training for a single day while Students and other community attended few hours sensitization meeting on sanitation.
    Monitoring:
    Project monitoring went well from the beginning to the end of the project by involving PADI Management team in collaboration with Water Monitoring Committee from school Community, though most of students did not spend more time in monitoring as at the same time they were supposed to be in classes the supervision went well. The committee is having a role of continuing monitoring the project day to day pump performance.
    A Message from the Students:
    Mbulani Secondary School
    P.BOX. , 178,
    Songea Ruvuma
    Tanzania, East Africa.
    Dear Blue Planet Run Foundation (BPRF) team, other good wishers and all others who in one way or another have made us be able to accessing clean and safe water in our school we are sending our warmly greetings from Mbulani Secondary school family. We are very happy to inform you that, the support you have given us has reduced several problems we have been facing for more than 4 years. Among the problems we have been facing include:
    - Loosing several period due to long distance moving to collect some water
    - Drinking un safe water for our health as we were fetching from local dug wells
    - School building construction was also tough as we traveled the same distance in order to get water for the work.
    - The same wells we used to collect some water we were sharing with animals like pigs and dogs
    Your assistance has made us free from above problems. We are now ensured with good health and improving our academic performance as most of our time will be utilized in academic issues.
    Thank you very much
    yours sincerely:
    Adelina Mpombo and Hassani Ahmadi
    Students Mbulani Sec. School on behalf of 538 students.
    Maintenance/Operating Costs Annual, in US$
    $80
    Sustainability Plan Creating and measuring long-term impact:
    The formation of Water Monitoring Committees and Well Maintenance Fund within the school and one day training on how to maintain the wells will help to sustain the project. The support is going to improve the student’s health as most of them will be free from water borne diseases attack, school surrounds where by the same water is being used for watering flowers and trees around the school which will change the school environment. Also the school is using the same source of water for school building construction instead of walking long distance to get the water in the former wells and loosing several classroom hours. From January 2010 to date most of class room hours spend on academic issues.

    Other Issues Unusual and unexpected issues faced during project execution
    Construction of pump house has delayed because the time where school community required to start constructing the pump house they were on leave also the school community faced shortage of burnt bricks which made it difficult to them to start pump house construction in time.
    Learning’s Knowledge of project and process for sharing
    In implementing the project we have been working very close with Council water department school community. In two years of implementing this kind of the project we have learnt that, it has become not easy to complete the project as we planned due to the fact that the school community have been affected by school leave ie. When the project implementation starts, school community stars leave from December – January each year. In February each year is when most of the school community open Schools. The situation has made the project Implementation be late. To rectify the problem we plan in the next project implementation period to be for six moths instead of 3-4 months.
    Implementer
    N/A
    Implementer Background
    N/A.

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  • Implementation Phase Project started on 21 Nov, 2009 Preparation Phase

Construction of 1 borehole for Mbulani secondary school to make them access to clean and safe water to 324 students (168 Girls and boys) aiming at serving time used to walk 1 km for fetching some water and minimizing water born diseases outbreak.

Narrative

Mbulani Secondary School is among of over 7 secondary schools in Songea’s Municipal Council located in peripheral wards. There are over 38,000 people living in these wards where 1500 people are secondary school children with no source of clean and safe water. Potential sources of clean water include (but are not limited to) boreholes, taps, and improved wells. For the residents of these schools, local dug wells are the only source of water. Unfortunately, they are used for washing clothes and bathing within local wells, is a common practice that often leaves many wells contaminated. Also, the wells are exposed, affording animals the opportunity to pollute the water.
The washing of soiled clothes and bathing, along with exposure to animals, clearly compromises the effectiveness of these wells as safe sources of drinking water. This problem is further compounded in the rainy season by soil runoff that can swamp some of the wells in dirt and soil. This renders the effected wells completely unusable. Students and women fetching water are often forced to check multiple wells before finding one that has not been effected by runoff. is particularly troubling to students and women, who have more limited time due to having several responsibilities including academic studies for students and for women are also needed by the family to participate in agricultural production activities.
Use of these wells for drinking water, which is often not boiled (due to the lack of cheaply available fuels), has led to the occurrence of the water borne diseases like diarrhoea, intestinal parasites (such as worms), and bilharzias.

It is even worse to newly built schools in same peripheral wards where they are forced to walk about 1.km to 2 Km far away from the school fetching some water. The students wasted a lot of time for fetching water for a variety of uses including cleanliness, cooking and school buildings construction which leads students to miss lessons because of water problem.

Experience relating to the water project:
PADI has been implementing this kind of water project for more than four years, beginning in 2003. The first implementation of the project was done in the Mletele ward at Liwumbu B streets from June to August 2003, where seven (7) improved local wells were built. PADI received funds from Peace Corps Tanzania under the supervision of Mr. Tim Hogan.The second implementation of the project took place from September to November 2003, where PADI received funds from professors Miller and Rulfs of the USA and constructed 4 improved local wells.
The third project implementation took place from October 2005 to December 2005, funded by Help Age International, which enabled PADI to build 8 improved local water wells. The fourth implementation took place from July –August 2007.The project funded by Run For Africa, the funding enabled us to construct 13 improved traditional water wells and 1 bore hole (supported to Mdandamo Sec. School).
The fifth project implementation took place from Nov. 2007 to Jan. 2008 where 7 improved traditional water wells were built, funded by Help Age International and the sixth water project implementation took place from Sept. 2008 to date where 34 improved traditional water wells have been constructed ( funded by Blue Planet Run Foundation-BPRF). In total over 9,200 beneficiaries are benefiting from the initiate since 2003 including 1,500 school children. From Nov 2008 –Mar.2009 three bore holes were constructed in 3 secondary schools, funded by Blue Planet Run Foundation- BPRF.
Even after the construction of 73 improved Traditional water wells and ( 4) bore holes in the district (to the community and schools) the need to expand the project to other areas especially in secondary schools and community is great (more than 5 requests from secondary schools and 7 villages have been received by our office). The people who have not yet received such assistance have been zealous in their appeals for support and are ready to contribute their efforts so as to make the project a successful.

To address the problem, PADI is asking for funding of USD.6443 in order to
Construct 1 hand pump( bore hole) for Mbulani Secondary school which do not have taps or borehole water sources for drinking water.
Approach and Technology Details of approach and the planned solution. Experience with this approach and the plan for success. Information on the technologies to be used, and their applicability to the situation.

Water hand pump are complete water schemes suitable for serving small communities with portable water supplies. Primary schools, Secondary schools, Dispensaries, etc ,which are not covered by other water supplies because of various reasons may suitably be supplied with water from a hand pump.
A water borehole carrying a water hand pump with a standard yield 800 litters per hour can meet water needs of people . A good water borehole equipped with hand pump can supply over 1000 liters per hour of safe water to isolated communities and thus reduce mostly women’s and students workload in fetching water from long distances.

This is good potential of potable ground water supplies in Songea District from existing water hand pumps constructed in Songea rural district and from existing surveys. Over 500 water pumps were construction in villages at shallow depth (with maximum depth of 35 m).The depth of water table is ranging between 15 meters to 25 meters depth. There are both hygienic and convenient model to operate.
SWN 80 AND SWN 81 model pump set are locally manufactured in Tanzania. A pump set complete with 4”PVC casings Up to a depth of 35 m cost slightly over Tsh. 8,000,000 (equivalent to $ 6,200) due to inflation and raising of transportation costs.
In hand pumps constructions we target a borehole yields of not less than 800 litters per hour at shallow depths suitable to service our beneficiaries, presently most of sub-urban secondary schools are not covered by other public water supplies, there fore, the project is going to provide 1 Hand pumps to Mbulani Secondary School, The project will benefit 324 students (168 girls and 156 boys) ) by 2010 the school expect to have capacity of accommodating 520 students. The beneficiaries are part of the total population of 38,303 people in three wards where we are going to implement the project.
Goals and Objectives:
1. To provide clean and safe drinking water sources to over 324 students in Londoni Secondary School within Songea Municipal council by Jan 2010.
2. To minimize distance walked by students to fetch some water from 1-1.5 km to 100 Meters and time from 30 -60 minutes to 10 minutes by February 2010.

Sustainability

Creating and measuring long-term impact

To make the project sustainable the following actions will be done
A training session will be conducted to 10 people who are members of Well Monitoring Committee (WMC) on how to manage to perform miner repair, clean, maintain the pump and monitor any problems associated with their functioning. These people, being school community/villagers living in the vicinity of the pump, will be on hand to maintain the wells (ten from each hand pump 5 men and 5 women).

To make the project sustainable PADI will sensitize schools to form Water Maintenance Fund (WMF) which will be formed through their own contribution to ensure smooth maintenance and repair of the pump.
PADI will make regular monitoring (at least twice per year to see how pump is working).
Monthly report from the water monitoring committee (WMC) representative who will be attending PADI monthly meeting will help us to know the situation of the pump in each school.

Well Monitoring Committees (WMC) will be formed in each school consisting of 10 people per pump assigned to properly maintain their pump functioning, managing WMF and daily monitoring of the pump.

Impact

People Impacted: 324

Maintenance/Operating Costs Annual, in US$: $81

Creating and measuring long-term impact

To make the project sustainable the following actions will be done
A training session will be conducted to 10 people who are members of Well Monitoring Committee (WMC) on how to manage to perform miner repair, clean, maintain the pump and monitor any problems associated with their functioning. These people, being school community/villagers living in the vicinity of the pump, will be on hand to maintain the wells (ten from each hand pump 5 men and 5 women).

To make the project sustainable PADI will sensitize schools to form Water Maintenance Fund (WMF) which will be formed through their own contribution to ensure smooth maintenance and repair of the pump.
PADI will make regular monitoring (at least twice per year to see how pump is working).
Monthly report from the water monitoring committee (WMC) representative who will be attending PADI monthly meeting will help us to know the situation of the pump in each school.

Well Monitoring Committees (WMC) will be formed in each school consisting of 10 people per pump assigned to properly maintain their pump functioning, managing WMF and daily monitoring of the pump.

Funding

Funded:
$6,443
Final Cost:
$6,443
$6,443:
MSSCT

Plan/Proposal