plan 281Construction of two bore holes at Maposeni and Zimanimoto Secondary Schools in Songea.

Summary

Construction of two boreholes for Maposeni and Zimanimoto Secondary schools aiming at providing clean and safe water to 1663 people including 1240 students,48 School staffs and 375 community around schools. The project will minimize time spend in fetching

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Background

Maposeni and ZImanimoto Secondary Schools are among of over 40 secondary schools in Songea’s District located in peripheral wards. Most of these schools facing a major problem of safe and clean water. The potential sources of clean water include (but are not limited to) boreholes, taps, and improved wells. For the residents of these schools, local dug wells which are not safe at all is the common source of drinking water unfortunately the same sources are used for washing clothes and bathing within local wells, it is a common practice that often leaves many wells contaminated. Also, the wells are exposed, affording animals the opportunity to pollute the water.

The washing of soiled clothes and bathing, along with exposure to animals, clearly compromises the effectiveness of these wells as safe sources of drinking water. This problem is further compounded in the rainy season by soil runoff that can swamp some of the wells in dirt and soil. This renders the effected wells completely unusable. Students and women fetching water are often forced to check multiple wells before finding one that has not been affected by runoff, is particularly troubling to students and women, who have more limited time due to having several responsibilities including academic studies for students.

Use of these wells for drinking water, which is often not boiled (due to the lack of cheaply available fuels), has led to the occurrence of the water borne diseases like diarrhea, intestinal parasites (such as worms), and bilharzias.
It is even worse for a newly built schools in some peripheral wards where they are forced to walk about 1.km to 2 Km far away from the school fetching some water. The students wasted a lot of time for fetching water for a variety of uses including cleanliness, cooking and school buildings construction which leads students to miss lessons because of water problem.
Water hand pump are complete water schemes suitable for serving small communities with portable water supplies. Primary schools, Secondary schools, Dispensaries, etc ,which are not covered by other water supplies because of various reasons may suitably be supplied with water from a hand pump.
A water borehole carrying a water hand pump with a standard yield 800 litters per hour can meet water needs of people . A good water borehole equipped with hand pump can supply over 1000 liters per hour of safe water to isolated communities and thus reduce mostly women’s and students workload in fetching water from long distances.
This is good potential of potable ground water supplies in Songea District from existing water hand pumps constructed in Songea rural district and from existing surveys. Over 506 water pumps were construction in villages and schools at shallow depth (with maximum depth of 35 m).The depth of water table is ranging between 15 meters to 25 meters depth. There are both hygienic and convenient model to operate.
SWN 80 AND SWN 81 model pump set are locally manufactured in Tanzania. A pump set complete with 4”PVC casings Up to a depth of 35 m cost slightly over Tsh. 8,000,000 (equivalent to $ 6,400) due to inflation and raising of transportation costs.

In hand pumps constructions we target a borehole yields of not less than 800 liters per hour at shallow depths suitable to service our beneficiaries, presently most of sub-urban secondary schools are not covered by other public water supplies, therefore, the project is going to provide two Hand pumps for Maposeni and Zimanimoto Secondary Schools which will make a total of 8 boreholes and 73 improved water wells.
Even after the construction of 73 improved Traditional water wells and ( 8) bore holes in the district (to the community and schools) the need to expand the project to other areas especially in secondary schools and community is still high (more than 3 requests from secondary schools and 5 villages have been received .
Major activities of the project.
i) Mobilizing school community to fully participate in project implementation
In mobilizing the community PADI will conduct meetings to those schools requested water support. During these meetings the community will be explain on how the project will be conducted and other project conditions which include community contribution, formation of WMF and WMC. The meetings will help to create awareness and readiness of participating in the project implementation. In this project the school communities are required to construct pump house as their contribution. Contract of receiving the support will only signed only if they agree to construct the pump house as soon as the pump has been installed
ii)Formation of Wells Monitoring Committees (WMC) which consist of 10 people.
The ten people described in the proposal on a part of community organization will be the school management committees in each school and they will be responsible in hand pump maintenance and repair, day to day care of the pump and managing the ( WMF)
iii)Formation of Water Maintenance Fund ( WMF) which will be formed by the school community The fund will be contributed by the school communities aiming at supporting them to manage to maintain and repair their pump.
iv) Transportation of building material from Morogoro; This activity will be done soon after receiving fund.
v) Drilling tube well to the depth of 25- 35 Miters with provision for re-drilling and construction of slab and flumes. The work will be done by water technician.
vi) Construction of Pump House: Construction of Pump House will be done by the school communities as their contribution to the project. Construction will be done soon after completing pump installation.
vii) Conducting one day training to 10 WMC on how to care and maintain

Location

Songea, Songea, Tanzania

Attachments

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Focus

Primary Focus: Drinking Water - Community
Secondary Focus: Drinking Water - Schools

People Getting Safe Drinking Water: 1,663

1663 people will get safe drinking water from the project including 1240 students (557 girls and 683 boys),48 School staffs ( 22 women and 28 men) and 375 community around schools ( 165 women and 210 men).(The Source of data is from the head of schools/ Municipal Education Officer and village Chair Persons from the government

School Children Getting Water: 1,240

The numbers of school children who will be getting safe water are 1240 children (557 girls and 683 boys) where 936 school children are from Maposeni Secondary School (423 girls and 513 boys) and 304 school children are from Zimanimoto Secondary School (134 girls 170 boys). The Source of data-from the head of schools and Municipal Education Officer.

People Getting Sanitation: 1,663

The number of people who will be impacted with the water project will be 1663 people including 1240 students (557 girls and 683 boys), 48 School staffs (22 women and 28 men) and 375 community around schools (165 women and 210 men).The support is going to minimize time spend in collecting water by walking 2 km far away from schools, improving school environment by irrigating flowers and controlling water borne disease infections.

People Getting Other Benefits: 0

N/A

Application Type: Program Funding

Start Date: 2010-10-01

Completion Date: 2011-03-30

Technology Used:

Experience relating to the water project:
PADI has been implementing this kind of water project for more than four years, beginning in 2003. The first implementation of the project was done in the Mletele ward at Liwumbu B streets from June to August 2003, where seven (7) improved local wells were built. PADI received funds from Peace Corps Tanzania under the supervision of Mr. Tim Hogan.
The second implementation of the project took place from September to November 2003, where PADI received funds from professors Miller and Rulfs of the USA and constructed 4 improved local wells.

The third project implementation took place from October 2005 to December 2005, funded by Help Age International, which enabled PADI to build 8 improved local water wells. The fourth implementation took place from July –August 2007.The project funded by Run For Africa, the funding enabled us to construct 13 improved traditional water wells and 1 bore hole.

The fourth project implementation took place from Nov. 2007 to Jan. 2008 where 7 improved traditional water wells were built, funded by Help Age International.
The fifth water project implementation took place from Sept. 2008 where 34 improved traditional water wells in Mshangano ward were built for the community and 3 bore holes were constructed in three Secondary schools funded by Blue Planet Run Foundation-BPRF.
The sixth water project implementation took place in 2009/2010 where two secondary schools (London and Zimanimoto) benefited from the project, each school got one 1 bore hole.

Phases:

It is going to be done in one phase, then the fund will not be split into parts

Community Organization:

The community will be involved in all process of project implementation from site survey, monitoring, forming water well committee and water maintenance fund

Government Interaction:

Government water experties will be involved in providing technical advices, training water committees and Monitoring the project.

Ancillary activities:

NA

Other Issues:

N/A

Maintenance Revenue:

Project Sustainability:.
To make the project sustainable the following actions will be done:
A training session will be conducted to 10 people who are members of Well Monitoring Committee (WMC) on how to manage to perform miner repair, clean, maintain the pump and monitor any problems associated with their functioning. These people, being school community/villagers living in the vicinity of the pump, will be on hand to maintain the wells (ten from each hand pump 5 men and 5 women). Also Water Maintenance Fund ( WMF) which will be formed by the school community The fund will be contributed by the school communities aiming at supporting them to manage to maintain and repair their pump will help to maintain the sustainability of the project. Construction of Pump House will be done by the school communities as their contribution to the project. Construction will be done soon after completing pump installation; this will help to enhance the ownership of the project. At the end of all activities one day training to 10 WMC on how to care and maintain the pump from each school will be conducted

Maintenance Cost: $80

Metrics:

Prior art before metrics

Cost: $14,890

see attached file for a detailed budget

Co Funding Amount: $0

N/A

Community Contribution Amount: $800

The contribution will be in-kind for house pump construction

Fund Requested: $13,290

Implementing Organization:

N/A

Attachments

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  • 2 participants | show more

    Details of well construction

    Lynn Roberts of Agua Para La Salud (APLS)

    Kristen--Would you be able to give me across section drawing of the well construction showing how the two types of wells are protected from surface contamination?

    Kristen--Would you be able to give me across section drawing of the well construction showing how the two types of wells are protected from surface contamination?

    • Kristen Kosinski of The Samburu Project

      Lynn, This is actually not my project. We have done very similar projects and I mistook this for one of ours in the email that I got from PWX. Sorry for the confusion.

      Lynn,
      This is actually not my project. We have done very similar projects and I mistook this for one of ours in the email that I got from PWX.
      Sorry for the confusion.

  • 2 participants | show more

    Fee Collection

    Gemma Bulos of A Single Drop

    Hi there Fee collection for boreholes and other public water sources always intrigue me. can you tell me how fees are collected? Do people pay monthly, or by the jerican? is it free for the students? Does anyone get paid for repair, or is the WMC all volunteer? Thanks! Good luck! gemma

    Hi there

    Fee collection for boreholes and other public water sources always intrigue me. can you tell me how fees are collected? Do people pay monthly, or by the jerican? is it free for the students? Does anyone get paid for repair, or is the WMC all volunteer?

    Thanks! Good luck!
    gemma

    • Iskaka Msigwa of Tanzania Mission to the Poor and Disabled (PADI)

    • Iskaka Msigwa of Tanzania Mission to the Poor and Disabled (PADI)

      Dear Gemma, the project we are planing to do this year is to construct/ drill two bore hole in two government secondary school. The system they use in collecting maintanance fees is by involving all students whereby each students contribute once per year. When they pay school fees the well maintanance fee included. The system is not givin...

      Dear Gemma, the project we are planing to do this year is to construct/ drill two bore hole in two government secondary school. The system they use in collecting maintanance fees is by involving all students whereby each students contribute once per year. When they pay school fees the well maintanance fee included. The system is not giving trouble to teachers. If the school fees are not paid the students are not allowed to be at school.It means if he/she pay school fees automatically he/she also pay well Maintanance fee.

      The fees is being used to pay for major repair. All minor repair is done by trained WMC who are all volunteers.

      Msigwa

  • 2 participants | show more

    Well design

    Lynn Roberts of Agua Para La Salud (APLS)

    Would you be able to give me across section drawing of the well construction showing how the two types of wells are protected from surface contamination?

    Would you be able to give me across section drawing of the well construction showing how the two types of wells are protected from surface contamination?

    • Iskaka Msigwa of Tanzania Mission to the Poor and Disabled (PADI)

      Please see the attached file showing a cross section of a bore hole showing how the the two type of well are protected from surface contamination. thanks. Msigwa

      Please see the attached file showing a cross section of a bore hole showing how the the two type of well are protected from surface contamination.
      thanks.
      Msigwa

      • Lynn Roberts of Agua Para La Salud (APLS)

        Thanks for the well design Iskaka. In your budget you mention using a mechanical drill to make the well. Is this a motor driven device or hand operated drilling rig? Is the drilling process contracted out to a company or is this done by your staff? Can you post pictures of the drilling operation? Also could you give details of the PVC ...

        Thanks for the well design Iskaka.
        In your budget you mention using a mechanical drill to make the well. Is this a motor driven device or hand operated drilling rig? Is the drilling process contracted out to a company or is this done by your staff? Can you post pictures of the drilling operation? Also could you give details of the PVC well lining and per tube cost and size of the PVC tubes?

    • Lynn Roberts of Agua Para La Salud (APLS)

      Thanks for the well design Iskaka. In your budget you mention using a mechanical drill to make the well. Is this a motor driven device or hand operated drilling rig? Is the drilling process contracted out to a company or is this done by your staff? Can you post pictures of the drilling operation? Also could you give details of the PVC ...

      Thanks for the well design Iskaka.
      In your budget you mention using a mechanical drill to make the well. Is this a motor driven device or hand operated drilling rig? Is the drilling process contracted out to a company or is this done by your staff? Can you post pictures of the drilling operation? Also could you give details of the PVC well lining and per tube cost and size of the PVC tubes?

  • 3 participants | show more

    Spare Parts

    Kristen Kosinski of The Samburu Project

    One thing that you might want to consider is developing a plan for where to get parts from. We have done some very similar projects in rural Kenya and have found that if there is not a plan in place to provide parts, local communities often have no idea how to procure them.

    One thing that you might want to consider is developing a plan for where to get parts from. We have done some very similar projects in rural Kenya and have found that if there is not a plan in place to provide parts, local communities often have no idea how to procure them.

    • Iskaka Msigwa of Tanzania Mission to the Poor and Disabled (PADI)

      Dear Kristen I again thanking you for clarifying more. In our case the parts are available from manicipal/regional water offices. So long the two wells are installed in secondary schools, they are able to pay for the costs of those parts. They have a plan to involve all students tocontribute money for maintanance. Msigwa

      Dear Kristen I again thanking you for clarifying more. In our case the parts are available from manicipal/regional water offices. So long the two wells are installed in secondary schools, they are able to pay for the costs of those parts. They have a plan to involve all students tocontribute money for maintanance.

      Msigwa

      • Robert Pierce of The Samburu Project

        Msigwa, One more question: when repairs, etc are required, who does the actual work? Thanks, Robert

        Msigwa,
        One more question: when repairs, etc are required, who does the actual work?
        Thanks,
        Robert

        • Iskaka Msigwa of Tanzania Mission to the Poor and Disabled (PADI)

          Dear Roberts, the actual work is done by municipal/Regional water Engineers (experts) but the minor maintanance is easily done by the Committee. Msigwa.

          Dear Roberts, the actual work is done by municipal/Regional water
          Engineers (experts) but the minor maintanance is easily done by the Committee.
          Msigwa.

      • Iskaka Msigwa of Tanzania Mission to the Poor and Disabled (PADI)

        Dear Roberts, the actual work is done by municipal/Regional water Engineers (experts) but the minor maintanance is easily done by the Committee. Msigwa.

        Dear Roberts, the actual work is done by municipal/Regional water
        Engineers (experts) but the minor maintanance is easily done by the Committee.
        Msigwa.

    • Robert Pierce of The Samburu Project

      Msigwa, One more question: when repairs, etc are required, who does the actual work? Thanks, Robert

      Msigwa,
      One more question: when repairs, etc are required, who does the actual work?
      Thanks,
      Robert

      • Iskaka Msigwa of Tanzania Mission to the Poor and Disabled (PADI)

        Dear Roberts, the actual work is done by municipal/Regional water Engineers (experts) but the minor maintanance is easily done by the Committee. Msigwa.

        Dear Roberts, the actual work is done by municipal/Regional water
        Engineers (experts) but the minor maintanance is easily done by the Committee.
        Msigwa.

    • Iskaka Msigwa of Tanzania Mission to the Poor and Disabled (PADI)

      Dear Roberts, the actual work is done by municipal/Regional water Engineers (experts) but the minor maintanance is easily done by the Committee. Msigwa.

      Dear Roberts, the actual work is done by municipal/Regional water
      Engineers (experts) but the minor maintanance is easily done by the Committee.
      Msigwa.

  • 3 participants | show more

    Sanitation

    Idriss Kamara of Safer Future Youth Development Project

    Can you please brief us on how the 1663 people mentioned will get the sanitation.

    Can you please brief us on how the 1663 people mentioned will get the sanitation.

    • Iskaka Msigwa of Tanzania Mission to the Poor and Disabled (PADI)

      Dear Kamara, the named Number of beneficiaries will get santation skills in two ways 1. Meetings will be conducted in each school where by the Municipal water technician will be involved to sensitize the school community on sanitation. 2.One day training seminar to 10 Members of WMC will be conducted in each school(they will be given...

      Dear Kamara, the named Number of beneficiaries will get santation skills in two ways

      1. Meetings will be conducted in each school where by the Municipal water technician will be involved to sensitize the school community on sanitation.

      2.One day training seminar to 10 Members of WMC will be conducted in each school(they will be given skills on Sanitation, well maintanance and how manage and care WMF.
      Thanks
      Msigwa

      • Rajesh Shah of Blue Planet Network

        Lets clarify the numbers: people getting sanitation should be zero. Sanitation numbers should reflect the actual resources offered to beneficiaries, not education or awareness. Other benefits such as sanitation education can be 1663, but even that is a stretching it.

        Lets clarify the numbers: people getting sanitation should be zero.
        Sanitation numbers should reflect the actual resources offered to beneficiaries, not education or awareness.

        Other benefits such as sanitation education can be 1663, but even that is a stretching it.

        • Iskaka Msigwa of Tanzania Mission to the Poor and Disabled (PADI)

          Dear Rajesh, many thanks for clarifying the issue of number of people getting sanitation. I agree with you, it was not the right way we presented. Thank you again. Msigwa

          Dear Rajesh, many thanks for clarifying the issue of number of people getting sanitation. I agree with you, it was not the right way we presented.
          Thank you again.
          Msigwa

      • Iskaka Msigwa of Tanzania Mission to the Poor and Disabled (PADI)

        Dear Rajesh, many thanks for clarifying the issue of number of people getting sanitation. I agree with you, it was not the right way we presented. Thank you again. Msigwa

        Dear Rajesh, many thanks for clarifying the issue of number of people getting sanitation. I agree with you, it was not the right way we presented.
        Thank you again.
        Msigwa

    • Rajesh Shah of Blue Planet Network

      Lets clarify the numbers: people getting sanitation should be zero. Sanitation numbers should reflect the actual resources offered to beneficiaries, not education or awareness. Other benefits such as sanitation education can be 1663, but even that is a stretching it.

      Lets clarify the numbers: people getting sanitation should be zero.
      Sanitation numbers should reflect the actual resources offered to beneficiaries, not education or awareness.

      Other benefits such as sanitation education can be 1663, but even that is a stretching it.

      • Iskaka Msigwa of Tanzania Mission to the Poor and Disabled (PADI)

        Dear Rajesh, many thanks for clarifying the issue of number of people getting sanitation. I agree with you, it was not the right way we presented. Thank you again. Msigwa

        Dear Rajesh, many thanks for clarifying the issue of number of people getting sanitation. I agree with you, it was not the right way we presented.
        Thank you again.
        Msigwa

    • Iskaka Msigwa of Tanzania Mission to the Poor and Disabled (PADI)

      Dear Rajesh, many thanks for clarifying the issue of number of people getting sanitation. I agree with you, it was not the right way we presented. Thank you again. Msigwa

      Dear Rajesh, many thanks for clarifying the issue of number of people getting sanitation. I agree with you, it was not the right way we presented.
      Thank you again.
      Msigwa

  • 3 participants | show more

    water education

    Carolyn Meub of Pure Water for the World

    is there an education program in place for hygeine, sanitation and water? the community would benefit from a water purification filter that creates safe water from the poluted wells. For an inexpensive solution www.pointonefilter.com

    is there an education program in place for hygeine, sanitation and water?
    the community would benefit from a water purification filter that creates safe water from the poluted wells. For an inexpensive solution www.pointonefilter.com

    • Kristen Kosinski of The Samburu Project

      We bring in outside health workers to run extensive hygiene and sanitation workshop (we conduct a maintenance workshops as well) with each community that we install a well in. Due to the depth of our wells and the area that we are working in, contamination is unlikely. Furthermore, the hygiene and sanitation workshops are meant to preve...

      We bring in outside health workers to run extensive hygiene and sanitation workshop (we conduct a maintenance workshops as well) with each community that we install a well in.
      Due to the depth of our wells and the area that we are working in, contamination is unlikely. Furthermore, the hygiene and sanitation workshops are meant to prevent community well pollution.

      • Iskaka Msigwa of Tanzania Mission to the Poor and Disabled (PADI)

        Dear Kristen thank you for your assistance on clarifying some issues in our project. Regards

        Dear Kristen thank you for your assistance on clarifying some issues in our project.
        Regards

        • Kristen Kosinski of The Samburu Project

          Iskaka, Sorry about that. We have done several similar projects and when I got the email about Carolyn's comment, I thought it referred to one of our projects. Appears we have similar plans though. At any rate, sorry for the confusion.

          Iskaka,
          Sorry about that. We have done several similar projects and when I got the email about Carolyn's comment, I thought it referred to one of our projects. Appears we have similar plans though. At any rate, sorry for the confusion.

      • Kristen Kosinski of The Samburu Project

        Iskaka, Sorry about that. We have done several similar projects and when I got the email about Carolyn's comment, I thought it referred to one of our projects. Appears we have similar plans though. At any rate, sorry for the confusion.

        Iskaka,
        Sorry about that. We have done several similar projects and when I got the email about Carolyn's comment, I thought it referred to one of our projects. Appears we have similar plans though. At any rate, sorry for the confusion.

    • Iskaka Msigwa of Tanzania Mission to the Poor and Disabled (PADI)

      Dear Kristen thank you for your assistance on clarifying some issues in our project. Regards

      Dear Kristen thank you for your assistance on clarifying some issues in our project.
      Regards

      • Kristen Kosinski of The Samburu Project

        Iskaka, Sorry about that. We have done several similar projects and when I got the email about Carolyn's comment, I thought it referred to one of our projects. Appears we have similar plans though. At any rate, sorry for the confusion.

        Iskaka,
        Sorry about that. We have done several similar projects and when I got the email about Carolyn's comment, I thought it referred to one of our projects. Appears we have similar plans though. At any rate, sorry for the confusion.

    • Kristen Kosinski of The Samburu Project

      Iskaka, Sorry about that. We have done several similar projects and when I got the email about Carolyn's comment, I thought it referred to one of our projects. Appears we have similar plans though. At any rate, sorry for the confusion.

      Iskaka,
      Sorry about that. We have done several similar projects and when I got the email about Carolyn's comment, I thought it referred to one of our projects. Appears we have similar plans though. At any rate, sorry for the confusion.

    • Iskaka Msigwa of Tanzania Mission to the Poor and Disabled (PADI)

      Dear Carolyn, we have aplan to conduct education program for water hygeine,sanitation and water soon after completing borehole construction. The training is planned to involve 20 participants from wells monitoring Committee for one day and the same is going to be done to the whole school community through meeting (as sensitization) which i...

      Dear Carolyn, we have aplan to conduct education program for water hygeine,sanitation and water soon after completing borehole construction. The training is planned to involve 20 participants from wells monitoring Committee for one day and the same is going to be done to the whole school community through meeting (as sensitization) which is planned to take one two two hours. Songea Municipal water specialist will be the resource person, we did the same in the past project. Sorry it was not well stated in our proposal.
      Msigwa

  • Rating: 6

    review by (only shown to members)

    From the proposal it was difficult to understand the extent of hygiene education being provided, whether well sites are tested for water quality, any chlorination protocol, and if household storage and treatment education is included.

    The number of people getting sanitation is greatly misleading as there is a very large difference between sensitisation/education and people having access to improved and appropriate facilities which are used and maintained properly.

  • Rating: 7

    review by (only shown to members)

    good project but there are reservations. good water depends on a pump which depends on ourside agent to repair. when pump is down, no provisions are made for safe drinking water. the sustainability of a constant source of safe drinking water should be addressed to strengthen this project. this could be accomplished with the addition of point of use, safe water filters.
    Byron Miller

  • Rating: 8

    review by (only shown to members)

    The health program, design and maintenance program appear adequate for this type of consturction.
    Consistant monitoring of the well maintenance is key to success to maintain water supply. We find that having water available and consistant tends to activate known hygiene knowledge and promote instruction.

  • Rating: 7

    review by (only shown to members)

    These projects are now becoming part of the standard approach by PADI, though i want to see learnings from earlier ones and the adaptations reflected in the new ones.

  • Rating: 8

    review by (only shown to members)

    Great! This organization clearly has much experience in organizing communities and effective water committees. I like that the maintenance fees are in school fees, however I hope it has not increased to the point where the children cannot afford to go to school.

  • Rating: 9

    review by (only shown to members)

    This program is direct and simple in the best way. It is not overly complicated and it directly solves the problem in question.

Name Status Completion Date Amount Assigned
Construction of one bore hole at Zimanimoto Secondandari School Complete - Successful Jul 2011 $6,645
Construction of one borehole for Maposeni Secondary School Complete - Successful Jul 2011 $6,645