Construction of two boreholes for Maposeni and Zimanimoto Secondary schools aiming at providing clean and safe water to 1663 people including 1240 students,48 School staffs and 375 community around schools. The project will minimize time spend in fetching
Maposeni and ZImanimoto Secondary Schools are among of over 40 secondary schools in Songea’s District located in peripheral wards. Most of these schools facing a major problem of safe and clean water. The potential sources of clean water include (but are not limited to) boreholes, taps, and improved wells. For the residents of these schools, local dug wells which are not safe at all is the common source of drinking water unfortunately the same sources are used for washing clothes and bathing within local wells, it is a common practice that often leaves many wells contaminated. Also, the wells are exposed, affording animals the opportunity to pollute the water.
The washing of soiled clothes and bathing, along with exposure to animals, clearly compromises the effectiveness of these wells as safe sources of drinking water. This problem is further compounded in the rainy season by soil runoff that can swamp some of the wells in dirt and soil. This renders the effected wells completely unusable. Students and women fetching water are often forced to check multiple wells before finding one that has not been affected by runoff, is particularly troubling to students and women, who have more limited time due to having several responsibilities including academic studies for students.
Use of these wells for drinking water, which is often not boiled (due to the lack of cheaply available fuels), has led to the occurrence of the water borne diseases like diarrhea, intestinal parasites (such as worms), and bilharzias.
It is even worse for a newly built schools in some peripheral wards where they are forced to walk about 1.km to 2 Km far away from the school fetching some water. The students wasted a lot of time for fetching water for a variety of uses including cleanliness, cooking and school buildings construction which leads students to miss lessons because of water problem.
Water hand pump are complete water schemes suitable for serving small communities with portable water supplies. Primary schools, Secondary schools, Dispensaries, etc ,which are not covered by other water supplies because of various reasons may suitably be supplied with water from a hand pump.
A water borehole carrying a water hand pump with a standard yield 800 litters per hour can meet water needs of people . A good water borehole equipped with hand pump can supply over 1000 liters per hour of safe water to isolated communities and thus reduce mostly women’s and students workload in fetching water from long distances.
This is good potential of potable ground water supplies in Songea District from existing water hand pumps constructed in Songea rural district and from existing surveys. Over 506 water pumps were construction in villages and schools at shallow depth (with maximum depth of 35 m).The depth of water table is ranging between 15 meters to 25 meters depth. There are both hygienic and convenient model to operate.
SWN 80 AND SWN 81 model pump set are locally manufactured in Tanzania. A pump set complete with 4”PVC casings Up to a depth of 35 m cost slightly over Tsh. 8,000,000 (equivalent to $ 6,400) due to inflation and raising of transportation costs.
In hand pumps constructions we target a borehole yields of not less than 800 liters per hour at shallow depths suitable to service our beneficiaries, presently most of sub-urban secondary schools are not covered by other public water supplies, therefore, the project is going to provide two Hand pumps for Maposeni and Zimanimoto Secondary Schools which will make a total of 8 boreholes and 73 improved water wells.
Even after the construction of 73 improved Traditional water wells and ( 8) bore holes in the district (to the community and schools) the need to expand the project to other areas especially in secondary schools and community is still high (more than 3 requests from secondary schools and 5 villages have been received .
Major activities of the project.
i) Mobilizing school community to fully participate in project implementation
In mobilizing the community PADI will conduct meetings to those schools requested water support. During these meetings the community will be explain on how the project will be conducted and other project conditions which include community contribution, formation of WMF and WMC. The meetings will help to create awareness and readiness of participating in the project implementation. In this project the school communities are required to construct pump house as their contribution. Contract of receiving the support will only signed only if they agree to construct the pump house as soon as the pump has been installed
ii)Formation of Wells Monitoring Committees (WMC) which consist of 10 people.
The ten people described in the proposal on a part of community organization will be the school management committees in each school and they will be responsible in hand pump maintenance and repair, day to day care of the pump and managing the ( WMF)
iii)Formation of Water Maintenance Fund ( WMF) which will be formed by the school community The fund will be contributed by the school communities aiming at supporting them to manage to maintain and repair their pump.
iv) Transportation of building material from Morogoro; This activity will be done soon after receiving fund.
v) Drilling tube well to the depth of 25- 35 Miters with provision for re-drilling and construction of slab and flumes. The work will be done by water technician.
vi) Construction of Pump House: Construction of Pump House will be done by the school communities as their contribution to the project. Construction will be done soon after completing pump installation.
vii) Conducting one day training to 10 WMC on how to care and maintain
LocationSongea, Songea, Tanzania
Primary Focus: Drinking Water - Community
Secondary Focus: Drinking Water - Schools
People Getting Safe Drinking Water: 1,663
1663 people will get safe drinking water from the project including 1240 students (557 girls and 683 boys),48 School staffs ( 22 women and 28 men) and 375 community around schools ( 165 women and 210 men).(The Source of data is from the head of schools/ Municipal Education Officer and village Chair Persons from the government
School Children Getting Water: 1,240
The numbers of school children who will be getting safe water are 1240 children (557 girls and 683 boys) where 936 school children are from Maposeni Secondary School (423 girls and 513 boys) and 304 school children are from Zimanimoto Secondary School (134 girls 170 boys). The Source of data-from the head of schools and Municipal Education Officer.
People Getting Sanitation: 1,663
The number of people who will be impacted with the water project will be 1663 people including 1240 students (557 girls and 683 boys), 48 School staffs (22 women and 28 men) and 375 community around schools (165 women and 210 men).The support is going to minimize time spend in collecting water by walking 2 km far away from schools, improving school environment by irrigating flowers and controlling water borne disease infections.
People Getting Other Benefits: 0
Application Type: Program Funding
Start Date: 2010-10-01
Completion Date: 2011-03-30
Experience relating to the water project:
PADI has been implementing this kind of water project for more than four years, beginning in 2003. The first implementation of the project was done in the Mletele ward at Liwumbu B streets from June to August 2003, where seven (7) improved local wells were built. PADI received funds from Peace Corps Tanzania under the supervision of Mr. Tim Hogan.
The second implementation of the project took place from September to November 2003, where PADI received funds from professors Miller and Rulfs of the USA and constructed 4 improved local wells.
The third project implementation took place from October 2005 to December 2005, funded by Help Age International, which enabled PADI to build 8 improved local water wells. The fourth implementation took place from July –August 2007.The project funded by Run For Africa, the funding enabled us to construct 13 improved traditional water wells and 1 bore hole.
The fourth project implementation took place from Nov. 2007 to Jan. 2008 where 7 improved traditional water wells were built, funded by Help Age International.
The fifth water project implementation took place from Sept. 2008 where 34 improved traditional water wells in Mshangano ward were built for the community and 3 bore holes were constructed in three Secondary schools funded by Blue Planet Run Foundation-BPRF.
The sixth water project implementation took place in 2009/2010 where two secondary schools (London and Zimanimoto) benefited from the project, each school got one 1 bore hole.
It is going to be done in one phase, then the fund will not be split into parts
The community will be involved in all process of project implementation from site survey, monitoring, forming water well committee and water maintenance fund
Government water experties will be involved in providing technical advices, training water committees and Monitoring the project.
To make the project sustainable the following actions will be done:
A training session will be conducted to 10 people who are members of Well Monitoring Committee (WMC) on how to manage to perform miner repair, clean, maintain the pump and monitor any problems associated with their functioning. These people, being school community/villagers living in the vicinity of the pump, will be on hand to maintain the wells (ten from each hand pump 5 men and 5 women). Also Water Maintenance Fund ( WMF) which will be formed by the school community The fund will be contributed by the school communities aiming at supporting them to manage to maintain and repair their pump will help to maintain the sustainability of the project. Construction of Pump House will be done by the school communities as their contribution to the project. Construction will be done soon after completing pump installation; this will help to enhance the ownership of the project. At the end of all activities one day training to 10 WMC on how to care and maintain the pump from each school will be conducted
Maintenance Cost: $80
Prior art before metrics