plan 287Palan Buena Vista


In a community called Palan Buena Vista, a gravity water project delivering 70 liters/day per inhabitant and a latrine to individual houses, education for maintenance, long term hygiene and sanitation, the preservation and reforestation of the watershed.

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The population uses mostly running water from ravines. Some women and children carry water (see pictures), 3 families get water from a rubber hose connected to small unprotected springs.
We have verified that these are polluted. There are no previous systems.


Palan Buena Vista, Matagalpa, Nicaragua


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Primary Focus: Drinking Water - Households
Secondary Focus: Sanitation - Households

People Getting Safe Drinking Water: 248

39 families
127 children less than 15 years old
50 women and 70 men

Source : APLV own survey

School Children Getting Water: 96

96 children

Source : APLV own survey

People Getting Sanitation: 113

18 families
58 children less than 15 years old
23 women and 32 men

Material to make a latrine for each family will be supplied.

Source : APLV own survey

People Getting Other Benefits: 113

Hygiene education : 113 people
Water system maintenance training : 8 persons

Hygiene education, a program that reaches all homes and is incorporated in the school. Capacity building is inherent in the organization of the village prior to project.

Application Type: Project Funding

Start Date: 2011-02-01

Completion Date: 2011-07-31

Technology Used:

The presence of a spring which does not dry up during summer and that is located above the community suggest a gravity system as the obvious first choice. These systems are the specialty of APLV which has designed and help build 63 of them- all presently functioning. The basic components are a spring-catching and protecting construction, a buried conduction line to a holding tank evening out the supply over the day, and a distribution network leading to individual water taps all by gravity.
APLV has developed advanced design tools for such systems which have performed excellently.


Once the community is ready, (which this one is) the project will be carried out in one stage.

Community Organization:

The community has been organized. Family have each individually signed a commitment to work the required number of men-days. A CAPS (committee charged both to organize the daily work schedule during construction and to learn and provide maintenance after construction) has been formed. Monthly rates per family have been established to cover maintenance and its tools. The project is kept under observation by APLV for 4 to 6 months and is thereafter formally handed over to the community as its owner. The spring has been formally handed over to the community by its former owner.

Government Interaction:

No specific interaction. There is no government work in this area at the moment.
Nicaragua government tried to reinforce access to water in the countryside through law about water, saying that a community can requisition a spring if they need to. It is their only act till now.

Ancillary activities:

Reforestation is one component of our training of the community, because reforestation of the watershed is important to guarantee spring sustainability
Maintenance training is performed in order to have the CAPS (water comity) able to maintain the water system through the next years.

Other Issues:

This undertaking should of course be the responsibility of the local and central governments. While municipalities are just beginning to contribute to such projects, their resources allow them to be only minor contributors.

Maintenance Revenue:

The maintenance costs are totally assumed by the community through monthly payments collected by the CAPS. The CAPS is responsible for the management of the fund. Maintenance costs are minimal and estimated at 40U$/month

Maintenance Cost: $500


Prior art before metrics

Cost: $44,324

See Attached Excel Datasheet

Co Funding Amount: $0


Community Contribution Amount: $10,298

Labor : all excavation work, trench digging
Food for construction team

Fund Requested: $34,027

Implementing Organization:


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Name Status Completion Date Amount Assigned
Palan Buena Vista Complete - Successful Jun 2011 $34,027