Villianur is located to the west of Pondicherry on the Pondicherry - Villupuram main road at a distance of 9.5 Km from Pondicherry. Villianur is the headquarters of Villianur Commune Panchayat.
The area is semi urban and is a part of Pondicherry which ma
Water situation in Villianur
HPPI is running one project supported by NABARD on building Ecosan toilet and providing safe drinking water through rope pumps.
The water resource of the Union Territory continues to be undervalued and over used without regard to current costs and future requirements. There is also increasing water pollution due to urbanisation and industrialisation of the Union Territory. The Pondicherry region is supposed to have plenty of water resources because of good rainfall. The annual rainfall of about 1250 mm in about 50 rainy days is received from both the southwest and northeast monsoons.
The region has substantial quantities of groundwater of fairly good quality. However, the over-extraction of ground water, neglect of tanks,
Pondicherry is endowed with substantial groundwater resources. The utilisable ground water resources (at 85per cent of the gross recharge potential) are assessed at 151 MCM.
Since alluvial aquifers cover about 90 per cent of the Pondicherry region, water level in the wells is fairly shallow ranging between 12 to 14 metres below ground level. In the tank command areas alone there are 70-80 shallow wells and about 1000 tube wells.
Overall, there are some 8000 tube wells in the Pondicherry region which extract water for Agriculture, industry, and domestic purposes.
Total Annual Water Availability
Thus, the total annual availability of water for all uses in the Pondicherry region is 49 MCM (surface water) + 151 MCM (ground water) = 200 MCM per year. Annual per capita availability is roughly 200 cubic metres per person which indicates that the Pondicherry region is an area of water scarcity. It is widely accepted that regions of the world with per capita water availability of less than 1000 cubic metres annually are facing water scarcity. Despite the fact that Pondicherry is believed to have plenty of water resources, it can be categorized to be a region facing water scarcity in relation to demand.
The total annual domestic requirements for the urban and rural population of the
Pondicherry region in 2020 can be estimated as follows:
Urban Requirement 0.80 million @ 100 litres per day = 80.0 million litres per day (mld)
Rural Requirement 0.27 million @ 40 litres per day = 10.8 million litres per day (mld)
Total drinking water requirement = 90.8 MLD
This amount is equivalent to 33 million cubic metres per year or 33 MCM
Thus the total annual water requirement in 2020 is estimated to be:
Agricultural Use: 150 MCM
Industrial Use: 20 MCM
Domestic Use: 33 MCM
Total Requirement 203 MCM
Other estimates place the requirement much higher at 248 MCM. The total availability of 200 MCM is likely to be fully utilised by 2020, and some of the water currently used in agriculture will have to be diverted for domestic and industrial use.
Furthermore, some of the coastal aquifers will have to be artificially recharged to prevent the wall of seawater from moving further in. There will also be a loss of availability of water, particularly for drinking due to the salinity in the ground water in the coastal areas.
The Pondicherry region is therefore likely to face serious water shortages in the next two decades.
Thus, the challenge for the next twenty years is to manage the limited water resources more prudently to ensure that sufficient water is available for all the economic sectors.
Pollution and seawater intrusion further reduces the availability of fresh water for various uses.
Water Management Problems in Pondicherry
a) Ground Water Depletion
The excessive extraction for all uses has caused a drop in the water table at a number of locations. The declining trend over 10 years is of the order of 15 to 30 metres in the west and about 7 metres in the eastern part of Pondicherry. Urban sprawl has also contributed to lower recharge through reduction of vegetation cover and wetlands. In the agricultural areas, open wells are now replaced by tube wells with submersible pump sets. Extraction has gone to 35-50 metres and up to 100 metres in some places.
b) Seawater Intrusion
In a coastal region like Pondicherry, there is the added danger of the ingress of seawater.
In 10 to 15 villages, where groundwater has become saline, the villagers are supplied
Water through tankers from commune headquarters. The shallow aquifers along the coast show signs of salinity. Salt water has intruded up to a distance of 5 to 7 km from the coast. Any further extraction of groundwater has to be done only beyond this distance.
c) Industrial Pollution
Surface water and ground water have been affected by industrial pollution.
d) Sewage Pollution
The amount of sewage generated in Pondicherry is so much that an irrigation canal is acting as a main sewer. 30 per cent of the municipal area does not have a proper drainage system. Most of the sewage reaches the sea without treatment and the urban waterways, tanks and ponds have become severely polluted.
e) Water Pricing
Water charge of Rs. 0.50 per cubic metre is levied for domestic connections and Rs. 1.50 per cubic metre for commercial and institutional purposes; these rates are far too low since the cost of supplying water is Rs. 5 per cubic metre. Farmers extracting groundwater do not have to pay for power. This is undesirable both from the view point of energy policy and water policy
LocationVillianur, Pondicherry, India
Primary Focus: Drinking Water - Community
Secondary Focus: Sanitation - Households
People Getting Safe Drinking Water: 625
625community members will get water from rope pump and 240 household will get clean and safe drinking water through siphon filter.
Rope pump will be installed at such places where there is no water available from government sources and also in those places where services provided by the department are not sufficient even if there is availability of water.
10 Rope pumps will be installed in the area and through each rope pump almost 250 families will get water.
250 men, 250 women and 750 children will get benefit from the project.
50 siphon filters will be distributed to the families where they have children from 0-5 years of age.
250 people will be benefitted from siphon filter.
School Children Getting Water: 500
In the panchayat all the school buildings have sufficient water facilities so project will focus more in to the community where it is more of a problem. It is a community project
Two rope pumps will be installed at aaganwari centre to benefit the 0-5 year’s age of children.
And a siphon filter will be installed at the aaganwari centre. Where more than 500 children will be benefit.
10 siphon filters will be installed in other two aaganwari and in schools more than 500 children will get clean water.
People Getting Sanitation: 250
50 people will be getting Ecosan toilet in the 5 villages
50 men, 50 women, 150 children and adult
People Getting Other Benefits: 1,000
More than 500 community members will be getting benefit in terms of new knowledge and information on Ecosan toilet, safe handling of water, usage of Ecosan toilet, siphon filter and rope pump.
• sanitation, Ecosan toilet ,
• safe handling of water,
• usage of siphon filter,
• Installation of rope pump.
• Maintenance of rope pump
• Usage of Ecosan toilet
• Construction of toilets
Construction of Toilet
Installation of rope pumps
production of rope pumps
Start Date: 2010-10-01
Completion Date: 2010-10-31
Project will establish rope pumps, tube recharge and siphon filter and Ecosan toilets in the area to facilitate the community members by assisting them to get fresh clean water, sanitation facilities and build their capacity to enhance their life standards by adopting safe sanitation facility in the villages.
The project will establish low cost technology of producing rope pumps by local workshops, tube recharge for water harvest and Ecosan toilet which is not a new concept or technology but needs promotion in the area.
HPPI have implemented the projects on same theme;installation of rope pump, Ecosan toilet, siphon filter and tube recharge and we find results are good and accepted by the community.
We got demands from the neighboring villages to establish and teach the technology in their villages.
Project will be done in one phase and funding can come in two parts, other half can be release after reviewing half year report.
The community will be organized by forming WATSAN committees; it will consist of at least 12 members drawn from every section of society so as to represent every strata of the village at equal level. The foremost task of WATSAN committee is to mobilize the masses and reach every nook and corner. They will start working from the day one and will be responsible for the mobilization, home visit and meeting with the community. Further WATSAN committee member will educate masses for the hygienic lifestyle and how everybody can contribute for ecological sustainability.
The WATSAN committee member will consist of-
1. Project leader
2. Two school Teacher (1 male+1 female)
3. Village head (Pradhan)
4. Two women
5. Two village elderly who has good say in the
6. Three youth (2 female+1 male)
7. One primary health centre official.
Project will work closely with DRDA( District rural development Agency), NABARD and PHED department of government
1. Activities to be carried out:
a. Formation of watsan committees in 5 villages.
b. Awareness building / workshops for all the families
about the benefit of using toilets and instruction of
how to use them.
c. Awareness campaigns in schools and community
on safe handling of water.
d. Install 10 rope pumps in 5 villages
e. Install 50 Ecosan toilets in 5 villages
f. Link people with DRDA to build toilets.
g. Cleaning actions in the villages to eliminate
stagnant water and manage solid waste.
h. Education of women in Self Help Groups in
solid waste management, and how to use human
waste as resources and promote kitchen garden
i. Initial survey and impact assessment.
j. Government institutions and private corporations
will be invited to give their support for the project.
Project will establish 50 tube recharges for water recharge in the villages by community contribution.
Project will facilitate the community to receive Rs.2500/- per toilet from DRDA.
And will get 10% community contribution for each toilet.
In the area DRDA is supposed to give Rs2500/- to each house hold and this money has been disbursed to the community in papers but it has not reached the community, HPPI will be working closely to the community and department to solve the problem and facilitate the money to build new toilets in the area.
Project will make good rapport with the local partners and contact the local industries to support the project. Project will look for local partners, private partners and other funding agencies and departments to support the existing project.
Project will also build the capacity of WATSAN Committee members and train them to look after the project and its activities in the long run.
Maintenance Cost: $7,473
Prior art before metrics
See attached spreadsheet, please see the new budget as we have modified it.
Co Funding Amount: $2,841
DRDA for construction of toilets
This budget is already deducted from the total budget.
Community Contribution Amount: $835
community contribution for the cost of rope, siphon filter,ecosan toilets ( 10%of total cost)
for tube recharge 100% contribution form the community
This budget is already deducted from the total budget.