This project will provide access to safe, reliable water to 40 families in the village of Nueva America. Project includes water system, formation of training of local water committee and community water & hygiene workshops.
The community Nueva America is located in District 1 of 4 de Marzo of the Municipality of Santa Rosa, approximately 50 kilometers from the capitol city Santa Rosa. The community has a small school that was constructed approximately 6 years ago. Approximately 20 students from first to sixth grade attend the school.
Five years ago Proasu Jica, a program under the state government, perforated a water well in the village. The well depth is 122 meters deep with the static water level at 13 meters. The community often use tubes to access water from the narrow well. This method does not allow extraction of a lot of water and does not work year round. With no functioning water well, the villagers worked together to excavate their own shallow well. This has been the village’s main water source. Some families also turn to a small stream nearby the village to get water, particularly during the rainy season. Current water supply problems include the time required to retrieve the water each day as well as the quality of the water. It takes women and children many trips each day with buckets, consuming their time. Also, the clean water becomes contaminated as it is being carried to their homes. The water situation has serious consequences on village health and high rates of diarrhea.
For years the village has been soliciting the local municipality for a water system. One villager says, “We've tried everything. We even built our own water tank. It doesn't work now. People here live like animals, drinking water directly from the river.” (Sr. Pablo Perez, Community Member)
LocationNueva America, Obispo Santistevan in the Department of Santa Cruz , Bolivia
Primary Focus: Water - Community
Secondary Focus: Hygiene Education
People Getting Safe Drinking Water: 200
This project will serve 200 people that live in the village permanently, including 40 families (70 men, 60 women, 45 are children between the ages of 6 and 16, and 25 children between 0 and 5).
According to statistics provided by the municipality 60 families live in Nueva America. Based on our needs assessment we learned that 26 homes are in close proximity to one another where families live permanently. Of these 26 homes, numerous have multiple families living on one piece of property or in one home. Considering this, approximately 40 families will receive water.
The project includes public water points for more dispersed families. The water committee will determine will determine water tariffs and fines to control the public points.
School Children Getting Water: 20
45 are children between the ages of 6 and 16, and 25 children between 0 and 5. Only 20 students attend the village school. The rest do not attend school or attend a school outside the village. (Source: local village school)
People Getting Sanitation: 0
People Getting Other Benefits: 200
Water Committee (6 people)
At the start of the project the community will elect 6 people to form a water committee. The committee will travel to the city of Cochabamba to receive technical training directly from Plastiforte, the manufacturer of the hydroneumatic tower, regarding the installation and maintenance of the system. They will participate in continued training throughout the course of the project regarding administration and leadership.
Water & Hygiene Community Workshops (40 families)
A minimum of one member from community will participate in a series of eight workshops intended to strengthen knowledge related to water and sanitation knowledge and improve hygiene habits. Themes of the workshop include: Importance of Safe Drinking Water, Water-Related illnesses, Sources of Contamination, Personal Hygiene, Food Hygiene, Hygiene in the Home, Garbage & Recycling, and Sanitation.
Children’s Education Program (20 children, 2 teachers)
The project will partner with the village school to work alongside teachers and students, with the objective of teaching students about the themes in the community workshops, while participating in specific activities continually that aim to create healthy habits.
Start Date: 2013-03-01
Completion Date: 2013-10-31
Approach: This program is a comprehensive, community-effort to engage families to make improvements to their health and well-being by improving the water situation in their community. People of Nueva America will elect six villagers to serve on a water committee. Members will be trained in: Structure, Role, Responsibilities, and Organization of the Water Committee; Financial Management; Mobilizing the Village; Water Quality; Hygiene; and Technical Operation and Management of the Water System. Water committee members will travel to the city of Cochabamba to participate in technical training from Plastiforte, the manufacturer of the Hydroneaumatic system, the water technology used in this project. This process will ensure that all knowledge about the water system remains within the local village. The water committee will ultimately promote community lead, ownership and transparency.
During the course of the project members of committee will also learn how to administer their system and teach healthy habits to their own community. Throughout this process community members will recognize themselves as capable of improving their situation without reliance on outside assistance. In doing so, knowledge will be maintained in the village so that the water project can be sustainable.
The project includes interactive, fun workshops and activities related to water, hygiene and sanitation offered to both children in the community and the community at large. The education program will focus on hygienic habits involving hand-washing, food, cooking utensils, water, and sanitation. Participants, for example, will not simply be asked to memorize steps in hand washing or methods to eliminate excreta. Instead this project seeks to work with the community to develop activities that encourage people to think about why hand washing is important or how and why contamination can spread throughout a community and the consequences it has on one’s health. Participants will develop strategies and methods to care for their own well being, the environment and the community at large.
Technology: The water technology used includes a hydropneumatic tower. The hydropneumatic tower essentially replaces expensive elevated tanks that are traditionally used in water systems with perforated wells. The Hydropneumatic Tower will connect to a water distribution system that distributes the water to 26 households, 2 public points and the village school. Each family will be responsible for assisting in the manual labor necessary to install the water system and financially contribute to the cost of materials necessary for their own domestic connection.
The technology is similar to an elevated water storage tank, but much smaller in size and typical in demand. The tower operates essentially by keeping a column air in the HDPE pipe which is 6 meters tall. The pressure vessel contains water with a pressurized air space to provide the pressure for the system. With water demand, water flows from the vessel, increasing the air space as well as decreasing air pressure. This lower pressure signals the pump to start. The pump meets the demand with the excess volume backing up in the pressure vessel. This decreases the air space and increases the pressure once again. When the upper level is reached, the pump shuts off. These systems are ideal for a rural water system that has a limited service area.
Some advantages of the Hydropneumatic Tower include: reduced cost (no need to construct expensive elevated tanks), easy installation, automatic operation, optimization of the electrical power consumption in the operation of the pump, and a 20-year guarantee.
The distribution system will use HDPE Pipes. HDPE pipe is recognized in the industry for its zero leak rate, high performance, and long life expectancy. In addition, HDPE is more flexible, nontoxic and has greater resistance to impact. Because the piping comes in long roles of 50m to 100m, the installation process is faster and easier. It also makes it easier to transport to the village.
This project is implemented in only one phase, with the following components:
- Community Organization
- Formation of local water committee
o Community water & higiene workshops
o Water committee workshops
o Construction & implementation
The community of Nueva America is motivated and organized. They have a directory committee consisting of a community President (referred to as the “OTB”), Vice President, Treasurer, Secretary and Communication Officer. The directory committee has been working with the municipality to secure a water project for their community.
Each family owns their own piece of the land, although many extended families live on the same piece of property. The water well sits on public area that is owned by the local municipality. The municipality is responsible for elaborating water and sanitation projects.
The community is in full agreement of financially contributing to the installation of each domestic water connection. They also agreed to attend workshops and participate in activities.
This project utilizes a water well perforated by Proasu Jica, a program operating under the state government of Santa Cruz. The municipality of Santa Rosa will partner with Etta Projects to implement the water project. Members from the Department of Water & Sanitation will attend the training sessions in Cochabamba and will also contribute funding towards the hydropneumatic tower and the distribution system.
All water committee members will learn skills in plumbing as well as administrative skills.
Currently in Bolivia local municipalities are responsible for the provision of water and sanitation. Unfortunately they often do not have the necessary resources to reach many of the rural villages to implement this type of project. We’ve learned that when different sectors join forces communities like Nueva America can access clean, safe drinking water.
The Project is designed with built-in long term sustainability. The process of ensuring the sustainability of the water system includes:
1. The community will develop ownership of the water system, predominantly due to their own contribution of manual labor and resources. The financial contribution of each family gives the community a larger stake in the sustainability of the water system. It will also encourage families to maintain and repair the water system.
2. The community will manage the water system and continually pay for water usage. Families will make monthly payments based on the quantity of water usage. Upon completion of the system the local water committee will organize a series of water tariff payment workshops. The workshops will focus on the importance of each family to pay their monthly tariff regularly. A constant funding stream will not only maintain the feasibility of the water system, but also provide incentive and ability to ensure that the Water Committee will continue to offer safe drinking water to the village.
3. The water committees will have representation from major stakeholder groups, including women representation, Women’s participation will bring a unique and important perspective regarding water and hygiene education.
4. The village school will be given special attention to ensure that students have a dependable, safe drinking water supply both at home and in school.
4. The specific technology used comes with a guarantee for 20 years from the manufacturer. It is appropriate technology for the village to meet its demand of water.
5. The project is a partnership from organizations of different sectors, including Etta Projects, the local municipality, the state government and the local village.
6. Metrics of success will be developed with the stakeholder groups and information will be shared regularly with all stakeholders.
The maintenance of the system is fairly minimum. The traducer needs to be replaced every 3 to 5 years, and costs $35 US. The traducer can be monitored and replaced when maintaining the pump. Annual operating expenses include: electricity, system accessories, and other tools and administrative materials, totaling $800 per year (Source: Plastiforte). A Water Engineer and expert from the U.S. Joe Sesil, member, recently visited Etta Projects in Bolivia and researched the technology. He wrote, “the hydropneumatic tower is a solid system, with minimum maintenance and few moving parts that could go wrong.”
Maintenance Cost: $800
The water system will be monitored monthly throughout the eight months of the project. Once completed, Etta Projects will continue to monitor the project quarterly for the following three years. Tracking will include tools such as household interviews, data from lack health center and direct observation. The following meters will be considered:
• availability of clean water
• quality of water (water samples)
• beliefs and practices related to clean water
• hygiene habits
• incidence of diarrhea
• satisfaction of the water system
• administration of the water system (role of water committee)
o income-receipts and resources
o correct maintenance of water system
o enforcement of policies
Co Funding Amount: $5,571
Contribution from the Municipality of Santa Rosa. Includes 50% of the cost of the water tower and water distribution pipes and 25% of transportation cost of water system from Cochabamba to Nueva America. Also includes cost of 1 staff member to travel to Cochabamba to attend technical training.
Community Contribution Amount: $3,699
Each family will contribute the funding to cover the cost of the materials to make a domestic connection from the water distribution system to their home. This includes 6 meters of piping, a faucet, and a water meter. Families will also contribute manual labor needed to install the system.