The project aims to establish protected piped water supply to 36 households dwelling in the tribal village of Budusahi, of which 5 households are below poverty line.

Budusahi_wt

Narrative

Gram Vikas has developed a simple yet sustainable concept of gravity flow water supply that has successfully managed to provide continuous water supply in hundreds of remote hilly villages.
In gravity flow, where ever possible water is tapped from a suitable sprong exists, Gram Vikas have developed a highly innovative solution of establishing a sanitary dug well. A slit is cut down one side of the well and a pipe is attached at the bottom. The slit is then blocked back up, and the entire well is lines with stones. Water then percolates into the well, where it is stored, and can then be transported to the village over head tank. The spring or well are at a higher altitude than the village, therefore the water is transported through pipes using principles of gravity from where it is again distributed through pipes to all families around the clock. To ensure the pipes are protected, they are dug deep into the ground.

    • confidential
    • SMS
    Chitra Chaudhuri ( Gram Vikas ) 6 Months after completion 7 Feb, 2013

    Note for internal use

    Chitra Chaudhuri ( Gram Vikas ) 4 Days after completion 4 Aug, 2012

    Budusahi-sweating it out!

    Status: Complete - Successful

    Operating Status:

    Budusahi village of 25 tribal households in Lailai Gram Panahayat evinced interest in the programme due to acute scarcity of water. The only apprehension we had was whether the community would be prepared to contribute additional labour to transport most of the materials for the construction work on head loads. However it was heartening to see the hard working tribal community and women in particular, carry headloads of cement, roofing sheets, stones etc in the scorching summer heat. With all the hardwork and sweat, the sanitation blocks were completed by all the 25 families.

    The water source located was also 3kms away in Taraling village. The trench for the pipeline was dug through community labour (which is kind contribution for the project) and a 5000 litre water tank presently supplies piped water to the village.

    Prior to the project, the village had acute water scarcity – the lone handpump is dysfunctional , women had to trudge miles in the hilly terrain to get water from a small stream. There is hardly any government intervention since the village is difficult to reach. Now, with the water available, the families are interested to make kitchen gardens so that they can grow some greens in their backyard.

  • Impact Assessment (M&E) Phase Project completed on 31 Jul, 2012 Implementation Phase
  • Implementation Phase Project started on 1 Sep, 2011 Preparation Phase

The project aims to establish protected piped water supply to 36 households dwelling in the tribal village of Budusahi, of which 5 households are below poverty line.

Narrative

Gram Vikas has developed a simple yet sustainable concept of gravity flow water supply that has successfully managed to provide continuous water supply in hundreds of remote hilly villages.
In gravity flow, where ever possible water is tapped from a suitable sprong exists, Gram Vikas have developed a highly innovative solution of establishing a sanitary dug well. A slit is cut down one side of the well and a pipe is attached at the bottom. The slit is then blocked back up, and the entire well is lines with stones. Water then percolates into the well, where it is stored, and can then be transported to the village over head tank. The spring or well are at a higher altitude than the village, therefore the water is transported through pipes using principles of gravity from where it is again distributed through pipes to all families around the clock. To ensure the pipes are protected, they are dug deep into the ground.

Sustainability

Creating and measuring long-term impact

Gram Vikas has designed a sustainable model for community organisation and development named MANTRA (Movement and Action Network for the Transformation of Rural Areas), based of five core values:
1) 100% inclusion
2) Gender equality
3) Social equity
4) Sustainability
5) Cost sharing
Water and sanitation activities have been taken up as entry point activity for initiating all round development of villages.

100% inclusion of all families is a per-condition for initiating the WATSAN work in villages. This is crucial from a total sanitation point of view, as even if one family continues to practice open defecation, water sources will continue to be polluted. 100% inclusion is also a step towards addressing exclusionary practices prevailing in society; mainly towards dalits, indigenous communities and women.

Before the programme begins in any village, the village must come to a consensus that all families, without exception, will participate. This brings the community together across barriers of caste, gender and economic status, which for centuries have excluded large sections of communities from the process of development. The village must also raise a corpus-fund of Rs 1,000 ($22) per household with the better-off paying more and the poorer less. The corpus fund is an acid test, demonstrating that the community is committed to the process if development. Interest from the corpus fund is used to meet the social costs of extending the water and sanitation system of new households in the future. ensuring 100% coverage at all times.
The community drives the implementation of the programme. The community makes the bricks and collects all the local materials available and rural youth trained in masonry build the overhead water tank and lay the network of pipes. 1-2 rural youth are trained as pump operators and are taught how to make any necessary repairs to the system.
The management of the project is undertaken by the Village Executive Committee (VEC) comprising of 6 men and 6 women, all of whom are elected in a democratic way. In addition to construction the water and sanitation infrastructure, Gram Vikas spend time building the capacities of this committee to enable them gradually take over the entire responsibility for managing the water and sanitation infrastructure after Gram Vikas' withdrawal from the village.

Other Issues

Unusual and unexpected issues faced during project execution

Although the government is supposed to provide and secure drinking water to rural communities, most often it ends up by installation of a hand pump in the village. With high use, the pumps often break down and the community depends upon the government functionaries to repair the system. In many instances such delays linger for long and people resort to unsafe surface water for drinking purposes.

Government usually priortises bigger villages for implementing of water supply projects and the small, hilly tribal habitations are left to fen for themselves. There is hardly any intervention in these small habitations that can help the people to get safe water.

In this context Gram Vikas priortises its efforts in such remote areas and works with the community to have systems to manage their drinking water needs.

Impact

People Impacted: 120

People Getting Safe Drinking Water: 120

25 Households
40 Men
35 Women
45 Children

School Children Getting Water: 40

People Getting Sanitation: 120

25 Households
40 Men
35 Women
45 Children

People Getting Other Benefits: 120

Funding

Community:
$1,448
Final Cost:
$6,598

Plan/Proposal