The project aims to establish protected piped water supply to Sawgaon village. This village has a tribal population of 215 individuals, 24 out of the 33 households are below poverty line.

Dsc02067

Narrative

Gram Vikas has developed a simple yet sustainable concept of gravity flow water supply that has successfully managed to provide continuous water supply in hundreds of remote hilly villages.
In gravity flow, where ever possible water is tapped from a suitable sprong exists, Gram Vikas have developed a highly innovative solution of establishing a sanitary dug well. A slit is cut down one side of the well and a pipe is attached at the bottom. The slit is then blocked back up, and the entire well is lines with stones. Water then percolates into the well, where it is stored, and can then be transported to the village over head tank. The spring or well are at a higher altitude than the village, therefore the water is transported through pipes using principles of gravity from where it is again distributed through pipes to all families around the clock. To ensure the pipes are protected, they are dug deep into the ground.

    • confidential
    • SMS
    Chitra Chaudhuri ( Gram Vikas ) 7 Months after completion 7 Mar, 2013

    Note for internal use

    • confidential
    • SMS
    Chitra Chaudhuri ( Gram Vikas ) 6 Months after completion 7 Feb, 2013

    Note for internal use

    Chitra Chaudhuri ( Gram Vikas ) 4 Days after completion 4 Aug, 2012

    Sawgaon- Conflict threatens water supply

    Status: Complete - Successful

    Operating Status:

    Another Tribal Village of 33 families in Dambalo Gram Panahayat, the community of Sawgaon initiated the sanitation programme in 2011. The effort was a ripple effect of surrounding villages enjoying the benefit of community action. Once the community had completed the sanitation programme , the efforts were geared to finding the water source for the village.

    An appropriate source was located about 2kms away in the boundary of Jamusahi village. The owner of the land , Mr. Sarat Gomango was contacted and the village requested him to give the land for making the water structure. He agreed to partake the land and the community started digging the water hole. In February, elections to the Gram Panchayat was held in Odisha. There was a strong contest between two candidates in the concerned Gram Panchayat . The people of Sawgaon voted against the candidate who was popular and finally won the elections. This irked the people of Jamusahi and they destroyed the well that was dug by the people of Sawgaon. Even Sarat Gomango refused them the land now.

    Such unanticipated risks are part of any community development project which have a bearing on project completion. At this juncture, GV staff played a crucial role in negotiating the two rival groups to come to a compromise and end the conflict. After some persuasion and convincing , the people of Jamusahi relented and allowed the people of Sawgaon to build their water source. They imposed a penalty of Rs. 3000 and thereafter the work began. The source has yeilded sufficient water and presently the people of Sawgaon are happy to have water in their homes.

    Chitra Chaudhuri ( Gram Vikas ) 4 Days after completion 4 Aug, 2012

    Sawgaon- Conflict threatens water supply

    Status: Complete - Successful

    Operating Status:

    Another Tribal Village of 33 families in Dambalo Gram Panahayat, the community of Sawgaon initiated the sanitation programme in 2011. The effort was a ripple effect of surrounding villages enjoying the benefit of community action. Once the community had completed the sanitation programme , the efforts were geared to finding the water source for the village.

    An appropriate source was located about 2kms away in the boundary of Jamusahi village. The owner of the land , Mr. Sarat Gomango was contacted and the village requested him to give the land for making the water structure. He agreed to partake the land and the community started digging the water hole. In February, elections to the Gram Panchayat was held in Odisha. There was a strong contest between two candidates in the concerned Gram Panchayat . The people of Sawgaon voted against the candidate who was popular and finally won the elections. This irked the people of Jamusahi and they destroyed the well that was dug by the people of Sawgaon. Even Sarat Gomango refused them the land now.

    Such unanticipated risks are part of any community development project which have a bearing on project completion. At this juncture, GV staff played a crucial role in negotiating the two rival groups to come to a compromise and end the conflict. After some persuasion and convincing , the people of Jamusahi relented and allowed the people of Sawgaon to build their water source. They imposed a penalty of Rs. 3000 and thereafter the work began. The source has yeilded sufficient water and presently the people of Sawgaon are happy to have water in their homes.

  • Impact Assessment (M&E) Phase Project completed on 31 Jul, 2012 Implementation Phase
  • Implementation Phase Project started on 1 Sep, 2011 Preparation Phase

The project aims to establish protected piped water supply to Sawgaon village. This village has a tribal population of 215 individuals, 24 out of the 33 households are below poverty line.

Narrative

Gram Vikas has developed a simple yet sustainable concept of gravity flow water supply that has successfully managed to provide continuous water supply in hundreds of remote hilly villages.
In gravity flow, where ever possible water is tapped from a suitable sprong exists, Gram Vikas have developed a highly innovative solution of establishing a sanitary dug well. A slit is cut down one side of the well and a pipe is attached at the bottom. The slit is then blocked back up, and the entire well is lines with stones. Water then percolates into the well, where it is stored, and can then be transported to the village over head tank. The spring or well are at a higher altitude than the village, therefore the water is transported through pipes using principles of gravity from where it is again distributed through pipes to all families around the clock. To ensure the pipes are protected, they are dug deep into the ground.

Sustainability

Creating and measuring long-term impact

Gram Vikas has designed a sustainable model for community organisation and development named MANTRA (Movement and Action Network for the Transformation of Rural Areas), based of five core values:
1) 100% inclusion
2) Gender equality
3) Social equity
4) Sustainability
5) Cost sharing
Water and sanitation activities have been taken up as entry point activity for initiating all round development of villages.

100% inclusion of all families is a per-condition for initiating the WATSAN work in villages. This is crucial from a total sanitation point of view, as even if one family continues to practice open defecation, water sources will continue to be polluted. 100% inclusion is also a step towards addressing exclusionary practices prevailing in society; mainly towards dalits, indigenous communities and women.

Before the programme begins in any village, the village must come to a consensus that all families, without exception, will participate. This brings the community together across barriers of caste, gender and economic status, which for centuries have excluded large sections of communities from the process of development. The village must also raise a corpus-fund of Rs 1,000 ($22) per household with the better-off paying more and the poorer less. The corpus fund is an acid test, demonstrating that the community is committed to the process if development. Interest from the corpus fund is used to meet the social costs of extending the water and sanitation system of new households in the future. ensuring 100% coverage at all times.
The community drives the implementation of the programme. The community makes the bricks and collects all the local materials available and rural youth trained in masonry build the overhead water tank and lay the network of pipes. 1-2 rural youth are trained as pump operators and are taught how to make any necessary repairs to the system.
The management of the project is undertaken by the Village Executive Committee (VEC) comprising of 6 men and 6 women, all of whom are elected in a democratic way. In addition to construction the water and sanitation infrastructure, Gram Vikas spend time building the capacities of this committee to enable them gradually take over the entire responsibility for managing the water and sanitation infrastructure after Gram Vikas' withdrawal from the village.

Other Issues

Unusual and unexpected issues faced during project execution

Although the government is supposed to provide and secure drinking water to rural communities, most often it ends up by installation of a hand pump in the village. With high use, the pumps often break down and the community depends upon the government functionaries to repair the system. In many instances such delays linger for long and people resort to unsafe surface water for drinking purposes.

Government usually priortises bigger villages for implementing of water supply projects and the small, hilly tribal habitations are left to fen for themselves. There is hardly any intervention in these small habitations that can help the people to get safe water.

In this context Gram Vikas priortises its efforts in such remote areas and works with the community to have systems to manage their drinking water needs.

Impact

People Impacted: 215

People Getting Safe Drinking Water: 215

33 Households
69 Men
87 Women
59 Children

School Children Getting Water: 55

People Getting Sanitation: 215

33 Households
69 Men
87 Women
59 Children

Funding

Community:
$1,221
Final Cost:
$6,132

Plan/Proposal